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china[edit]

List of province-level divisions[edit]



GB[1] ISO[2] Province Chinese
Hanyu Pinyin
Capital Population¹ Density² Area³ Abbreviation
BJ CN-11 Beijing Municipality 北京市
Běijīng Shì
Beijing 19,612,368 1,167.40 16,800
Jīng
TJ CN-12 Tianjin Municipality 天津市
Tiānjīn Shì
Tianjin 12,938,224 1,144.46 11,305
Jīn
HE CN-13 Hebei Province 河北省
Héběi Shěng
Shijiazhuang 71,854,202 382.81 187,700
SX CN-14 Shanxi Province 山西省
Shānxī Shěng
Taiyuan 35,712,111 228.48 156,300
Jìn
NM CN-15 Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region 內蒙古自治区
Nèi Měnggǔ Zìzhìqū
Hohhot 24,706,321 20.88 1,183,000 內蒙古
Nèi Měnggǔ
LN CN-21 Liaoning Province 辽宁省
Liáoníng Shěng
Shenyang 43,746,323 299.83 145,900
Liáo
JL CN-22 Jilin Province 吉林省
Jílín Shěng
Changchun 27,462,297 146.54 187,400
HL CN-23 Heilongjiang Province 黑龙江省
Hēilóngjiāng
Harbin 38,312,224 84.38 454,000
Hēi
SH CN-31 Shanghai Municipality 上海市
Shànghǎi Shì
Shanghai 23,019,148 3,630.20 6,341
JS CN-32 Jiangsu Province 江苏省
Jiāngsū Shěng
Nanjing 78,659,903 766.66 102,600
ZJ CN-33 Zhejiang Province 浙江省
Zhèjiāng Shěng
Hangzhou 54,426,891 533.59 102,000
Zhè
AH CN-34 Anhui Province 安徽省
Ānhuī Shěng
Hefei 59,500,510 425.91 139,700
Wǎn
FJ CN-35 Fujian Province 福建省
Fújiàn Shěng
Fuzhou 36,894,216 304.15 121,300
Mǐn
JX CN-36 Jiangxi Province 江西省
Jiāngxī Shěng
Nanchang 44,567,475 266.87 167,000
Gàn
SD CN-37 Shandong Province 山东省
Shāndōng Shěng
Jinan 95,793,065 622.84 153,800
HA CN-41 Henan Province 河南省
Hénán Shěng
Zhengzhou 94,023,567 563.01 167,000
HB CN-42 Hubei Province 湖北省
Húběi Shěng
Wuhan 57,237,740 307.89 185,900
È
HN CN-43 Hunan Province 湖南省
Húnán Shěng
Changsha 65,683,722 312.77 210,000
Xiāng
GD CN-44 Guangdong Province 广东省
Guǎngdōng Shěng
Guangzhou 104,303,132 579.46 180,000
Yuè
GX CN-45 Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region 广西壮族自治区
Guǎngxī Zhuàngzú Zìzhìqū
Nanning 46,026,629 195.02 236,000
Guì
HI CN-46 Hainan Province 海南省
Hǎinán Shěng
Haikou 8,671,518 255.04 34,000
Qióng
CQ CN-50 Chongqing Municipality 重庆市
Chóngqìng Shì
Chongqing 28,846,170 350.50 82,300
SC CN-51 Sichuan Province 四川省
Sìchuān Shěng
Chengdu 80,418,200 165.81 485,000 川(蜀)
Chuān (Shǔ)
GZ CN-52 Guizhou Province 贵州省
Guìzhōu Shěng
Guiyang 34,746,468 197.42 176,000 贵(黔)
Guì (Qián)
YN CN-53 Yunnan Province 云南省
Yúnnán Shěng
Kunming 45,966,239 116.66 394,000 云(滇)
Yún (Diān)
XZ CN-54 Tibet Autonomous Region 西藏自治区
Xīzàng Zìzhìqū
Lhasa 3,002,166 2.44 1,228,400
Zàng
SN CN-61 Shaanxi Province 陕西省
Shǎnxī Shěng
Xi'an 37,327,378 181.55 205,600 陕(秦)
Shǎn (Qín)
GS CN-62 Gansu Province 甘肃省
Gānsù Shěng
Lanzhou 25,575,254 56.29 454,300 甘(陇)
Gān (Lǒng)
QH CN-63 Qinghai Province 青海省
Qīnghǎi Shěng
Xining 5,626,722 7.80 721,200
Qīng
NX CN-64 Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region 宁夏回族自治区
Níngxià Huízú Zìzhìqū
Yinchuan 6,301,350 94.89 66,400
Níng
XJ CN-65 Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region 新疆维吾尔自治区
Xīnjiāng Wéiwú'ěr Zìzhìqū
Ürümqi 21,813,334 13.13 1,660,400
Xīn
HK CN-91 Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 香港特别行政区
Xiānggǎng Tèbié Xíngzhèngqū
Hong Kong 7,061,200 6,396.01 1,104
Gǎng
MC CN-92 Macau Special Administrative Region 澳门特别行政区
Àomén Tèbié Xíngzhèngqū
Macau 552,300 19,044.82 29
Ào
TW CN-71 Taiwan Province * 台湾省
Táiwān Shěng
Taipei 23,140,000 650.34 35,581
Tái

Notes:

¹: as of 2010
²: per km²
³: km²
°: Abbreviation/Symbol in the parentheses are informal
*: Since its founding in 1949, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has considered Taiwan to be its 23rd province. However, the PRC has never controlled Taiwan. The Republic of China (ROC, "Taiwan") currently administers Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu
Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region Tibet (Xizang) Autonomous Region Qinghai Province Gansu Province Sichuan Province Yunnan Province Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Inner Mongolia (Nei Mongol) Autonomous Region Shaanxi Province Municipality of Chongqing Guizhou Province Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Shanxi Province Henan Province Hubei Province Hunan Province Guangdong Province Hainan Province Hebei Province Heilongjiang Province Jilin Province Liaoning Province Municipality of Beijing Municipality of Tianjin Shangdong Province Jiangsu Province Anhui Province Municipality of Shanghai Zhejiang Province Jiangxi Province Fujian Province Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Macau Special Administrative Region Taiwan ProvinceChina administrative claimed included.svg
About this image

ch be[edit]

China Beijing.svg

Administrative divisions[edit]

Beijing Municipality currently comprises 16 administrative county-level subdivisions including 14 urban and suburban districts and two rural counties. On 1 July 2010, Chongwen (崇文区) and Xuanwu Districts (宣武区) were merged into Dongcheng and Xicheng Districts, respectively.

Map District / County Chinese Population
(2010)[3]
Area
(km²)
Density
(per km²)
Dongcheng District 东城区 919,000 40.6 22,635
Xicheng District 西城区 1,243,000 46.5 26,731
Chaoyang District 朝阳区 3,545,000 470.8 7,530
Haidian District 海淀区 3,281,000 426.0 7,702
Fengtai District 丰台区 2,112,000 304.2 6,943
Shijingshan District 石景山区 616,000 89.8 6,860
Tongzhou District 通州区 1,184,000 870.0 1,361
Shunyi District 顺义区 877,000 980.0 895
Changping District 昌平区 1,661,000 1,430.0 1,162
Daxing District 大兴区 1,365,000 1,012.0 1,349
Mentougou District 门头沟区 290,000 1,331.3 218
Fangshan District 房山区 945,000 1,866.7 506
Pinggu District 平谷区 416,000 1,075.0 387
Huairou District 怀柔区 373,000 2,557.3 146
Miyun County 密云县 468,000 2,335.6 200
Yanqing County 延庆县 317,000 1,980.0 160

Color key

  •      Old city formerly enclosed by city walls,city centre and urban areas now inside the 2nd Ring Road
  •      Inner suburbs between the 2nd and 5th Ring Road
  •      Outer suburbs linked by the 6th Ring Road
  •      Rural areas.
Shichahai, in the Xicheng District, is traditionally considered one of Beijing's most beautiful and charming scenic areas.
Changpu River Park near the Forbidden City

Towns[edit]

Beijing's 16 county-level divisions (14 districts and 2 counties) are further subdivided into 273 lower third-level administrative units at the township level: 119 towns, 24 townships, 5 ethnic townships and 125 subdistricts. Towns within Beijing Municipality but outside the urban area include (but are not limited to):

Several place names in Beijing end with mén (), meaning "gate", as they were the locations of gates in the former Beijing city wall. Other place names end in cūn (), meaning "village", as they were originally villages outside the city wall.

Neighbourhoods[edit]

The Niujie Mosque is an important historical attraction

Neighbourhoods may extend across multiple districts. Major neighbourhoods in urban Beijing include:

ch ti[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Tianjin is divided into 16 county-level divisions, including 13 districts and three counties.

In addition, the Tianjin Economic and Technological Development Area (TEDA) is not a formal level of administration, but nevertheless enjoys rights similar to a regular district.

Airport Industrial Park, Dongli District

These districts and counties are further subdivided, as of December 31, 2004, into 240 township-level divisions, including 120 towns, 18 townships, 2 ethnic townships and 100 subdistricts.

hebei[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Hebei is made up of eleven prefecture-level divisions: all prefecture-level cities (along with two directly administered sub-prefecture-level cities):

Map # Name Administrative
Seat
Chinese
Hanyu Pinyin
Population
(2010)
Area
(km2)
Hebei prfc map.png
Prefecture-level city
1 Shijiazhuang
(Provincial seat)
Chang'an 石家庄市
Shíjiāzhuāng Shì
9,547,869 14,052.56
2 Baoding Jingxiu 保定市
Bǎodìng Shì
10,029,197 22,185.00
3 Cangzhou Yunhe 沧州市
Cāngzhōu Shì
7,134,053 14,305.28
4 Chengde Shuangqiao 承德市
Chéngdé Shì
3,473,197 39,512.98
5 Handan Congtai 邯郸市
Hándān Shì
9,174,679 12,066.00
6 Hengshui Taocheng 衡水市
Héngshǔi Shì
4,340,773 8,836.90
7 Langfang Anci 廊坊市
Lángfāng Shì
4,358,839 6,417.29
8 Qinhuangdao Haigang 秦皇岛市
Qínhuángdǎo Shì
2,987,605 7,791.57
9 Tangshan Lunan 唐山市
Tángshān Shì
7,577,284 14,334.59
10 Xingtai Qiaodong 邢台市
Xíngtái Shì
7,104,114 12,433.00
11 Zhangjiakou Qiaoxi 张家口市
Zhāngjiākǒu Shì
4,345,491 36,861.55
— Separate jurisdictions —
12 North China Oilfield
Administrative Region
华北油田地区
Huáběiyóutián Dìqū
133,000 367.00
Sub-prefecture-level city
13 Xinji
subordinate to Shijiazhuang
Xinji 辛集市
Xīnjí Shì
615,919 1,100.00
14 Dingzhou
subordinate to Baoding
Nanchengqu 定州市
Dìngzhōu Shì
1,165,182 1,284.00

These eleven prefecture-level divisions are subdivided into 172 county-level divisions (22 county-level cities, 108 counties, 6 autonomous counties and 36 districts). Those are, in turn, divided into 2207 township-level divisions (1 district public office, 937 towns, 979 townships, 55 ethnic townships, and 235 subdistricts).

