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A number of politicians, public figures, newspapers and magazines, businesses and other organisations endorsed an official position during the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016.
- 1 Remain
- 1.1 Government
- 1.2 Registered political parties
- 1.3 Business leaders
- 1.4 Politicians
- 1.5 International figures
- 1.6 Businesses
- 1.7 Newspapers and magazines
- 1.8 Local Government authorities
- 1.9 Organisations
- 1.10 Noted Individuals
- 2 Leave
- 2.1 Registered political parties
- 2.2 Business leaders
- 2.3 Politicians
- 2.4 International figures
- 2.5 Businesses
- 2.6 Newspapers and magazines
- 2.7 Local Government authorities
- 2.8 Organisations
- 2.9 Noted Individuals
- 3 Officially endorse neither side
- 4 References
Registered political parties
- Alliance Party of Northern Ireland
- Gibraltar Social Democrats
- Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party
- Green Party of England and Wales
- Green Party in Northern Ireland
- Labour Party
- Liberal Democrats
- Liberal Party of Gibraltar
- Mebyon Kernow
- Plaid Cymru
- Scottish National Party (SNP)
- Scottish Green Party
- Scottish Socialist Party
- Sinn Féin
- Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP)
- Ulster Unionist Party (UUP)
- Victor Blank, former chairman of Lloyds Bank, philanthropist.
- Marc Bolland, businessman and current CEO of Marks & Spencer.
- Karren Brady (Baroness Brady); sporting executive, TV personality, columnist, author.
- Sir Richard Branson; entrepreneur, investor and philanthropist.
- Lloyd Dorfman, founder of Travelex.
- Tom Enders; CEO of the Airbus Group.
- Sir Philip Green, CEO of Arcadia Group.
- Philipp Hildebrand, Vice Chairman of BlackRock.
- António Horta-Osório; CEO of the Lloyds Banking Group.
- Sir George Iacobescu, CEO of the Canary Wharf Group.
- Ian Livingston, Baron Livingston of Parkhead, former CEO of the BT Group.
- Michael O'Leary; CEO of the Ryanair.
- Deborah Meaden; businesswoman and TV personality.
- Michael Sherwood, vice chairman of Goldman Sachs.
- Sir Martin Sorrell, CEO of WPP plc.
- Alan Sugar (Lord Sugar); business magnate, media personality, and political advisor.
Within the Conservative Party (which is officially neutral):
the Prime Minister and most Ministers, specifically:
- David Cameron (Prime Minister),
- Philip Hammond (Foreign Secretary),
- Jeremy Hunt (Health Secretary)
- Michael Fallon (Defence Secretary),
- Sajid Javid (Business Secretary),
- Jo Johnson (Minister for Universities and Science),
- Theresa May (Home Secretary),
- Patrick McLoughlin (Transport Secretary),
- Nicky Morgan (Education Secretary),
- David Mundell (Secretary of State for Scotland),
- George Osborne (Chancellor),
- Liz Truss (Environment Secretary).
Others include former Prime Minister John Major, former party leader William Hague, former Deputy Prime Minister Michael Heseltine, Damian Green, David Willetts and former Chancellor of the Exchequer Ken Clarke.
The group Conservatives for Reform in Europe was founded by Nick Herbert, Eric Pickles, Caroline Spelman, Guto Bebb, Simon Burns, James Cartlidge, Jo Churchill, Damian Collins, Edward Garnier, Mark Garnier, Dominic Grieve, Stephen Hammond, Simon Hart, Oliver Heald, Kevin Hollinrake, Nigel Huddleston, Jeremy Lefroy, Bob Neill, Victoria Prentis, Mark Prisk, Jeremy Quin, Gary Streeter.
- Sylvia Hermon (MP for North Down);
- Jeffrey Evans, 4th Baron Mountevans, Lord Mayor of London.
From other European Union member states
- Magdalena Andersson, Minister of Finance of Sweden
- Rebecca Harms MEP, co-chair of the The Greens–European Free Alliance.
