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"Got 'til It's Gone"
File:.Janet Jackson - Got Til Its Gone single cover.jpg
Single by Janet Jackson featuring Q-Tip and Joni Mitchell
from the album The Velvet Rope
Released September 22, 1997
Format
Recorded March–June 1997; Flyte Tyme Studios
(Edina, Minnesota)
Genre
Length
  • 4:01 (single edit)
  • 3:39 (radio edit)
Label Virgin
Writer(s)
Producer(s)
Janet Jackson singles chronology
"Twenty Foreplay"
(1996)
"Got 'til It's Gone"
(1997)
"Together Again"
(1997)
Q-Tip singles chronology
"Got 'til It's Gone"
(1997)
"Vivrant Thing"
(1999)

"Got 'til It's Gone" is a song recorded by American singer Janet Jackson, featuring rapper Q-Tip and folk singer Joni Mitchell, for her sixth studio album, The Velvet Rope (1997). It was written by Jackson, Jam and Lewis, with additional writing by René Elizondo, Jr., Mitchell, and Kamaal Ibn Fareed, while produced by Jackson, Jam and Lewis. It was released as the lead single from The Velvet Rope on September 22, 1997, by Virgin Records. "Got 'til It's Gone" was considered a massive departure from Jackson's mainstream appeal, striving for a less polished and more authentic alternative hip-hop and trip-hop-influenced sound. Its lyrics talk about a great lesson Jackson learned – appreciate what you have while you have it.

"Got 'til It's Gone" was met with mostly positive reviews from music critics, with most of them praising its fusion of Jackson's pop style with "harder-edged hip-hop", and for its sonic experimentation and revealing theme. Adversely, the song was also labeled "disappointing" with an "incongruous" appearance from Mitchell. "Got 'til It's Gone" was not released as a commercial single, making it ineligible to appear on the Billboard Hot 100. However, the song peaked at number 36 on pop formats and reached number three on urban radio. Internationally, "Got 'til It's Gone" reached the top twenty in most European markets, including France, Germany, Italy and Switzerland.

The music video for "Got 'til It's Gone" was directed by Mark Romanek and filmed at the Hollywood Palladium in Los Angeles. Jackson portrays a lounge singer in the video, which takes place during the time of apartheid in South Africa. It was called a "masterpiece" by critics, winning a Grammy Award for "Best Short Form Music Video". The song and its accompanying music video were considered a massive risk and departure from the mainstream pop style of Jackson's previous releases. The innovative and revealing approach of "Got 'til It's Gone" has directly influenced other artists' songs and music videos, with the song also having been covered and sampled on several occasions.

Background[edit]

In 1996, Jackson became subject to an industry bidding war between various parties, including Virgin Records, Sony Music, Time Warner, and The Walt Disney Company, who attempted to sign her jointly with PolyGram. She ultimately renewed her contract with Virgin for $80 million—the largest recording contract in history at that time and a breakthrough she achieved for the second time in her career.[1][2] The contract surpassed the recording industry's then-unparalleled $60 million contracts earned by her brother Michael Jackson and fellow pop singer Madonna.[3][4]



"Got 'til It's Gone" was released as the lead single from Jackson's sixth album The Velvet Rope, which chronicled Jackson's struggle with depression and intimacy. In an interview for MTV, she discussed how the depression had made her frequently sad and caused her to take breaks from her music career. She felt this was heightened by her estrangement from the rest of the Jackson family.[5] Jimmy Jam was aware of Jackson's depression during the writing of the album, noticing how she would spontaneously cancel recording sessions, appearing constantly troubled.[6] Jackson discussed "Got 'til It's Gone" and The Velvet Rope album during an interview with Rolling Stone, saying:

"Singing these songs has meant digging up pain that I buried a long time ago. It's been hard and sometimes confusing. But I've had to do it. I've been burying pain my whole life. It's like kicking dirt under the carpet. At some point there's so much dirt that you start to choke. Well, I've been choking. My therapy came in writing these songs. Then I had to find the courage to sing them or else suffer the consequences – a permanent case of the blues".[7]

