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User:SlimVirgin

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Sarah
Sarah

Articles
Selection of articles I've written





Female genital mutilation[edit]


Today's featured article, 6 February 2015
Campaign road sign
Cscr-featured.svg Female genital mutilation (FGM) is the ritual removal of the external female genitalia. Typically carried out by a traditional circumciser with a blade, with or without anaesthesia, the practice is found in Africa, Asia and the Middle East, and within diaspora communities around the world. UNICEF estimated in 2016 that over 200 million women and girls in 30 countries were living with FGM.
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Marshalsea[edit]


Today's featured article, 3 February 2010
The first Marshalsea prison in the 18th century
Cscr-featured.svg Run privately for profit and known for its incarceration of London's debtors, the Marshalea prison (c. 1300–1842) looked like an Oxbridge college and functioned as an extortion racket. Prisoners unable to pay the jailor's fee faced starvation, as well as torture with thumbscrews and skullcaps; during a warm spell in 1729 eight to ten prisoners died every day. All that remains of what Charles Dickens called "the crowding ghosts of many miserable years" is the long brick wall that marked the prison's southern boundary.
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Brown Dog affair[edit]


Today's featured article, 10 December 2007
Brown Dog statue, Battersea, London
Symbol question.svg Cscr-featured.svg The Brown Dog affair was a controversy about vivisection that raged in England from 1903 until 1910. It was triggered by allegations that researchers at University College London had performed an illegal dissection on a brown terrier dog—anaesthetized, according to the researchers; conscious and struggling, according to Swedish feminists who infiltrated the lecture.
A statue in the dog's memory—"Men and women of England, how long shall these things be?"—led to protests by medical students, culminating in the Brown Dog riots of December 1907, when 1,000 students clashed in Trafalgar Square with suffragettes, trade unionists and police officers.
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Night[edit]


Today's featured article, 6 September 2010
Elie Wiesel age 15
Cscr-featured.svg Night (1960) is a work by Elie Wiesel about his experience with his father in the Auschwitz and Buchenwald concentration camps. In just over 100 pages of sparse and fragmented narrative, Wiesel writes about the death of God and his own increasing disgust with humanity, reflected in the inversion of the parent–child relationship as his father declines to a helpless state and Wiesel becomes his resentful caregiver.
The book is the first in a trilogy—Night, Dawn, Day—marking Wiesel's transition from darkness to light after the Holocaust, according to the Jewish tradition of starting a new day from nightfall. "Everything came to an end," Wiesel wrote, "man, history, literature, religion, God. There was nothing left. And yet we begin again with night."
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Study 329[edit]


Paxil, June 2003
Study 329 was a clinical trial conducted in North America from 1994 to 1998 to study the efficacy of the SSRI anti-depressant paroxetine (Paxil, Seroxat) in treating depressed teenagers. The study became controversial when it was discovered that the article reporting the trial results had been ghostwritten by a PR firm hired by the drug company, and had downplayed the negative findings.
The controversy strengthened calls for drug companies to disclose all their clinical research data. New Scientist wrote in 2015: "You may never have heard of it, but Study 329 changed medicine."
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Sonderkommando photographs[edit]


Auschwitz Resistance 282
Symbol question.svg The Sonderkommando photographs are four blurred photographs taken secretly in August 1944 inside the Auschwitz concentration camp in Nazi-occupied Poland, and are some of the only known extant photographs of events around the gas chambers. The photographer, an inmate, took two shots from inside a gas chamber and two outside, shooting from the hip, unable to aim the camera with precision. The Polish resistance smuggled the film out of the camp in a toothpaste tube.
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Wilhelm Reich[edit]


