|¿Dónde Están los Ladrones?|
|Studio album by Shakira|
|Released||September 29, 1998|
|Studio||Crescent Moon Studios; Criteria Recording Studios
|Singles from ¿Dónde están los ladrones?|
¿Dónde Están los Ladrones? (English: Where Are the Thieves?), is the fourth studio album by Colombian singer and songwriter Shakira, released on September 29, 1998 by Columbia Records and Sony Music Latin. After attaining success with her major-label debut Pies Descalzos (1995), Shakira met producer Emilio Estefan, who identified her potential to break into the US Latin market and became her manager. As co-producer, Shakira enlisted previous collaborator Luis Fernando Ochoa along with Pablo Florez, Javier Garza, Lester Mendez, and Estefan, who executive produced the album. Its music incorporates Latin pop styles, additionally experimenting with rock en Español elements.
¿Dónde Están los Ladrones? received positive reviews from music critics, who praised its sound and lyrics, and compared the singer to Alanis Morissette. Commercially, the album was a success, being certified in several regions including Shakira's native Colombia, where it was certified triple-platinum. Additionally, the album peaked at number 131 on the US Billboard 200, and topped the Top Latin and Latin Pop Albums charts. ¿Dónde Están los Ladrones? won several accolades, and was nominated for Grammy Award for Best Latin Rock, Urban or Alternative Album at the 41st Grammy Awards.
Seven singles were released from ¿Dónde Están los Ladrones?. Its lead single "Ciega, Sordomuda" reached the top of both Billboard's Hot Latin and Latin Pop Songs component charts. Follow-up singles "Tú", "Inevitable", "No Creo", "Ojos Así" and "Moscas en la Casa" peaked within the top thirty and top ten of the charts, respectively. The album was promoted through several televised performances, including her debut on American television. In order to continue promoting it, along with her next release MTV Unplugged, Shakira embarked on the Tour Anfibio, which visited North and South America throughout 2000.
- 1 Background and development
- 2 Title and artwork
- 3 Composition
- 4 Critical reception and accolades
- 5 Commercial reception
- 6 Singles
- 7 Promotion
- 8 English version
- 9 Track listing
- 10 Personnel
- 11 Charts
- 12 Sales and certifications
- 13 See also
- 14 Notes
- 15 References
Background and development
After she rose to proeminence with the success of her major-label debut Pies Descalzos (1995), Shakira was introduced to Emilio Estefan, the most important producer in the Hispanic market at the time, by her promoter and longtime friend, Jairo Martínez. Estefan was renowned for launching the careers of various Hispanic singers, such as Enrique Iglesias, Thalía, and his wife Gloria Estefan. He decided to work with Shakira as he identified her potential to strongly break into the US Latin market and expand her commercial presence there. One of Shakira's concerns was having creative autonomy over her music. Before signing their contract, the roles and duties were defined. Estefan would be her manager and her executive producer, but she would be in charge of all the material and arrangements and have approval over the final look of the records. She later stated about her producer, "He had a great respect for me as an artist and trusted me totally on this project". Since then, they started working on Estefan's Crescent Moon Studios in Miami.
Shakira was mindful of the many critics who would judge her second album, because of the label of "phenomenon" applied to her. She knew that some would say that "she had changed too much" and others would reproach her if she remained the same. But at the moment of creation, her self-confidence triumphed. "All I could do was to be myself. I understood that all I had to do was write the music I knew how to write and to write from the heart when I was compelled to. In that way, everything developed naturally, more so than I could have imagined", she said. In addition, Shakira insisted on perfection, polishing the material to the point of exhaustion. "I made two or three demos of each song. I became a human being so demanding of myself that until the song made my hair stand on end, I wouldn't stop". For the recording of ¿Dónde Están los Ladrones? they were used old amplifiers to achieve a better sound, a German microphone with more than 40 years of existence and made several innovations in the instrumental mixes. ¿Dónde Están los Ladrones? took nine months to produce in total, since more people worked on the album compared with her previous record. Shakira commented, "To me it's a normal time, the gestation period for a baby. But many people wag their finger and tell me that the next one cannot take so long..."