04 SHANXI 山西省[edit]

China Shanxi.svg

Administrative divisions[edit]

Shanxi is divided into eleven prefecture-level divisions: all prefecture-level cities:

Map # Name Administrative
Seat
Chinese
Hanyu Pinyin
Population
(2010)
Area
(km2)
Shanxi prfc map.png
Prefecture-level city
1 Taiyuan
(Provincial seat)
Xinghualing 太原市
Tàiyuán Shì
4,201,591 6,909.96
2 Changzhi Cheng 长治市
Chángzhì Shì
3,334,564 13,957.84
3 Datong Cheng 大同市
Dàtóng Shì
3,318,057 14,102.01
4 Jincheng Cheng 晋城市
Jìnchéng Shì
2,279,151 9,420.43
5 Jinzhong Yuci 晋中市
Jìnzhōng Shì
3,249,425 16,386.34
6 Linfen Yaodu 临汾市
Línfén Shì
4,316,612 20,589.11
7 Lüliang Lishi 吕梁市
Lǚliáng Shì
3,727,057 21,143.71
8 Shuozhou Shuocheng 朔州市
Shuòzhōu Shì
1,714,857 10,624.35
9 Xinzhou Xinfu 忻州市
Xīnzhōu Shì
3,067,501 25,150.69
10 Yangquan Cheng 阳泉市
Yángquán Shì
1,368,502 4,569.91
11 Yuncheng Yanhu 运城市
Yùnchéng Shì
5,134,794 14,106.66

The 11 prefecture-level divisions of Shanxi are subdivided into 119 county-level divisions (23 districts, 11 county-level cities, and 85 counties). Those are in turn divided into 1388 township-level divisions (561 towns, 634 townships, and 193 subdistricts).

==inner mongolia 內蒙古自治区 Nèi Měnggǔ Zìzhìqū == File:China Inner Mongolia.svg

Administrative divisions[edit]

Inner Mongolia is divided into twelve prefecture-level divisions. Until the late 1990s, most of Inner Mongolia's prefectural regions were known as Leagues (Chinese: ), a usage retained from Mongol divisions of the Qing Dynasty. Similarly, county-level divisions are often known as Banners (Chinese: ). Since the 1990s, numerous Leagues have converted into prefecture-level cities, although Banners remain. The restructuring led to the conversion of primate cities in most leagues to convert to districts administratively (i.e.: Hailar, Jining and Dongsheng). Some newly founded prefecture-level cities have chosen to retain the original name of League (i.e.: Hulunbuir, Bayannur and Ulanqab), some have adopted the Chinese name of their primate city (Chifeng, Tongliao), and one League (Yekejuu) simply renamed itself Ordos. Despite these recent administrative changes, there is no indication that the Alxa, Hinggan, and Xilingol Leagues will convert to prefecture-level cities in the near future.

Map # Conventional[4] Administrative
Seat
Chinese
Hanyu Pinyin
Mongolian
(Transcription from Mongolian)
Population
(2010)
Area
(km2)
Nei Mongol prfc map.png
Prefecture-level city
2 Bayannur Linhe 巴彦淖尔市
Bāyànnào'ěr Shì
ᠪᠠᠶ᠋ᠠᠨᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷᠬᠣᠲᠠ
Bayannaɣur qota
1,669,915 65,755.47
3 Wuhai Hairibin Tohoi 乌海市
Wūhǎi Shì
ᠦᠬᠠᠢᠬᠣᠲᠠ
Üqai qota
532,902 1,754.00
4 Ordos Dongsheng 鄂尔多斯市
È'ěrduōsī Shì
ᠣᠷᠳᠤᠰᠬᠣᠲᠠ
Ordos qota
1,940,653 86,881.61
5 Baotou Hondlon 包头市
Bāotóu Shì
ᠪᠤᠭᠤᠲᠤᠬᠣᠲᠠ
Buɣutu qota
2,650,364 27,768.00
6 Hohhot
(autonomous regional seat)
Xincheng 呼和浩特市
Hūhéhàotè Shì
ᠬᠥᠬᠡᠬᠣᠲᠠ
Kökeqota
2,866,615 17,186.10
7 Ulanqab Jining 乌兰察布市
Wūlánchábù Shì
ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠴᠠᠪᠬᠣᠲᠠ
Ulaɣančab qota
2,143,590 54,447.72
9 Ulanhad Songshan 赤峰市
Chìfēng Shì
ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠬᠠᠳᠠᠬᠣᠲᠠ
Ulaɣanqada qota
4,341,245 90,021.00
10 Tongliao Horqin 通辽市
Tōngliáo Shì
ᠲᠥᠩᠯᠢᠶᠠᠣᠬᠣᠲᠠ
Tüŋliyou qota
3,139,153 59,535.00
12 Hulunbuir Hailar 呼伦贝尔市
Hūlúnbèi'ěr Shì
ᠬᠥᠯᠦᠨᠪᠤᠶᠢᠷᠬᠣᠲᠠ
Kölön Buyir qota
2,549,278 254,003.79
League
1 Alxa Alxa Left Banner 阿拉善盟
Ālāshàn Méng
ᠠᠯᠠᠱᠠᠨ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ
Alaša ayimaɣ
231,334 267,574.00
8 Xilingol Xilinhot 锡林郭勒盟
Xīlínguōlè Méng
ᠰᠢᠯᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠭᠣᠤᠯ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ
Sili-yin Ɣool ayimaɣ
1,028,022 267,574.00
11 Hinggan Ulanhot 兴安盟
Xīng'ān Méng
ᠬᠢᠩᠭ᠋ᠠᠨ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ
Qiŋɣan ayimaɣ
1,613,250 59,806.00

Many of the prefecture-level cities were converted very recently from leagues.

The twelve prefecture-level divisions of Inner Mongolia are subdivided into 101 county-level divisions, including twenty-one districts, eleven county-level cities, seventeen counties, forty-nine banners, and three autonomous banners. Those are in turn divided into 1425 township-level divisions, including 532 towns, 407 townships, 277 sumu, eighteen ethnic townships, one ethnic sumu, and 190 subdistricts.

Liaoning Province 辽宁省 Liáoníng Shěng[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Liaoning is divided into fourteen prefecture-level divisions: all prefecture-level cities (including two sub-provincial cities):

Map # Name Administrative
Seat
Chinese
Hanyu Pinyin
Population
(2010)
Area
(km2)
Liaoning prfc map.png
Sub-provincial city
1 Shenyang
(Provincial seat)
Shenhe 沈阳市
Shěnyáng Shì
8,106,171 12,860.00
2 Dalian Xigang 大连市
Dàlián Shì
6,690,432 12,573.85
Prefecture-level city
3 Anshan Tiedong 鞍山市
Ānshān Shì
3,645,884 9,252.00
4 Benxi Pingshan 本溪市
Běnxī Shì
1,709,538 8,420.00
5 Chaoyang Shuangta 朝阳市
Cháoyáng Shì
3,044,641 19,698.00
6 Dandong Zhenxing 丹东市
Dāndōng Shì
2,444,697 15,289.61
7 Fushun Shuncheng 抚顺市
Fǔshùn Shì
2,138,090 11,272.00
8 Fuxin Haizhou 阜新市
Fùxīn Shì
1,819,339 10,354.99
9 Huludao Longgang 葫芦岛市
Húludǎo Shì
2,623,541 10,414.94
10 Jinzhou Taihe 锦州市
Jǐnzhōu Shì
3,126,463 9,890.62
11 Liaoyang Wensheng 辽阳市
Liáoyáng Shì
1,858,768 4,743.24
12 Panjin Xinglongtai 盘锦市
Pánjǐn Shì
1,392,493 4,071.10
13 Tieling Yinzhou 铁岭市
Tiělǐng Shì
2,717,732 12,979.69
14 Yingkou Zhanqian 营口市
Yíngkǒu Shì
2,428,534 5,365.46

These prefecture-level cities are in turn divided into 100 county-level divisions (17 county-level cities, 19 counties, eight autonomous counties, and 56 districts), which are then further subdivided into 1511 township-level divisions (613 towns, 301 townships, 77 ethnic townships, and 520 subdistricts).

==Jilin Province 吉林省 Jílín Shěng ==

China Jilin.svg

Administrative divisions[edit]

Jilin consists of nine prefecture-level divisions: eight prefecture-level cities (including a sub-provincial city) and one autonomous prefecture:

Map # Name Administrative
Seat
Chinese
Hanyu Pinyin
Population
(2010)
Area
(km2)
Jilin prfc map.png
Sub-provincial city
1 Changchun
(Provincial seat)
Nanguan 长春市
Chángchūn Shì
7,677,089 20,571.00
Prefecture-level city
2 Baicheng Taobei 白城市
Báichéng Shì
2,033,058 25,692.29
3 Baishan Hunjiang 白山市
Báishān Shì
1,295,750 17,473.73
4 Jilin Chuanying 吉林市
Jílín Shì
4,414,681 27,659.79
5 Liaoyuan Longshan 辽源市
Liáoyuán Shì
1,176,645 5,140.45
6 Siping Tiexi 四平市
Sìpíng Shì
3,386,325 14,382.34
7 Songyuan Ningjiang 松原市
Sōngyuán Shì
2,881,082 21,089.38
8 Tonghua Dongchang 通化市
Tōnghuà Shì
2,325,242 15,607.80
Autonomous prefecture
9 Yanbian
(for ethnic Koreans)
Yanji 延边朝鲜族自治州
Yánbiān Cháoxiǎnzú Zìzhìzhōu
2,271,600 43,509.10

For a complete list of the county-level divisions of Jilin, see List of administrative divisions of Jilin. These administrative divisions are explained in greater detail at Administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China.


USA[edit]

States[edit]

