User:Alternativity

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Philippine Barnstar amulet Awards and Recognition
Alternativity's lineup of awards include:
  • The Philippine Barnstar of National Merit, awarded for his "10+ years of hard work in improving the quality and credibility of Philippine history-related articles.";
  • The Philippine Barnstar, awarded for his work on various Philippine culture articles;
  • The Philippine Barnstar Protection Amulet, awarded for his work on various Philippine mythology articles; and
  • a Kaleidoscope Pattern Commemorative Barnstar, awarded for his work on articles related to the late Francis Magalona, in commemoration of the artist's passing.

A separate page containing these awards can be accessed by clicking here.

Alternativity
System-users.svg This user has an alternative account named Alternativitymobile.
Flag of the Philippines.svg This user comes from the Philippines.
Flag of the Philippines.svg This user is of Filipino ancestry.
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Flag of the Philippines.svg This user is a member of the WikiProject Philippine History.
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UPDilimanjf3571 06.JPG Taas noong nag-aaral / nakapagtapos mula sa Unibersidad ng Pilipinas.
tPON This user is a member of the Philippine Order of Narnians.
Narnia This user is a member of the WikiProject Narnia.


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Chronicles of Narnia task force
of the Novels WikiProject.


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Star Trek WikiProject.
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fil Katutubong nagsasalita ng wikang Filipino ang user na ito.
ilo-2 Daytoy nga agar-aramat ket makapagsao iti Iloko iti kalalainganna nga agpang.
ceb-1 Kining maong gumagamit makatampo og taphaw nga matang sa Sinugboanong Binisaya.
qya-1 Yuhtaro sina ná sundo hanyo quenyanen.
tlh-1 loQ tlhIngan Hol jatlh lo'wI'vam.
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Contents

Work on Wikipedia[edit]

This editor is a Veteran Editor and is entitled to display this Iron Editor Star.

My work on Wikipedia mostly focuses on expanding the discussion in areas where there are not yet many online sources available - most notably Philippine History and Culture, and the Development Process.

This means I often (but not always) rely on printed academic sources. Of course, this means that my work has severe limitations. Even though I try to balance points of view in the articles I edit, I may not have access to the print sources I need to properly represent all points of view. Obviously, if I don't have the book, I can't cite it.

In other words, I have no choice but to work with the print sources I have.

This is why I strongly believe in Wikipedia's admonition to Be Bold. If you feel that an article I've been working on is skewed and you have sources I haven't been able to cite, please feel free to edit the article yourself. I will be grateful for the help in expanding the available wiki-knowledge in that area, as long as you use reliable sources.

However, I must also insist on upholding Wikipedia's standards for what is and isn't a reliable source, as expressed in the relevant Wikipedia guideline page.

Where self-published sources and recorded oral histories come into direct conflict with orthodox interpretations in scholarly texts (such as textbooks and refereed journals), I will insist on the removal of that point of view from the article. This is the only way to prevent fringe theories and conflicting family/oral traditions from taking over Wikipedia.

That said, in terms of Wikipedia Philosophy, I am for the most part an Eventualist and an Inclusionist, except in the most blatant cases of WP:NOTADVOCATE.

A last word: my knowledge in these fields is in itself an evolving process, and as I learn more, I often find need to add new nuances my own edits. And discussions on the talk pages are very educational. As a result, I cannot understate the value I put on talk page politeness. Please read up Wikipedia's admonition Assume Good Faith. After that, I look forward to working with you to help make knowledge more freely available to the world.

Thank you.

User Essay on Sources in Philippine History[edit]

As of 21 November 2016, I have begun work on a Draft User Essay on the use of Sources in Philippine History on Wikipedia. The intent of this page is to gather my thougts for a proposed Wikiproject Philippines Advice Page on Sources in Philippine History.

Article drafts in my user space[edit]

Article drafts in my user space currently include

Profile[edit]

User:Alternativity is a Filipino writer, businessman, and academic whose particular interests focus on the complex relationships between Narratives (Information, Education, Communication and Art); Personal and Collective Identity; and the ongoing development process.