Title and artwork
The album's title and track were inspired by one of Shakira's trips to the capital of her native country Colombia. At the El Dorado International Airport in Bogotá after finishing her Tour Pies Descalzos, part of her luggage was stolen, including a briefcase that contained all the lyrics Shakira had been working on for the album. Shakira commented, "The worst part about the whole thing was that I couldn't remember them because of the mental block that can be caused by such a traumatic experience as the robbery of such a personal item". Feelings of impotence and emptiness overcame Shakira with such violence that for a couple of days and nights she thought of nothing but the people who had taken her material. She could not stop thinking about them: "Who are they? What are they looking for? Where are they?". She searched for a reason behind the theft of her songs. "I came to the conclusion that there are all types of thieves. A thief is not just a person who takes a physical object that doesn't belong to him or her. There are thieves who steal feelings, space, time, dreams, rights", she explained.
The album's title also evolves into a sly reference to the political corruption and general social mistrust pervading contemporary Colombian society. It is a corruption in which Shakira recognizes her own complicity – the album cover features a photo of her, soot-covered palms up, caught with her hands dirty. Shakira explained the cover, saying, "From that point of view, we all have stolen at one time or another, myself included. The dirty hands [on the cover of her album] represent the shared guilt. No one is completely clean, in the end we are all accomplices". In keeping with her increasingly rocker sound, for this album she left her hair loose and messy and filled it up with little colorful braids, looking like a "modern Medusa" according to one biographer. Following the album's commercial success, girls from several countries were copying Shakira's style, colorfully braiding their hair and wearing friendship bracelets.
Dónde Están los Ladrones comprises Latin pop and rock en Español styles. The album opens with "Ciega, Sordomuda", which is musically filled by typical Mexican trumpets over a disco dance loop and an electric guitar. Second track "Si Te Vas" lyrically depicts an angry Shakira who tells her lover "Si me cambias por esa bruja, pedazo de cuero, no vuelvas nunca más, que no estaré aquí".[nb 1] The next song, "Moscas en la Casa", was inspired by the singer's troubled relationship with Puerto Rican actor Osvaldo Ríos. Shakira lyrically expresses the sadness that she feels after a broken relationship. "Mis días sin ti son tan oscuros, tan largos, tan grises, mis días sin ti", she sings.[nb 2] In the next track "No Creo", the singer expresses how she believes in nothing and nobody except her lover. The song references popular socially accepted or non-accepted norms such as herself, luck, Karl Marx, Jean-Paul Sartre, Mars and Venus, and Brian Weiss. The fifth song on Dónde Están los Ladrones? is "Inevitable". Lyrically, in the hard rock ballad, Shakira confesses that she can't make coffee, doesn't understand soccer, she must have been unfaithful at some point, she's even bad at checkers and she never wears a watch. The next track "Octavo Día" is a rock-oriented song that refers to God coming to Earth after finishing his work and discovering everything to be in ruins, and decides to quit his job and become a normal man. She also namechecks Bill Clinton and Michael Jackson.
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Seventh song "Que Vuelvas" is another song inspired by her relationship with Ríos. It was musically compared to Shakira's past single "Estoy Aquí" (1996). The following track "Tú" lyrically expresses eroticism, the sweetness of first love and the detachment of material things: "Te regalo mi cintura y mis labios para cuando quieras besar, te regalo mi locura y las pocas neuronas que quedan ya".[nb 3] The ninth song is "Dónde Están los Ladrones?", a guitar-driven song which criticizes the politic and social reality in South American nations at the time of the album's release. She sings, "Los han visto por ahí, los han visto en los tejados, dando vueltas en Paris condenando en los juzgados. Con la nariz empolvada, de corbata o de blue jeans, los has visto en las portada todas, sin más nada que decir".[nb 4] Finally, she sentences the aristocracy singing, "Los han visto en los cócteles todos repartiendo ministerios".[nb 5] The following track on Dónde Están los Ladrones? is "Sombra de Ti". During the song, Shakira remembers a past love, singing, "Todas las palabras que dijimos, y los besos que nos dimos, como siempre, hoy estoy pensando en ti".[nb 6] The album's eleventh closing song "Ojos Así" is accompanied by a "Lambadalike middle eastern rhythm". Containing a verse in Turkish, lyrically Shakira laments that even though she has traveled from Beiruit to Bahrain, she has never found "eyes like yours".