The song's music video and promotional photos were the first glimpse of the new image Jackson developed for The Velvet Rope campaign, which combined elements from Gothic and African cultures and consisted of red hair, nasal and body piercings, and several tattoos.[7] "Got 'til It's Gone" was serviced to multiple airplay formats, including Pop, Urban, Rhythmic, and Adult Contemporary/Jazz, in early September 1997.[8]

Composition[edit]

"Got 'til It's Gone" was written by Jackson, Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis, René Elizondo, Jr., Q-Tip and Joni Mitchell, and features guest vocals from the latter ones. It contains a sample from Mitchell's 1970 song "Big Yellow Taxi". According to the sheet music published at Musicnotes.com by EMI Music Publishing, the song is set in common time with a key of F major. Jackson's vocals range between G3 to C5. The song has a moderate tempo of 96 beats per minute.[9] "Got 'til It's Gone" was a departure from Jackson's mainstream pop appeal, striving for a less polished and more authentic alternative hip hop and trip hop-influenced sound. It also incorporates elements of diverse genres such as pop, R&B, folk, jazz, reggae, neo soul, and downtempo.[10][11] It was inspired by J Dilla's remix of the Brand New Heavies' song "Sometimes", released a few months prior in 1997.[12] Jimmy Jam spoke of the song's crossover potential, commenting, "Janet has always been one of those artists that bridges R&B and hip-hop and pop and rock". We really thought 'Got 'Til It's Gone' would be accepted [by all audiences] across the board".[13] Jackson revealed that lyrically, "'Got 'Til It's Gone' is about a great life lesson she learned – appreciate what you have while you have it. When discussing the song with Jet Magazine, Jackson stated, "In my life, I try to take nothing for granted, even if I don't always succeed".[14]

Jackson explained why she felt compelled to combine the folk elements from Mitchell with Q-Tip's rap verse, saying "Him and Joni Mitchell have something in common: what they write is poetry".[15] "I think of folk and rap among similar strands. Especially lyrically because you can put so much content into one song. Hip hop is great and I think it's good that it talks of the harsh realities of life in the ghettos".[16] Speaking about Q-Tip's appearance, Jackson said, "Q-Tip represents all that's creative and strong about rap. He's real and right to the point, and I loved working with him".[14] Jackson has frequently mentioned Mitchell as an influence and artist she's admired throughout her career, which led to Jackson asking Mitchell to contribute vocals to "Got 'til It's Gone". Jackson stated, "As a kid I was drawn to Joni Mitchell records. Joni's songs spoke to me in an intimate, personal way."[14] Jackson contacted Mitchell personally to ask for permission to use the sample, stating "everyone said it couldn't be done, but if [Mitchell] was going to say no to me, I had to hear it from her myself [...] I called her and told her I wanted her to hear it before she made a decision. Everybody was surprised when a couple of days later, she said yes".[17] Describing the situation, Jackson recalled, "I told her I'd like to send her a tape before she made a decision. She listened to it, and called back a few days later and said she absolutely loved it and would be honored if we did, so I was very excited".[18]

Critical reception[edit]

"Got 'til It's Gone" received mostly positive reviews from music critics. Rob Fitzpatrick of The Guardian described it as an "absolutely sublime pop production", saying Jackson sounded "fresher than ever". Fitzpatrick also praised the song's simple production, adding the "revolutionary use of space and dynamics worked wonders on the radio and in clubs".[19] Gil Kaufman from MTV observed the song "sets the tone for the new, more experimental material", complete with "a spooky vocal loop", "old-school DJ scratching" and "layering it all with Jackson's fragile, whispered vocals, the song is then, now and later all at the same time".[20] People magazine praised the track as "an understated, hip-hop pastiche that features the unlikely but inspired pairing of rapper Q-Tip and a sampled Joni Mitchell".[21] Jon Pareles from The New York Times considered it "hip-hop-tinged R&B", also noticing "a depressive sobriety" in Jackson's vocals,[22][23] while Neil McCormick of The Daily Telegraph approved the song as "a deliciously light confection".[24] Martin Johnson from San Francisco Weekly classified it as "a clever pastiche" which blended well with Jackson's vocals and Q-Tip's "low-key rapping".[25]