- François Hollande, President of France
- Enda Kenny, Prime Minister of Republic of Ireland
- Bohuslav Sobotka, Prime Minister of Czech Republic
- Christine Lagarde, Head of the International Monetary Fund.
- Pier Carlo Padoan, Italian Minister of Economy and Finances.
- Gianni Pittella MEP, chair of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats.
- Mariano Rajoy, Prime Minister of Spain
- Mark Rutte, Prime Minister of the Netherlands
- Juha Sipilä, Prime Minister of the Finland
- Joseph Muscat, Prime Minister of the Malta
- Wolfgang Schäuble, Minister of Finance of Germany
- Donald Tusk, President of the European Council.
- Yanis Varoufakis Former Minister of Finance of Greece
- Guy Verhofstadt MEP, chair of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Group.
- Børge Brende, Foreign Minister of Norway
- Vidar Helgesen, Minister of Climate and the Environment, Former Minister for EEA Affairs and EU Relations and Chief of Staff of the Prime Minister's Office of Norway
- Bob Carr, Former Minister for Foreign Affairs of Australia
- Craig Emerson, Former Minister for Trade and Competitiveness of Australia
- Michael Froman, United States Trade Representative.
- John Kerry, United States Secretary of State
- John Key, Prime Minister of New Zealand
- Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany
- Barack Obama, United States President
- Erna Solberg, Prime Minister of Norway
- Wayne Swan, Former Deputy Prime Minister of Australia
- Government of Japan
- Xi Jinping, President of the People's Republic of China
- Airbus Group, plane manufacturing company.
- Asda, supermarket.
- BAE Systems, defence contractor.
- BlackRock, global investment firm.
- BT Group, telecommunications.
- Diageo, alcoholic beverages.
- easyJet, airline.
- Gatwick Airport
- Marks & Spencer, supermaket.
- Rio Tinto, mining.
- Rolls-Royce Motor Cars, car manufacturer.
- Shell, oil company.
- Toyota, car manufacturer.
- TransferWise, money transfer company.
Newspapers and magazines
- City of London Corporation.
- Leicester City Council (Labour controlled)
- London Assembly (No overall control)
- Commission of the Bishops' Conferences of the European Community
- Genetic Alliance UK
- GMB (trade union)
- National Campaign Against Fees and Cuts
- Russell Group
- Trades Union Congress
- Universities UK
Registered political parties
- Britain First
- British National Party (BNP)
- Democratic Unionist Party (DUP)
- Independence from Europe
- Liberty GB
- Respect Party
- Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition
- Traditional Unionist Voice (TUV)
- UK Independence Party (UKIP)
- Arron Banks, businessman
- Duncan Bannatyne, entrepreneur, philanthropist and author.
- John Caudwell, entrepreneur
- James Dyson; founder of Dyson.
- John Longworth; Director General of the British Chamber of Commerce.
- Peter Hargreaves; co-founder of Hargreaves Lansdown
- Oliver Hemsley, CEO, Numis Securities
- Alexander S. Hoare, banker
- Digby Jones; former Director General of the Confederation of British Industry.
- Luke Johnson, serial entrepreneur
- Lord Kalms, former Tory treasurer, former Dixons Retail chairman
- John Longworth, Director-General of the British Chambers of Commerce
- Tim Martin, founder of Wetherspoons
- Sir John Mills, founder of JML
- Crispin Odey, hedge fund manager and the founding partner of Odey Asset Management
- Richard Tice, property entrepreneur
Within the Conservative Party (which is officially neutral): Six Cabinet members:
- Michael Gove (Lord Chancellor & Secretary of State for Justice)
- Iain Duncan Smith (Secretary of State for Work & Pensions)
- John Whittingdale Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport
- Chris Grayling (Leader of the House of Commons and the Lord President of the Council)
- Theresa Villiers (Secretary of State for Northern Ireland)
- Priti Patel (Minister of State for Employment)
& the current Mayor of London Boris Johnson; the Conservative candidate for the 2016 mayoral election, Zac Goldsmith; former leader Michael Howard, former Defence Secretary Liam Fox and the leader of the Welsh Conservative Party Andrew R.T. Davies. The party campaign to exit the EU is "Conservatives for Britain" which is headed by Lord Lawson (Nigel Lawson) and Lord Lamont (Norman Lamont).