States of the United States
State Abbr. Capital Largest city[A][5] Statehood Population
(2013 est)[6]
Total area in mi2 (km2)[B][7] Land area in mi2 (km2)[B][7] Water area in mi2 (km2)[B][7] House seat(s)
 Alabama AL Montgomery Birmingham December 14, 1819 4,833,722 52,420 (135,767) 50,645 (131,170) 1,775 (4,597) 7
 Alaska AK Juneau Anchorage January 3, 1959 735,132 665,384 (1,723,337) 570,641 (1,477,950) 94,743 (245,383) 1
 Arizona AZ Phoenix Phoenix February 14, 1912 6,626,624 113,990 (295,233) 113,594 (294,207) 396 (1,026) 9
 Arkansas AR Little Rock Little Rock June 15, 1836 2,959,373 53,179 (137,733) 52,035 (134,770) 1,143 (2,960) 4
 California CA Sacramento Los Angeles September 9, 1850 38,332,521 163,695 (423,968) 155,779 (403,466) 7,916 (20,502) 53
 Colorado CO Denver Denver August 1, 1876 5,268,367 104,094 (269,602) 103,642 (268,432) 452 (1,171) 7
 Connecticut CT Hartford Bridgeport January 9, 1788 3,596,080 5,543 (14,356) 4,842 (12,541) 701 (1,816) 5
 Delaware DE Dover Wilmington December 7, 1787 925,749 2,489 (6,446) 1,949 (5,048) 540 (1,399) 1
 Florida FL Tallahassee Jacksonville March 3, 1845 19,552,860 65,758 (170,312) 53,625 (138,888) 12,133 (31,424) 27
 Georgia GA Atlanta Atlanta January 2, 1788 9,992,167 59,425 (153,910) 57,513 (148,958) 1,912 (4,950) 14
 Hawaii HI Honolulu Honolulu August 21, 1959 1,404,054 10,932 (28,314) 6,423 (16,635) 4,509 (11,678) 2
 Idaho ID Boise Boise July 3, 1890 1,612,136 83,569 (216,443) 82,643 (214,044) 926 (2,398) 2
 Illinois IL Springfield Chicago December 3, 1818 12,882,135 57,914 (149,997) 55,519 (143,794) 2,395 (6,203) 18
 Indiana IN Indianapolis Indianapolis December 11, 1816 6,570,902 36,420 (94,327) 35,826 (92,789) 593 (1,536) 9
 Iowa IA Des Moines Des Moines December 28, 1846 3,090,416 56,273 (145,746) 55,857 (144,669) 416 (1,077) 4
 Kansas KS Topeka Wichita January 29, 1861 2,893,957 82,278 (213,099) 81,759 (211,755) 520 (1,347) 4
 Kentucky[C] KY Frankfort Louisville June 1, 1792 4,395,295 40,408 (104,656) 39,486 (102,268) 921 (2,385) 6
 Louisiana LA Baton Rouge New Orleans April 30, 1812 4,625,470 52,378 (135,658) 43,204 (111,898) 9,174 (23,761) 6
 Maine ME Augusta Portland March 15, 1820 1,328,302 35,380 (91,634) 30,843 (79,883) 4,537 (11,751) 2
 Maryland MD Annapolis Baltimore April 28, 1788 5,928,814 12,406 (32,131) 9,707 (25,141) 2,699 (6,990) 8
 Massachusetts[D] MA Boston Boston February 6, 1788 6,692,824 10,554 (27,335) 7,800 (20,202) 2,754 (7,133) 9
 Michigan MI Lansing Detroit January 26, 1837 9,895,622 96,714 (250,488) 56,539 (146,435) 40,175 (104,053) 14
 Minnesota MN St. Paul Minneapolis May 11, 1858 5,420,380 86,936 (225,163) 79,627 (206,233) 7,309 (18,930) 8
 Mississippi MS Jackson Jackson December 10, 1817 2,991,207 48,432 (125,438) 46,923 (121,530) 1,509 (3,908) 4
 Missouri MO Jefferson City Kansas City August 10, 1821 6,021,988 69,707 (180,540) 68,742 (178,041) 965 (2,499) 8
 Montana MT Helena Billings November 8, 1889 1,015,165 147,040 (380,832) 145,546 (376,962) 1,494 (3,869) 1
 Nebraska NE Lincoln Omaha March 1, 1867 1,868,516 77,348 (200,330) 76,824 (198,973) 524 (1,357) 3
 Nevada NV Carson City Las Vegas October 31, 1864 2,790,136 110,572 (286,380) 109,781 (284,331) 791 (2,049) 4
 New Hampshire NH Concord Manchester June 21, 1788 1,323,459 9,349 (24,214) 8,953 (23,188) 397 (1,028) 2
 New Jersey NJ Trenton Newark December 18, 1787 8,899,339 8,723 (22,592) 7,354 (19,047) 1,368 (3,543) 12
 New Mexico NM Santa Fe Albuquerque January 6, 1912 2,085,287 121,590 (314,917) 121,298 (314,160) 292 (756) 3
 New York NY Albany New York July 26, 1788 19,651,127 54,555 (141,297) 47,126 (122,056) 7,429 (19,241) 27
 North Carolina NC Raleigh Charlotte November 21, 1789 9,848,060 53,819 (139,391) 48,618 (125,920) 5,201 (13,471) 13
  North Dakota ND Bismarck Fargo November 2, 1889 723,393 70,698 (183,107) 69,001 (178,712) 1,698 (4,398) 1
 Ohio OH Columbus Columbus March 1, 1803 11,570,808 44,826 (116,099) 40,861 (105,830) 3,965 (10,269) 16
 Oklahoma OK Oklahoma City Oklahoma City November 16, 1907 3,850,568 69,899 (181,038) 68,595 (177,660) 1,304 (3,377) 5
 Oregon OR Salem Portland February 14, 1859 3,930,065 98,379 (254,800) 95,988 (248,608) 2,391 (6,193) 5
 Pennsylvania[E] PA Harrisburg Philadelphia December 12, 1787 12,773,801 46,054 (119,279) 44,743 (115,884) 1,312 (3,398) 18
 Rhode Island[F] RI Providence Providence May 29, 1790 1,051,511 1,545 (4,002) 1,034 (2,678) 511 (1,320) 2
 South Carolina SC Columbia Columbia May 23, 1788 4,774,839 32,020 (82,931) 30,061 (77,858) 1,960 (5,076) 7
 South Dakota SD Pierre Sioux Falls November 2, 1889 844,877 77,116 (199,730) 75,811 (196,350) 1,305 (3,380) 1
 Tennessee TN Nashville Memphis June 1, 1796 6,495,978 42,144 (109,152) 41,235 (106,798) 909 (2,354) 9
 Texas TX Austin Houston December 29, 1845 26,448,193 268,596 (695,660) 261,232 (676,588) 7,365 (19,075) 36
 Utah UT Salt Lake City Salt Lake City January 4, 1896 2,900,872 84,897 (219,882) 82,170 (212,819) 2,727 (7,063) 4
 Vermont VT Montpelier Burlington March 4, 1791 626,630 9,616 (24,905) 9,217 (23,872) 400 (1,036) 1
 Virginia[G] VA Richmond Virginia Beach June 25, 1788 8,260,405 42,775 (110,787) 39,490 (102,279) 3,285 (8,508) 11
 Washington WA Olympia Seattle November 11, 1889 6,971,406 71,298 (184,661) 66,456 (172,120) 4,842 (12,541) 10
 West Virginia WV Charleston Charleston June 20, 1863 1,854,304 24,230 (62,755) 24,038 (62,258) 192 (497) 3
 Wisconsin WI Madison Milwaukee May 29, 1848 5,742,713 65,496 (169,634) 54,158 (140,269) 11,339 (29,368) 8
 Wyoming WY Cheyenne Cheyenne July 10, 1890 582,658 97,813 (253,335) 97,093 (251,470) 720 (1,865) 1


SOUTH AFRICA[edit]

Current provinces[edit]

Flag Province Capital Largest city Area [8] Population (2011) [9] Population density (2011) Human Devel. Index (2003) [10]
..Eastern Cape Flag(SOUTH AFRICA).png Eastern Cape Bhisho (Bisho) Port Elizabeth 168,966 km2 (65,238 sq mi) 6,562,053 38.8/km2 (100/sq mi) 0.62
..Free State Flag(SOUTH AFRICA).png Free State Bloemfontein Bloemfontein 129,825 km2 (50,126 sq mi) 2,745,590 21.1/km2 (55/sq mi) 0.67
..Gauteng Flag(SOUTH AFRICA).png Gauteng Johannesburg Johannesburg 18,178 km2 (7,019 sq mi) 12,272,263 675.1/km2 (1,749/sq mi) 0.74
..KwaZulu-Natal Flag(SOUTH AFRICA).png KwaZulu-Natal Pietermaritzburg Durban 94,361 km2 (36,433 sq mi) 10,267,300 108.8/km2 (282/sq mi) 0.63
..Limpopo Flag(SOUTH AFRICA).png Limpopo Polokwane (Pietersburg) Polokwane 125,754 km2 (48,554 sq mi) 5,404,868 43.0/km2 (111/sq mi) 0.59
Flag of Mpumalanga Province.png Mpumalanga Mbombela (Nelspruit) Mbombela 76,495 km2 (29,535 sq mi) 4,039,939 52.8/km2 (137/sq mi) 0.65
..North West Flag(SOUTH AFRICA).png North West Mahikeng (Mafikeng) Rustenburg 104,882 km2 (40,495 sq mi) 3,509,953 33.5/km2 (87/sq mi) 0.61
..Northern Cape Flag(SOUTH AFRICA).png Northern Cape Kimberley Kimberley 372,889 km2 (143,973 sq mi) 1,145,861 3.1/km2 (8.0/sq mi) 0.69
..Western Cape Flag(SOUTH AFRICA).png Western Cape Cape Town Cape Town 129,462 km2 (49,986 sq mi) 5,822,734 45.0/km2 (117/sq mi) 0.77
Republic of South Africa Pretoria, Cape Town, Bloemfontein Pretoria 1,220,813 km2 (471,359 sq mi) 51,770,560 42.4/km2 (110/sq mi) 0.67

Footnotes:

† These statistics do not include the Prince Edward Islands (335 km2 or 129 sq. miles, with no permanent residents), which are South African territories in the sub-Antarctic Indian Ocean but part of the Western Cape for legal and electoral purposes.
‡ Pietermaritzburg and Ulundi were joint capitals of KwaZulu-Natal from 1994 to 2004.

JAPAN[edit]

Regions[edit]

From north to south, the traditional regions are:[11][12]

Each region contains several prefectures, except the Hokkaidō region, which covers only Hokkaidō.

Prefecture
都道府県
Todōfuken
Regions and Prefectures of Japan 2.svg
Category Unitary State
Location Japan
Number 43
Populations 584,982 (Tottori) – 12,059,237 (Tōkyō)
Areas 718.81 square miles (1,861.7 km2) (Kagawa) – 32,221.60 square miles (83,453.6 km2) (Hokkaido)
Government Prefecture Government, Central Government
Subdivisions Districts

By English name[edit]