Critical reception and accolades
|Latin Beat Magazine||mixed|
|The New Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
Dónde Están los Ladrones? received positive reviews from music critics. Alex Henderson from AllMusic gave the album 4.5 stars out of five, saying that the album was "arguably the finest and most essential album that she recorded in the 1990s" and also stated that besides its lyrics, the album would impress even non-Spanish-speaking listeners with its "attractive melodies and the emotion that the artist brings to her songs". He finished his review saying, "if you're acquiring your first Shakira release, this would be the ideal choice". Billboard magazine was also positive and called it a "like-minded set brimming with forlorn, lovesick testimonials set to a mainstream pop/rock sound laced occasionally with edgy guitar and vocal interludes", picking the song "Ojos Así" as the "most satisfying" track on the album. Christopher John Farley, while reviewing positively Dónde Están los Ladrones? in his Time magazine review, said that the buzz around Shakira was justified. "On her latest CD she charges Latin pop with rock 'n' roll to thrilling effect. Even when her music gets loud, Shakira's vibrant contralto remains sweet and expressive. [...] Missing out on this collection would be at least a misdemeanor", he completed.
Mark Kemp, writing for the book The New Rolling Stone Album Guide, said that the album mined a familiar territory in Shakira's music, but it "holds together with stronger songs, a beefier sound, and more confident vocals". He finished his review by saying that it was "hard to imagine a singer barely into her 20s having written and recorded such an inventive set of songs", while complimenting Estefan's production, calling it "suprisingly tasteful and evenhanded". Sputnikmusic website gave a positive review saying "¿Dónde Están Los Ladrones? is the gem of Shakira’s discography, and one of the best Spanish pop releases of the past decade", although criticized its "slight lack of variety". Franz Reynold from Latin Beat Magazine noted that "while many of the cuts on this collection are definitely chart-bound, that is due more to the fact that she doesn't stray too far from the previous formula, than it does to any hope that success provides room for expansion", but complimented tracks like "Inevitable" and "Tú".
Leila Cobo Hanlon from Miami Herald was positive, saying that the album "retains Shakira's trademark sound - rock-laced pop melodies backed by acoustic guitars - as well as her deeply personal approach to music-making", but also noting that "ironically, the album's only failures occur when it looks too closely at its predecessor".
At the 41st Annual Grammy Awards in 1999, ¿Dónde Están Los Ladrones? received a nomination for Best Latin Rock/Alternative Performanc, which went to Sueños Líquidos by Maná. At the 11th Annual Lo Nuestro Awards in the same year, the recording won the Lo Nuestro Award for Pop Album of the Year in a tie with Sueños Líquidos. At the 1999 Billboard Latin Music Award, it won Pop Album of the Year by a Female Artist, and El Premio de la Gente for Female Pop Artist or Group at the Ritmo Latino Music Awards in the same year. Dónde Están los Ladrones? was included as one of the "1000 Recordings You Must Hear Before You Die".
¿Dónde Están los Ladrones? sold 300,000 copies at the day of its release, and over one million copies by the end its first month of release. On the US Billboard 200, the album debuted at number 141 on the week dated 17 October 1998, selling 10,500 units, 75% up in comparision to its previous week, when it did not sell enough to debut on the chart. The next week it climbed to its peak of number 131, after a 10% increase in sales. In addition, it reached number one on Top Latin Albums, Latin Pop Albums and Catalog Albums component charts. In December 1998, it was revealed that the album had reached 500,000 copies sold in the United States and 1,5 million worldwide. It was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), regonizing a million shipments within the country. According to Nielsen SoundScan, the album sold over 912,000 copies as of March 2014 in the US.
