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Urumi weapon.jpg
Type Sword
Place of origin Indian subcontinent
Length approx. 121.92–167.64 cm (48–66 in)

The urumi (Malayalam: ഉറുമി, urumi; Tamil: உறுமி, urumi, Sinhalese: එතුණු කඩුව ethunu kaduwa; Hindi: āra) is a sword with a flexible whip-like blade from the Indian subcontinent. Originating in what are now southern India and Sri Lanka, it is thought to have existed as far back as the Maurya Empire. It is considered one of the most difficult weapons to master due to the risk of injuring oneself. It is treated as a steel whip,[1] and therefore requires prior knowledge of that weapon as well as the sword. For this reason, the urumi is always taught last in Indian martial arts.

The word urumi is of north Keralan origin. In the state's southern region it is more commonly called a chuttuval, from the words for coiling or spinning (chuttu) and sword (val).[1] Alternative Tamil names for the weapon are surul katti (curling sword) surul blade (curling sword), and surul pattakatti (சுருள் பட்டாக்கத்தி).


The urumi hilt is constructed from iron or brass and is identical to that of the talwar, complete with a crossguard and frequently a slender knucklebow. The typical handle is termed a "disc hilt" from the prominent disc-shaped flange surrounding the pommel. The pommel often has a short decorative spike-like protrusion projecting from its centre. The blade is fashioned from flexible edged steel measuring three-quarters to one inch in width. Ideally it should be the same as the wielder's armspan, usually between 4 feet to 5.5 feet. Multiple blades are often attached to a single handle. The Sri Lankan variation can have up to 32 blades and is typically dual-wielded, with one in each hand.[2]


Gatka exponent giving an urumi demonstration

The urumi is handled like a flail arm but requires less strength since the blade combined with centrifugal force is sufficient to inflict injury. As with other "soft" weapons, urumi-wielders learn to follow and control the momentum of the blade with each swing, thus techniques include spins and agile maneuvres.[1] These long-reaching spins make the weapon particularly well-suited to fighting against multiple opponents. When not in use, the urumi is worn coiled around the waist like a belt, with the handle at the wearer's side like a conventional sword.[1]

Other Terminology Related Facts[edit]

A peptide found in the mucus of a South Indian frog is termed as Urumin. This name is inspired from the sword Urumi, since Urumin kills the H1-N1 flu virus effectively. Urumin may be able to create a universal flu vaccine.[3][4]

See also[edit]