User:Bluedogtn/Sandbox Wimbledon Women

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Martina Navratilova is a nine time champion, which is most all-time amongst men or women, and the most in the Open Era at any slam event.

The Championships, Wimbledon is an annual tennis tournament created in 1877 and played on outdoor grass courts[a][b][1] at the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club (AELTC) in the Wimbledon suburb of London, United Kingdom.[2] The Ladies' Singles was started in 1884.[3] Wimbledon is played in the last week of June and the first week of July, and has been chronologically the third of the four Grand Slam tournaments of the tennis season since 1987.[2] The event was not held from 1915 to 1918 because of World War I and again from 1940 to 1945 because of World War II.[4]

The Ladies' Singles' rules have undergone several changes since the first edition. From 1884 until 1921, the event started with a knockout phase, the All Comers' Singles, whose winner then faced the defending champion in a challenge round. The All Comers' winner was automatically awarded the title six times (1887, 1891, 1895, 1907, 1908) in the absence of the previous year's champion. The challenge round system was abolished with the 1922 edition.[5] Since the first championships, all matches have been played at the best-of-three sets. Between 1884 and 1883, the winner of the next game at five games – all took the set in every match except the All Comers' final, and the challenge round, which were won with six games and a two games advantage. All sets were decided in this advantage format from 1884 to 1970.[5] The lingering death best-of-12 points tie-break was introduced in 1971 for the first two sets, played at eight games – all until 1978 and at six games – all since 1979.[5][6][7]

The Ladies' Singles champion receives a sterling silver salver commonly known as the "Venus Rosewater Dish", or simply the "Rosewater Dish". The salver, which is 18.75 inches (about 48 cm) in diameter, is decorated with figures from mythology.[8] New singles champions are traditionally elected honorary members of the AELTC by the club's committee.[c][9] In 2009, the Gentlemen's Singles winner received prize money of £850,000.[10] These records include the Amateur Era only, Dorothea Douglass Lambert Chambers (1903–1904, 1906, 1910–1911, 1913–1914) holds the record for most titles, with seven, and Lottie Dod (1891–1893) and Suzanne Lenglen (1919&ndash1921) holds the record for most consecutive wins in the Ladies' Singles during the challenge round era, with three victories each. The record for most consecutive and most wins post challenge round during the Amateur Era is Helen Wills Moody (1927–1930), with four straight wins, and Moody holds the record for most victories in this era with eight (1927–1930, 1932–1933, 1935, 1938).[4] These records only include the Open Era, Martina Navratilova (1978–1979, 1982–1987, 1990) holds the record in the Open-Era with nine victories. Navratilova holds the record in the Open-Era with six consecutive victories (1982–1987).[4]

Champions[edit]

Regular competition
All Comers' winner, Challenge round winner ‡
Defending champion, Challenge round winner †
All Comers' winner, no Challenge round ◊

Amateur era[edit]

