Joséphine Leroux

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Joséphine Leroux
Born 23 January 1747
Cambrai, France
Died 23 October 1794
Valenciennes, France
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Beatified 13 June 1920 by Pope Benedict XV
Feast October 23

Joséphine Leroux (23 January 1747 – 23 October 1794), born Anne-Josepha Leroux, was a French Poor Clare nun, executed during the French Revolution.


She was born in Cambrai, France. At the age of twenty-two, she entered the Poor Clare monastery in Valenciennes, taking the name Joséphine. Her sister Marie was an Ursuline, also in Valenciennes.[1]

When the monasteries and convents were suppressed during the French Revolution, she fled to her family in Mons, Hainaut, as did her sister. When Austrian forces took the city, there was a brief period of peace, and Joséphine returned to Valenciennes in 1793. Since her own Poor Clare monastery had been destroyed, she and her sister resumed religious life at the Ursuline Convent.[1]

The revolutionary army retook the city and in 1794, she and several other nuns were arrested on the grounds that they were emigres who had returned without permission and were running a religious school. They were condemned for high treason. On October 23, 1794 she and her sister, two other Ursulines, and two Bridgettine nuns were guillotined.[1] The nuns went to their deaths signing the Litany of Loretto.[2]

Joséphine Leroux was beatified by Pope Benedict XV in 1920.[3]


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