Until October 2006, he served as professor of Development Communication at the University of the Philippines, Los Baños. He has since left that post to be able to focus more on family and writing. At the moment, he's busy with an independent specialty coffee shop he put up in his hometown while working on a screenplay and a series of short novels set in 8th century Laguna, Philippines.

He received his Bachelor's Degree in Development Communication in 2000, focusing on Business and Environment Journalism. Upon graduating, he was awarded the Higino A. Ables Award for Best Undergraduate Research. In 2005, he received his Master's Degree in the same field, this time taking a minor in Information Science. His Master's Thesis focused on the health-related knowledge processes and flows in a Tagalog coastal village.

Major Contributions[edit]

Pages Created[edit]

Institutions[edit]

The Philippine Order of Narnians (Start/B Class Article)

UPLB College of Development Communication (Start/B Class Article)

Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University (Stub Class Article)

National Historical Institute (Philippines) (Stub Class Article)

Hunters ROTC (Stub Class Article)

Philippine Competition Commission (Stub Class Article) 'NEW!

Personalities[edit]

Social Issue Advocates[edit]

Gang Badoy

Bodjie Pascua

Michael Bengwayan NEW!

Journalists and Authors[edit]

Karen Kunawicz (Start/B Class Article)

Carmen Guerrero Nakpil (Stub Class Article)

León María Guerrero III

Natashya Gutierrez NEW!

TJ Dimacali NEW!

Ermin Garcia (Sr.) NEW!

Nicole Curato NEW!

Budjette Tan NEW!

Academics[edit]

Nora C. Quebral

D. Lawrence Kincaid

Alexander Flor

Virgilio Enriquez

Antoon Postma

Wilhelm G. Solheim II

Bambi Harper (Stub Class Article)

F. Landa Jocano (Stub Class Article)

Melba Padilla Maggay (Stub Class Article)

Ambeth Ocampo (Stub Class Article)

William Henry Scott (historian) (Stub Class Article)

Wilhelm Solheim (Stub Class Article)

Michael Tan NEW!

Adelina Barrion

Ramon Barba (Stub Class Article)

Caroline Hau (Stub Class Article)

Xiao Chua (Stub Class Article)

Damon Woods (Stub Class Article)

E. Arsenio Manuel (Stub Class Article)

Zeus A. Salazar (Stub Class Article)

Contemporary Gallery Artists (Painting/Sculpture/etc)[edit]

Benedicto Cabrera NEW! - Oh, horror of horrors, I seriously have to de-stubbify this. BenCab deserves at least a decent article. - R.

Joy Mallari

Elmer Borlongan

Musicians[edit]

Dondi Ledesma NEW!

Manskee (Start Class Article) NEW!

TOI (band) (Start Class Article) NEW!

Cyrus Fernandez(Stub Class Article) NEW!

Lourd de Veyra NEW!

Jim Paredes (Stub Class Article) NEW!

Ala Paredes (Start Class Article Na!!!) NEW!

Perfecto de Castro (Stub Class Article)

Sinosikat? (Stub Class Article)

Bullet Dumas (Stub Class Article) NEW!

Johnoy Danao (Stub Class Article) NEW!

Kakoy Legaspi (Stub Class Article) NEW!

Reese and Vica (Stub Class Article) NEW!

Kai Honasan (Stub Class Article) NEW! (also created category "Filipino ukulele players")

Reese Lansangan (Stub Class Article) NEW!

Cheats (Filipino band) (Stub Class Article) NEW!

Candy Gamos (Still just a redirect.)

Film Personalities[edit]
  • Jerrold Tarog(Also created category "Films directed by Jerrold Tarog")
Theater, Dance, and Other Artists[edit]

Tony Fabella (Stub Class Article)

Lucrecia Kasilag (Stub Class Article)

Cris Villonco

Ildefonso P. Santos, Jr.