A brown haired women in a black jacket and white shirt
Billie Jean King is a six-time champion overall and a four-time champion in the open era.
Year[d] Country Champion # Country Runner-up Score in the final[4]
1884  BRI[e] Watson, MaudMaud Watson †  BRI Watson, LillianLillian Watson 6–8, 6–3, 6–3
1885  BRI Watson, MaudMaud Watson † 2  BRI Bingley Hillyard, BlancheBlanche Bingley Hillyard 6–1, 7–5
1886  BRI Bingley Hillyard, BlancheBlanche Bingley Hillyard †  BRI Watson, MaudMaud Watson 6–3, 6–3
1887  BRI Dod, LottieLottie Dod ◊  BRI Bingley Hillyard, BlancheBlanche Bingley Hillyard 6–2, 6–0
1888  BRI Dod, LottieLottie Dod ‡ 2  BRI Bingley Hillyard, BlancheBlanche Bingley Hillyard 6–3, 6–3
1889  BRI Bingley Hillyard, BlancheBlanche Bingley Hillyard ‡ 2  BRI Rice, LenaLena Rice 4–6, 8–6, 6–4
1890  BRI Rice, LenaLena Rice ‡  BRI Jacks, MayMay Jacks 6–4, 6–1
1891  BRI Dod, LottieLottie Dod ◊ 3  BRI Bingley Hillyard, BlancheBlanche Bingley Hillyard 6–2, 6–1
1892  BRI Dod, LottieLottie Dod † 4  BRI Bingley Hillyard, BlancheBlanche Bingley Hillyard 6–1, 6–1
1893  BRI Dod, LottieLottie Dod ‡ 5  BRI Bingley Hillyard, BlancheBlanche Bingley Hillyard 6–8, 6–1, 6–4
1894  BRI Bingley Hillyard, BlancheBlanche Bingley Hillyard † 3  BRI Austin, EdithEdith Austin 6–1, 6–1
1895  BRI Cooper Sterry, CharlotteCharlotte Cooper Sterry ◊  BRI Jackson, HelenHelen Jackson 7–5, 8–6
1896  BRI Cooper Sterry, CharlotteCharlotte Cooper Sterry ‡ 2  BRI Simpson-Pickering, AliceAlice Simpson-Pickering 6–2, 6–3
1897  BRI Bingley Hillyard, BlancheBlanche Bingley Hillyard ‡ 4  BRI Cooper Sterry, CharlotteCharlotte Cooper Sterry 5–7, 7–5, 6–2
1898  BRI Cooper Sterry, CharlotteCharlotte Cooper Sterry † 3  BRI Martin, LouiseLouise Martin 6–4, 6–4
1899  BRI Bingley Hillyard, BlancheBlanche Bingley Hillyard † 5  BRI Cooper Sterry, CharlotteCharlotte Cooper Sterry 6–2, 6–3
1900  BRI Bingley Hillyard, BlancheBlanche Bingley Hillyard † 6  BRI Cooper Sterry, CharlotteCharlotte Cooper Sterry 4–6, 6–4, 6–4
1901  BRI Cooper Sterry, CharlotteCharlotte Cooper Sterry ‡ 4  BRI Bingley Hillyard, BlancheBlanche Bingley Hillyard 6–2, 6–2
1902  BRI Robb, MurielMuriel Robb ‡  BRI Cooper Sterry, CharlotteCharlotte Cooper Sterry 7–5, 6–1
1903  BRI Douglass Lambert Chambers, DorotheaDorothea Douglass Lambert Chambers †  BRI Thomson Larcombe, EthelEthel Thomson Larcombe 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
1904  BRI Douglass Lambert Chambers, DorotheaDorothea Douglass Lambert Chambers † 2  BRI Cooper Sterry, CharlotteCharlotte Cooper Sterry 6–0, 6–3
1905  USA Sutton Bundy, MayMay Sutton Bundy †  BRI Douglass Lambert Chambers, DorotheaDorothea Douglass Lambert Chambers 6–3, 6–4
1906  BRI Douglass Lambert Chambers, DorotheaDorothea Douglass Lambert Chambers † 3  USA Sutton Bundy, MayMay Sutton Bundy 6–3, 9–7