The default alphabetic order in this sortable table can be altered to mirror the traditional Japanese regions and ISO parsing.
Prefecture Kanji Capital Region Major Island Population¹ Area² Density³ Distr. Municip. ISO
 Aichi 愛知県 Nagoya Chūbu Honshū 7,043,235 5,153.81 1,366 7 54 JP-23
 Akita 秋田県 Akita Tōhoku Honshū 1,189,215 11,612.11 102 6 25 JP-05
 Aomori 青森県 Aomori Tōhoku Honshū 1,475,635 9,606.26 154 8 40 JP-02
 Chiba 千葉県 Chiba Kantō Honshū 5,926,349 5,156.15 1,149 6 54 JP-12
 Ehime 愛媛県 Matsuyama Shikoku Shikoku 1,493,126 5,676.44 263 7 20 JP-38
 Fukui 福井県 Fukui Chūbu Honshū 828,960 4,188.76 198 7 17 JP-18
 Fukuoka 福岡県 Fukuoka Kyūshū Kyūshū 5,015,666 4,971.01 1,009 12 60 JP-40
 Fukushima 福島県 Fukushima Tōhoku Honshū 2,126,998 13,782.54 154 13 59 JP-07
 Gifu 岐阜県 Gifu Chūbu Honshū 2,107,687 10,598.18 199 9 42 JP-21
 Gunma 群馬県 Maebashi Kantō Honshū 2,024,820 6,363.16 318 7 35 JP-10
 Hiroshima 広島県 Hiroshima Chūgoku Honshū 2,878,949 8,476.95 340 5 23 JP-34
 Hokkaidō 北海道 Sapporo Hokkaidō Hokkaidō 5,682,950 83,452.47 68 66 180 JP-01
 Hyōgo 兵庫県 Kōbe Kansai Honshū 5,550,742 8,392.42 661 8 41 JP-28
 Ibaraki 茨城県 Mito Kantō Honshū 2,985,424 6,095.62 490 7 44 JP-08
 Ishikawa 石川県 Kanazawa Chūbu Honshū 1,180,935 4,185.32 282 5 19 JP-17
 Iwate 岩手県 Morioka Tōhoku Honshū 1,416,198 15,278.51 93 10 33 JP-03
 Kagawa 香川県 Takamatsu Shikoku Shikoku 1,022,843 1,861.70 549 5 17 JP-37
 Kagoshima 鹿児島県 Kagoshima Kyūshū Kyūshū 1,786,214 9,132.42 196 8 43 JP-46
 Kanagawa 神奈川県 Yokohama Kantō Honshū 8,489,932 2,415.42 3,515 6 33 JP-14
Kochi Kōchi 高知県 KochiKōchi Shikoku Shikoku 813,980 7,104.70 115 6 34 JP-39
 Kumamoto 熊本県 Kumamoto Kyūshū Kyūshū 1,859,451 6,908.45 269 9 45 JP-43
 Kyōto 京都府 Kyōto Kansai Honshū 2,644,331 4,612.93 573 6 26 JP-26
 Mie 三重県 Tsu Kansai Honshū 1,857,365 5,760.72 322 7 29 JP-24
 Miyagi 宮城県 Sendai Tōhoku Honshū 2,365,204 7,285.16 325 10 35 JP-04
 Miyazaki 宮崎県 Miyazaki Kyūshū Kyūshū 1,170,023 6,684.67 175 6 26 JP-45
 Nagano 長野県 Nagano Chūbu Honshū 2,214,409 12,598.48 163 14 77 JP-20
 Nagasaki 長崎県 Nagasaki Kyūshū Kyūshū 1,516,536 4,092.80 371 4 21 JP-42
 Nara 奈良県 Nara Kansai Honshū 1,442,862 3,691.09 391 7 39 JP-29
 Niigata 新潟県 Niigata Chūbu Honshū 2,475,724 12,582.37 197 9 30 JP-15
Oita Ōita 大分県 OitaŌita Kyūshū Kyūshū 1,221,128 5,804.24 210 3 18 JP-44
 Okayama 岡山県 Okayama Chūgoku Honshū 1,950,656 7,008.63 278 10 27 JP-33
 Okinawa 沖縄県 Naha Kyūshū Ryūkyū Islands 1,318,281 2,271.30 580 5 41 JP-47
 Ōsaka 大阪府 Ōsaka Kansai Honshū 8,804,806 1,893.18 4,652 5 43 JP-27
 Saga 佐賀県 Saga Kyūshū Kyūshū 876,664 2,439.23 359 6 20 JP-41
 Saitama 埼玉県 Saitama Kantō Honshū 6,938,004 3,767.09 1,827 8 63 JP-11
 Shiga 滋賀県 Ōtsu Kansai Honshū 1,342,811 4,017.36 334 3 19 JP-25
 Shimane 島根県 Matsue Chūgoku Honshū 761,499 6,707.32 114 5 19 JP-32
 Shizuoka 静岡県 Shizuoka Chūbu Honshū 3,767,427 7,328.61 484 5 35 JP-22
 Tochigi 栃木県 Utsunomiya Kantō Honshū 2,004,787 6,408.28 313 5 26 JP-09
 Tokushima 徳島県 Tokushima Shikoku Shikoku 823,997 4,145.26 199 8 24 JP-36
 Tōkyō 東京都 Tōkyō[13] Kantō Honshū 12,059,237 2,187.08 5,514 1 39 JP-13
 Tottori 鳥取県 Tottori Chūgoku Honshū 613,229 3,507.19 175 5 19 JP-31
 Toyama 富山県 Toyama Chūbu Honshū 1,120,843 4,247.22 264 2 15 JP-16
 Wakayama 和歌山県 Wakayama Kansai Honshū 1,069,839 4,725.55 226 6 30 JP-30
 Yamagata 山形県 Yamagata Tōhoku Honshū 1,244,040 9,323.34 133 8 35 JP-06
 Yamaguchi 山口県 Yamaguchi Chūgoku Honshū 1,528,107 6,110.76 250 4 19 JP-35
 Yamanashi 山梨県 Kōfu Chūbu Honshū 888,170 4,465.37 199 5 27 JP-19

Notes: ¹ as of 2000; ² km²; ³ per km²





CANADA[edit]

Provinces[edit]

Flag Shield Province Postal
abbreviation
Capital[14] Largest city
(by population)[15]
Entered Confederation[16] Population
(July 2014)[17]
Area: land (km2)[18] Area: water (km2)[18] Area: total (km2)[18] Official language(s)[19] Federal Parliament: Commons seats[20] Federal Parliament: Senate seats[20]
Flag of Ontario.svg Arms of Ontario.svg Ontario ON Toronto Toronto July 1, 1867 13,678,700 917,741 158,654 1,076,395 EnglishA 106 24
Flag of Quebec.svg Armoiries du Québec.svg Quebec QC Quebec City Montreal July 1, 1867 8,214,700 1,356,128 185,928 1,542,056 FrenchB 75 24
Flag of Nova Scotia.svg Arms of Nova Scotia.svg Nova Scotia NS Halifax HalifaxC July 1, 1867 942,700 53,338 1,946 55,284 EnglishD 11 10
Flag of New Brunswick.svg Arms of New Brunswick.svg New Brunswick NB Fredericton Saint John July 1, 1867 753,900 71,450 1,458 72,908 EnglishE
FrenchE
10 10
Flag of the Province of Manitoba.svg Simple arms of Manitoba.svg Manitoba MB Winnipeg Winnipeg July 15, 1870 1,282,000 553,556 94,241 647,797 EnglishA,F 14 6
Flag of British Columbia.svg Arms of British Columbia.svg British Columbia BC Victoria Vancouver July 20, 1871 4,631,300 925,186 19,549 944,735 EnglishA 36 6
Flag of Prince Edward Island.svg Arms of Prince Edward Island.svg Prince Edward Island PE Charlottetown Charlottetown July 1, 1873 146,300 5,660 0 5,660 EnglishA 4 4
Flag of Saskatchewan.svg Arms of Saskatchewan.svg Saskatchewan SK Regina Saskatoon September 1, 1905 1,125,400 591,670 59,366 651,036 EnglishA 14 6
Flag of Alberta.svg Shield of Alberta.svg Alberta AB Edmonton Calgary September 1, 1905 4,121,700 642,317 19,531 661,848 EnglishA 28 6
Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg Simple arms of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg Newfoundland and Labrador NL St. John's St. John's March 31, 1949 527,000 373,872 31,340 405,212 EnglishA 7 6
Total provinces 35,423,700 5,490,918 572,013 6,062,931 305 102

Notes:

A.^ De facto; French has limited constitutional status
B.^ Charter of the French Language; English has limited constitutional status
C.^ Nova Scotia dissolved cities in 1996 in favour of regional municipalities; its largest regional municipality is therefore substituted
D.^ Nova Scotia has very few bilingual statutes (three in English and French; one in English and Polish); some Government bodies have legislated names in both English and French
E.^ Section Sixteen of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
F.^ Manitoba Act

Provincial legislature buildings[edit]

INDIA[edit]

States and union territories[edit]

India is composed of 29 states and 7 union territories (including a national capital territory).[21] The union territories are governed by administrators, appointed by the President of India. Two of the territories (Delhi and Puducherry) have been given partial statehood, with elected legislatures and executive councils of ministers, but limited powers.

Indian Ocean Bay of Bengal Andaman Sea Arabian Sea Laccadive Sea Siachen Glacier Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar Haveli Daman and Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Pondicherry Pondicherry Pondicherry Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Myanmar China Nepal Pakistan Sri Lanka Tajikistan Dadra and Nagar Haveli Daman and Diu Pondicherry Pondicherry Pondicherry Pondicherry Goa Gujarat Jammu and Kashmir Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Assam Meghalaya Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Nagaland Manipur Mizoram Telangana Tripura West Bengal Sikkim Bhutan Bangladesh Bihar Jharkhand Odisha Chhattisgarh Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand Nepal Delhi Haryana Punjab Himachal Pradesh Chandigarh Pakistan Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Disputed territory in Jammu and Kashmir Disputed territory in Jammu and Kashmir
A clickable map of the 29 states and 7 union territories of India
States
Number State Code Capital
1 Andhra Pradesh AP Hyderabad (shared with Telangana for 10 years), Vijayawada [22] announced as capital after 10 years
2 Arunachal Pradesh AR Itanagar
3 Assam AS Dispur
4 Bihar BR Patna
5 Chhattisgarh CG Raipur (interim)
6 Goa GA Panaji
7 Gujarat GJ Gandhinagar
8 Haryana HR Chandigarh (shared with Punjab, also a Union Territory)
9 Himachal Pradesh HP Shimla
10 Jammu and Kashmir JK Srinagar (summer), Jammu (winter)
11 Jharkhand JH Ranchi
12 Karnataka KA Bengaluru
13 Kerala KL Thiruvananthapuram
14 Madhya Pradesh MP Bhopal
15 Maharashtra MH Mumbai
16 Manipur MN Imphal
17 Meghalaya ML Shillong
18 Mizoram MZ Aizawl
19 Nagaland NL Kohima
20 Odisha OD Bhubaneshwar
21 Punjab PB Chandigarh (shared with Haryana, also a Union Territory)
22 Rajasthan RJ Jaipur
23 Sikkim SK Gangtok
24 Tamil Nadu TN Chennai
25 Telangana[23] TS Hyderabad
26 Tripura TR Agartala
27 Uttar Pradesh UP Lucknow
28 Uttarakhand UK Dehradun (interim)
29 West Bengal WB Kolkata
Union territories
Number Union territory Code Capital
A Andaman and Nicobar Islands AN Port Blair
B Chandigarh CH Chandigarh (also the capital of Haryana and Punjab)
C Dadra and Nagar Haveli DN Silvassa
D Daman and Diu DD Daman
E Lakshadweep LD Kavaratti
F National Capital Territory of Delhi DL New Delhi
G Puducherry PY Pondicherry
See also:
List of states and union territories of India by population (area can also be found)
Official languages of India#Languages currently used In Indian states and union territories


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WMF chart.png EDITION DES PRINCIPAUX CONSTRUCTEURS CPU INTEL ET AMD[edit]

Intel Corporation
Public
Traded as NASDAQINTC
Dow Jones Industrial Average Component
NASDAQ-100 Component
S&P 500 Component
Industry Semiconductors
Founded July 18, 1968 (1968-07-18)
Founder Gordon Moore, Robert Noyce
Headquarters Santa Clara, California, U.S.[24]
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Andy Bryant
(Chairman)
Brian Krzanich
(CEO)
Renée James
(President)
Products Bluetooth chipsets, flash memory, microprocessors, motherboard chipsets, network interface cards, mobile phones
Revenue Decrease US$ 52.708 billion (2013)[25]
Decrease US$ 12.291 billion (2013)[25]
Decrease US$ 9.620 billion (2013)[25]
Total assets Increase US$ 92.358 billion (2013)[25]
Total equity Increase US$ 58.256 billion (2013)[25]
Number of employees
107,600 (2013)[26]
Website www.intel.com

Intel Corporation is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Santa Clara, California. Intel is one of the world's largest and highest valued semiconductor chip makers, based on revenue.[27] It is the inventor of the x86 series of microprocessors, the processors found in most personal computers.

Products and technologies[edit]

AMD Radeon Memory

Graphics products[edit]

AMD's current portfolio of dedicated graphics processors includes product families and associated technologies aimed at the consumer, professional and high-performance computing markets.

  • Radeon – brand for consumer line of graphics cards. Mobility Radeon is power-optimized versions of Radeon graphics chips for use in laptops.
  • AMD FirePro – brand for professional line of graphics cards for workstations. Succeeds the FireGL series of workstation CAD/CAM video cards, the FireMV series and the AMD FireStream series.
    • AMD FireStream – brand for discontinued product line targeting stream processing and GPGPU as used in various industries.
    • AMD FireMV – brand for discontinued product line targeting multi-monitor setups in professional environments.

AMD's current portfolio of technologies to be found in their products:

AMD Catalyst is a collection of proprietary device drivers software available for Microsoft Windows and Linux.

Since 2007, AMD has decidedly participated in the development of free and open-source graphics device drivers. The programming specifications for a number of chipsets and features were published in several rounds. and code is being contributed to the Direct Rendering Manager in the Linux kernel by employees hired by AMD for this purpose.

