2009 Uruguayan general election

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2009 Uruguayan general election

← 2004 25 October 2009 (first round)
29 November 2009 (second round)
2014 →
  Pepemujica2.jpg Luisalbertolacalle2.jpg
Nominee José Mujica Luis Alberto Lacalle
Party Broad Front National Party
Running mate Danilo Astori Jorge Larrañaga
Popular vote 1,197,638 994,510
Percentage 54.63% 45.37%

President before election

Tabaré Vázquez
Broad Front

Elected President

José Mujica
Broad Front

Parliamentary election

Party Leader % Seats ±
Chamber
Broad Front José Mujica 49.34% 50 -2
National Party Luis Alberto Lacalle 29.90% 30 -6
Colorado Party Pedro Bordaberry 17.51% 17 +7
Independent Party Pablo Mieres 2.56% 2 +1
Senate
Broad Front José Mujica 49.34% 16 0
National Party Luis Alberto Lacalle 29.90% 9 -2
Colorado Party Pedro Bordaberry 17.51% 5 +2
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.

General elections were held in Uruguay on 25 October 2009 alongside a two-part referendum. As no candidate for president received more than 50% of the vote, a second round was held on 29 November between the top two candidates, José Mujica of the ruling Broad Front (who received 48% of the vote) and Luis Alberto Lacalle of the National Party (29%). Mujica won the run-off with 55% of the vote.

In the parliamentary elections, the Broad Front won 16 of the 30 seats in the senators and 50 of the 99 seats in the Chamber of Deputies. The National Party finished second with 9 senators and 30 deputies, the Colorado Party third with 5 Senators and 17 Deputies, and the Independent Party fourth with 2 deputies.[1]

Presidential candidates[edit]

Presidential primaries were held on 28 June to select the candidates.

Party Candidate Ideology Previous result
Votes (%) Seats
Broad Front Pepemujica2.jpg José Mujica Democratic socialism

Social democracy

51.67%
52 / 99
16 / 30
National Party Luis Alberto Lacalle de Herrera (cropped).jpg Luis Alberto Lacalle Conservatism

Christian democracy

35.13%
36 / 99
11 / 30
Colorado Party Pedrobordaberry.jpg Pedro Bordaberry Liberalism 10.61%
10 / 99
3 / 30
Independent Party Pablomieres.jpg Pablo Mieres Social democracy

Christian democracy

1.90%
1 / 99
0 / 30
Popular Unity Portrait placeholder.svg Raúl Rodríguez Marxism Did not contest

Results[edit]

Analysts indicated that Mujica won largely because of the popularity of the Broad Front and incumbent President Tabaré Vázquez's pro-business policies that had strengthened the country's economy.[2] After taking office in 2005, Vazquez cut the unemployment rate from 12.3 to 7.3 percent, encouraged trade and foreign investment, increased wages and social spending, and boosted the central bank reserves and the country's credit rating.[3]

The Broad Front retained a majority in parliament with 15 senators (plus Danilo Astori, later elected vice-president and thus president of the General Assembly) out of a total of 30 and 50 deputies out of a total of 99. The National Party came in second with 9 senators and 30 deputies. Both parties lost votes and legislative seats in comparison with 2004. The historically dominant Colorado made gains and increased its representation to 5 senators and 17 deputies. Finally, the Independent Party did not achieve its main goal of winning a seat in the Senate, but obtained 2 seats in the lower chamber.

Pedro Bordaberry led the Colorado Party to a notable electoral recovery, practically doubling its votes cast in 2004. The Independent Party, with candidates Pablo Mieres and Iván Posada, gained an additional seat in the Chamber of Deputies. Popular Assembly, a small, new extreme left party, did not win much support.

Uruguay Chamber of Deputies 2009.svgUruguay Senate 2009.svg
Party Presidential candidate First round Second round Seats
Votes % Votes % Chamber +/– Senate +/–
Broad Front José Mujica 1,105,262 49.34 1,197,638 54.63 50 –2 16 0
National Party Luis Alberto Lacalle 669,942 29.90 994,510 45.37 30 –6 9 –2
Colorado Party Pedro Bordaberry 392,307 17.51 17 +7 5 +2
Independent Party Pablo Mieres 57,360 2.56 2 +1 0 0
Popular Assembly Raúl Rodríguez 15,428 0.69 0 New 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 64,387 93,810
Total 2,304,686 100 2,285,958 100 99 0 30 0
Source: Corte Electoral

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Uruguayan ruling coalition retains majority in next Parliament — MercoPress". En.mercopress.com. 2009-10-27. Retrieved 2012-11-08.
  2. ^ Farrell, Jeff (30 November 2009). "In Uruguay, former guerrilla wins by moving away from Chávez". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 1 December 2009.
  3. ^ Orihuela, Rodrigo (November 30, 2009). "Former Uruguay Rebel Mujica Wins Presidency on Runoff". Bloomberg. Retrieved 1 December 2009.

External links[edit]