1907  USA Sutton Bundy, MayMay Sutton Bundy ◊ 2  BRI Douglass Lambert Chambers, DorotheaDorothea Douglass Lambert Chambers 6–1, 6–4
1908  BRI Cooper Sterry, CharlotteCharlotte Cooper Sterry ◊ 5  BRI Morton, AgnesAgnes Morton 6–4, 6–4
1909  BRI Boothby, DoraDora Boothby †  BRI Morton, AgnesAgnes Morton 6–4, 4–6, 8–6
1910  BRI Douglass Lambert Chambers, DorotheaDorothea Douglass Lambert Chambers ‡ 4  BRI Boothby, DoraDora Boothby 6–2, 6–2
1911  BRI Douglass Lambert Chambers, DorotheaDorothea Douglass Lambert Chambers † 5  BRI Boothby, DoraDora Boothby 6–0, 6–0
1912  BRI Thomson Larcombe, EthelEthel Thomson Larcombe †  BRI Cooper Sterry, CharlotteCharlotte Cooper Sterry 6–3, 6–1
1913  BRI Douglass Lambert Chambers, DorotheaDorothea Douglass Lambert Chambers † 6  BRI McNair, WinifredWinifred McNair 6–0, 6–4
1914  BRI Douglass Lambert Chambers, DorotheaDorothea Douglass Lambert Chambers ‡ 7  BRI Thomson Larcombe, EthelEthel Thomson Larcombe 7–5, 6–4
1915 no competition World War I
1916 no competition World War I
1917 no competition World War I
1918 no competition World War I
1919  FRA Lenglen, SuzanneSuzanne Lenglen ‡  BRI Douglass Lambert Chambers, DorotheaDorothea Douglass Lambert Chambers 10–8, 4–6, 9–7
1920  FRA Lenglen, SuzanneSuzanne Lenglen ‡ 2  BRI Douglass Lambert Chambers, DorotheaDorothea Douglass Lambert Chambers 6–3, 6–0
1921  FRA Lenglen, SuzanneSuzanne Lenglen † 3  USA Ryan, ElizabethElizabeth Ryan 6–2, 6–0
1922  FRA Lenglen, SuzanneSuzanne Lenglen 4  USA Bjurstedt Mallory, MollaMolla Bjurstedt Mallory 6–2, 6–0
1923  FRA Lenglen, SuzanneSuzanne Lenglen 5  GBR McKane Godfree, KittyKitty McKane Godfree 6–2, 6–2
1924  GBR McKane Godfree, KittyKitty McKane Godfree  USA Wills Moody, HelenHelen Wills Moody 4–6, 6–4, 6–4
1925  FRA Lenglen, SuzanneSuzanne Lenglen 6  GBR Fry Lakeman, JoanJoan Fry Lakeman 6–2, 6–0
1926  GBR McKane Godfree, KittyKitty McKane Godfree 2  ESP de Álvarez, LilíLilí de Álvarez 6–2, 4–6, 6–3
1927  USA Wills Moody, HelenHelen Wills Moody  ESP de Álvarez, LilíLilí de Álvarez 6–2, 6–4
1928  USA Wills Moody, HelenHelen Wills Moody 2  ESP de Álvarez, LilíLilí de Álvarez 6–2, 6–3
1929  USA Wills Moody, HelenHelen Wills Moody 3  USA Jacobs, HelenHelen Jacobs 6–1, 6–2
1930  USA Wills Moody, HelenHelen Wills Moody 4  USA Ryan, ElizabethElizabeth Ryan 6–2, 6–2
1931  GER Aussem, CillyCilly Aussem  GER Krahwinkel Sperling, HildeHilde Krahwinkel Sperling 6–2, 7–5
1932  USA Wills Moody, HelenHelen Wills Moody 5  USA Jacobs, HelenHelen Jacobs 6–3, 6–1
1933  USA Wills Moody, HelenHelen Wills Moody 6  GBR Round Little, DorothyDorothy Round Little 6–4, 6–8, 6–3
1934  GBR Round Little, DorothDoroth Round Little  USA Jacobs, HelenHelen Jacobs 6–2, 5–7, 6–3
1935  USA Wills Moody, HelenHelen Wills Moody 7  USA Jacobs, HelenHelen Jacobs 6–3, 3–6, 7–5