AMD chipsets[edit]

Before the launch of Athlon 64 processors in 2003, AMD designed chipsets for their processors spanning the K6 and K7 processor generations. The chipsets include the AMD-640, AMD-751 and the AMD-761 chipsets. The situation changed in 2003 with the release of Athlon 64 processors, and AMD chose not to further design its own chipsets for its desktop processors while opening the desktop platform to allow other firms to design chipsets. This was the “Open Platform Management Architecture” with ATI, VIA and SiS developing their own chipset for Athlon 64 processors and later Athlon 64 X2 and Athlon 64 FX processors, including the Quad FX platform chipset from Nvidia.

The initiative went further with the release of Opteron server processors as AMD stopped the design of server chipsets in 2004 after releasing the AMD-8111 chipset, and again opened the server platform for firms to develop chipsets for Opteron processors. As of today, Nvidia and Broadcom are the sole designing firms of server chipsets for Opteron processors.

As the company completed the acquisition of ATI Technologies in 2006, the firm gained the ATI design team for chipsets which previously designed the Radeon Xpress 200 and the Radeon Xpress 3200 chipsets. AMD then renamed the chipsets for AMD processors under AMD branding (for instance, the CrossFire Xpress 3200 chipset was renamed as AMD 580X CrossFire chipset). In February 2007, AMD announced the first AMD-branded chipset since 2004 with the release of the AMD 690G chipset (previously under the development codename RS690), targeted at mainstream IGP computing. It was the industry's first to implement a HDMI 1.2 port on motherboards, shipping for more than a million units. While ATI had aimed at releasing an Intel IGP chipset, the plan was scrapped and the inventories of Radeon Xpress 1250 (codenamed RS600, sold under ATI brand) was sold to two OEMs, Abit and ASRock. Although AMD stated the firm would still produce Intel chipsets, Intel had not granted the license of 1333 MHz FSB to ATI.

On November 15, 2007, AMD announced a new chipset series portfolio, the AMD 7-Series chipsets, covering from enthusiast multi-graphics segment to value IGP segment, to replace the AMD 480/570/580 chipsets and AMD 690 series chipsets, marking AMD's first enthusiast multi-graphics chipset. Discrete graphics chipsets were launched on November 15, 2007 as part of the codenamed Spider desktop platform, and IGP chipsets were launched at a later time in Spring 2008 as part of the codenamed Cartwheel platform.

AMD returned to the server chipsets market with the AMD 800S series server chipsets. It includes support for up to six SATA 6.0 Gbit/s ports, the C6 power state, which is featured in Fusion processors and AHCI 1.2 with SATA FIS–based switching support. This is a chipset family supporting Phenom processors and Quad FX enthusiast platform (890FX), IGP(890GX).

AMD Live![edit]

Main article: AMD Live!

As of 2007, AMD LIVE! was a platform marketing initiative focusing the consumer electronics segment, with an Active TV initiative for streaming Internet videos from web video services such as YouTube, into AMD Live! PC as well as connected digital TVs, together with a scheme for an ecosystem of certified peripherals for the ease of customers to identify peripherals for AMD LIVE! systems for digital home experience, called "AMD LIVE! Ready".[28]

AMD Quad FX platform[edit]

Main article: AMD Quad FX platform

The AMD Quad FX platform, being an extreme enthusiast platform,[clarification needed] allows two processors to connect through HyperTransport, which is a similar setup to dual-processor (2P) servers, excluding the use of buffered memory/registered memory DIMM modules, and a server motherboard, the current setup includes two Athlon 64 FX-70 series processors and a special motherboard.[citation needed] AMD pushed the platform for the surging demands for what AMD calls "megatasking",[29] the ability to do more tasks on a single system. The platform refreshes with the introduction of Phenom FX processors and the next-generation RD790 chipset, codenamed "FASN8".

Server platform[edit]

AMD's first multi-processor server platform, codenamed Fiorano, consists of AMD SR5690 + SP5100 server chipsets, supporting 45 nm, codenamed Shanghai Socket F+ processors and registered DDR2 memory. It was followed by the Maranello platform supporting 45 nm, codenamed Istanbul, Socket G34 processors with DDR3 memory. On single-processor platform, the codenamed Catalunya platform consists of codenamed Suzuka 45 nm quad-core processor with AMD SR5580 + SP5100 chipset and DDR3 support.[30][dead link]

AMD's x86 virtualization extension to the 64-bit x86 architecture is named AMD Virtualization, also known by the abbreviation AMD-V, and is sometimes referred to by the code name "Pacifica". AMD processors using Socket AM2, Socket S1, and Socket F include AMD Virtualization support. AMD Virtualization is also supported by release two (8200, 2200 and 1200 series) of the Opteron processors. The third generation (8300 and 2300 series) of Opteron processors will see an update in virtualization technology, specifically the Rapid Virtualization Indexing (also known by the development name Nested Page Tables), alongside the tagged TLB and Device Exclusion Vector (DEV).

AMD also promotes the "AMD I/O Virtualization Technology" (also known as IOMMU) for I/O virtualization.[31] The AMD IOMMU specification has been updated to version 1.2.[32] The specification describes the use of a HyperTransport architecture.

AMD's server initiatives include the following:

  • AMD Trinity, provides support for virtualization, security and management. Key features include AMD-V technology, codenamed Presidio trusted computing platform technology, I/O Virtualization and Open Management Partition.[33]
  • AMD Raiden, future clients similar to the Jack PC[34] to be connected through network to a blade server for central management, to reduce client form factor sizes with AMD Trinity features.
  • Torrenza, coprocessors support through interconnects such as HyperTransport, and PCI Express (though more focus was at HyperTransport enabled coprocessors), also opening processor socket architecture to other manufacturers, Sun and IBM are among the supporting consortium, with rumoured POWER7 processors would be socket-compatible to future Opteron processors. The move made rival Intel respond with the opening of Front Side Bus (FSB) architecture as well as Geneseo,[35] a collaboration project with IBM for coprocessors connected through PCI Express.
  • Various certified systems programs and platforms: AMD Commercial Stable Image Platform (CSIP), together with AMD Validated Server program, AMD True Server Solutions, AMD Thermally Tested Barebones Platforms and AMD Validated Server Program, providing certified systems for business from AMD.

Desktop platforms[edit]

Starting in 2007, AMD, following Intel, began using codenames for its desktop platforms such as Spider or Dragon. The platforms, unlike Intel's approach, will refresh every year, putting focus on platform specialization. The platform includes components such as AMD processors, chipsets, ATI graphics and other features, but continued to the open platform approach, and welcome components from other vendors such as VIA, SiS, and Nvidia, as well as wireless product vendors.

Updates to the platform includes the implementation of IOMMU I/O Virtualization with 45 nm generation of processors, and the AMD 800 chipset series in 2009.[36]

Embedded systems[edit]

In February 2002, AMD acquired Alchemy Semiconductor for its Alchemy line of MIPS processors for the hand-held and portable media player markets. On June 13, 2006, AMD officially announced that the line was to be transferred to Raza Microelectronics, Inc., a designer of MIPS processors for embedded applications.[37]

In August 2003, AMD also purchased the Geode business which was originally the Cyrix MediaGX from National Semiconductor to augment its existing line of embedded x86 processor products. During the second quarter of 2004, it launched new low-power Geode NX processors based on the K7 Thoroughbred architecture with speeds of fanless processors 667 MHz and 1 GHz, and 1.4 GHz processor with fan, of TDP 25 W. This technology is used in a variety of embedded systems (Casino slot machines and customer kiosks for instance), several UMPC designs in Asia markets, as well as the OLPC XO-1 computer, an inexpensive laptop computer intended to be distributed to children in developing countries around the world. The Geode LX processor was announced in 2005 and is said will continue to be available through 2015.

For the past couple of years AMD has been introducing 64-bit processors into its embedded product line starting with the AMD Opteron processor. Leveraging the high throughput enabled through HyperTransport and the Direct Connect Architecture these server class processors have been targeted at high end telecom and storage applications. In 2007 AMD added the AMD Athlon, AMD Turion and Mobile AMD Sempron processors to its embedded product line. Leveraging the same 64-bit instruction set and Direct Connect Architecture as the AMD Opteron but at lower power levels, these processors were well suited to a variety of traditional embedded applications. Throughout 2007 and into 2008 AMD has continued to add both single-core Mobile AMD Sempron and AMD Athlon processors and dual-core AMD Athlon X2 and AMD Turion processors to its embedded product line and now offers embedded 64-bit solutions starting with 8W TDP Mobile AMD Sempron and AMD Athlon processors for fan-less designs up to multi-processor systems leveraging multi-core AMD Opteron processors all supporting longer than standard availability.[38]

The ATI acquisition included the Imageon and Xilleon product lines. In late 2008, the entire handheld division was sold off to Qualcomm, who have since produced the Adreno series. The Xilleon division was sold to Broadcom.

In April 2007, AMD announced the release of the M690T integrated graphics chipset for embedded designs. This enabled AMD to offer complete processor and chipset solutions targeted at embedded applications requiring high performance 3D and video such as emerging digital signage, kiosk and Point of Sale applications. The M690T was followed by the M690E specifically for embedded applications which removed the TV output, which required Macrovision licensing for OEMs, and enabled native support for dual TMDS outputs, enabling dual independent DVI interfaces.

In 2008, AMD announced the Radeon E2400, the first discrete GPU in their embedded product line offering the same long term availability as their other embedded products. That was followed in 2009 with the higher performance Radeon E4690 discrete GPU.

In 2009, AMD announced their first BGA packaged e64 architecture processors, known as the ASB1 family.

In 2010, AMD announced a second generation BGA platform referred to as ASB2. They also announced several new AM3 based processors with support for DDR3 memory.

In January 2011, AMD announced the AMD Embedded G-Series Accelerated Processing Unit. The first Fusion family APU for embedded applications. This announcement was followed by announcements for the high performance AMD Radeon E6760 and the value-conscious Radeon E6460 discrete GPUs. These solutions all added support for DirectX 11, OpenGL 4.1 and OpenCL 1.1.

In May 2012, AMD Announced the AMD Embedded R-Series[39] Accelerated Processing Unit. This family of products incorporates the Bulldozer CPU architecture, and Discrete-class AMD Radeon™ HD 7000G Series graphics.

AMD Embedded solutions offer 5+ year product life.

Other initiatives[edit]

  • 50x15, digital inclusion, with targeted 50% of world population to be connected through Internet via affordable computers by the year of 2015.
  • The Green Grid,[40] founded by AMD together with other founders, such as IBM, Sun and Microsoft, to seek lower power consumption for grids.
  • Codenamed SIMFIRE – interoperability testing tool for the Desktop and mobile Architecture for System Hardware (DASH) open architecture.

Software[edit]

  • AMD develops the AMD CodeXL tool suite which includes a GPU debugger, a GPU profiler, a CPU profiler and an OpenCL static kernel analyzer. CodeXL is freely available at AMD developer tools website.
  • AMD Stream SDK and AMD APP SDK (Accelerated Parallel Processing) SDK to enable AMD graphics processing cores (GPU), working in concert with the system’s x86 cores (CPU), to execute heterogeneously to accelerate many applications beyond just graphics[41]
  • AMD has also taken an active part in developing coreboot, and open source projects aimed at replacing the proprietary BIOS firmware.
  • In 2008, AMD released the low-level programming specifications for its GPUs, and works with the X.Org Foundation to develop drivers for AMD graphics cards.[44][45]
  • Extensions for software parallelism (xSP), aimed at speeding up programs to enable multi-threaded and multi-core processing, announced in Technology Analyst Day 2007. One of the initiatives being discussed since August 2007 is the Light Weight Profiling (LWP), providing internal hardware monitor with runtimes, to observe information about executing process and help the re-design of software to be optimized with multi-core and even multi-threaded programs. Another one is the extension of Streaming SIMD Extension (SSE) instruction set, the SSE5.


Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
Public
Traded as NYSEAMD
Industry Semiconductors
Founded May 1, 1969
Founder Jerry Sanders
Headquarters One AMD Place,[46]
Sunnyvale, California, United States
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Lisa Su (CEO)[47]
Bruce Claflin (Executive Chairman)
Products Microprocessors
Motherboard chipsets
Graphics processing units
Random-access memory[48]
TV tuner cards[49]
Revenue Decrease $5.30 billion (2013)[50]
Increase $103 million (2013)[50]
Increase -$83 million (2013)[50]
Total assets
  • Increase US$ 4.337 billion (2013)[51]
  • Decrease US$ 4.0 billion (2012)[51]
Total equity Increase $544 million(2013)[50]
Number of employees
10,671 (2013)[50]
Divisions SeaMicro, Inc.
Website amd.com

Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD) is an American multinational semiconductor company based in Sunnyvale, California, United States, that develops computer processors and related technologies for business and consumer markets. While initially it manufactured its own processors, the company became fabless after GlobalFoundries was spun off in 2009. AMD's main products include microprocessors, motherboard chipsets, embedded processors and graphics processors for servers, workstations and personal computers, and embedded systems applications.

Renewable energy industry[edit]

Source:[52]
The yearly yield of renewable electricity in Germany by source.

Germany's renewable energy sector is among the most innovative and successful worldwide. Nordex, Repower, Fuhrländer and Enercon are wind power companies based in Germany. SolarWorld, Q-Cells and Conergy are solar power companies based in Germany. These companies dominate the world market. Every third solar panel and every second wind rotor is made in Germany, and German turbines and generators used in hydro energy generation are among the most popular worldwide.[53]

Nearly 800,000 people work in the German environment technology sector; an estimated 214,000 people work with renewables in Germany, up from 157,000 in 2004, an increase of 36 percent.[53]

Siemens chief executive, Peter Löscher believes that Germany’s target of generating 35 per cent of its energy from renewables by 2020 is achievable – and, most probably, profitable for Europe’s largest engineering company. Its “environmental solutions” portfolio, which is firmly focused on renewables, is “already generating more than €27 billion a year, 35 per cent of Siemens’ total revenue, and the plan is to grow this to €40 billion by 2015”. Ending its involvement in nuclear industry will boost the credibility of Siemens as a purveyor of “green technology”.[54]

Germany's main competitors in solar electricity are Japan, the US and China. In the wind industry it is Denmark, Spain and the US.



Largest cities, 2011 Census Estimates
City Population
Charlotte
751,087
Raleigh
416,468
Greensboro
273,425
Durham
233,252
Winston-Salem
232,385
Fayetteville
203,945
Cary
139,633
Wilmington
108,297
High Point
105,753
Greenville
86,017
Asheville
84,458
Concord
80,597
Gastonia
72,068
Jacksonville
70,801


Template:Largest cities of Illinois


Divisão administrativa[edit]

File:Chicago community areas map.svg Administrativamente, o município está dividido em trinta e uma subprefeituras, cada uma delas, por sua vez, divididas em distritos. As subprefeituras estão oficialmente agrupadas em nove regiões (ou "zonas"), levando em conta a posição geográfica e história da ocupação. Essas regiões são apenas utilizadas em órgãos técnicos e do governo, não sendo identificadas por qualquer comunicação visual na cidade.

Template:Anexo

Template:Subprefeituras da cidade de São Paulo

A clickable map of Nigeria exhibiting its 36 states and the federal capital territory.
Niger Zinder Niamey Burkina Faso Benin Atlantic Ocean Cameroon Porto Novo Garoua Chad Chad Lake Chad Abuja Sokoto State Kebbi State Zamfara State Katsina State Jigawa State Yobe State Borno State Kano State Bauchi State Gombe State Adamawa State Plateau State Taraba State Kaduna State Nassarawa State Benue State Niger State Kwara State Oyo State Ogun State Lagos State Kogi State Osun State Ekiti State Ondo State Edo State Ebonyi State Delta State Bayelsa State Rivers State Imo State Abia State Cross River State Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria) Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria) Anambra State Anambra State Enugu State Enugu State Akwa Ibom State Akwa Ibom State Port Harcourt Benin City Lagos Ibadan Kaduna Kano MaiduguriA clickable map of Nigeria exhibiting its 36 states and the federal capital territory.
About this image
States
  1. Anambra
  2. Enugu
  3. Akwa Ibom
  4. Adamawa
  5. Abia
  6. Bauchi
  7. Bayelsa
  8. Benue
  9. Borno
  10. Cross River
  11. Delta
  12. Ebonyi
  1. Edo
  2. Ekiti
  3. Gombe
  4. Imo
  5. Jigawa
  6. Kaduna
  7. Kano
  8. Katsina
  9. Kebbi
  10. Kogi
  11. Kwara
  12. Lagos
  1. Nasarawa
  2. Niger
  3. Ogun
  4. Ondo
  5. Osun
  6. Oyo
  7. Plateau
  8. Rivers
  9. Sokoto
  10. Taraba
  11. Yobe
  12. Zamfara
Federal Capital Territory
Abuja

States map


A clickable map of Nigeria exhibiting its 36 states and the federal capital territory.
Niger Zinder Niamey Burkina Faso Benin Atlantic Ocean Cameroon Porto Novo Garoua Chad Chad Lake Chad Abuja Sokoto State Kebbi State Zamfara State Katsina State Jigawa State Yobe State Borno State Kano State Bauchi State Gombe State Adamawa State Plateau State Taraba State Kaduna State Nassarawa State Benue State Niger State Kwara State Oyo State Ogun State Lagos State Kogi State Osun State Ekiti State Ondo State Edo State Ebonyi State Delta State Bayelsa State Rivers State Imo State Abia State Cross River State Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria) Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria) Anambra State Anambra State Enugu State Enugu State Akwa Ibom State Akwa Ibom State Port Harcourt Benin City Lagos Ibadan Kaduna Kano MaiduguriA clickable map of Nigeria exhibiting its 36 states and the federal capital territory.
About this image


Regions of Ghana

Ghana is divided into ten regions.

Region Capital
Area
(km2)
Population
(2010 census)
[55]
Ashanti Kumasi 24,889 4,780,380
Brong-Ahafo Sunyani 39,557 2,310,983
Greater Accra   Accra 3,245 4,010,054
Central Cape Coast 9,826 2,376,021
Eastern Koforidua 19,323 2,633,154
Northern Tamale 70,384 2,479,461
Western Sekondi-Takoradi   23,921 2,376,021
Upper East Bolgatanga 8,842 1,046,545
Upper West Wa 18,476 702,110
Volta Ho 20,570 2,118,252

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ GB/T 2260 codes for the provinces of China
  2. ^ ISO 3166-2:CN (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of China)
  3. ^ 北京市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报
  4. ^ Zhōngguó dìmínglù 中国地名录 (Beijing, SinoMaps Press 中国地图出版社 1997); ISBN 7-5031-1718-4.
  5. ^ "State and Local Government Finances and Employment" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 2012. p. 284. Retrieved July 8, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013" (Microsoft Excel). 2013 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. December 2013. Retrieved January 12, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c "2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. September 2012. p. 41. Retrieved July 8, 2013. 
  8. ^ Census 2011: Census in brief (PDF). Pretoria: Statistics South Africa. 2012. p. 9. ISBN 9780621413885. 
  9. ^ Census 2011: Census in brief (PDF). Pretoria: Statistics South Africa. 2012. p. 18. ISBN 9780621413885. 
  10. ^ Adelzadeh, Asghar; et al. South Africa Human Development Report 2003 (PDF). Cape Town: Oxford University Press. p. 282. ISBN 978-0-19-578418-3. 
  11. ^ Regions of Japan on japan-guide.com
  12. ^ Regions of Japan on web-japan.org
  13. ^ 都庁の所在地 Shinjuku is the location of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Office.But Tokyo is not a "municipality".Therefore, for the sake of convenience, the notation of prefectural is "Tokyo".
  14. ^ "Provinces and Territories". Government of Canada. 2013. Retrieved August 6, 2013. 
  15. ^ Place name (2013). "Census Profile". Statistic Canada. Retrieved August 6, 2013. 
  16. ^ Cite error: The named reference .28Canada.292004 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  17. ^ "Population by year, by province and territory (2010-2014) in thousands". Statistic Canada.  line feed character in |title= at position 47 (help)
  18. ^ a b c "Land and freshwater area, by province and territory". Statistics Canada. 2005. Retrieved August 4, 2013. 
  19. ^ Olivier Coche, François Vaillancourt, Marc-Antoine Cadieux, Jamie Lee Ronson (2012). "Official Language Policies of the Canadian Provinces" (PDF). Fraser Institute. Retrieved August 6, 2012. 
  20. ^ a b "Guide to the Canadian House of Commons". Parliament of Canada. 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2013. 
  21. ^ [1] States and Union Territories of India - Source - Government of India Official Website
  22. ^ http://www.deccanchronicle.com/140905/nation-current-affairs/article/vijayawada-andhra-pradesh-new-capital
  23. ^ "Appointed Day for Telangana State". 
  24. ^ Intel Corporation Company Profile. Retrieved July 26, 2010.
  25. ^ a b c d e "INTEL CORP 2013 Annual Report Form (10-K)" (XBRL). United States Securities and Exchange Commission. February 14, 2014. 
  26. ^ "Employees". 2012 Annual Report. Intel. Retrieved March 14, 2014. 
  27. ^ "Intel 2007 Annual Report" (PDF). Intel. 2007. Retrieved July 6, 2011. 
  28. ^ Official Press Release (AMD Live! Ready and Active TV initiative)
  29. ^ Official Press Release (AMD Quad FX Platform with Dual Socket Direct Connect Architecture Redefines High-End Computing for Megatasking Enthusiasts)
  30. ^ AMD Server/Workstation platform roadmap, Retrieved October 4, 2008
  31. ^ "AMD press release". 
  32. ^ "AMD IOMMU specification 1.2" (PDF). 
  33. ^ AMD Analyst Day presentation[dead link], page 24. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  34. ^ "Jack PC page". 
  35. ^ "Intel Geneseo press release". [dead link]
  36. ^ AMD Financial Analyst Day 2007 presentation[dead link], presented by Mario Rivas, page 24 of 28. Retrieved December 14, 2007.
  37. ^ "AMD Alchemy processor product line acquired by Raza Microelectronics". TechNews. technologynewsdaily.com. June 14, 2006. Retrieved July 11, 2007. [dead link]
  38. ^ AMD Embedded Solutions that are scalable, x86- based, low-power and feature-rich products. Amd.com (November 5, 2010). Retrieved on November 9, 2010.
  39. ^ "AMD Embedded R-Series Platform". AMD. amd.com. July 10, 2012. Retrieved July 10, 2012. 
  40. ^ "The Green Grid website". 
  41. ^ http://developer.amd.com/tools-and-sdks/opencl-zone/opencl-tools-sdks/amd-accelerated-parallel-processing-app-sdk/
  42. ^ "AMD Expands Charter for the OpenSolaris OS and Sun xVM at the AMD Operating System Research Center" (Press release). AMD. May 5, 2008. 
  43. ^ "x86 Open64 Compiler Suite". AMD. April 20, 2009. 
  44. ^ "AMD Details Strategic Open Source Graphics Driver Development Initiative" (Press release). AMD. September 7, 2007. 
  45. ^ "Index of /docs/AMD". x.org. 
  46. ^ AMD Headquarters. Retrieved September 24, 2011.
  47. ^ "Advanced Micro Devices CEO Rory Read Steps Down". wsj.com. October 8, 2014. Retrieved October 8, 2014. 
  48. ^ "AMD Memory at". Tigerdirect.com. January 3, 2011. Retrieved December 29, 2012. 
  49. ^ "AMD Support Search". Retrieved December 29, 2012. 
  50. ^ a b c d e "AMD Reports 2013 Fourth Quarter and Annual Results". AMD. Retrieved January 21, 2014. 
  51. ^ a b "ADVANCED MICRO DEVICES INC 2013 Annual Report Form (10-K)" (XBRL). United States Securities and Exchange Commission. February 18, 2014. 
  52. ^ Cite error: The named reference erneuerbare was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  53. ^ a b Green energy boom in Germany
  54. ^ "Nuclear sunset?". The Irish Times. September 23, 2011. 
  55. ^ Ghana at GeoHive.

