Urtext (biblical studies)

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The inter-relationship between various significant ancient manuscripts of the Old Testament (some identified by their siglum). The lowermost text "(lost)" would be the urtext.

Urtext in biblical studies refers to the assumption that there once was a uniform text of the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh) to precede both the Septuagint (LXX) and the Masoretic Text (MT). Since the 19th century there has been much scholarly work to regain this Urtext. The theory that there was an Urtext was advocated by Paul de Lagarde. Today it is disputed that there ever was such a uniform text.[1][2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Geoffrey W. Bromiley et al.: The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Grand Rapids, 1988, volume 4, page 405.
  2. ^ Isaac Leo Seeligmann, Robert Hanhart, Hermann Spieckermann: The Septuagint Version of Isaiah and Cognate Studies, Tübingen 2004, pages 33-34.