Wilhelm Reich in his mid-twenties
Symbol support vote.svg The Austrian psychoanalyst, Wilhelm Reich (1897–1957), was one of the most radical figures in the history of psychiatry. After working with Freud in the 1920s, he became a controversial figure, massaging his patients, arguing that mental health depended on "orgastic potency", and insisting that he had discovered a life force, which he called "orgone" and said others called God.
In 1940, after moving to America, Reich started building orgone accumulators for his patients to sit in, leading to stories about sex boxes that cured cancer. Jailed for violating a government injunction against their promotion, he died in prison of heart failure, days before he was due to apply for parole.
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Christian Science[edit]


Christian Science Center
Symbol support vote.svg Christian Science, a new religious movement, was developed in the 19th century in the United States by Mary Baker Eddy (1821–1910) and described in her book Science and Health (1875). Christian Scientists believe that spiritual reality is the only reality, that the material world, including sickness and death, is an illusion, and that sickness should be healed by prayer alone. Between the 1880s and 1990s the avoidance of medical treatment led to the deaths of several adherents and their children.
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White House Farm murders[edit]


White House Farm, Tolleshunt D'Arcy, Essex, 2007
Symbol question.svg Symbol support vote.svg The White House Farm murders took place near the English village of Tolleshunt D'Arcy on 7 August 1985, when Nevill and June Bamber, their adult daughter and her six-year-old twin sons, were shot and killed inside the Bambers' farmhouse. It became one of England's most notorious criminal cases, with all the ingredients, as the Times put it, of a classic whodunit. The sole surviving member of the immediate family, Jeremy Bamber, was given five life sentences and has protested his innocence ever since.
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Rudolf Vrba[edit]


Rudolf Vrba, 1946
Cscr-featured.svg Rudolf Vrba (1924–2006) escaped from the Auschwitz concentration camp as a teenager in April 1944, and co-authored the Vrba–Wetzler report with fellow escapee Alfred Wetzler. The report was one of the earliest detailed descriptions of the mass murder taking place inside the camp. Publication of its material is credited with having saved hundreds of thousands of lives by halting the deportation of Hungary's Jews.
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Death of Keith Blakelock[edit]


Tangmere and Willan Road, Broadwater Farm Estate
Symbol support vote.svg PC Keith Blakelock (1945–1985) was a British police officer who was murdered during rioting in north London. The violence broke out after a black woman died of heart failure during a police search of her home. Forced back by rioters, Blakelock stumbled and fell, and was surrounded by a crowd. He received over 40 stabbing and cutting injuries, including the penetration of a six-inch-long knife into his neck. Several police and fire officers ran back into the crowd in an effort to save him.
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Ezra Pound[edit]


Main writers: Victoriaearle and Ceoil
Ezra Pound
Cscr-featured.svg Ezra Pound (1885–1972) was an American poet who became a major figure of the early modernist movement. Working for literary magazines in London in the early 20th century, he helped discover the work of contemporaries such as T. S. Eliot, James Joyce, Robert Frost and Ernest Hemingway. In 1933 Time magazine called him "a cat that walks by himself, tenaciously unhousebroken and very unsafe for children."
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Hypatia transracialism controversy[edit]


Rachel Dolezal speaking at Spokane rally May 2015
The feminist philosophy journal Hypatia became embroiled in a dispute in 2017 that led to the online shaming of one of its authors. The journal had published a peer-reviewed article in which the author argued that society should accept transracialism, just as it accepts changing gender roles. When the article was criticized on social media, scholars associated with Hypatia urged the journal to retract it. The controversy exposed a deep rift within the journal's editorial team, as well as within feminism and academic philosophy.
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Joel Brand[edit]


Today's featured article, 13 July 2014
Joel Brand
Cscr-featured.svg Joel Brand (1906–1964) was a rescue worker who became known during the Holocaust for his efforts to save Hungary's Jews from deportation to Auschwitz. Brand was asked by SS officer Adolf Eichmann to broker a deal between the SS and the Western Allies to exchange one million Hungarian Jews for 10,000 trucks. The deal was thwarted by the British government, to Brand's great distress. He told an interviewer: "An accident of life placed the fate of one million human beings on my shoulders. I eat and sleep and think only of them."
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Death of Ian Tomlinson[edit]