1936  USA Jacobs, HelenHelen Jacobs  DEN Krahwinkel Sperling, HildeHilde Krahwinkel Sperling 6–2, 4–6, 7–5
1937  GBR Round Little, DorothyDorothy Round Little 2  POL Jędrzejowska, JadwigaJadwiga Jędrzejowska 6–2, 2–6, 7–5
1938  USA Wills Moody, HelenHelen Wills Moody 8  USA Jacobs, HelenHelen Jacobs 6–4, 6–0
1939  USA Marble, AliceAlice Marble  GBR Stammers Bullitt, KayKay Stammers Bullitt 6–2, 6–0
1940 no competition World War II
1941 no competition World War II
1942 no competition World War II
1943 no competition World War II
1944 no competition World War II
1945 no competition World War II
1946  USA Betz Addie, PaulinePauline Betz Addie  USA Brough Clapp, LouiseLouise Brough Clapp 6–2, 6–4
1947  USA Osborne duPont, MargaretMargaret Osborne duPont  USA Hart, DorisDoris Hart 6–2, 6–4
1948  USA Brough Clapp, LouiseLouise Brough Clapp  USA Hart, DorisDoris Hart 6–3, 8–6
1949  USA Brough Clapp, LouiseLouise Brough Clapp 2  USA Osborne duPont, MargaretMargaret Osborne duPont 10–8, 1–6, 10–8
1950  USA Brough Clapp, LouiseLouise Brough Clapp 3  USA Osborne duPont, MargaretMargaret Osborne duPont 6–1, 3–6, 6–1
1951  USA Hart, DorisDoris Hart  USA Fry Irvin, ShirleyShirley Fry Irvin 6–1, 6–0
1952  USA Connolly Brinker, MaureenMaureen Connolly Brinker  USA Brough Clapp, LouiseLouise Brough Clapp 6–4, 6–3
1953  USA Connolly Brinker, MaureenMaureen Connolly Brinker 2  USA Hart, DorisDoris Hart 8–6, 7–5
1954  USA Connolly Brinker, MaureenMaureen Connolly Brinker 3  USA Brough Clapp, LouiseLouise Brough Clapp 6–2, 7–5
1955  USA Brough Clapp, LouiseLouise Brough Clapp 4  USA Baker Fleitz, BeverlyBeverly Baker Fleitz 7–5, 8–6
1956  USA Fry Irvin, ShirleyShirley Fry Irvin  GBR Buxton, AngelaAngela Buxton 6–3, 6–1
1957  USA Gibson, AltheaAlthea Gibson  USA Hard, DarleneDarlene Hard 6–3, 6–2
1958  USA Gibson, AltheaAlthea Gibson 2  GBR Mortimer, AngelaAngela Mortimer 8–6, 6–2
1959  BRA Bueno, MariaMaria Bueno  USA Hard, DarleneDarlene Hard 6–4 6–3
1960  BRA Bueno, MariaMaria Bueno 2  ZAF Reynolds Price, SandraSandra Reynolds Price 8–6, 6–0
1961  GBR Mortimer Barrett, AngelaAngela Mortimer Barrett  GBR Truman Janes, ChristineChristine Truman Janes 4–6, 6–4, 7–5
1962  USA Hantze Susman, KarenKaren Hantze Susman  CZE SGBRová, VěraVěra SGBRová 6–4, 6–4
1963  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court  USA King, Billie JeanBillie Jean King 6–3, 6–4
1964  BRA Bueno, MariaMaria Bueno 3  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court 6–4, 7–9, 6–3
1965  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court 2  BRA Bueno, MariaMaria Bueno 6–4, 7–5
1966  USA King, Billie JeanBillie Jean King  BRA Bueno, MariaMaria Bueno 6–3, 3–6, 6–1
1967  USA Jean King, BillieBillie Jean King 2  GBR Haydon Jones, AnnAnn Haydon Jones 6–3, 6–4

