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A hamburger with french fries in the background

This is a list of hamburgers. A hamburger is a sandwich consisting of a cooked patty of ground meat usually placed inside a sliced bread roll. Hamburgers are often served with lettuce, bacon, tomato, onion, pickles, cheese and condiments such as mustard, mayonnaise, ketchup and relish.[1] There are many types of hamburgers, and significant variations exist.

Hamburgers[edit]

Name Image Origin Description
50/50 burger 120px California, United States A half ground bacon, half ground beef burger patty developed by Scott Slater for Slater’s 50/50 restaurant. Another variety is half kangaroo meat and half bacon.
Angus burger McDonald's Angus Deluxe hamburger.jpg Scotland Angus cattle were developed from cattle native to the counties of Aberdeenshire and Angus in Scotland,[2] and are known as Aberdeen Angus in most parts of the world. A hamburger made using beef from Angus cattle. The name "Angus burger" is used by several fast-food hamburger chains for one or more "premium" burgers; however, it does not belong to any single company. Pre-made frozen Angus burgers are increasingly available from retailers.
Australasian hamburgers Hamburger in New Zealand.jpg Australasia Prepared with ground beef, they almost always include tomato, lettuce, grilled onion, beetroot (canned slices), and meat as minimum, and can optionally include cheese, pineapple, a fried egg (usually with a hard yolk) and bacon. If all these optional ingredients are included it is known as a "Hamburger with the lot".[3]Empty citation (help) [4] Pictured is a burger with slices of canned beetroot within it.
Banquet burger Bacon cheeseburger.jpg Ohio, England A hamburger with bacon and cheese is a "banquet burger",[5] also known as a "bacon cheeseburger". Hamburgers with bacon but no cheese may be referred to as "bacon-burger"s.[citation needed]
Barbecue burger 120px Canada Prepared with ground beef, mixed with onions and barbecue sauce, and then grilled. Once the meat has been turned once, barbecue sauce is spread on top and grilled until the sauce caramelizes. The bread bun is buttered and also spread with a light layer of barbecue sauce, then toasted on the grill.
BK grilled chicken sandwiches 120px United States of America The international fast food restaurant chain of Burger King and its franchise Hungry Jack's have introduced a variety of grilled chicken sandwiches to its products portfolio since 1990.
BK stacker (sandwich) 120px Canada A hamburger that features the same toppings that toppings that targets the late teen to young adult and male-orientated demographic groups.
Bøfsandwich [6] Danish Beef Sandwich.JPG Denmark The classic Danish take on a hamburger. It contains the hamburger elements of a cooked ground beef patty placed inside a sliced bread roll. Bøfsandwiches are typically sold from hotdog stands, traditional fastfood establishments, and in later years some traditional Danish restaurants have also started serving gourmet versions.
Butter burger 120px Wisconsin Culver's began selling ButterBurgers in Sauk City, Wisconsin in 1984.[7] In the Upper Midwest, particularly Wisconsin, burgers are often made with a buttered bun, butter as one of the ingredients of the patty or with a pat of butter on top of the burger patty.
Buffalo burger Black Buffalo Burger and fries - Black Sheep Lodge, Austin, Texas.jpg New York Prepared with meat from the American Bison,[8] buffalo burgers have less cholesterol, less fat, and fewer calories than beef hamburgers and chicken hamburgers. The American Heart Association recommended buffalo burgers in 1997 as more heart-healthy than chicken or beef.[9]
California burger 120px California In portions of the Midwest and East coast, a hamburger served with lettuce, tomato, and onion is referred to as a "California burger."[citation needed] However in the Western U.S., a "California" burger most often consists of a normal cheeseburger, with the addition of guacamole or avocado and bacon.
Carolina Burger 120px North Carolina, South Carolina In portions of the Carolinas, a Carolina-style hamburger "with everything" may be served with cheese, chili, onions, mustard, and cole slaw.[10] Common in local restaurants in the Carolinas, it is also periodically offered at Wendy's restaurants as the Carolina Classic.[11]
Cheeseburger Double cheese cheeseburger (cropped).jpg Florida A cheeseburger is a hamburger accompanied with melted cheese. The term itself is a portmanteau of the words "cheese" and "hamburger." The cheese is usually sliced, then added a short time before the hamburger finishes cooking to allow it to melt. In fast food restaurants, the cheese that is added to a cheeseburger is typically American cheese, but there are many other variations. Mozzarella, blue cheese, pepper jack, and especially cheddar are popular choices.
Chicken burger 120px United Kingdom, Australia, United States of America, Canada, South Africa Typically a boneless, skinless, breast of chicken in a bun between slices of bread.