Today's featured article, 31 March 2010
Ian Tomlinson remonstrates with police
Symbol question.svg Cscr-featured.svg Ian Tomlinson (1962–2009) collapsed and died on his way home during the G-20 London summit protests. A week later The Guardian obtained footage showing a police officer strike him on the leg and push him to the ground moments before his death from an abdominal haemorrhage. The officer was charged with manslaughter, but was acquitted. Tomlinson's death sparked an intense debate in the UK about the relationship between the police and public.
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Muhammad al-Durrah[edit]


Avenue Al Qoods, Bamako, Mali, 2006
Cscr-featured.svg Muhammad al-Durrah (1988–2000) was a Palestinian boy who was shot and killed in Gaza during the Second Intifada. Muhammad and his father were caught in crossfire between Israeli and Palestinian forces, as France 2 filmed their efforts to protect themselves. The footage became controversial because of the way it was edited, leading to a protracted dispute about who had fired the fatal shots and even whether the father and son had been shot at all.
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Lynching of Laura and L. D. Nelson[edit]


Lynching of Laura Nelson and her son
Symbol question.svg Symbol support vote.svg Laura and L. D. Nelson were an African-American mother and son who were lynched in Okemah, Oklahoma, on 25 May 1911. They were arrested after L. D. shot and killed Okemah's deputy sheriff, who had arrived at their home with a posse to investigate the theft of a cow. Three weeks later a 40-strong mob arrived at the jail, kidnapped them, and hanged them from a bridge over the North Canadian River. Hundreds of sightseers gathered the following morning, and photographs of the bodies were sold as postcards
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Disappearance of Madeleine McCann[edit]


Igreja da luz, Praia da luz
Symbol support vote.svg Madeleine McCann disappeared on 3 May 2007, days before her fourth birthday, from an apartment in Praia da Luz, Portugal. She and her siblings had been left asleep while her parents ate in a tapas restaurant 50 yards away. The parents checked on the children throughout the evening until Madeleine's mother discovered she was missing at 22:00. Her disappearance became what one newspaper called "the most heavily reported missing-person case in modern history.
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Veganism[edit]


Rainbow Rice and Beans
Veganism is the practice of abstaining from the use of nonhuman animal products. The term vegan was coined in England in 1944 by Donald Watson of the British Vegan Society to mean non-dairy vegetarian. Ethical vegans reject the commodity status of nonhumans and the use of animal products for any purpose, while dietary vegans eliminate them from their diet only.
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Roger Scruton[edit]


Other editors wrote the "philosophical and political views" section.
Roger Scruton by Pete Helme
Roger Scruton is an English philosopher and writer who specializes in aesthetics and political philosophy, particularly in the furtherance of traditionalist conservative views. Known for having helped to establish underground academic networks in Soviet-controlled Eastern Europe—for which he was awarded the Czech Republic's Medal of Merit (First Class)—Scruton was described in 2014 as "England's most accomplished conservative since Edmund Burke".
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Abu Nidal[edit]


Jaffaview
Cscr-featured.svg Sabri Khalil al-Banna, known as Abu Nidal, was the founder of Fatah—The Revolutionary Council, a militant Palestinian splinter group. Its operations included the Rome and Vienna airport attacks on 27 December 1985, when gunmen opened fire on passengers in simultaneous shootings at El Al ticket counters, killing 20. Patrick Seale, Abu Nidal's biographer, wrote of the shootings that their "random cruelty marked them as typical Abu Nidal operations".
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Rotherham child sexual exploitation scandal[edit]