Larry Flick from Billboard magazine said that the song displays "finesse" and "marked maturity", saying, "Apparently, 'tis the season for pop divas to explore edgy hip-hop territory" and "this jam is a deftly structured study in subtle vocal styling and raw keep rhythms". During his review he also noted the departure from Jackson's upbeat pop and dance style might confuse listeners at first, though was ultimately a wise decision.[26] Entertainment Weekly said that the "relaxed groove" of the song is "certainly an enigmatic teaser",[27] and Jet magazine commented, "Janet has her fans up on the dance floor with the album's first hit Got Til It's Gone", calling Q-Tip's guest verse "street smart".[14] Time magazine considered it an "R&B reworking" which "draws smartly" from the sample.[28] Elysa Gardner from Los Angeles Times also gave the track a positive review, saying the "cool, breezy hip-hop" of the single "cannily intertwines a Joni Mitchell sample and a seductive guest rap by Q-Tip."[29] However, Wilson & Alroy's Record Reviews labeled the song as "disappointing" and "a dreary reggae-influenced number" with an "incongruous" appearance from Mitchell.[30]

Chart performance[edit]

"Got 'til It's Gone" was not released as a commercial single in the United States, making it ineligible to appear on the Billboard Hot 100 and several other charts under the chart rules that existed at that time, greatly hindering the song's chart performance despite its popularity on radio.[31] The song peaked at number 36 on Hot 100 Airplay and number three on Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Airplay charts, being ineligible to chart on their respective main charts due to the chart's rules.[32] In Canada, the song debuted at number 41 on the RPM Singles Chart on the issue dated September 15, 1997,[33] and peaked at number 19 on November 17, 1997. In Australia, "Got 'til It's Gone" debuted at number 13 on the issue dated October 5, 1997, peaking at number 10 and staying on the ARIA Charts for 15 weeks and was certified Gold by the ARIA for 30,000 copies shipped.[21][22] In New Zealand, it debuted at its peak of number four, staying on the chart for 12 weeks.[23] It was also certified Gold by Recorded Music NZ (RMNZ) for shipping 7,500 copies across the country.

"Got 'til It's Gone" debuted and peaked at number six on the UK Singles Chart on the week of October 4, 1997, spending eleven weeks on the chart.[24] It was certified Silver by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI) eventually selling nearly 200,000 units in the region.[25][26] In Austria, it entered the singles chart at number 32. During its fourth week, it rose to its peak of number 11, spending a total of 17 weeks on the chart.[27] In France, the song also peaked at number 11, and was certified Silver by the Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique (SNEP).[27][28] In the Netherlands, "Got 'til It's Gone" entered the singles chart at number 50 during the week of September 27, 1997. It eventually peaked at number nine, staying a total of 13 weeks on the chart.[31] On the Swiss Singles Chart dated October 12, 1997, "Got 'til It's Gone" debuted at number 32. After four weeks, it peaked at number 11.

Music video[edit]

Background[edit]

