1997 Ürümqi bus bombings

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1997 Ürümqi bus bombings
China Xinjiang Ürümqi.svg
Location of Ürümqi in Xinjiang, China
Location Ürümqi, Xinjiang, China
Date 25 February 1997
Deaths 9 (including 3 children)
Non-fatal injuries

Three bombs exploded in Ürümqi, Xinjiang, China at 18h 30 February 25, 1997.

The bombs were set on the three buses (line 10, line 44, and line 2). Nine people were killed including at least three children. A further 74 were injured.

Another bomb in the south railway station (the main station in Ürümqi) did not explode.

Steel balls, screws, and nails were found in the bombs.

Uyghur Islamists on 25 February 1997 in Urumqi committed bus bombings. Responsibility for the attacks was claimed and acknowledged by factions of certain diaspora Uyghurs.[1][2]


Continuing tensions in Xinjiang have been a source of terrorism in China. Conflicts over Uyghur cultural aspirations resurfaced during the 1960s. In early February 1997 the execution of 30 suspected separatists[3] who had been involved in the organisation of Meshrep[4] during Ramadan resulted in large demonstrations, which culminated in the Gulja incident on the 5th of February, in which at least 9 protesters were killed.[5]

External reference[edit]


  1. ^ Lecturer in Modern Chinese History in the Department of East Asian Studies Michael Dillon; Michael Dillon (23 October 2003). Xinjiang: China's Muslim Far Northwest. Routledge. pp. 99–. ISBN 978-1-134-36096-3. 
  2. ^ James A. Millward (2007). Eurasian Crossroads: A History of Xinjiang. Columbia University Press. pp. 333–. ISBN 978-0-231-13924-3. 
  3. ^ 1997 Channel 4 (UK) news report on the incident which can be seen here
  4. ^ Amnesty International Document - "China: Remember the Gulja massacre? China's crackdown on peaceful protesters", Web Action WA 003/07 AI Index: ASA 17/002/2007, Start date: 01/02/2007 [1]
  5. ^ "China Uighurs executed", BBC News, 27 January 1998