Rotherham town centre, May 2010
From the late 1980s, organised child sexual abuse continued almost unchallenged in the northern English town of Rotherham, South Yorkshire. The first prosecutions took place in 2010, and in 2014 an independent inquiry established that at least 1,400 children, mostly girls aged 11–15, had been abused between 1997 and 2013 by a network of Pakistani-heritage men. In 2015 the government dissolved Rotherham Council as "not fit for purpose" and replaced its elected officers with appointed commissioners.
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Chelsea Manning[edit]


Chelsea Manning, 18 May 2017
Symbol support vote.svg Chelsea Manning is a United States Army soldier who was convicted in July 2013 of violating the Espionage Act after releasing the largest set of restricted documents ever leaked to the public. The material included two videos of air strikes in Iraq and Afghanistan, 250,000 diplomatic cables, and 500,000 classified army reports. The publication of the cables, in particular, was widely seen as a catalyst for the Arab Spring that began in December 2010.
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Lemmons[edit]


Gladsmuir 3 August 2015
Symbol question.svg Symbol support vote.svg Lemmons was the home of novelists Kingsley Amis and Elizabeth Jane Howard on Hadley Common, Hertfordshire. Jane and Kingsley lived there with several relatives, including Kingsley's children, Philip, Martin and Sally. Several of the family's novels were written at Lemmons, including Kingsley's The Green Man (1969) and The Alteration (1976), Jane's Odd Girl Out (1972) and Mr. Wrong (1975), and Martin's The Rachel Papers (1973) and Dead Babies (1975).
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Bad Pharma[edit]


Ben Goldacre TAM London 2009
Symbol support vote.svg In Bad Pharma (2012) the British epidemiologist Ben Goldacre argues that "the whole edifice of medicine is broken", because the evidence on which it is based is systematically distorted by the pharmaceutical industry. Pharmaceutical companies, he writes, finance most of the clinical trials into their own products; routinely withhold negative data; conduct trials on small groups of unrepresentative subjects; fund much of doctors' continuing education; and plan or ghostwrite, without disclosure, apparently independent academic papers.
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Life of Mary Baker Eddy[edit]


The Life of Mary Baker G
Symbol support vote.svg The Life of Mary Baker G. Eddy and the History of Christian Science (1909) is a highly critical account of Mary Baker Eddy, the founder of Christian Science. Although attributed to a McClure's researcher, it appears the articles were the first extended work of the novelist Willa Cather. David Stouck writes that the portrayal of Eddy contains "some of the finest portrait sketches and reflections on human nature that Willa Cather would ever write".
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Hulda Stumpf[edit]


Hulda Stumpf, front left
Symbol question.svg Hulda Stumpf (1867–1930) was an American Christian missionary in Kenya who was murdered in her home, probably because of her opposition to female genital mutilation. Colonial opposition to the practice made it a focal point of the independence movement, and Stumpf's death served to highlight the dangers missionaries faced when trying to stop it.
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Lizzy Lind af Hageby[edit]


Lizzy Lind af Hageby 1913
Symbol question.svg Lizzy Lind af Hageby (1878–1963) was a Swedish feminist who moved to England in 1902 and became one of that country's most prominent anti-vivisection activists. She was the co-author of The Shambles of Science: Extracts from the Diary of Two Students of Physiology (1903), co-founded the Animal Defence and Anti-Vivisection Society, and ran an animal sanctuary in Dorset. She spent her life promoting the link between feminism and vegetarianism, working with a small group of women who sought to challenge the male medical establishment's attitude towards women and nonhuman animals.
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Kastner train[edit]


Rudolf Kastner at Kol Yisrael, early 1950s
The Kastner train consisted of 35 cattle trucks that left Budapest on 30 June 1944, during the German occupation of Hungary, carrying around 1,700 Jews to safety in Switzerland. The train was named after Rudolf Kastner (right), who negotiated with Adolf Eichmann, the German SS officer in charge of deporting Hungary's Jews to Auschwitz, to allow the passengers to escape, in exchange for gold, diamonds and cash.
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Val Plumwood[edit]