Historical Figures[edit]

León María Guerrero III Felix Huerta, OFM (Stub Class Article)

Rajah Matanda

Tarik Sulayman

Gen. Tiburcio de Leon

Thimuay Imbing NEW!

Contemporary Media Personalities or Political Figures[edit]

Alex Lacson

Teodoro Locsin, Jr. (Stub Class Article)

Risa Hontiveros

Pia Hontiveros

Natashya Gutierrez NEW!

Nicole Curato NEW!

Other Personalities[edit]

Mang Pandoy

Daniel Dingel (also redirect Hydrogen Reactor) (Stub Class Article) NEW! - Claims to be the inventor of a water-fuelled car. Why am I not so proud of this one? It's my most controversial entry yet, I think.

Species[edit]

plants[edit]

Anos Schizostachyum lima (Stub Class Article)

Kakawate Gliricidia sepium

Lipang Kalabaw Dendrocnide meyeniana (Stub Class Article) NEW!

Dao Dracontomelon dao (Stub Class Article) NEW!

Philippine folk literature[edit]

Philippine folk literature (Start/B Class Article)

Gods and Goddesses in Philippine Myth (Start/B Class Article)

Gat Pangil (Stub Class Article)

Bernardo Carpio (Start/B Class Article)

Maria Cacao (Stub Class Article)

Maria Sinukuan

Nunong Karugtong (Stub Class Article)(Mythical founder of Infanta Quezon) *New

Ancient or Indigenous Philippine Culture[edit]

Prehistory of the Philippines

History of the Philippines (900-1521)

Models of migration to the Philippines

Catalonan (Stub Class Article)

Alipin (Stub Class Article)

Timawa (Stub Class Article)

Maginoo (Stub Class Article)

Lakan (Stub Class Article)

Bahag

Umalohokan (Stub Class Article for Expansion Soon)

Pasma (Start/B Class Article)

Tigmamanukan (Start/B Class Article)

Battle of Manila (1258) (Stub Class Article)

Tapis (Stub Class Article)

Kingdom of Tondo

Kingdom of Namayan

Nusantao Maritime Trading and Communication Network

Battle of Bankusay Channel (Stub Class Article) (Needs lotsa work)

Luçoes (Stub Class Article)

Kingdom of Maynila

Kalanguya people (Stub Class Article)

The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898 (AKA "Blair and Robertson", created as redirect) (Stub Class Article) NEW!

Will of Fernando Malang Balagtas (AKA "Will of Pansomun", created as redirect) (Start Class Article) NEW!

Indian cultural influences in early Philippine polities (Start Class Article) NEW!

Paramount rulers in early Philippine history (Start Class Article) NEW!

Indigenous religious beliefs of the Tagalog people (Start Class Article) NEW!

Thimuay (Stub Class Article) NEW!

Historiography of early Philippine settlements (Stub Class Article) NEW!

Bayan (political entity) (Start Class Article) NEW!

Lacandola Documents (Stub Class Article) NEW!

Anito (created as replacement of a redirect page)

Lingling-o (Stub Class Article) NEW!

Philippine Psychology[edit]

Tampo (Start/B Class Article)

Loob

Utang na loob

Filipino Martial Arts[edit]

Weapons of Moroland

Kalasag

Panabas

Gunong

Barong (knife)‎

Contemporary/Pop or Continuing Culture[edit]

2009 National Artist of the Philippines controversy (Start Class Article)

Coffee production in the Philippines (Stub Class Article)

Maglalatik

Sawali

RP612fic NEW!

Philippine New Wave Cinema NEW!

Other Aspects of Philippine Culture[edit]

Writ of Kalikasan (Stub Class Article) NEW!

Chico River Dam Project(Stub Class Article)

Proben

Benpres Building (Stub) NEW!

BRP Andrés Bonifacio (FF-17) (Stub) NEW!

Cacique Democracy (Stub) NEW!