Across Europe, ¿Dónde Están los Ladrones? was a commercial dissapointment. In Germany, the album entered the Offizielle Top 100 albums chart at number 99 on the issue dated 11 February 2002. It finally peaked at number 79 weeks later, spending a total of nine weeks on the chart. In Netherlands, the album had a similar debuting, at number 99 on 20 April 2002, falling out of the chart the next week. Two months later, it returned to the charts at number 88. After falling out of the chart one more time, the album returned to number 88 on 17 August 2002 and peaking at number 78 the week after. Dónde Están los Ladrones? debuted at number 89 in March 2002, and reached number 73 in late April. The album remained five weeks on the chart in total.
In Hispanic countries, the album was a success. In Shakira's native Colombia, it was certified triple-platinum by the Asociación Colombiana de Productores de Fonogramas (ASINCOL) after selling 180,000 copies within the country. The album was also certified triple-platinum in Chile and Venezuela, double-platinum in Mexico and Uruguay, quadruple-platinum in Argentina, and Platinum in Spain. ¿Dónde Están los Ladrones? has sold 10 million copies as of October 2001, according to El Universal newspaper.
"Ciega, Sordomuda" was released on 7 September 1998 as the album's lead single. It reached number one in Shakira's native Colombia less than a week after its release, becoming the fastest pop song to do so there. It also reached number one on charts of countries in Central America, Venezuela and the United States. The music video for the song was directed by Gustavo Garzón. In it, Shakira is arrested along with many other people, and escapes with the help of her love interest who later dresses as a policeman. Shakira hides in a wig store, pretending to be a mannequin, and drives a car blindfolded while the whole city searches for her, blindfolded as well. It was nominated for a Lo Nuestro Award for Video of the Year in 1999.
"Ojos Así" was released as the album's final single in December 1999. The track reached numbers 9 and 22 on the US Latin Pop Songs and Hot Latin Songs component charts, respectively. The music video for "Ojos Así" features Shakira performing the song for a crowd. In the background is a giant neon eye, which shoots out sparks and catches fire toward the end of the video. There are also clips of Shakira belly dancing in front of a dark purple background, standing in water. In these clips, there are snakes painted down her arms and red lines painted on her head. The video won the International Viewer's Choice Award (North) at the 2000 MTV Video Music Awards, while it was also nominated for the same award in the South category and for a Latin Grammy Award for Best Short Form Music Video.
Promotion for ¿Dónde Están los Ladrones? began when Shakira performed its lead single "Ciega, Sordomuda" on the Con T De Tarde show in Spain, in September 1998. In October, Shakira traveled to Brazil and was featured in many TV programs, including Domingo Legal on SBT, which she appeared twice. On January 28, 1999, Shakira made her debut on American television by appearing on The Rosie O'Donnell Show. Gloria Estefan introduced and interviewed the singer instead of O'Donnell, before she performed an English version of "Inevitable", which she sang while suffering from fever due to nervousness. In February 1999, she went to Peru to perform on Laura TV show. Shakira also sang "Inevitable" in a medley with "Come to My Window" with singer Melissa Etheridge on the ALMA Awards on March 6, 1999. During a promotional tour she returned to Brazil in March 1999, and performed on several TV shows such as Domingão do Faustão. In May, she returned to the United States to perform at the Premio Lo Nuestro 1999 in Miami, and at the Cinco de Mayo Festival in Los Angeles. In November, Shakira sang at the Premios Amigo in Spain, while she also performed on the Miss Colombia 1999 election, closing the event. Shakira performed "Ojos Así" on the first-ever Latin Grammy Awards on September 13, 2000, giving a "wildly" choreographed performance against a backdrop of tiki torches and images of water as she writhed about in a red pantsuit.