Sky Kidd, Val Plumwood, 2007
Val Plumwood (1939–2008) was an Australian ecofeminist philosopher and activist known for her work on anthropocentrism. Plumwood spent her academic life arguing against the "hyperseparation" of humans from the rest of nature, and what she called the "standpoint of mastery": a reason/nature dualism in which the natural world (including women, indigenous people and non-humans) is subordinated to anything associated with reason.
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Jeremiah Duggan[edit]


Jeremiah Duggan
Jeremiah Duggan (1980–2003) was a British student in Paris who died after running in front of several cars on a dual carriageway during a visit to Wiesbaden. His death became controversial because he was attending a recruitment course organized by the LaRouche movement, an international political network. Protracted litigation by his parents resulted in a second inquest, and in 2012 a court in Frankfurt ordered German police to reopen their investigation.
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Vivienne Haigh-Wood Eliot[edit]


Vivienne Haigh-Wood Eliot, seated, 1920
Vivienne Haigh-Wood Eliot (1888–1947), the first wife of the American poet, T. S. Eliot, was regarded either as his muse or as a femme fatale who enticed him into a disastrous marriage. They separated in 1933, after which Eliot shunned her, hiding from her and instructing friends not to tell her where he was. Her brother had her committed to an asylum in 1938, where she remained until she died nine years later, the year before Eliot won the Nobel Prize for Literature.
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Germaine Greer[edit]


Germaine Greer, 28 October 2013
Germaine Greer was one of the major voices of the second-wave feminist movement. A liberation rather than equality feminist, her goal is not to achieve equality with men—which she sees as assimilation and "agreeing to live the lives of unfree men"—but to assert difference and to insist on it "as a condition of self-definition and self-determination".
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St Edward's Passage[edit]


St Edward's Passage, Cambridge, looking toward Peas Hill
Symbol question.svg St Edward's Passage is an alleyway in Cambridge, England, lying between Peas Hill and King's Parade. Excavations indicate that it dates back to the 13th century. The entrance of St Edward King and Martyr is located on St Edward's Passage. Calling itself the cradle of the English Reformation, the church contains the original pulpit from which the reformers Robert Barnes, Thomas Bilney and Hugh Latimer preached. During midnight mass there on Christmas Eve 1525, Barnes delivered the first sermon in which a reformer accused the Catholic Church of heresy.
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Glasgow effect[edit]


Red Road Flats
Symbol question.svg The Glasgow effect refers to the poor health and low life expectancy of Glaswegians compared to the rest of Europe, a disparity that poverty alone does not appear to explain.
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Epistemological Letters[edit]


Schrodinger's cat
Symbol question.svg Epistemological Letters was a hand-typed physics newsletter about quantum physics that was sent out to a private mailing list between 1973 and 1984. It was created because academic journals were reluctant to publish articles about the philosophy of quantum mechanics, especially anything that implied support for action at a distance.
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Haidbauer incident[edit]


Ludwig Wittgenstein
Symbol question.svg The Haidbauer incident took place in April 1926 when Josef Haidbauer, an 11-year-old boy in Otterthal, Austria, collapsed after being hit on the head during class by the Austrian philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein, who was working there as a teacher. Wittgenstein was summoned to appear in court; it is not known whether he was exonerated or whether his wealthy family had a hand in making the case disappear.
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John Baptist Grano[edit]


Marshalsea
Symbol question.svg John Baptist Grano (c.1692–c.1748) was a trumpeter who was imprisoned for a debt of £99 in the notorious Marshalsea prison from May 1728 to September 1729. He kept a diary of his 480 days there, now housed in the Bodleian Library in Oxford, describing his friendships, love affairs and adventures as he struggles to find the money to buy his freedom.
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David Icke[edit]