Chili burger Chili burger (cropped).jpg Mexico Thomas MacClure, "Ptomaine Tommy" DeForest appears to have developed the chili burger in the 1920s. Also referred to as a chili size, it consists of a hamburger, with the patty topped with chili con carne.[12][13][14]
Curry burger 120px Texas A curry burger is a variant of the American hamburger that is seasoned with curry. Made with ground beef, chicken, or lamb, it is typically seasoned with curry powder, as well as yogurt, onions, green peppers, and other spices, and then served on a traditional hamburger bun.[citation needed]
Donkey burger 120px China A hot sandwich commonly eaten in Baoding, Hebei Province, China, where it is considered a local speciality, as well as in other places in China.
Hamdog 120px New Jersey Chandler Goff, the owner of Mulligan's, a suburban bar in Decatur, Georgia, invented the hamdog in February 2005.[15] An American dish that consists of a hot dog that is wrapped in a beef patty, deep-fried, covered with chili, a handful of French fries, and a fried egg.
Fish burger 120px Tennessee Burger King sells a fish sandwich in all of its markets. The original fish sandwich sold by Burger King was called The Whaler. Not all of the franchisees are added it to their menus at their same time, but it was available in at least some locations in the mid-1960s.
Hawaii burger Pineapple bacon cheeseburger.jpg Hawaii Often topped with teriyaki sauce, derived from the Japanese-American culture, and locally grown pineapple.[citation needed]
Jucy Lucy 120px Minnesota Two bars on the same street in South Minneapolis, Minnesota both claim to have invented the sandwich: Matt's Bar and the 5-8 Club.[16] A cheeseburger that has the cheese inside the meat patty rather than on top. A piece of cheese is surrounded by raw meat and cooked until it melts, resulting in a molten core of cheese within the patty.
Luther Burger Doughnut burger.jpg California, Georgia (U.S. state) The origin is disputed. According to legend, the burger was named for and was a favorite (and possible invention) of singer-songwriter and record producer Luther Vandross.[17] The Daily Telegraph reported that Mulligan's, a suburban bar in Decatur, Georgia, may be progenitor of the burger when the owner substituted the doughnuts when running out of buns.[17][18] A hamburger or cheeseburger prepared with one or more glazed doughnuts in place of the bun.
Naan burger 120px Made with naan bread, naan burgers, the use of flatbread creates a taste experience different from hamburgers made with bread.
Original chicken sandwich 120px A chicken sandwich sold by the international fast food restaurant chain of Burger King. It is the "basic" chicken sandwich sold at Burger King.
Patty melt 120px A hamburger sandwich consisting of a ground beef patty, pieces of sautéed or grilled onion and Cheddar or Swiss cheese between two slices of bread (traditionally rye, though sourdough is sometimes substituted).
Rice burger MOS rice burger (cropped).JPG Japan A style of hamburger in which the bun is a compressed cake of rice.[19] The MOS Burger fast-food restaurant chain introduced the rice burger in 1987,[20][21] and it has become a popular food item in East Asia.
Salmon burger Salmon burger (cropped).jpg Alaska A fishcake made mostly from salmon in the style of a hamburger. Salmon burgers are especially common in Alaska where they are routinely offered as an alternative to beef hamburgers.[22]
Slider 120px Canada The term, when used in reference to a small hamburger, refers to a very small square hamburger patty sprinkled with diced onions and served on an equally small bun. According to the earliest citations, the name originated aboard U.S. Navy ships, due to the way greasy burgers slid across the galley grill while the ship pitched and rolled.[23][24] Other versions claim the term "slider" originated from the hamburgers served by flight line galleys at military airfields, which were so greasy they slid right through you; or because their small size allows them to "slide" right down your throat in one or two bites. White Castle trademarked the spelling variant "Slyder" and used it between 1985 and 2009.[25] Primarily refers to small hamburgers, but can also cover any small sandwich served on a slider roll.
Slopper Slopper.jpg Colorado The slopper originated more than 40 years ago in Pueblo, Colorado; however, the exact restaurant is disputed.[26] Some say that it was created at Coors Tavern while others argue that it originated at Star Bar.[26] A slopper is a cheeseburger, or hamburger served open-faced and smothered in red chile, or green chile (aka chile verde or green chile sauce). Sloppers generally include grilled buns and are often topped with freshly chopped onions. Eating a slopper is no easy task. The use of a fork or spoon is essential, but a fork & knife, or fork & spoon combination is recommended.
Slugburger 120px Northeast Mississippi A traditional southern delicacy found in northeast Mississippi, particularly Corinth, Iuka, West Tennessee, and northwest Alabama. Consisting of a patty made from a mixture of beef or pork and an inexpensive extender such as soybeans, it is deep fried in oil. It is typically served on a bun with mustard, pickles, onion, and a side of French fries.
