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Notes to self: Follow ups[edit]

-- Beland (talk) 03:05, 6 May 2019 (UTC)


MOS compliance[edit]

insource:/[^C]{30}°F[^\|\}][^C]{15}/ insource:/ ?° [CF]/ insource:/°[^FC]/

Political correctness holding area[edit]


For reasons of inclusivity of specific racial or religious groups:

For political reasons:

Offensive to conservative viewpoints:

  • Criticism of the character of military servicepersons[1]

Sometimes the use of particular language is politically controversial, such as a place name that favors one side or another in a territorial dispute. If there are egalitarian or human rights concerns associated with the controversy, liberal speakers can have a strong preferences for one term. For example, calling the country Burma instead of Myanmar might be a way of expressing solidarity with the Burmese people or opposition to the military government that ruled from 1962 to 2011 and which changed the name of the country. Referring to the city as Bombay rather than Mumbai might be considered to carry an air of colonialism, since "Bombay" is the Anglicised version used by English colonizers, whereas "Mumbai" is used in several indigenous languages. The use of the term "Native American" is popular because it emphasizes the status of being born in the Americas before Europeans, and because avoids the term "Indian" which was bestowed when Europeans who colonized and enslaved the indigenous people were confused as to whether or not they had arrived in Indies. (See Native American name controversy.)

Humor, especially insult humor and political humor, sometimes involves remarks that some people consider offensive. Depending on the context (for example, a comedy show vs. a workplace), the audience, the thoughtfulness of the comedy, and the specific implications or potential hurtfulness inflicted, such remarks may be received in good fun or may be seen as objectionable and "crossing the line".[2]

Social media have enabled people who want to criticize people who make "politically incorrect" remarks to do so immediately and directly.[2] One extreme example of online shaming of such comments is the Justine Sacco incident, in which a joke about AIDS in Africa posted before takeoff resulted in Justine Sacco losing her job by the time she landed.

Specific controversies related to political correctness include:

Any remarks seen as favoring a specific position on a controversial topic (such as abortion, gun rights, same-sex marriage, immigration) might be condemned by opponents of that position. For politicians, this can present worries about election or re-election if the constituency generally opposes the position or the votes of moderates are important. For businesses, this could result in a boycott. Such remarks might be termed "politically incorrect" in the sense that they are politically unacceptable to an important faction. Some of these positions or issues have been called the third rail of politics - anyone touching them is metaphorically electrocuted.

   Political correctness


   Code word (figure of speech)
   Collateral damage
   Color-blind casting
   Common Era
   Cosmic Trigger III: My Life After Death
   Cultural appropriation


   Damning with faint praise
   Deutsche Physik
   Diversity (politics)
   Diversity training


   Elephant in the room


   Family values
   Freedom fries
   Freedom of thought




   Hate speech
   Hypatia transracialism controversy


   Ideological repression
   Inclusive language




   Language and thought
   Language ideology
   Language politics
   Linguistic prescription
   List of politically motivated renamings
   Loony left




   Pavlovian session
   People-first language
   The Perils of "Privilege"
   Political insult
   Political socialization
   Post-racial America
   The Problem with a Poo


   Rakem Balogun
   Removal of Confederate monuments and memorials
   Reparations (website)
   Respect diversity


   Safe space
   Snowflake (slang)
   Social engineering (political science)
   Speech code
   Spinning into Butter (film)
   Suppressed research in the Soviet Union


   Thought-terminating cliché




HTML entities - Guidelines[edit]

Characters to avoid |
Avoid Instead use Note
(…) ... (i.e. 3 periods) See MOS:ELLIPSIS.
Unicode Roman numerals like Latin letters equivalent (I II i ii)
Unicode fractions like ¼ ½ ¾ ⁄ {{frac}}, {{sfrac}} See MOS:FRAC.
Unicode subscripts and superscripts like ¹ <sup></sup> <sub></sub> See WP:SUPSCRIPT. In article titles, use {{DISPLAYTITLE:...}} combined with <sup></sup> or <sub></sub> as appropriate.
µ (&micro;) μ (&mu;) See MOS:NUM#Specific units
Ligatures like Æ æ Œ œ Separate letters (AE ae OE oe) Generally avoid except in proper names and text in languages in which they are standard. See MOS:LIGATURES.
(&sum;) (&#8719;) (&horbar;) Σ (&Sigma;) Π (&Pi;) (&mdash;) (Not to be confused with \sum and \prod, which are used within <math> blocks.)
(&lsquo;) (&rsquo;) (&sbquo;) (&ldquo;) (&rdquo;) (&bdquo;) ´ (&acute;) (&prime;) (&Prime;) ` (&#96;) Straight quotes (" and ') These characters are used in mathematical notation; elsewhere use straight quotes. See MOS:QUOTEMARKS.
(&lsaquo;) (&rsaquo;) « (&lsaquo;) » (&rsaquo;) Use &lang; and &rang; for math notation. In foreign quotations normalize angle quote marks to straight, per MOS:CONFORM.
&ensp; &emsp; &thinsp; &hairsp; Normal space These are sometimes used for precision positioning in templates but rarely in prose, where non-breaking (&nbsp;) and regular spaces are normally sufficient.
In vertical lists