David Icke, 7 June 2013
Symbol support vote.svg David Vaughan Icke is an English writer and public speaker, best known for his views on what he calls "who and what is really controlling the world." Describing himself as the most controversial speaker in the world, he has attracted a global following that cuts across the political spectrum. At the heart of his theories lies the idea that many prominent figures belong to the Babylonian Brotherhood, a group of shapeshifting reptilian humanoids who are propelling humanity toward a global fascist state.
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Jack Sarfatti[edit]


Sarfatti-Wolf
Jack Sarfatti is an American theoretical physicist specializing in the relationship between quantum physics and consciousness. Working outside academia, he argues that mind is crucial to the structure of matter, that retrocausality is possible, and that physics—the "Conceptual Art of the late 20th Century"—has replaced philosophy as the unifying force between science and art.
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Jan Hus Educational Foundation[edit]


10 Merton Street, Oxford, April 2007
The Jan Hus Educational Foundation, founded in 1980 by philosophers at the University of Oxford, ran an underground network in communist Czechoslovakia, organizing seminars and smuggling in books. Several philosophers were detained by the Czech police or expelled. William Newton-Smith was detained in 1980, as was Anthony Kenny, then Master of Balliol. Kathy Wilkes was escorted to the airport. Jacques Derrida was arrested in Prague in 1981, and Roger Scruton was detained in 1985 and placed on the Index of Undesirable Persons.
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Brian Josephson[edit]


Brian Josephson, Cambridge, 20 September 2014.jpg
Symbol support vote.svg Brian David Josephson is a Welsh theoretical physicist and professor emeritus of physics at the University of Cambridge. Best known for his work on superconductivity, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1973 for his prediction of the Josephson effect, made in 1962 when he was a 22-year-old PhD student. In the early 1970s he took up transcendental meditation and turned his attention to issues outside the parameters of mainstream science.
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Vrba–Wetzler report[edit]


The Vrba–Wetzler report was one of the early accounts of the mass murder taking place inside the Auschwitz concentration camp in Nazi-occupied Poland during the Holocaust. The report represents one of the first attempts to estimate the numbers being killed, and the earliest detailed description of the gas chambers.
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Animals, Men and Morals[edit]


Animals, Men and Morals: An Inquiry into the Maltreatment of Non-humans (1971) is a collection of essays on animal rights, edited by Oxford philosophers Stanley Godlovitch, Roslind Godlovitch and John Harris, one of the early publications in the 20th century that argued for animal rights. A review of the book by Peter Singer in the New York Review of Books is credited with triggering the rise of the modern animal rights movement.
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Spanish City[edit]


Spanish City, Whitley Bay, September 2010
The Spanish City was an amusement park in Whitley Bay, north east England. Dire Straits immortalized it in their 1980 song, "Tunnel of Love", which was thereafter played every morning when the park opened.
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GuLF Study[edit]


Defense
Symbol question.svg The GuLF Study, a research project examining the human health consequences of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, was launched in September 2010. During the spill in April that year, over four million barrels of oil were released into the Gulf of Mexico, near the coast of Louisiana in the United States. Conducted by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, the study aimed to recruit 55,000 of the 150,000 workers who helped to clean up the oil.
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DJ Cassidy[edit]


DJ Cassidy
DJ Cassidy is an American DJ and record producer. With his trademark boaters, cricket sweaters, bow ties, color-blocked tuxedos and 24-carat-gold microphone, Cassidy is known for his work at celebrity functions, including the 50th birthday party and 2009 inauguration of President Barack Obama, and the 2008 wedding of Beyoncé and Jay-Z.
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DSharp[edit]


DSharp
Derryck Gleaton, better known as DSharp, is an American violinist, DJ, singer and producer based in Atlantic City, New Jersey. Known for his colored violins, he writes his own music and performs cover versions of popular songs, focusing on hip hop, electronic dance music and classical pieces.
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Bernard Williams[edit]


