Urtica dioica subsp. galeopsifolia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Urtica dioica galeopsifolia)
Jump to: navigation, search
Urtica dioica subsp. galeopsifolia
Urtica galeopsifolia 2.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Urticaceae
Genus: Urtica
Species: U. dioica
Subspecies: U. d. galeopsifolia
Trinomial name
Urtica dioica subsp. galeopsifolia
(Wierzb. ex Opiz) Chrtek

Urtica galeopsifolia Wierzb. ex Opiz

Urtica dioica subsp. galeopsifolia, the Fen Nettle or Stingless Nettle, is a herbaceous perennial plant found in Europe. It is either considered to be a subspecies of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica), or a species in its own right: Urtica galeopsifolia.

Unlike most other nettles Fen Nettle has no stinging hairs or very few, instead being covered in fine, dense, non-stinging hairs. It has long, narrow leaves, these being reminiscent of the unrelated Hemp Nettles, Galeopsis. Fen Nettle grows up to 2 metres (7 ft) tall.[1]

It is distributed in west, central and east Europe,[2] growing in damp, neutral soil in habitats such as fens and on riverbanks, often in dense stands. Unlike other subspecies of Urtica dioica, it is not associated with disturbed habitats.

Fen Nettle may interbreed with European Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica subsp. dioica), forming intermediate plants bearing both types of hairs.[1]

Fen nettle, showing fine hairs on stem, but no coarse stinging hairs


  1. ^ a b C A Stace, Interactive Flora of the British Isles, a Digital Encyclopaedia. ISBN 90-75000-69-3. Online version.
  2. ^ "Urtica galeopsifolia Wierzb. ex Opiz". Flora Europaea online. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Retrieved 2015-10-17.