Spicy bean burger 120px United Kingdom A fried sandwich sold by the international fast food restaurant chain of Burger King in the parts of the European and Asian markets. It does not contain any meat, but it may be fried in the same oil as the fish products. It consists a deep-fried, breaded bean-based patty, with cheese, tomato, and American cheese on a 7-inch (20-centimeter) long sesame seed bun.
Teriyaki burger 120px Hawaii The origin is disputed. Some sources state it as a Japanese invention, while others list an origin amongst Japanese-Americans in Hawaii. Teriyaki burger (テリヤキバーガー?) refers to a variety of hamburger either topped with teriyaki sauce or with the sauce worked into the ground meat patty.
Veggie burger Veggie burger (cropped).jpg West Oregon A veggie burger, garden burger, or tofu burger uses a meat analogue, a meat substitute such as tofu, textured vegetable protein, seitan (wheat gluten), quorn, beans, grains or an assortment of vegetables, which are ground up and formed into patties.
Whopper 120px Scotland A whopper sandwich is the signature hamburger product sold by the international fast-food restaurant chain the Burger King and it's Australian franchise of Hungry Jack's.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cooking wizardry for kids, Margaret Kenda, Kenda & Williams, Phyllis S. Williams, Contributor Phyllis S. Williams, Barron's Educational Series, 1990 ISBN 0-8120-4409-6, ISBN 978-0-8120-4409-6 page 113 [1]
  2. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica 15th Ed. Vol.10 p.1280
  3. ^ Empty citation (help) 
  4. ^ Empty citation (help) 
  5. ^ Kates, Joanne (Last updated September 10, 2012). "M:brgr offers up side of hubris with overcooked fare". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved March 15, 2013.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  6. ^ (Danish) http://gastromand.dk/hjemmelavet-bofsandwich/ Gastromands nytårskur: Bøfsandwich med SOVS | Gastromand.dk]
  7. ^ "Culver's History" (PDF). Culver's. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  8. ^ Sheridan, Dick (15 June 1999). "Buffalo Meat Makes Comeback". Daily News. New York. Retrieved 25 November 2011. 
  9. ^ Duffy, Gillian (June 23–30, 1997). "Where's The Beef?". New York: 99. Retrieved 25 November 2011. 
  10. ^ Murrell, Duncan (June 2, 2919). "Burger, with Everything". Our State. Retrieved December 7, 2012.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  11. ^ "Wendy's Brings Back a Regional Classic". Herald-Journal. February 12, 2006. Retrieved December 7, 2012. 
  12. ^ Butel, Jane (2008). Chili Madness: A Passionate Cookbook. Workman. p. 103. ISBN 9780761147619. Retrieved December 4, 2012. 
  13. ^ Shopsin, Kenny; Carreño, Carolynn (2008). Eat Me: The Food and Philosophy of Kenny Shopsin. Random House. pp. 167–. ISBN 9780307264930. Retrieved December 4, 2012. 
  14. ^ Sauceman, Fred William. The Place Setting: Timeless Tastes of the Mountain South, p. 148-49 (2006)
  15. ^ "It's a deep-fried train wreck, but I can die happy". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. NewsBank. April 21, 2005. Retrieved August 11, 2010. 
  16. ^ Jay Boller & Justin Flower, Burger Battle Minnesota Daily, March 2008.
  17. ^ a b Empty citation (help) 
  18. ^ Empty citation (help) 
  19. ^ Food on the Move: Proceedings of the Oxford Symposium on Food and Cookery, 1996 - Google Books
  20. ^ Matthew Amster-Burton, "Rice Burgers: The Ultimate Fast Food", Gourmet, December 11, 2008.
  21. ^ Pradyumna Karan, Japan in the 21st Century: Environment, Economy, and Society (University Press of Kentucky, 2010), ISBN 978-0813127637, p. 229. Excerpts available at Google Books.
  22. ^ Jim DuFresne, Greg Benchwick, Catherine Bodry (2009), Alaska, ISBN 978-1-74104-762-2 
  23. ^ Slider or Slyder (mini-hamburger). Barry Popik, February 14, 2008.
  24. ^ Keith Plocek (February 21, 2008). Sliders, Rollers and Monkey Dicks. Houston Press.
  25. ^ "US Trademark #74384698". United States Patent and Trademark Office. Retrieved 7 June 2010. IC 030. US 046. G & S: prepared sandwiches for consumption on or off the premises. FIRST USE: 1993-03-14. FIRST USE IN COMMERCE: 1993-03-14 
  26. ^ a b Navarro, Linda (August 19, 2005). "Try legendary slopper dish". The Gazette via Highbeam Research. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Hamburgers at Wikimedia Commons

Category:Hamburgers (food) Category:Lists of foods