Uruguayan nationality law
Types of citizenship
There are two types of citizens: natural and legal.
- Any person born in Uruguay acquires Uruguayan citizenship at birth. The only exception applies to children of persons in the service of a foreign government (like foreign diplomats).
- Any natural child of a Uruguayan citizen is a natural citizen of Uruguay, wherever his birthplace is.
A legal citizen is someone who obtained citizenship after birth. In this case, a language examination is necessary in order to ensure the person knows Spanish. One can obtain the Uruguayan citizenship in three different ways:
- After investing a large sum of money in Uruguay or making an important contribution to science, art, or industry of Uruguay and after 3 years of residence in the country.
- Spouses of a Uruguayan citizen have the right of residence in Uruguay, and after five years of residence, it is possible to apply for citizenship.
- By grant of the General Assembly of Uruguay to a person who has made a noteworthy contribution to Uruguay or have excellent merits.