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|Born||Urs Ernst Schwarzenbach
|Net worth||GBP £1.0 billion (April 2015)|
|Relatives||Clifton Hugh Lancelot de Verdon Wrottesley, 6th Baron Wrottesley (son-in-law)|
Urs Schwarzenbach was born in Thalwil in 1948, and raised in Küsnacht. He is the son of a print shop owner.
Schwarzenbach set up Interexchange, the largest foreign exchange dealership in Switzerland. Through its success, he has bought well over £300m of property in the UK, 123,000 acres (500 km2) in Australia, a palace in Morocco, £17m of assets in the aviation field and the Grand Hotel Dolder in Zürich. He also has his own polo team, the Black Bears, which has some 600 horses, with 350 in Australia and 250 in the UK.
He personally backed the racing-themed restaurant Café Grand Prix in Mayfair, London, but this went into liquidation in 2004. In 2005, Schwarzenbach was estimated to be worth around £900m but, according to The Sunday Times Rich List 2012, he was ranked 87th with an estimated worth of circa £850m.
In 2007, Schwarzenbach outbid other foreign buyers to acquire Culham Court, a 650-acre (2.6 km2) riverside estate downstream of Henley-on-Thames on the Berkshire bank. Schwarzenbach bought the estate from Paddy and Annabel Nicoll: Mrs Nicoll's father was Martyn Arbib, former head of the Perpetual fund management company, who bought the estate as a wedding present for her in 1997 for a mere £12 million. Coincidentally, Culham's connections with the world of finance run deeper still: Arbib acquired the property from Felicity Behrens, wife of the banker Michael Behrens, who lived there for nearly half a century from 1949 to 1996.
Schwarzenbach's development of the Culham Court estate still continues apace with the ongoing extension of the existing 90-acre (360,000 m2) deer park with over 4 kilometres of wrought iron deer fencing, a mile long "London" drive through beautiful beech woodland to the main road, the 2010 £8 million acquisition of three cottages and the original walled gardens which will be reinstated to provide fresh fruit and vegetables for the main house, a new ha-ha, and an extensive state of the art 24/7 security system including a "hard" room.
The latest creation is a maze requiring the planting of 20,000 mature yew bushes, and this is just part of the 20-year plan that has been devised for the gardens and grounds. Another property acquired for £2m in 2010, and situated on raised ground that overlooks Culham Court, is set to be demolished and Culham Chapel is to be built in its place. Symm, the Oxford-based building company undertaking all the work on the Culham estate, now sponsors the Hambleden Horse Trials.
In 2008, it was reported in the press that Schwarzenbach had bought nearby Fawley Court for £22 million. Another substantial riverside property on the outskirts of Henley-on-Thames and once owned in the nineteenth century by a Scottish banker, it was sold in controversial circumstances by the Congregation of Marian Fathers, a Polish religious community which had no further use for it. During 2012, extensive building works continue on the main house yet again with Symms continuing to be the main benficiary of the contract and work at the two lodges adjacent to the A4130 at the main entrance to the "London drive" are being completed after well over a year and some interesting underground developments. In 2012 the Schwarzenbachs revoked their consent for the permissive footpath that had run alongside the Thames in front of Culham Court as part of The Thames Path for many years.
Schwarzenbach has invested a large sum of money to underground the vast amount of the high and low voltage overhead electricity network with the boundaries of Culham estate, a project run by a local well respected member of the local district network operator.
VAT fraud and art trafficking with Galerie Gmurzynska
In 2013/14, Schwarzenbach was investigated by the FCA (Federal Customs Administration) for alleged VAT fraud totalling some ten million Swiss francs and art trafficking. Under Swiss law, owners of artworks do not have to pay import charges until works of art are formally brought into the country, i.e. they come out of storage and are officially transferred. On Tuesday 16 April 2013, Schwarzenbach's Hotel Dolder in Zurich, which had been displaying a lavish art collection, was raided by Swiss customs officials. This action was simultaneous with a raid on nearby Galerie Gmurzynska on the suspicion of supplying the five-star Hotel Dolder with imported artworks valuing 75M Swiss Francs without paying duty.
The Swiss authorities seized a large number of documents during their raid. Gmurzynska filed a complaint in order to prevent their inspection, but the Federal Court has ruled that in a criminal investigation of this kind where there is reasonable suspicion, the prosecuting FCA can demand to see papers it considers relevant to the case.
The case has been covered in several international outlets including 'Die Welt'.
In October 2016 the Swiss Customs Directorate finalized a compelling case that Schwarzenbach in effect had legally exported artefacts for a value of at least 130 million CHF and smuggled them back into Switzerland. Schwarzenbach eventually admitted the charge and also accepted to pay the VAT amounting to ten million CHF. However, by October 2016 he was still objecting to pay the fine of 4 million Swiss francs.
Dolder Grand Hotel
Schwarzenbach owns about 50,000 hectares of farmland in New South Wales, Australia, through his Romani Pastoral Company. Most of this is between Harden and Jugiong, and includes the polo estate Garangula, as well as Redbank, a house once owned by the impresario Robert Stigwood.
Schwarzenbach lives at Culham Court near Henley-on-Thames and sponsored the rowing gallery of the River and Rowing Museum in Henley which is named after him. He owns other estates and farms in England, a 10,000 acre sporting estate in Scotland and the largest country estate on the Isle of Wight.
The couple have two children. Their daughter Sascha is married to Clifton Hugh Lancelot de Verdon Wrottesley, 6th Baron Wrottesley. They live in St Moritz, Switzerland and London, England, and have four children.
- "Sunday Times Rich List". The Sunday Times (page 34). 26 April 2014.
- "Currency trader Urs Schwarzenbach expands NSW farm holding". Propertyobserver.com.au. 2011-06-26. Retrieved 2015-10-04.
- "Hotel Dolder Grand and Galerie Gmurzynska raided - In The Local News - ZURICH4YOU.CH - THE ENGLISH ONLINE PLATFORM FOR EXPATS LIVING IN ZURICH". ZURICH4YOU.CH. Retrieved 2015-10-04.
- "Galerie Gmurzynska blitzt vor Bundesgericht ab - News Zürich: Region". tagesanzeiger.ch. 2014-05-16. Retrieved 2015-10-04.
- "Steuerskandal: Kunst? Keine schöne Bescherung in Zürich - DIE WELT". Welt.de. 2011-11-23. Retrieved 2015-10-04.
- Article "Saftige Busse für Dolder-Besitzer: Kunstschmuggel nachgewiesen", Neue Zürcher Zeitung (NZZ), 24 October 2016, page 17.
- Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 24 October 2016.
- "Urs Schwarzenbach – He renovated the famous Grand Hotel Dolder of Zurich". Hotelresortinsider.com. Retrieved 2015-10-04.
- "Greatest Homes and Destinations". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- Ian Chadband (2002-02-20). "Irish Lancelot lords it up over Britain | Sport | London Evening Standard". Standard.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-10-04.