(&bull;) · (&middot;) (&sdot;)

* Proper wiki markup should be used to create vertical lists. See HELP:LIST#List basics.
&zwj; &zwnj; see note Used in certain foreign-language words, see zero-width joiner/zero-width non-joiner. Should be avoided elsewhere.
Potentially confusing or technically problematic characters |
Category coded form (direct form) Notes
Miscellany &amp; (&) &lt; (<) &gt; (>) &#91; ([) &#93; (]) &apos; (') &#124; (|) Use these characters directly in general, unless they interfere with HTML or wiki markup. Apostrophes and pipe symbols can alternatively be coded with {{'}} and {{!}}. See also character-substitution templates and WP:ENCODE.
Greek letters &Alpha; (Α) &Beta; (Β) &Epsilon; (Ε) &Zeta; (Ζ) &Eta; (Η) &Iota; (Ι) &Kappa; (Κ) &Mu; (Μ) &Nu; (Ν) &Omicron; (Ο) &Rho; (Ρ) &Tau; (Τ) &Upsilon; (Υ) &Chi; (Χ) &kappa; (κ) &omicron; (ο) &rho; (ρ) In isolation, use coded forms to avoid confusion with similar-looking Latin letters; in a Greek word or text, use the direct characters.
Quotes &lsquo; () &rsquo; () &sbquo; () &ldquo; () &rdquo; () &bdquo; () &acute; (´) &prime; () &Prime; () &#96; (`) Can be confused with straight quotes (" and ') and with one another.
Dashes, minuses, hyphens &ndash; () &mdash; () &minus; () - (hyphen) &shy; (soft hyphen) Can be confused with one another. For dashes and minuses, both forms are used (as well as {{endash}} and {{emdash}}). Soft hyphens should always be coded with the HTML entity or template. Plain hyphens are usually direct, though at times {{hyphen}} may be preferable (e.g. Help:CS1#Pages). See MOS:DASH, MOS:SHY, and MOS:MINUS for guidelines.
Whitespace &nbsp; &emsp; &ensp; &thinsp; &hairsp; &zwj; &zwnj; In direct form these are nearly impossible to distinguish from a normal space. See also MOS:NBSP.
Non-printing &lrm; &rlm; In direct form these are nearly impossible to identify. See MOS:RTL.
Mathematics-related &times; (×) &and; () &or; () &lang; () &rang; () Can be confused with x ^ v < >. In some cases TeX markup is preferred to Unicode characters; see MOS:FORMULA. × is used in article titles, and for hybrid species.
Dots &sdot; () &middot; (·) &bull; () Can be confused with one another. Interpuncts (&middot;) are common in horizontal lists and to indicate syllables in words. Multiplication dots (&sdot;) are used for math.

Preliminary consensus seems to be to:

  • Fix broken HTML entities
  • Convert "characters to avoid" in the first table above
  • Convert numerical HTML entity references to named entities if available, or (preferably, if printable) actual characters
  • Convert letters with diacritics if based on Latin alphabet, from HTML entities to characters
  • Convert Greek letters from HTML entities to characters in Greek words
  • Keep combining characters as HTML entities; they are too difficult to edit as themselves
  • Keep whitespace characters as HTML entities; they are too difficult to edit as themselves (but mostly they get dropped or converted to regular spaces)
  • Leave scientific symbols and Greek letters in STEM articles (these are controversial; some people want to eliminate them and others want to keep at least some of them)

New guideline for non-English quotations:

HTML entities - Notes on listings[edit]

The "find all" links are live (and thus probably better to use in most cases) and the articles listed and counted are slightly out of date. The "find all" links may also find more than the counted and listed articles, both because moss ignores certain areas of text and because it ignores cases like "AT&T;" (& in the middle of a series of capital letters).


  • "&c" should probably be written "etc." (see Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Abbreviations § Shortenings).
  • Problems are reported on this page as all lowercase, but the problem on the page itself may have different capitalization. For example, &Amp will be reported here as &amp. Because HTML entities are case sensititve, &Amp is an error even though &amp is allowed.

Handy references:

HTML entities - manual fixes[edit]

Unconfusing math symbols on edit bar[edit]


HTML entities - auto generated - 2019-07-01 dump[edit]

Worst articles[edit]

Controversial entities[edit]

Greek letters[edit]

To avoid[edit]

Uncontroversial entities[edit]


Unknown numerical: Latin range[edit]

Unknown med numerical[edit]

Unknown high numerical[edit]