Category:Subdivisions of Ghana Ghana, Regions Ghana 1 Regions, Ghana Category:Ghana-related lists

  1. Allerton and Hunts Cross
  2. Anfield
  3. Belle Vale
  4. Central
  5. Childwall
  6. Church
  7. Clubmoor
  8. County
  9. Greenbank
  10. Croxteth
  11. Everton
  12. Fazakerley
  13. Greenbank
  14. Kensington and Fairfield
  15. Kirkdale
  1. Knotty Ash
  2. Mossley Hill
  3. Norris Green
  4. Old Swan
  5. Picton
  6. Princes Park
  7. Riverside
  8. Speke-Garston
  9. St Michaels
  10. Tuebrook and Stoneycroft
  11. Warbreck
  12. Wavertree
  13. West Derby
  14. Woolton
  15. Yew Tree
  No counties, parishes or hundreds
  Former counties, no further subdivisions
  Counties, subdivided into hundreds
  Counties, subdivided into parishes
  Districts, partly subdivided into divisions (suburbs). (ACT)
  Land districts (formerly counties), subdivided into parishes, and formerly with hundreds.
  Counties, subdivided into parishes, and formerly with hundreds also (Cumberland only)

Lands administrative divisions of Australia refers to the parts of Australia which are divided into the cadastral units of counties, parishes, hundreds, and other divisions for the purposes of land ownership. Many property titles in Australia are listed as being in the parish and county.

The whole of the eastern states of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania were divided into counties and parishes in the 19th century, although the Tasmanian counties were renamed land districts in the twentieth century. Parts of South Australia (south-east) and Western Australia (south-west) were similarly divided into counties, and there were also five counties in a small part of the Northern Territory. However South Australia has subdivisions of hundreds instead of parishes, along with the Northern Territory, which was part of South Australia when the hundreds were proclaimed. There were also formerly hundreds in Tasmania. There have been at least 600 counties, 544 hundreds and at least 15,692 parishes in Australia, but there are none of these units for most of the sparsely inhabited central and western parts of the country.

Counties in Australia have no administrative or political function, unlike those in England, the United States or Canada. Australia instead uses local government areas, including shires, districts, councils and municipalities according to the state, as the second level subdivision.

1891 German map of South-eastern Australia showing many of the divisions.

Some other states were also divided into land divisions and land districts; in the nineteenth century land districts sometimes served as the region name for parts of the state where counties had not been proclaimed yet. Below these are groups of land parcels known as deposited plans, registered plans or title plans (depending on the state). Queensland has registered plans; New South Wales and Western Australia have deposited plans; while Victoria has certified plans. Land can be identified using the number of this plan of subdivision held with the lands department, rather than with a named unit such as a parish (or both can be used); it is becoming increasingly common to use only the plan number. Within these are individual land parcels such as lots; in total there are estimated to be about 10.2 million of these in Australia.[1] The various cadastral units appear on certificates of title, which are given volume and folio numbers; these numbers by themselves are sometimes used to identify land parcels, or in combination with the other units. Detailed maps of these divisions have been required since the introduction of the Torrens title system of a central register of land holdings in South Australia in 1858, which spread to the other colonies. While cadastral data since the 1980s has been digitalised, there remain many old maps showing these divisions held in collections of Australian libraries such as the National Library of Australia,[2] as well as in state libraries.[3]

History[edit]

1897 cadastral map of the County of Wynyard, New South Wales, showing parishes and property boundaries.

Counties were used since the earliest British settlement in Australia, with the County of Cumberland proclaimed by Captain Phillip on 4 June 1788. In 1804 Governor King divided Van Diemen's Land into two counties; Buckingham in the south and Cornwall in the north.[4] The parishes date to the surveys conducted after 1825, with the instructions given to Governor Brisbane on 23 Jun 1825 to divide the colony into counties, hundreds and parishes. At this time there were five counties already proclaimed in New South Wales: Cumberland, Westmoreland, Camden, Argyle and Northumberland.[5] The Nineteen Counties in south eastern New South Wales were the limits of location of the colony in a period after 1829, with the area outside them originally divided into districts, and later also into counties and parishes. Counties were established soon after the foundation of other Australian colonies.

Many of the counties have English names, often the names of counties in England, such as Devon, Dorset, Cornwall and Kent Counties in Tasmania. Less frequently, some have Aboriginal names such as the County of Yungnulgra in New South Wales, and County of Croajingolong in Victoria.

The use of counties, hundreds and parishes was popular in Australia in the 19th century, with many maps of Australian colonies showing these divisions,[6] and towns and cities often listed in their county. Legal cases referenced counties [2], and many genealogical records for Australia in the 19th century list the county and parish for location of birth, deaths and marriages [3] [4] [5]. The 1911 Britannica also describes Australian towns and cities as being in their respective county, including most of the capital cities: Melbourne, County of Bourke [6]; Sydney, County of Cumberland [7];Brisbane, County of Stanley [8]; Adelaide, County of Adelaide; and Hobart, County of Buckingham [9]. However it is not mentioned that Perth was located in the County of Perth[10], as even by this time county names were infrequently used in Western Australia, where they did not cover all of the settled areas, unlike the other states. Instead the system of land divisions and land districts was used, with most of Perth located in the land districts of Swan, Canning and Cockburn Sound, all in the South West Division of Western Australia.

Counties and parishes are also still referenced in property law, and in industrial relations instruments, for example in a New South Wales award which excludes people from the County of Yancowinna. Similar award examples exist in the other states and territories that have been subdivided into counties. The County of Yancowinna is also the only part of New South Wales which is in a different time zone to the rest of the state, as mentioned in the Australian Standard Time Act of 1987 [11]. Counties are also used on paperwork for mortgage securities in banks. Parishes and counties are also mentioned in definitions of electoral districts.[7]

Usage[edit]

Population density map, 1921. Evenly divided units of land have little relevance in a country where the population is highly unevenly distributed.

Counties have since gone out of use in Australia, and are rarely used or even known by most of the population today. Part of the reason is that counties are based on the size of land, rather than population, so in a large country where most of the population live in cities on the coast while the countryside has a very low population density, they have little relevance. The counties which contain the capital cities have millions of people, while those in remote areas have a very small population. The County of Adelaide, for instance, has a larger population than all the other counties in South Australia combined. Another reason is that many of the counties' borders follow rivers, having been proclaimed before settlements developed, which means that towns which typically grow up on rivers often find themselves in more than one county. Wangaratta, for instance, is located at the junction of the Ovens and King rivers, and is thus in three counties; Moira, Delatite and Bogong.

Some of the county names live on by being the same name of present-day local government areas, general region names, towns or establishments in the area. For instance, the current Shire of Plantagenet and Shire of Victoria Plains in Western Australia are in the similar area to the County of Plantagenet and County of Victoria, respectively. The modern city of Devonport in Tasmania is located in the County of Devon. Some regions do promote the county name, such as Argyle County, while the County of Cadell (roughly in the Murray Shire area) is still the name for a vineyard and motor lodge in the same area.

By state/territory[edit]

Australian Capital Territory[edit]

Map of Murray and Cowley counties in New South Wales in 1886, parts of which would eventually become the ACT

The land which became the Australian Capital Territory was made from land in the New South Wales counties of Murray and Cowley. This includes four former parishes of Canberra, Yarrolumla, Narrabundah and Gigerline in Murray and 15 former parishes in Cowley, while land in parts of other parishes of these counties also became part of the ACT. Also, in 1915, part of the Parish of Bherwerre in the County of St Vincent was transferred to the federal government to become the Jervis Bay Territory, which was part of the ACT until self-government in 1989. Murray lies east of the Murrumbidgee River, with all of what is now Canberra within it, with Cowley to the west of the river. Parishes and counties are not currently used in ACT titles. Instead, the Districts Act 1966 divided the ACT into 18 districts:[8] Canberra Central (which includes Inner North and Inner South Canberra), Woden Valley, Belconnen, Jerrabomberra, Majura, Tuggeranong, Weston Creek, Gungahlin, Stromlo, Kowen, Hall, Coree, Paddys River, Cotter River, Tennent, Rendezvous Creek, Booth and Mount Clear. The parts of these located in Canberra itself are divided into divisions (i.e. suburbs), sections and blocks. For example, the National Library of Australia is located in Section 27, Blocks 4, 5 and 8, Division of Parkes, District of Central Canberra[9]

New South Wales[edit]

The 141 counties of New South Wales, with the original Nineteen Counties shown in pink

There are 141 counties and 7,459 parishes within New South Wales. The County of Cumberland, in which Sydney is located, has the largest population. The original Nineteen Counties were the limits of settlement in the early part of the 19th century. Legal documents describe the Lot number, Deposited Plan number, Parish and County. For example the Sydney Opera House is described as being in Lot 5 in Deposited Plan 775888 at Bennelong Point, Parish of St. James, County of Cumberland, city of Sydney[10] Note that the land administration counties are not the same as the county councils that have been used to administer water and electricity, such as the Goldenfields Water County Council.[11] or Central Tablelands County Council[12] which do not correspond with a land administration county. However, there have been some land administration counties which did have county councils: Cumberland (1945–63), Northumberland (1948–63) and Rous (1940-pres., with trading name of Rous Water[13]

Northern Territory[edit]

1886 map showing the small part of the Northern Territory near Darwin subdivided into five counties

There were only five counties in the Northern Territory, which were divided into hundreds.

Darwin is located in the Hundred of Bagot in the County of Palmerston: usually only the hundred name, not the county, is mentioned. This is divided into sections. An example of the way locations are described for Darwin is Darwin Airport listed as being in "Section 3381, Hundred of Bagot from plan LT089/067A" [14] In Alice Springs, where there are no hundreds or counties, legal documents give the lot number, town and plan number, for example "Lot 8721 Town of Alice Springs, plan(s) LTO96/016"[15]

Queensland[edit]

The 319 counties of Queensland in 1901.

