Uruzgani (Hazara tribe)
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The Uruzgani are a tribe of Hazara people. In old maps of Hazarajat (Afghanistan) Uruzgan and Daikundi provinces are over-written as Dai khata. A 1965 work describes them as "sedentary agriculturalists... speak[ing] Hazaraghi."
They mostly inhabited Uruzgan Province and the present day Daykundi Province. The Battle of Uruzgan was fought between Hazaras and Afghans there in 1893. Thereafter, on Hazara defeat, the Uruzganis were uprooted from Uruzgan by Abdur Rahman Khan and Afghan tribes were resettled in Uruzgan. They mostly migrated to Iran and British India (Quetta). In 190, Habibullah Khan granted amnesty to Hazaras and asked them to return. Some returning Uruzganis were then resettled in Turkestan and Balkh, but were not allowed to return to Uruzgan.
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Today all the district names in Uruzgan bears the testimony that this was a Hazara land. Teri (Tarin kot), Chore, Zuli, khas Uruzgan are all Hazara words and are some of the original Uruzgani tribes. DaiChopan is also a sub tribe of Uruzganis and the district with the same name is in Zabul provence. Daichopan are the descendants of Amir Chopan, a Hazara chieftain and whose grave is at Grishik, helamand provence. Hazaras are emotionally attached with Uruzgan, because of the battle of Uruzgan. Even today it is on the agenda of all the Hazaras and Hazara political entities that the question of Uruzgan has to be settled.
- Arnold Fletcher. Afghanistan, highway of conquest. Cornell University Press, 1965.