User:Amakuru/Draft 3

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Intore, also known as ntore, is a traditional Rwandan dance.


The intore had its origins in the court of the former kings (mwami) of the Kingdom of Rwanda.[1] The dancers were members of elite families within the kingdom, often chiefs or nobles.[1] Their principal task was to provide entertainment for the king, but they were also trained as experts in politics and military matters.[1]

King Musinga, in the early part of the twentieth century, introduced new routines and musical instruments to the dance.[1]

Intore in colonial days[edit]

The intore was used during colonial times for both Rwandan celebrations and shows for the Europeans. [2] During the reign of Musinga, the dance was very warlike, consisting of routines called ikumu (the lance), umuheto (the bow), and ingabo (the shield).[1] The dancers used real weapons during the dance. In later years, under Rudahigwa, the military aspect was removed, with the names amended to titles such as "cadence",[3] "crested crane" and "gratitude step".[4] The real weapons were replaced with replicas.[3]

The dance at this time was performed by two groups. The first group, who performed the first act, was composed of Batwa, headed by one Tutsi, while the second, which entered the stage following a musical interlude, was composed entirely of Tutsi.[3]

The dancers wore flowered skirts or leopard skins, with pearl straps on their chests.[4] Their ankles featured bells, which rang as they danced.[4]



Tourist Bureau for the Belgian Congo and Ruanda-Urundi (1951). Traveller's guide to the Belgian Congo and Ruanda-Urundi. Brussels. 


Ankara Muzeum B19-36.jpg