DA BFAR MMOV 5001 (Stub) NEW!

DA BFAR MMOV 5002 (Stub) NEW!

Creative Work[edit]

Media: Novels, Nonfiction, Plays, Movies[edit]

Oro, Plata, Mata

Rizal Without the Overcoat (Stub Class Article)

ABNKKBSNPLAko?! (Stub Class Article)

Macarthur (novel) (Stub Class Article)

Sinosikat? (album)

Meron akong ano! ' Happy journeys, Francis Magalona ((October 4, 1964 - March 6, 2009)

Freeman (Francis Magalona) Happy journeys, Francis Magalona ((October 4, 1964 - March 6, 2009)

Happy Battle Happy journeys, Francis Magalona ((October 4, 1964 - March 6, 2009)

A Portrait of the Artist as Filipino

Capacities (album) (by Up Dharma Down)

Respeto (2017 Cinemalaya Entry; Stub Class Article)

Kiko Boksingero (2017 Cinemalaya Entry; Stub Class Article)

Apocalypse Child (Stub Class Article)

Films Directed by Jerrold Tarog (also, created category)[edit]

Mangatyanan (The Blood Trail) (2009) NEW! B class

Senior Year (film) (2011) NEW! Stub class

Geographical features and travel routes[edit]

Travel routes[edit]

Canals and Esteros of Manila[edit]

Tributaries of Laguna de bay[edit]

Status thus far: 13 of 21 Major tributaries (Marikina River existed before I started, which is to say I've made articles for 12 of the Tributaries )

Remaining rivers:

I'm getting seriously irritated by different sources having different numbers for the number of tributary watersheds - apparently the result of some watersheds occasionally being treated as one, and by sometimes including or excluding the Manggahan and Napindan watersheds. Its making me bloody furious. At any rate, I'm about to complete the list of River Tributaries with River monitoring stations. (meaning the ones with conservation info available from LLDA)

  1. Molawin River NEW! (Home sweet home. hehe.)
  2. Bay River NEW! (Article also covering the Calo and Maitem Rivers, which are the Bae River's sisters. Also made Calo River, and Maitim River redirects to Bay River)
  3. Mangangate River NEW!
  4. Tunasan River NEW!
  5. Pagsanjan River NEW!
  6. Morong River NEW!
  7. Santa Cruz River (Philippines) NEW!
  8. San Cristobal River NEW!
  9. San Juan River (Calamba) NEW!
  10. Sapang Baho River NEW!
  11. Pangil River NEW!
  12. Siniloan River NEW! Also now contains my first ever image! Ha! Proud of myself. :-D

Some Questions in my head:

  1. Is the Napindan Channel part of the Pasig river, or a separate body of water altogether?
  2. Which of the two is the Calamba river? The San Cristobal or the San Juan?
Tagalog region Mountains, Islands, etc.[edit]

Mount Sembrano NEW!

Others[edit]

Lioncon (Stub Class Article) NEW!

DYK Lineup[edit]

Updated DYK query On 29 December, 2007, Did you know? was updated with a fact from the article Tigmamanukan, which you created or substantially expanded. If you know of another interesting fact from a recently created article, then please suggest it on the Did you know? talk page.
Updated DYK query On 18 August, 2007, Did you know? was updated with a fact from the article Tiyanak, which you created or substantially expanded. If you know of another interesting fact from a recently created article, then please suggest it on the Did you know? talk page.
Updated DYK query On 10 February, 2008, Did you know? was updated with a fact from the article Ancient Tondo, which you created or substantially expanded. If you know of another interesting fact from a recently created article, then please suggest it on the Did you know? talk page.
Updated DYK query On 2 October, 2008, Did you know? was updated with a fact from the article Gliricidia sepium, which you created or substantially expanded. If you know of another interesting fact from a recently created article, then please suggest it on the Did you know? talk page.
Updated DYK query On 5 November, 2007, Did you know? was updated with a fact from the article Siniloan River , which you created or substantially expanded. If you know of another interesting fact from a recently created article, then please suggest it on the Did you know? talk page.