There are currently 322 counties in Queensland, subdivided into 5,319 parishes.[16] In the 19th century there were 109 counties, which were later divided into 319 in 1901. The counties which contain the largest population are those on the east coast with the County of Stanley containing Brisbane; the County of Ward containing the Gold Coast and the County of Canning containing Caboolture. Several of these were counties in New South Wales before Queensland became a separate colony in 1859. Legal documents list the Lot number, Registered Plan number, County and Parish. For instance, government land near the Brisbane Cricket Ground described as "Lot 2 on Registered Plan B31553, County of Stanley, Parish of South Brisbane".[17] In 2006, the Queensland Department of Natural Resources, Mines and Water was considering abolishing Counties and Parishes and using only Lot and Plan numbers to identify parcels of land.[18]

South Australia[edit]

The 45 counties of South Australia in 1893; later 4 more were proclaimed

There are 49 counties in South Australia, mostly in the south-east part of the state. All except 3 of the counties are subdivided into a total of 535 Hundreds. 5 further Hundreds proclaimed between 1853 and 1860 were annulled in 1870. Additionally, 10 Hundreds with names of German origin were renamed after Allied commanders or battles in 1918, 8 of these 10 had been slated for renaming in 1916, but the Aboriginal names suggested at the time were rejected. At various times 3 other Hundred names were proposed but never adopted. All 561 (535+5+10+8+3) current, obsolete or proposed Hundred names are listed in South Australia's official online gazetteer Placenames Online.[19] The city of Adelaide is located in the Hundred of Adelaide in the County of Adelaide. The County of Adelaide held at least 60% of South Australia's population between 1855 and 1921; the figure rose to 70.6% in 1966.[20] All of the existing counties had been proclaimed by 1900, except for Le Hunte (proclaimed 1908), Bosanquet (proclaimed 1913), and Hore-Ruthven (proclaimed 1933).[21] Parcels of land in most residential areas are identified with the Deposited Plan or Filed Plan number with an allotment number, for example: "Allotment 20 in Deposited Plan (DP) 11270".[22] In many rural areas and historically in residential areas, land is described with the Section number, hundred and county, for example "Section 53, Hundred of Borda, County of Carnarvon",[23] or the allotment number within government towns.[24] Sometimes a combination is used, such as "allotment 1 (DP 25326), Hundred of Munno Para".[25] Often only the hundred name is used,[26] not the county, as each hundred has a unique name making the county name redundant.

Tasmania[edit]

The 18 land districts (formerly counties) on the island of Tasmania

Tasmania is divided into 20 land districts, subdivided into 480 parishes. These include the former 18 counties, which were renamed land districts[when?] and retained the same borders. In addition Flinders Island and King Island are now also districts. In the nineteenth and early twentieth century Tasmania had 18 counties. The original counties were divide into hundreds (containing four parishes) but this distinction was seldom observed .[27] Legal documents list Lot numbers, Plan numbers, Parishes and Land Districts. For example "Lot No. 2 on Plan No. P.14486, Parish of Sorell, Land District of Pembroke" [28]

Victoria[edit]

37 counties of Victoria
Main article: Counties of Victoria

The counties of Victoria were gazetted in stages between 1849 and 1871. There are 37 counties, roughly 40 x 40 miles in size, which are further divided into 2914[29] parishes. The parishes were subdivided into sections of various sizes for sale as farming allotments, or designated as a town and then divided into sections and these subdivided into crown allotments. However many parishes in Victoria do not follow the county borders, some being located in more than one county, unlike in New South Wales. The county with the largest population is the County of Bourke, which contains Melbourne. Legal documents can describe the County, Parish, Township (if there is one), Section, Crown Allotment number, and Certified Plan number.[30] For example: "County of Dalhousie, Parish of Lauriston, being 2 hectares, being Crown Allotment 2, Section 40"[31] or "Parish of Ballarat, County of Grant.. Crown Allotment 29, Section 101, Township of Ballarat East.. as shown on Certified Plan No. 105127" [32]

Western Australia[edit]

Map of the 80 land districts of Western Australia in 1909

At the start of the 20th century, Western Australia had six land divisions which cover the whole state, divided into 80 land districts. The land districts were further subdivided into locations and lots. Western Australia also had 26 counties, all located in the south-west corner of the state, around Perth. The counties were designated in 1829, the year of the foundation of the Swan River Colony, with Governor Stirling instructing that counties were to be approximately 40 miles square (1,600 square miles). The counties appear on some nineteenth century maps of Australia along with counties in other states,[33][34] however it was the land districts which were used for cadastral purposes, and were the equivalent of the counties used in the eastern states. Around the end of the twentieth century, legal documents usually wrote them in the order: land district, location, number. For example: "Swan Location 2301".[35] These are further divided into lots. More recently, Western Australia uses only the lot and deposited plan numbers, such as "Lot 853 on Deposited Plan 222626".[36]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cadastral systems within Australia
  2. ^ National Library of Australia, Cadastral maps
  3. ^ New South Wales Parish map preservation project
  4. ^ Founding Documents, National Archives of Australia, Colonel Collins' Commission 14 January 1803
  5. ^ State Records NSW, Archives Investigator, Commissioners for Apportioning the Territory
  6. ^ New country and rail road map of New South Wales [cartographic material] : showing rail roads, coach roads, cities, towns &c. 1887. MAP RM 1975.
  7. ^ Burrinjuck Electoral District Profile
  8. ^ ACT map, ACT Planning and Land Authority
  9. ^ ACT Heritage Register Suburbs, ACT Department of Territory and Municipal Services
  10. ^ Australia's World Heritage, Sydney Opera House, Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts
  11. ^ Goldenfields Water County Council
  12. ^ Central Tablelands County Council
  13. ^ Lismore Source newsletter, Dec. 2004 Who is Rous Water?)
  14. ^ Federal Register of Legislative Instruments
  15. ^ alicesprings.nt.gov.au PAWA EASEMENT EXTINGUISHMENT & CREATION — LOT 8721
  16. ^ Queensland government, Cadastral mapping
  17. ^ Brisbane Cricket Ground Bill 1993
  18. ^ Ipswich city council media release Plan to change Queensland's land title system
  19. ^ http://www.placenames.sa.gov.au/pno/index.jsf select 'feature type' = hundred, click 'search'
  20. ^ Atlas South Australia
  21. ^ The Hundreds of South Australia; shows the proclamation date of counties
  22. ^ City of Onkaparinga, Minutes of the Operations Committee Meeting, 20 September 2005
  23. ^ Votes and Proceedings of the House of Assembly, Parliament.sa.gov.au, Tuesday 15 October 2002
  24. ^ Finding plans for a parcel of land, Land Services South Australia
  25. ^ NATURAL GAS AUTHORITY ACT 1967 - SCHEDULE 2, South Australian Consolidated Acts, Austlii
  26. ^ NATIONAL PARKS AND WILDLIFE ACT 1972 - SCHEDULE 4, Austlii
  27. ^ Tasmanian electoral commission, Pembroke
  28. ^ AIRPORTS REGULATIONS (AMENDMENT) 1998 No. 51 - SCHEDULE, Austlii
  29. ^ landata.vic.gov.au, Crown Land Status Online
  30. ^ Crown Survey Requirements, land.vic.gov.au
  31. ^ LAND (MISCELLANEOUS) BILL 2004
  32. ^ Ballarat (Sovereign Hill) Land Act 1970. Act No. 7955/1970
  33. ^ Australasia 1882 Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (Great Britain). Committee of General Literature and Education. NLA MAP RM 941.
  34. ^ Australia 1873 Bartholomew, John, 1831-1893. NLA MAP T 148
  35. ^ City of Perth Restructuring Act 1993 - Sect 32
  36. ^ Electoral District Boundaries, technical descriptions, Boundarieswa.com, 4 August 2003

External links[edit]


Category:Subdivisions of Australia Category:Land surveying systems Category:Parishes Category:Lands administrative divisions of Australia

Rangpur Division Rajshahi Division Khulna Division Mymensingh Division Dhaka Division Barisal Division Sylhet Division Chittagong DivisionA clickable map of Bangladesh exhibiting its divisions.
About this image
National emblem of Bangladesh.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Bangladesh

The administration of Bangladesh is divided into seven major regions called divisions (Bengali: বিভাগ bibhag). Each division is named after the major city within its jurisdiction that also serves as the administrative headquarters of that division. Each division is further split into several districts (Bengali: জেলা jela) which are then further sub-divided into Upazilas.


History[edit]

Following the independence of Bangladesh in 1971, the country had four divisions: Chittagong Division, Dacca Division, Khulna Division and Rajshahi Division. In 1983, the English spelling of the Dacca Division (along with the name of the capital city) was changed into Dhaka to more closely match the Bengali pronunciation. In 1993, Barisal Division was split off from Khulna Division; in 1998, Sylhet Division was split off from Chittagong Division; and in 2010 (25 January), Rangpur Division was split off from Rajshahi Division, this latest creation consisting of the Rangpur and Dinajpur areas. In terms of area the newly formed Rangpur Division ranked fifth followed by Barisal and Sylhet division.[1] In 2015 there started process to create three more divisions.

Overview of divisions[edit]

The following table outlines some key statistics about the seven divisions of Bangladesh as found in the 2011 Population and Housing Census conducted by the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Division Bengali Population [2] Area (km2)[2] Population density
2011 (people/km2)[2]
Sex ratio (males
per 100 females)[2]
1991 2001 2011 (census)
Barisal Division বরিশাল 7,462,643 8,173,718 8,325,666 13,225.20 613 96.8
Chittagong Division চট্টগ্রাম 20,522,908 24,290,384 28,423,019 33,908.55 831 96.1
Dhaka Division ঢাকা 32,665,975 39,044,716 47,424,418 31,177.74 1,502 103.9
Khulna Division খুলনা 12,688,383 14,705,223 15,687,759 22,284.22 699 100
Rajshahi Division রাজশাহী 14,212,065 16,354,723 18,484,858 18,153.08 1,007 100.4
Rangpur Division রংপুর 11,997,979 13,847,150 15,787,758 16,184.99 960 99.8
Sylhet Division সিলেট 6,765,039 7,939,343 9,910,219 12,635.22 779 99.1
Totals 07 106,314,992 124,355,263 149,772,364 147,569.06 964


Proposed divisions[edit]

Three more divisions have been proposed to ease down administrative work load due to population increase:[3][4][5]

  • Comilla Division (কুমিল্লা Comilla) - proposed to consist six northwestern districts of the existing Chittagong Division, formerly known as Comilla Region.
  • Faridpur Division (ফরিদপুর Faridpur) - proposed to consist five southern districts of the existing Dhaka Division; and
  • Mymensingh Division (ময়মনসিংহ Moymonsing) - proposed to consist six northern districts of the existing Dhaka Division. The Proposed Division was established as a Mymensingh district by the British in 1787. Later, it was reorganized in two phases into six districts.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Divisions of Bangladesh". Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d "2011 Population & Housing Census: Preliminary Results" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 12 January 2012. 
  3. ^ "3 new divisions to be formed". Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  4. ^ "ময়মনসিংহ বিভাগ গঠনে কাজ শুরুর নির্দেশ প্রধানমন্ত্রীর". Retrieved 26 January 2015. 
  5. ^ "Mymensingh to become new division". Retrieved 26 January 2015. 
  6. ^ Historical Dictionary of the Bengalis. Scarecrow Press. Retrieved 2015-01-26. 


Category:Subdivisions of Bangladesh Bangladesh, Divisions Bangladesh 1 Divisions, Bangladesh Category:Bangladesh geography-related lists


The Old Testament[edit]

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2 mat The Sunday at Home 1880 - Psalm 23.jpg
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2 ma Gospels Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
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4 juan Gospels Sangiovannievangelista.jpg
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7 acts - Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
8 acts - Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
9 acts - Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
10 acts -
11 acts -
12 acts epistolas pablo
13 acts epistolas pablo
14 acts epistolas pablo
1 romanos epistolas generales Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
2 acts - Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
3 acts - Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
4 acts - Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
5 acts - Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
6 acts - Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
7 acts - Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
1 F apocalipsis Whore of Babylon.jpg


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