Today's featured article, 19 January 2005
All Souls College, Oxford
Cscr-featured.svg Bernard Williams (1929–2003) was an English moral philosopher. Described as an "analytical philosopher with the soul of a general humanist", Williams was sceptical of attempts to create a foundation for moral philosophy. Martha Nussbaum wrote that he demanded of philosophy that it "come to terms with, and contain, the difficulty and complexity of human life".
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Mattress Performance[edit]


Emma Sulkowicz, Mattress Performance, 19 May 2015
Mattress Performance (Carry That Weight) was a work of endurance art by Emma Sulkowicz, conducted as her senior thesis for her visual arts degree at Columbia University. Begun in September 2014, the piece involved Sulkowicz carrying a 50-lb dorm-type mattress wherever she went on campus. She said the piece would end when a student she alleged had raped her left the university; she carried it until both students graduated in 2015.
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Mass sexual assault in Egypt[edit]


Tahrir Square, Cairo
The mass sexual assault of women in public has been documented in Egypt since 2005. In May that year security forces and their agents were blamed for using it during political demonstrations in Tahrir Square, Cairo, as a weapon against female protesters. The behavior spread, and by 2012 sexual assault by crowds of young men was regularly seen at protests and religious festivals.
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Robert Lustig[edit]


Robert Lustig, March 2013
Robert H. Lustig is Professor of Pediatrics in the Division of Endocrinology at the University of California, San Francisco, where he specializes in neuroendocrinology and childhood obesity. He is also director of the university's WATCH program (Weight Assessment for Teen and Child Health) and co-founder of the Institute for Responsible Nutrition. Lustig came to public attention in 2009 when one of his medical lectures, "Sugar: The Bitter Truth", went viral on YouTube.
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Ceci N'est Pas Un Viol[edit]


Ceci N'est Pas Un Viol, 2015 (Emma Sulkowicz)
Ceci N'est Pas Un Viol is a work of performance art by American artist Emma Sulkowicz consisting of a website, eight-minute video, introductory text and comments section. Released on 3 June 2015, the video shows Sulkowicz having sex with an anonymous actor in a dorm room at Columbia University. Named after René Magritte's "Ceci n'est pas une pipe", the film illustrates the shift between consensual and non-consensual sex.
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Marion Stevens[edit]


Marion Scott Stevenson was a Scottish missionary with the Church of Scotland Mission in British East Africa (Kenya) from 1907 until 1929. In 1929 Stevenson coined the term "sexual mutilation of women" to describe female circumcision, practised by the Kikuyu people, Kenya's largest tribe. The Kenya Missionary Council followed suit and began referring to it as sexual mutilation. It is now widely known as female genital mutilation.
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Women's Sunday[edit]


XXX
Women's Sunday was a suffragette march and rally held in London on 21 June 1908. Organized by Emmeline Pankhurst's Women's Social and Political Union to persuade the Liberal government to support votes for women, it was the largest demonstration held in the UK to that point. Up to half a million women and men from all over the country marched to Hyde Park in seven processions carrying 700 banners, including one that read "Not chivalry but justice".
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Katharine Birbalsingh[edit]


XXX
Katharine Birbalsingh is the New Zealand-born founder and head of Michaela Community School, a free school established in 2014 in Wembley Park, London. In 2017 she was included by Anthony Seldon in his list of the 20 most influential figures in British education. Birbalsingh told a Conservative Party conference in 2010 that Britain's education system is broken because "it keeps poor children poor".
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Smithfield Foods[edit]


XXX
Founded in 1936 as the Smithfield Packing Company in Smithfield, Virginia, and now a wholly owned subsidiary of WH Group of China, Smithfield Foods is the largest pig and pork producer in the world. Its 973,000-square-foot meat-processing plant in Tar Heel, North Carolina, was processing 32,000 pigs a day as of 2000. When WH Group bought Smithfield in 2013, its acquisition of Smithfield's 146,000 acres of land made WH Group one of the largest overseas owners of American farmland.
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Murke's Collected Silences[edit]