Complete Rewrites[edit]

Pages Significantly Worked Upon[edit]

Tikbalang

Tiyanak

Philippine Mythology

Agoo, La Union

Francis Magalona

Geraldine Javier

Leni Robredo

Heneral Luna

Pages in Development[edit]

Philippine Myths

Philippine Legends

Philippine Folktales

Salawikain

Bugtong

Philippine Epics


Pages I am somewhat interested in contributing to[edit]

Bangungot

Paddy Field

Nilad

Bay, Laguna

Laguna de Bay

Hilot

I hope to create or contribute to[edit]

Philippine Weapons[edit]

Interest in WikiPedia[edit]

I am not sure if my case is unique, but I am a rather unusual Wikipedian in that I will readily admit to having an ulterior motive, although I assure the reader that motive will not adversely influence the quality of my postings. (Although my new-ness to Wikipedia might...)

You see, my first extensive use of Wikipedia as a reference came about because of I was doing research for what I call my Ma-Yi Project - a series of short novels set in 8th century Laguna.

Since I've been having trouble finding somewhere to properly visualize all the data I need, I've come up with the idea of making details of the research publicly available on Wikipedia. That way, not only do I get to organize my readings, everybody benefits from the research I turn up.

Since my novel project is not published yet, I won't be referring to its plotline or characters at all (which would not be appropriate anyway). I will basically be using wikipedia to create a picture of the world my character and plot will develop in - the real world of the Philippines, circa 8th century.

This benefits the community by making the material available, and benefits me because now I won't be alone in my research!

I suspect other novelists working stories based on real-life settings (fictional or not) will find the approach useful. :-)

The Ma-Yi Project[edit]

"Ma-Yi" is what the ancient Chinese called the people they traded with in what is now Mindoro. It is one of the first proper names given to the people who would eventually become modern-day Filipinos. [1]

I took up the name Ma-Yi back when I thought it possible that Ma-Yi could actually be modern day Pasig. But my readings have since convinced me that it was, indeed, what became modern Day mindoro. I have since reset my novel in Pila (in modern Laguna Province), which is also said to have already existed at around the time. But I have chosen to retain the "Ma-Yi Project" phrase, mostly as a matter of habit.

I have created a subpage, /Ma-Yi for the project, where I can record and organize my research, so that I can eventually add the findings to the appropriate wiki entry. I must request patience, however, as the task is quite tedious.

Material from the research already transferred to wikis[edit]

tikbalang Bernardo Carpio Mariang Makiling Balete Gat Philippine Mythology

People who have seen this project have, as a result contributed to:[edit]

Sus philippensis (User:Lenticel) Nilad (User:Lenticel)

Luzon Empire[edit]

I have created a subpage, /Luzon Empire to host a copy of data from the old Luzon Empire page, an article that proposed the existence/founding of a "Lower Song Empire" which eventually became Tondo. I'm convinced it's a hoax and am glad it's going soon, and yet I cannot completely remove my misgivings about removing a page with so many intriguing refrences. Hence, this subpage.

.

Other Topics of Interest[edit]

The Philippine Order of Narnians[edit]

I authored the entry for the Philippine Order of Narnians, the Philippines' only organized community of CS Lewis enthusiasts, and a member of the New Worlds Alliance.

Agoo, La Union[edit]

Since I am currently based in Agoo, La Union, I might as well add to the entry...

I found an extensive history of Agoo at [2] which can serve as a reference.


Useful Writing Motiff Links[edit]

monomyth

bildungsroman

====Seven Basic Plots==== (I hope to make an entry for this soon!)
Google Answers: Seven Basic Plots
Dutton: Seven Basic Plots
The Straight Dope: Seven Basic Plots
Grand Fun - the Lucas Plot Formulae!