A very large number of Conservative MPs, perhaps as high as 200, have announced that they will campaign for Britain to vote to Leave:
- Sir Gerald Howarth (Aldershot)
- Graham Brady (Altrincham and Sale West)
- John Baron (Basildon and Billericay)
- Richard Fuller (Bedford)
- Anne-Marie Trevelyan (Berwick-upon-Tweed)
- Chris Green (Bolton West)
- Conor Burns (Bournemouth West)
- James Cleverly (Braintree)
- Christopher Davies (Brecon and Radnorshire)
- Andrew Percy (Brigg and Goole)
- Charles Walker (Broxbourne)
- David Nuttall (Bury North)
- George Eustice (Camborne and Redruth)
- Julian Brazier (Canterbury)
- Rebecca Harris (Castle Point)
- Cheryl Gillan (Chesham and Amersham)
- Iain Duncan Smith (Chingford and Woodford Green)
- Theresa Villiers (Chipping Barnet)
- Christopher Chope (Christchurch)
- Martin Vickers (Cleethorpes)
- David Jones (Clwyd West)
- Will Quince (Colchester)
- Jason McCartney (Colne Valley)
- Tom Pursglove (Corby)
- Henry Smith (Crawley)
- Gareth Johnson (Dartford)
- Chris Heaton-Harris (Daventry)
- Tim Loughton (East Worthing and Shoreham)
- Mims Davies (Eastleigh)
- David Burrowes (Enfield Southgate)
- Chris Grayling (Epsom and Ewell)
- Dominic Raab (Esher and Walton)
- Jack Lopresti (Filton and Bradley Stoke)
- Edward Leigh (Gainsborough)
- Adam Holloway (Gravesham)
- David Davis (Haltemprice and Howden)
- Bob Blackman (Harrow East)
- Bernard Jenkin (Harwich and North Essex)
- William Wragg (Hazel Grove)
- Mike Penning (Hemel Hempstead)
- Matthew Offord (Hendon)
- Andrew Bingham (High Peak)
- Peter Lilley (Hitchin and Harpenden)
- Andrew Turner (Isle of Wight)
- Philip Hollobone (Kettering)
- Maria Caulfield (Lewes)
- Michael Fabricant (Lichfield)
- Karl McCartney (Lincoln)
- John Whittingdale (Maldon)
- Nadine Dorries (Mid Bedfordshire)
- Michael Tomlinson (Mid Dorset and North Poole)
- Iain Stewart (Milton Keynes South)
- David T.C. Davies (Monmouth)
- Andrea Jenkyns (Morley and Outwood)
- Julian Lewis (New Forest East)
- Desmond Swayne (New Forest West)
- Scott Mann (North Cornwall)
- Steve Barclay (North East Cambridgeshire)
- Jacob Rees-Mogg (North East Somerset)
- Bill Wiggin (North Herefordshire)
- Owen Paterson (North Shropshire)
- Liam Fox (North Somerset)
- Craig Tracey (North Warwickshire)
- Andrew Bridgen (North West Leicestershire)
- James Gray (North Wiltshire)
- Andrew Stephenson (Pendle)
- Stewart Jackson (Peterborough)
- Penny Mordaunt (Portsmouth North)
- Mark Francois (Rayleigh and Wickford)
- Karen Lumley (Redditch)
- Nigel Evans (Ribble Valley)
- Zac Goldsmith (Richmond Park)
- James Duddridge (Rochford and Southend East)
- Andrew Rosindell (Romford)
- Nigel Adams (Selby and Ainsty)
- Philip Davies (Shipley)
- Daniel Kawczynski (Shrewsbury and Atcham)
- Gordon Henderson (Sittingbourne and Sheppey)
- David Warburton (Somerton and Frome)
- Heather Wheeler (South Derbyshire)
- Richard Drax (South Dorset)
- Sheryll Murray (South East Cornwall)
- John Hayes (South Holland and The Deepings)
- Richard Bacon (South Norfolk)
- Andrea Leadsom (South Northamptonshire)
- Craig Mackinlay (South Thanet)
- Andrew Murrison (South West Wiltshire)
- Royston Smith (Southampton Itchen)
- Kwasi Kwarteng (Spelthorne)
- Anne Main (St Albans)