Open era[edit]

A blond-haired women wearing a white shirt
Steffi Graf is a seven-time champion over a nine year period.
A black woman is serving the ball, and is wearing a white sleeveless top and blue skirt
Venus Williams is a five time champion.
File:Chris-evert-lloyd.jpg
American Chris Evert won three titles.
A black woman wearing a white ensemble
Serena Williams is a three time champion.
Year[d] Country Champion # Country Runner-up Score in the final[4]
1968  USA King, Billie JeanBillie Jean King (3)  AUS Tegart Dalton, JudyJudy Tegart Dalton 9–7, 7–5
1969  GBR Haydon Jones, AnnAnn Haydon Jones  USA King, Billie JeanBillie Jean King 3–6, 6–3, 6–2
1970  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court (3)  USA King, Billie JeanBillie Jean King 14–12, 11–9
1971  AUS Goolagong Cawley, EvonneEvonne Goolagong Cawley  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court 6–4, 6–1
1972  USA King, Billie JeanBillie Jean King 2 (4)  AUS Goolagong Cawley, EvonneEvonne Goolagong Cawley 6–3, 6–3
1973  USA King, Billie JeanBillie Jean King 3 (5)  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert 6–0, 7–5
1974  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert  Soviet Union Morozova, OlgaOlga Morozova 6–0, 6–4
1975  USA King, Billie JeanBillie Jean King 4 (6)  AUS Goolagong Cawley, EvonneEvonne Goolagong Cawley 6–0, 6–1
1976  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert 2  AUS Goolagong Cawley, EvonneEvonne Goolagong Cawley 6–3, 4–6, 8–6
1977  GBR Wade, VirginiaVirginia Wade  NED Stöve, BettyBetty Stöve 4–6, 6–3, 6–1
1978  USA Navrátilová, MartinaMartina Navrátilová[11]  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert 2–6, 6–4, 7–5
1979  USA Navrátilová, MartinaMartina Navrátilová 2  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert 6–4, 6–4
1980  AUS Goolagong Cawley, EvonneEvonne Goolagong Cawley 2  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert 6–1, 7–6(7–4)
1981  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert 3  TCH Mandlíková, HanaHana Mandlíková 6–2, 6–2
1982  USA Navrátilová, MartinaMartina Navrátilová 3  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert 6–1, 3–6, 6–2
1983  USA Navrátilová, MartinaMartina Navrátilová 4  USA Jaeger, AndreaAndrea Jaeger 6–0, 6–3
1984  USA Navrátilová, MartinaMartina Navrátilová 5  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert 7–6(7–5), 6–2
1985  USA Navrátilová, MartinaMartina Navrátilová 6  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert 4–6, 6–3, 6–2
1986  USA Navrátilová, MartinaMartina Navrátilová 7  TCH Mandlíková, HanaHana Mandlíková 7–6(7–1), 6–3
1987  USA Navrátilová, MartinaMartina Navrátilová 8  FRG Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf 7–5, 6–3
1988  FRG Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf  USA Navrátilová, MartinaMartina Navrátilová 5–7, 6–2, 6–1
1989  FRG Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf 2  USA Navrátilová, MartinaMartina Navrátilová 6–2, 6–7(1–7), 6–1
1990  USA Navrátilová, MartinaMartina Navrátilová 9  USA Garrison, ZinaZina Garrison 6–4, 6–1
1991  GER Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf 3  ARG Sabatini, GabrielaGabriela Sabatini 6–4, 3–6, 8–6
1992  GER Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf 4  YUG Seles, MonicaMonica Seles 6–2, 6–1
1993  GER Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf 5  CZE Novotná, JanaJana Novotná 7–6(7–6), 1–6, 6–4
1994  ESP Martínez, ConchitaConchita Martínez  USA Navrátilová, MartinaMartina Navrátilová 6–4, 3–6, 6–3
1995  GER Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf 6  ESP Sánchez Vicario, ArantxaArantxa Sánchez Vicario 4–6, 6–1, 7–5
1996  GER Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf 7  ESP Sánchez Vicario, ArantxaArantxa Sánchez Vicario 6–3, 7–5
1997   SUI Hingis, MartinaMartina Hingis  CZE Novotná, JanaJana Novotná 2–6, 6–3, 6–3
1998  CZE Novotná, JanaJana Novotná  FRA Tauziat, NathalieNathalie Tauziat 6–4, 7–6(7–2)
1999  USA Davenport, LindsayLindsay Davenport  GER Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf 6–4, 7–5
2000  USA Williams, VenusVenus Williams  USA Davenport, LindsayLindsay Davenport 6–3, 7–6(7–3)
2001  USA Williams, VenusVenus Williams 2  BEL Henin, JustineJustine Henin 6–2, 3–6, 6–0
2002  USA Williams, SerenaSerena Williams  USA Williams, VenusVenus Williams 7–6(7–4), 6–3
2003  USA Williams, SerenaSerena Williams 2  USA Williams, VenusVenus Williams 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
2004  RUS Sharapova, MariaMaria Sharapova  USA Williams, SerenaSerena Williams 6–1, 6–4
2005  USA Williams, VenusVenus Williams 3  USA Davenport, LindsayLindsay Davenport 4–6, 7–6(7–4), 9–7
2006  FRA Mauresmo, AmélieAmélie Mauresmo  BEL Henin, JustinJustin Henin 2–6, 6–3, 6–4
2007  USA Williams, VenusVenus Williams 4  FRA Bartoli, MarionMarion Bartoli 6–4, 6–1
2008  USA Williams, VenusVenus Williams 5  USA Williams, SerenaSerena Williams 7–5, 6–4
2009  USA Williams, SerenaSerena Williams 3  USA Williams, VenusVenus Williams 7–6(7–3), 6–2