====Types of openings==== (Still looking for a way to make a workable article for this)
[3]

====Types of endings==== (Still looking for a way to make a workable article for this)
[4]


Reference Collection[edit]

Intended to facilitate adding references to wikis.

Ma-yi related[edit]

Books by Author from A-I[edit]

  • Bacani, Teodoro (1986). Mary and the Filipino. Makati: St Paul Publications. 
  • de Leon, R.E. (2008). Between the Mountain and the Bitter Sea: A Writer's Exploration of the World of 9th Century Laguna, Philippines. La Union. 
  • de Guia, Katrin (2005). Kapwa: The Self in the Other: Worldviews and Lifestyles of Filipino Culture-Bearers. Pasig City: Anvil Publishing, Inc. p. 378. ISBN 971271490X. 
  • Dery, Luis Camara (2001). A History of the Inarticulate. Quezon City: New Day Publishers. ISBN 971-10-1069-0. 
  • Draeger, Donn F. (1972). The Weapons and Fighting Arts of Indonesia. Rutland, Vermont: Charles E. Tuttle Company. p. 254. ISBN 0-8048-1716-2. 


Books by Author from J-N[edit]


Mercado, Leonardo N. (September 1994). [ttp://www.crvp.org/book/Series03/III-8/contents.htm The Filipino Mind: Philippine Philosophical Studies II (Cultural Heritage and Contemporary Change Series III Asia)]. Washington, D.C.: Council for Research in Values and Philosophy. pp. 226 pages. ISBN 1565180631. 

Books by Author from O-Z[edit]


  • Odal, Grace P. (199). Inang Tubig: Ang Diwa ng Ba'i sa Kalinangang Bayan. 
  • Richardson, Don (1984). Eternity in their Hearts:Startling Evidence of Belief in the One True God in Hundreds of Cultures Throughout the World (Revised Edition ed.). Ventura, California: Regal Books. ISBN 0-8307-0925-8. 
  • Solheim, Wilhelm G., II (2006). Archaeology and Culture in Southeast Asia: Unraveling the Nusantao. Diliman, Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press. p. 316. ISBN 971-542-508-9. 
  • Solheim, Wilhelm G., II (2002). The Archaeology of Central Philippines: A Study Chiefly of the Iron Age and its Relationships. Diliman, Quezon City: University of the Philippines Archaeological Studies Program. p. 259. ISBN 971-8893-09-5 Check |isbn= value: checksum (help). 
  • Wiley, Mark V. (2011-12-20). Filipino Martial Culture. Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 9781462903474. 

Individual Articles from Paths Of Origins (Benitez-Johannot, 2011)[edit]

  • Benitez-Johannot, Purissima, ed. (September 16, 2011). Paths Of Origins: The Austronesian Heritage In The Collections Of The National Museum Of The Philippines, The Museum Nasional Of Indonesia, And The Netherlands Rijksmuseum Voor Volkenkunde. Makati City, Philippines: Artpostasia Pte Ltd. ISBN 9789719429203. 
  • Alvina, Corazon S. (September 16, 2011). Benitez-Johannot, Purissima, ed. Foreword. Paths Of Origins: The Austronesian Heritage In The Collections Of The National Museum Of The Philippines, The Museum Nasional Of Indonesia, And The Netherlands Rijksmuseum Voor Volkenkunde. Makati City, Philippines: Artpostasia Pte Ltd. p. 9. ISBN 9789719429203. 

Individual Articles from Alejandro, Reyndaldo Gamboa, Laguna de Bay: The Living Lake[edit]