The music video for "Got 'til It's Gone" was directed by Mark Romanek and filmed at the Hollywood Palladium in Los Angeles.[34] It made its worldwide premiere on September 4, 1997, immediately preceding the 1997 MTV Video Music Awards, with the video airing on other music channels such as VH1 and BET later the same evening.[35] Jackson wanted to work with Romanek because she believed him to be "amazing", commenting, "I gravitate toward the directors that I really fall in love with [...]". After hearing the song, Romanek decided to use African photography as a motif, creating what he called a "pre-Apartheid celebration based on that African photography". Romanek commented on the video's theme, saying "[...] it was a situation of what I was into at that time, and I was really into this magazine that was popular in South Africa called Drum Magazine. I guess it was sort of like the 'Life Magazine' of the township, and the photography was stunning, and I said 'I would like to make a video that depicted Black culture that wasn't so obsessed, as a lot of the hip-hop videos were in that period and still are, with less materialism and sexism. I just felt like 'there's got to be other aspects of Black culture to depict'". Joni Mitchell also commented: "From the time [music] video began well into the late eighties there was a monstrous image of females being perpetrated without much exception. In the face of that I found this video to be full of humanity. Janet herself was lovely. It had dignity, and it was full of life".[36] Jackson stated that she was "very proud" of the video, adding it was "fun to make".[16]

Synopsis[edit]

In the music video, Jackson portrays a lounge singer during the time of apartheid in South Africa. Inspired by a blend of '60s and '70s African culture, the video depicts freedom and prosperity, opposing racial segregation and supremacy. It has been described as "a great study of the fashion and sensibilities of 1960s pre-apartheid South Africa", with Jackson wearing "vintage wide-lapeled brown leather jacket, men's tailored trousers, a printed halter top and individually-sectioned pigtails that bring to mind "the higher the hair, the closer to God".[37] The video wanders a massive house party and includes scenes inspired by the work of photographer Malick Sidibé. Images shown throughout the video include a cigarette lighter flicking by a man's groin, a young child peeking behind a man as if he had been magically birthed, a one-eyed boxer posing, a couple presses up as if simulating rear-entry sex, children jump on mattresses, a lone figure walking outside, and Jackson's shadow crawling up a wall like a stalking animal.[38] Joni Mitchell appears on a TV screen throughout the video, and Sudanese model Alek Wek also makes a cameo. The video ends with bottles thrown at Afrikaan segregation signs, which represents rebellion against discrimination and racism, celebrating freedom and embracing unity.[37]

Reception and analysis[edit]

Slant Magazine called the "Got Til' Its Gone" video a "masterpiece" and elaborated that it had "as much substance as it does style. Set in South Africa during the time of apartheid, the video is a celebration of the music and rhythms that helped sustain black culture under the weight of segregation. As for style, Janet, who dons little-to-no make-up and a bead of sweat on her brow, has never looked so sexy".[39] MusicOMH observed that the video "stands out" in comparison to Jackson's other clips and "has a powerful impact, a nice shot of Joni Mitchell at the opening and a very dark canvas for Jackson and Q-Tip to work on".[40] Blues & Soul magazine described the clip as "a genuine tour de force. Subtly (and not so subtly) conveying images from a party in the South African townships, together with flash-photography shots of Janet and herself and one Q-Tip of [A] Tribe Called Quest. The whole thing emphasizes the elusive, not to say, precious value of happiness as something to savor. As with the rest of the set, it is perhaps Janet's most mature vehicle yet".[41] Complex commented on the video, saying "This is about as cool as videos get. So many incredible style references in this one it’s like a moving Tumblr".[42]

In the book Unruly Media: Youtube, Music Video, and the New Digital Cinema, author Carol Vernallis analyzes the video, stating "Romanek's environments somehow suggest both the miniature and the enormous. One feels space in Romanek's videos: a viewer's eyes seek out the set's corners and edges and quilts them to the song's features. One such example is [...] 'Got 'til It's Gone,' The video's dance hall is beige and narrow. To one side a window joins its twin — a similarly long blue-tinged room; murals gird both rooms' walls, or people wearing boldly patterned earthtones line up in tiers along them. These embellishments alongside an underlying structure — tiered people, murals, and duplicated rooms — complicate the video's sense of space, evoking the aforementioned monumentality and miniaturization. "Got 'til it's Gone"'s bass and acoustic guitar, shaped into lilting, wavelike gestures that seem to roll out into a more shallow, nonreverberant sonic and visual field, seem to match the song's space, its textures and colors". Vernallis goes on to call the video progressive, commenting that despite the video's "bevy of loaded images tied to race and myth", its mood and tone are overwhelmingly warm [...] draw[ing] attention to Jackson's and Joni Mitchell's vocal similarities".[38]