"Murke's Collected Silences" (1955) is a short story by the German writer Heinrich Böll. The Murke of the title, an editor for the Cultural Department at Broadcasting House, starts collecting bits of discarded tape containing silence, where the speaker has paused, which he splices together and takes home to listen to in the evening. Soon he advances to recording his girlfriend sitting silently in front of a microphone.
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Stanley Green[edit]


Today's featured article, 7 May 2011
Stanley Green, Oxford Street, 1977.jpg
Symbol question.svg Cscr-featured.svg Stanley Green (1915–1993), the Protein Man, was a sandwich man who walked up and down Oxford Street for 25 years. His placard, warning of the effect of protein on the libido, recommended "protein wisdom": "Less Lust, By Less Protein: Meat Fish Bird; Egg Cheese; Peas Beans; Nuts. And Sitting". One writer described Green as patrolling the streets, "campaigning for the suppression of desire".
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Ian Stephens (editor)[edit]


Symbol question.svg Ian Melville Stephens was the editor of the Indian newspaper The Statesman (then British-owned) in Kolkata, West Bengal, from 1942 to 1951. He became known for his decision to publish graphic photographs, in August 1943, of the Bengal famine of 1943, which claimed between 1.5 and 3 million lives. Their publication helped to persuade the British government to supply adequate relief to the victims, thereby probably saving hundreds of thousands of lives.
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Harriet Wistrich[edit]


Harriet Wistrich
Harriet K. Wistrich is an English solicitor and radical feminist who specializes in human-rights cases, particularly those involving women who have been sexually assaulted or who have killed their violent partners. She was Liberty's Human Rights Lawyer of the Year in 2014. Wistrich is co-founder of Justice for Women, the feminist law-reform group, and founding director of the Centre for Women's Justice. She is the editor, with her partner Julie Bindel, of The Map of My Life: The Story of Emma Humphreys (2003).
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Emma Humphreys[edit]


Emma Clare Humphreys was a Welsh woman who was convicted, in 1985 at the age of 17, of the murder of her violent boyfriend and pimp. Humphreys spent a decade in prison before winning an appeal against the conviction in 1995 on the grounds of long-term provocation. The appeal was significant because it supported the argument that courts should take long-term issues such as "battered woman syndrome" into account when considering a defence of provocation.
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Julie Bindel[edit]


Julie Bindel
Julie Bindel (born 20 July 1962) is an English writer, radical feminist, and co-founder of the law-reform group Justice for Women, which since 1991 has helped women who have been prosecuted for killing violent male partners. Bindel's work focuses on male violence against women and children, particularly prostitution and pornography. She has authored or co-authored over 30 book chapters and four books, and writes regularly for The Guardian, New Statesman, the Sunday Telegraph magazine, and Standpoint.
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John Dittemore[edit]


John Valentine Dittemore was a director of The First Church of Christ, Scientist, the Christian Science church, in Boston from 1909 until 1919. Before that he was head of the church's Committee on Publication in New York, and a trustee for ten years of the estate of Mary Baker Eddy, the founder of Christian Science. Dittemore is best known as the co-author, with Ernest Sutherland Bates, of Mary Baker Eddy, the Truth and the Tradition (1932). Historian Ralph Henry Gabriel wrote in 1933 that the book "comes very close to being a definitive history of a strangely paradoxical woman".
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Diana Gould – Margaret Thatcher exchange[edit]


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An exchange on 24 May 1983 between Diana Gould and Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was voted one of Britain's most memorable television spots. Gould, a schoolteacher appearing as a member of the public, confronted Thatcher on the BBC current-affairs programme Nationwide over the sinking of the General Belgrano during the 1982 Falklands War. The exchange became iconic because of Gould's persistence in asking why Thatcher had given the order to sink the ship. Thatcher was irritated that the question had been allowed; Denis Thatcher told the producer that the BBC was run by "a nest of long-haired Trots and wooftahs".
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