  • Harper, Bambi (2002), "Our Ancestors by the Lake", in Alejandro, Reyndaldo Gamboa, Laguna de Bay: The Living Lake, Uniliever Philippines, ISBN 7192272149 Check |isbn= value: checksum (help) .
  • Odal-Devora, Grace P. (2002), ""Bae" or "Bai": The Lady of the Lake", in Alejandro, Reyndaldo Gamboa, Laguna de Bay: The Living Lake, Uniliever Philippines, ISBN 7192272149 Check |isbn= value: checksum (help) .
  • Logarta, Llita T. (2002), "Colonial Churches of Rizal and Laguna: Noble Monuments of the Past", in Alejandro, Reyndaldo Gamboa, Laguna de Bay: The Living Lake, Uniliever Philippines, ISBN 7192272149 Check |isbn= value: checksum (help) .
  • Logarta, Llita T. (2002), "The Realm of Spirits", in Alejandro, Reyndaldo Gamboa, Laguna de Bay: The Living Lake, Uniliever Philippines, ISBN 7192272149 Check |isbn= value: checksum (help) .
  • Sheniak, David; Feleo, Anita (2002), "Rizal and Laguna: Lakeside Sister Provinces (Coastal Towns of Rizal and Metro Manila)", in Alejandro, Reyndaldo Gamboa, Laguna de Bay: The Living Lake, Uniliever Philippines, ISBN 7192272149 Check |isbn= value: checksum (help) .
  • Caballero, Roberto C. (2002), "Laguna de Bay: Mantra for Profit from a Glorious Past", in Alejandro, Reyndaldo Gamboa, Laguna de Bay: The Living Lake, Uniliever Philippines, ISBN 7192272149 Check |isbn= value: checksum (help) .
  • Santos, Vicente Roman S. (2002), "__________", in Alejandro, Reyndaldo Gamboa, Laguna de Bay: The Living Lake, Uniliever Philippines, ISBN 7192272149 Check |isbn= value: checksum (help) .
  • Santos-Borja, Lennie (2002), "__________", in Alejandro, Reyndaldo Gamboa, Laguna de Bay: The Living Lake, Uniliever Philippines, ISBN 7192272149 Check |isbn= value: checksum (help) .
  • Ocampo, Ambeth (2002), "Rizal and Mariang Makiling", in Alejandro, Reyndaldo Gamboa, Laguna de Bay: The Living Lake, Uniliever Philippines, ISBN 7192272149 Check |isbn= value: checksum (help) .

Individual Articles from Wiley,Mark., Arnis: Reflections on the History and Development of Filipino Martial Arts[edit]

  • Jocano, Felipe Jr. (2012-08-07). Wiley, Mark, ed. A Question of Origins. Arnis: Reflections on the History and Development of Filipino Martial Arts. Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4629-0742-7. 

Taken from Treasures of Pila. Pila Historical Society Foundation Inc.[edit]

  • Ongpin Valdes, Cynthia, "Pila in Ancient Times", Treasures of Pila, Pila Historical Society Foundation Inc. .
  • Santiago, Luciano, "Pila: The Noble Town", Treasures of Pila, Pila Historical Society Foundation Inc. .

PDF Files online[edit]

Secondaries[edit]

  • Santiago, Luciano P.R., The Houses of Lakandula, Matanda, and Soliman [1571–1898]: Genealogy and Group Identity, Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 18 [1990]

Newspaper Articles or Columns[edit]

  • General reference on Filipino Legendary Creatures

Additional Reading[edit]

Cited by Other Authors[edit]

  • Utley, Francis Lee (1968), "What is Folklore", in Coffin, III, Tristram, American Folklore, Voice of America Forum Lectures (published 2002), p. 14 


  • Gardner, Fletcher (1906), "Philippine (Tagalog) Superstitions", Superstitions Journal of American Folklore, 19 (April-June): 191–204 


  • Del Rosario (1975). "Adelina" (MA Thesis). Isang Pag-aaral ng mga kuwentong bayan ng Oriental Mindoro. University of the Philippines. 


Websites[edit]

PCDSPO2015 (Malacañang Presidential Museum and Library)-- Araw ng Maynila Briefers: Pre Colonial Manila

  • "Pre-colonial Manila". Malacañang Presidential Museum and Library. Malacañang Presidential Museum and Library Araw ng Maynila Briefers. Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office. 23 June 2015. Archived from the original on 9 March 2016. Retrieved 27 April 2017. 