At the 40th Annual Grammy Awards, the music video for "Got 'til It's Gone" won a Grammy Award for Best Short Form Music Video. It also received the most nominations at the seventh annual MVPA Awards, winning "Pop Video of the Year" and "Best Art Direction". Billboard magazine noted that "the biggest surprise was that Janet Jackson's "Got 'Til It's Gone" clip was completely shut out" of winning Video of the Year, despite receiving the most nominations. However. the publication noted that the video had "stiff competition" in all of its nominated categories.[43] It was also the winner of VH1's "Most Stylish Video" award in 1997, and was additionally ranked number ten on a list of the "100 Greatest Music Videos of All Time" by Slant Magazine.[39] Complex also placed the video at number 15 on their list of the 25 Most Stylish Hip-Hop Videos.[42]

Live performances[edit]

Jackson during the performance of "Got 'til It's Gone" on the Rock Witchu Tour in 2008

To promote "Got 'til It's Gone" and The Velvet Rope, Jackson performed the song on Top of the Pops and Graines de Star during her European promotional tour,[44][45] Australian and Japanese TV shows Hey Hey It's Saturday and Hey! Hey! Hey! Music Champ.[46][47] After returning to the United States, she performed it on The Oprah Winfrey Show along with "Together Again".[48] Upon returning to her promotional tour in Europe, she performed "Got 'til It's Gone" on French TV programs Les Années Tubes,[49] Hit Machine along with "Together Again",[50] and Spanish television on TV show Música Sí.[51]

The singer has also performed "Got 'til It's Gone" on all of her tours since its release. She included the song on the 1998 The Velvet Rope Tour. With the stage decorated with chandeliers while dressed up in "sensible clothing", Jackson performed it as part of the encore of the concert.[52] MTV praised the performance as "high energy", and was also described as a "hypnotic rendition" by The Washington Post.[53][54] The performance of the song at the October 11, 1998 show in New York City, at the Madison Square Garden, was broadcast during a special titled The Velvet Rope: Live in Madison Square Garden by HBO. It was also added to the setlist at its DVD release, The Velvet Rope Tour – Live in Concert in 1999.[55]

It was again performed as the encore on the All for You Tour in support of her follow-up album All for You in 2001 and 2002. MTV noted the absence of Joni Mitchell on the video screens, when compared to the previous performance of "Son of a Gun (I Betcha Think This Song Is About You)", when singer Carly Simon, sampled on the song, "showed up for a special video guest star appearance".[56] The February 16, 2002 final date of the tour at the Aloha Stadium in Hawaii, was broadcast by HBO, and included a performance of "Got 'til it's Gone". This rendition was also added to the setlist at its DVD release, Janet: Live in Hawaii, in 2002.[57] After a period of six years without going on tour, Jackson embarked on the 2008 Rock Witchu Tour, and included "Got 'til It's Gone" on its setlist. The performance featured a pre-recorded video of Q-Tip performing his verses while Jackson sang on stage.[58] Jackson also included the song on her 2015-16 Unbreakable World Tour.[59]

References[edit]

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  3. ^ They don't call it jackpot for nothing. After much speculation, Janet Jackson, 29, clinched a reported four-album, $80 million deal with Virgin Records, making her the music industry's highest-paid performer (over brother Michael and Madonna, who each got $60 million deals in the early '90s) Davidson, Casey (January 26, 1996), "News & Notes", Entertainment Weekly, p. 15 
  4. ^ Rock band R.E.M. later signed an $80 million recording contract with Warner Bros. Records in August 1996; sources compared the group's record deal with Jackson's contract, but quoted her earning $70 million "R.E.M. Signs $80M Deal", Newsday, August 26, 1996 
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