1997 Ürümqi bus bombings
|1997 Ürümqi bus bombings|
Location of Ürümqi in Xinjiang, China
|Location||Ürümqi, Xinjiang, China|
|Date||25 February 1997|
|Deaths||9 (including 3 children)|
The bombs were set on the three buses (line 10, line 44, and line 2). Nine people were killed including at least three children. A further 74 were injured.
Another bomb in the south railway station (the main station in Ürümqi) did not explode.
Steel balls, screws, and nails were found in the bombs.
Continuing tensions in Xinjiang have been a source of terrorism in China. Conflicts over Uyghur cultural aspirations resurfaced during the 1960s. In early February 1997 the execution of 30 suspected separatists who had been involved in the organisation of Meshrep during Ramadan resulted in large demonstrations, which culminated in the Gulja incident on the 5th of February, in which at least 9 protesters were killed.
- Lecturer in Modern Chinese History in the Department of East Asian Studies Michael Dillon; Michael Dillon (23 October 2003). Xinjiang: China's Muslim Far Northwest. Routledge. pp. 99–. ISBN 978-1-134-36096-3.
- James A. Millward (2007). Eurasian Crossroads: A History of Xinjiang. Columbia University Press. pp. 333–. ISBN 978-0-231-13924-3.
- 1997 Channel 4 (UK) news report on the incident which can be seen here
- Amnesty International Document - "China: Remember the Gulja massacre? China's crackdown on peaceful protesters", Web Action WA 003/07 AI Index: ASA 17/002/2007, Start date: 01/02/2007 
- "China Uighurs executed", BBC News, 27 January 1998