In order to promote the album and MTV Unplugged, Shakira embarked on the Tour Anfibio which began on March 17, 2000 in Panama City, Panama, and ended on May 12, 2000 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. It was sponsored by Nokia. The name "anfibio" was chosen by Shakira for its resemblance with her: earthy, viscerally connected to the water element, capable of adapting and willing to undergo metamorphosis. Shakira said about the tour's name: "You'll have to find out. It's an invitation for you to watch the show and find out. It has nothing to do with past performances. You'll see an evolved and renewed Shakira. It's a spectacle of many transformations that will prevent the public from getting bored". The tour's setlist consisted of songs from her albums Pies Descalzos and Dónde Están los Ladrones?. In addition, she included an a capella song, "Alfonsina y el Mar", originally by Argentine folk singer Mercedes Sosa. Criticism of the tour included the high ticket prices, overselling of tickets in Guatemala, which according to the press could have caused a tragedy, the long delays at the start of the show and its short duration, and the accusation of the use of pre-recorded music in Puerto Rico. Despite the criticism, the tour was a financial success, earning Shakira a position in the list of Top 50 Tours published in the summer of 2000 by Pollstar magazine.
The success of ¿Dónde Están los Ladrones? prompted American singer Gloria Estefan, whose husband Emilio Estefan was managing Shakira at that time, to persuade Shakira to record the album in English and attempt to crossover into the mainstream pop industry. However, Shakira was initially hesitant to record songs in English as it was not her first language, so Estefan offered to translate "Ojos Así" into English in order to show her that "it could translate well". Shakira then began translating the song herself and showed it to Estefan, who responded "Quite honestly, I can't do this better!." As Shakira wanted to have full control over her recordings, she decided to learn English better to enable her to write her own songs. Shakira was supposed to return to studio to record an English version of the album in January 1999. It did not came to fruition, and a new album titled Laundry Service was released instead as her first crossover album.
|1.||"Ciega, Sordomuda"||Shakira Mebarak R.||
|2.||"Si Te Vas"||Mebarak||
|3.||"Moscas en la Casa"||Mebarak||Mebarak||
|9.||"¿Dónde Están los Ladrones?"||Mebarak||
|10.||"Sombra de Ti"||Mebarak||
|12.||"Ciega, Sordomuda" (12´full mix)||Mebarak||
|13.||"Ciega, Sordomuda" (Radio edit)||Mebarak||
|German re-release edition bonus tracks|
|13.||"Ojos Así" (Single Version)||
|Indonesian cassette bonus tracks|
|12.||"Estoy Aquí" (Album version)||
|13.||"Estoy Aquí" (Love + Tears Mix)||
|14.||"Estoy Aquí" (Club Mix)||
- Shakira – producer, songwriter, vocals, harmonica
- Emilio Estefan Jr. – executive producer
- Javier Garza – producer, engineer, mixer, programmer
- Luis Fernando Ochoa – producer, songwriter, guitar, bass guitar
- Lester Mendez – producer, string arrangements, programmer
- Pablo Florez – producer, programmer
- Sebastian Krys – engineer, mixer
- Steve Menezes – assistant engineer
- Alfred Figueroa – assistant engineer
- Kieran Wagner – assistant engineer
- Chris Wiggins – assistant engineer
- Kevin Dillon – coordinator
- Wendy Pedersen – backing vocals
- Adam Zimmon – guitar
- Marcelo Acevedo – guitar
- Randy Barlow – accordion
- Teddy Mulet – trumpet
- Brendan Buckley – drums
- Joseph Quevedo – drums
- Edwin Bonilla – percussion
- John Falcone – electric bass guitar
Sales and certifications
|Argentina (CAPIF)||4× Platinum||240,000*|
|Chile (IFPI)||3× Platinum||60,000^|
|Colombia (ASINCOL)||3× Platinum||180,000|
|Mexico (AMPROFON)||2× Platinum||500,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||Platinum||912,000|
|Uruguay (CUD)||2× Platinum||12,000^|
|Venezuela (APFV)||3× Platinum||159,351|
|Central America||4× Platinum||80,000x|
^shipments figures based on certification alone
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