- Steve Double (St Austell and Newquay)
- Stephen McPartland (Stevenage)
- James Wharton (Stockton South)
- Bill Cash (Stone)* Nadhim Zahawi (Stratford-on-Avon)
- Michael Gove (Surrey Heath)
- Paul Scully (Sutton and Cheam)
- Lucy Allan (Telford)
- Laurence Robertson (Tewkesbury)
- Geoffrey Clifton-Brown (The Cotswolds)
- Geoffrey Cox (Torridge and West Devon)
- Sarah Wollaston (Totnes)
- Boris Johnson (Uxbridge and South Ruislip)
- James Davies (Vale of Clwyd)
- Nusrat Ghani (Wealden)
- Peter Bone (Wellingborough)
- Adam Afriyie (Windsor)
- Priti Patel (Witham)
- John Redwood (Wokingham)
- Steven Baker (Wycombe)
- Marcus Fysh (Yeovil)
- Nigel Mills (Amber Valley)
- Fiona Bruce (Congleton)
- Mike Wood (Dudley South)
- Sir Greg Knight (East Yorkshire)
- Suella Fernandes (Fareham)
- Anne Marie Morris (Newton Abbot)
- Ranil Jayawardena (North East Hampshire)
- Kit Malthouse (North West Hampshire)
- Henry Bellingham (North West Norfolk)
- Stephen Phillips (Sleaford and North Hykeham)
- David Amess (Southend West)
- Justin Tomlinson (North Swindon)
- Robert Syms (Poole)
- Rishi Sunak (Richmond)
- Stephen Metcalfe (South Basildon and East Thurrock)
- Derek Thomas (St Ives)
- Jonathan Lord (Woking)
- Julian Sturdy (York Outer)
Other prominent Conservatives are Daniel Hannan, David Campbell-Bannerman and Lord Tebbit (Norman Tebbit), The Bow Group, a Conservative think-tank, is also lending its support to the Leave.EU campaign.
Within the Labour Party (which supports Remain): The Labour Party's campaign to leave the EU is Labour Leave. This is headed by donor John Mills. Among Labour Leave MPs are Kate Hoey, Khalid Mahmood, Kelvin Hopkins, Roger Godsiff, Frank Field, Graham Stringer. John Cryer and Gisela Stuart 
- Lord Owen, currently an independent Social Democrat peer, former Labour Foreign Secretary and leader (and co-founder) of the Social Democratic Party.
- Lord Kilclooney, currently a crossbench peer, former Ulster Unionist Party MP and MEP.
- Lord Trimble, Nobel Peace Prize winner
From other European Union member states
- Florian Philippot, vice president of the French Front National.
- Marine Le Pen MEP, leader of the French Front National and co-chair of the Europe of Nations and Freedom.
- Lukas Reimann, head of the Swiss People's Party.
- Jimmie Åkesson, chairman of the Sweden Democrats .
- Ron Paul, former US Congressman and Republican candidate in 2008 and 2012.
- Winston Peters, head of the New Zealand First party.
Newspapers and magazines
- Daily Express
- Daily Mail
- Morning Star, also backed a No vote in the 1975 referendum.
- Havering London Borough Council (Conservative-Residents controlled) became the first council in the UK to back Brexit.
- Bromley London Borough Council (Conservative controlled)
- Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen (ASLEF)
- Bakers, Food and Allied Workers' Union
- National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers (RMT)
Officially endorse neither side
Registered political parties
- Conservative Party – allows members free choice.
- Socialist Equality Party – supports an electoral boycott.
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Within the Conservative Party (which is officially neutral):