Working on It[edit]

  • Forbes, Henry (Oct., 1885). "A Naturalist's Wanderings in the Eastern Archipelago. A Narrative of Travel and Exploration from 1878 to 1883". The American Naturalist. 19 (10): 975–977.  Check date values in: |date= (help). (I. turcosa)
  • Meyer, A.B., "The Tagals Tigmamanukan", in Blumentritt, Ferdinand, Dictionario Mitologica de Pilipinas, pp. 34, 118 .(I. Cyanogastra)
  • Garcia, Mauro (Ed.) (1979), Readings in Philippine Prehistory, Manila 1979: Filipiniana Book Guild, Inc.  . (Irenidae)

Non-Ma-yi related[edit]

  • Philippine Native Trees 101: Up Close and Personal. Green Convergence for Safe Food, Healthy Environment and Sustainable Economy (Organization), Hortica Filipina Foundation, Inc, Binhi Project (Philippines). 2012. pp. 307 pages. ISBN 9789719546900. 
  • Quebral, Nora C. (1975), "Development Communication", in Jamias, Juan F., Readings in Development Communication, Department of Development Communication .
  • Cadiz, Maria Celeste H. (September 22, 2006). "Nora Cruz Quebral: Writer and Thinker Par Excellence" (HTML). Glocal Times. Master's Degree Program in Communication for Development, Malmö University. Retrieved August 2, 2007. 
  • de Leon, Remi (2005). "Health Knowledge Processes and Flows in a Coastal Community in Victoria, Laguna Philippines" (Master's Thesis). University of the Philippines Los Baños Graduate School.  More than one of |author= and |last= specified (help)
  • Mojares, Resil (2006). "Pedro Paterno". Brains of the Nation: Pedro Paterno, T.H. Pardo de Tavera, Isabelo de los Reyes, and the Production of Modern Knowledge. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. pp. 1–118. ISBN 9715504966 Check |isbn= value: checksum (help). .
  • "Looking into the past through the eyes of the future". Rappler. Retrieved 2017-03-24. 

Special: Blair and Robertson[edit]

B&R3Anonymous1572

B&R3Riquel1572

B&R7Mariquina 1589

  • de Marquina, Esteban (1903). Blair, Emma Helen; Robertson, James Alexander, eds. Conspiracy Against the Spaniards: Testimony in certain investigations made by Doctor Santiago de Vera, president of the Philipinas, May-July 1589. The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898. 7. Ohio, Cleveland: Arthur H. Clark Company. pp. 86–103. 

RS Blacklist Collection[edit]

Where I keep a convenient link to community discussions in which various sites have been identified as unreliable sources.

The Wikipedia:Reliable sources/Noticeboard is at WP:RSN

Outright policy violations[edit]

  • Geni.com - Is not considered a Reliable Source for Wikipedia articles because it uses User Generated Content. For the relevant policy please see: WP:USERGENERATED.

Consensus Established[edit]

  • globalsources.org as a source for Philippine prehistory and protohistory - A discussion on the reliability of globalsources.org as a source for Philippine prehistory and protohistory took place in December 2016, and the consensus was that while globalsources.org is often a reliable source for contemporary military topics, it isn't generally reliable as a source for Philippine history. The specific page "History-Tondo" was noted unreliable given it didn't cite its sources and seemed to use dated language. The discussion can be found at Wikipedia:Reliable_sources/Noticeboard/Archive_217#globalsecurity.org_as_a_source_on_Philippine_Prehistory_and_Protohistory.

Discussion Ongoing[edit]

  • I am not currently watching any ongoing discussions

Established Hoax[edit]

Keeping a link to the WP:NOR discussion of the Luzon Empire Hoax here, for future use: Wikipedia:No_original_research/Noticeboard/Archive_4#Luzon_Empire_and_Ancient_Tondo

References[edit]

(for this page, that is) http://www.elaput.org/nunochao.htm