Statistics[edit]

Title defended in the challenge round
Competed in 2009 +

Multiple champions[edit]

Player Amateur Era Open Era All-time Years
 Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova (USA) 0 9 9 1978, 1979, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1990
 Wills Moody, HelenHelen Wills Moody (USA) 8 0 8 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1932, 1933, 1935, 1938
 Douglass Lambert Chambers, DorotheaDorothea Douglass Lambert Chambers (UK) 7 0 7 1903, 1904, 1906, 1910, 1911, 1913, 1914
 Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf (GER) 0 7 7 1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996
 Bingley, BlancheBlanche Bingley (UK) 6 0 6 1886, 1889, 1894, 1897, 1899, 1900
 King, Billie JeanBillie Jean King (USA) 2 4 6 1966, 1967, 1968, 1972, 1973, 1975
 Lenglen, SuzanneSuzanne Lenglen (FRA) 6 0 6 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1925
 Cooper Sterry, CharlotteCharlotte Cooper Sterry (UK) 5 0 5 1895, 1896, 1898, 1901, 1908
 Dod, LottieLottie Dod (UK) 5 0 5 1887, 1888, 1891, 1892, 1893
 Williams, VenusVenus Williams (USA) + 0 5 5 2000, 2001, 2005, 2007, 2008
 Brough Clapp, LouiseLouise Brough Clapp (USA) 4 0 4 1948, 1949, 1950, 1954
 Connolly Brinker, MaureenMaureen Connolly Brinker (USA) 3 0 3 1952, 1953, 1954
 Bueno, MariaMaria Bueno (BRA) 3 0 3 1959, 1960, 1964
 Evert, ChrisChris Evert (USA) 0 3 3 1974, 1976, 1981
 Court, MargaretMargaret Court (AUS) 2 1 3 1963, 1965, 1970
 Williams, SerenaSerena Williams (USA) + 0 3 3 2002, 2003, 2009
 Gibson, AltheaAlthea Gibson (USA) 2 0 2 1957, 1958
 McKane Godfree, KittyKitty McKane Godfree (UK) 2 0 2 1924, 1926
 Sutton Bundy, MayMay Sutton Bundy (USA) 2 0 2 1905, 1907
 Watson, MaudMaud Watson (UK) 2 0 2 1884, 1885

Champions by country[edit]

Former country ¤
Country Amateur Era Open Era All-time First title Last title
 United States (USA) 28 25 53 1905 2009
 United Kingdom (UK) 34 2 36 1884 1977
 Germany (GER) 1 7 8 1931 1996
 France (FRA) 6 1 7 1919 2006
 Australia (AUS) 2 3 5 1963 1980
 Brazil (BRA) 3 0 3 1959 1964
 Czech Republic (CZE) 0 1 1 1998 1998
 Spain (ESP) 0 1 1 1994 1994
  Switzerland (SUI) 0 1 1 1997 1997
 Russia (RUS) 0 1 1 2004 2004

Notes[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "FAQ - Grass Courts" (PDF). wimbledon.org. IBM, All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  2. ^ a b "Tournament profile - Wimbledon". atpworldtour.com. ATP Tour, Inc. Retrieved 2009-07-05. 
  3. ^ a b "About Wimbledon - History: History". wimbledon.org. IBM, All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Women's Singles Finals". wimbledon.org. IBM, All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  5. ^ a b c Barrett, John (1986). 100 Wimbledon Championships: A Celebration. Collins Willow. ISBN 978-0-00218-220-1. 
  6. ^ Roberts, John (1998-08-05). "Tennis: Fast, fan friendly - but full of faults". The Independent. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  7. ^ "Breaking with tradition". The Age. The Age Company Ltd. 2004-01-25. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  8. ^ "About Wimbledon - History: The trophies". wimbledon.org. IBM, All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  9. ^ "About Wimbledon - Behind the scenes: The All England Lawn Tennis Club". wimbledon.org. IBM, All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  10. ^ "2009 Prize Money" (PDF). wimbledon.org. IBM, All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  11. ^ http://aeltc.wimbledon.org/en_GB/about/history/rolls/ladiesroll.html
  12. ^ Harman, Neil (2009-04-22). "No more soaked strawberries - Centre Court, Wimbledon, gets a roof". The Times. Times Newspapers Ltd. Retrieved 2009-07-19. 
  13. ^ "Jolly snub for McEnroe; he's refused All-England". St. Petersburg Times. United Press International. 1981-07-10. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  14. ^ Zenilman, Avi (2009-06-24). "Back Issues: McEnroe vs. Thatcher". The New Yorker. Condé Nast Publications. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  15. ^ "History - Rolls of Honour: Country abbreviations". wimbledon.org. IBM, All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Retrieved 2009-07-17.