User:Bradallenpowell/YMCA of Montgomery, Alabama

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East YMCA, Montgomery

The YMCA in Montgomery, Alabama, was founded in 1868. Montgomery became the first city with a population of under one million to have branch locations when the East YMCA and the South YMCA both opened in 1958. The YMCA in Montgomery was long segregated; in fact, when the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) offered the YMCA a gift of $20,000 to build "a new Negro branch," the Montgomery YMCA's president, Royce Kershaw, wanted Martin Luther King, Jr., on behalf of the MIA, to sign "a document acknowledging that the organization 'is and will remain a segregated institution.'"[1] The Montgomery YMCA was desegregated only after lawsuits were filed, in 1970.[2][3]

History[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ King, Jr., Martin Luther; Clayborne Carson, Ralph Luker, Penny A. Russell (2000). The Papers of Martin Luther King, Jr: Symbol of the movement, January 1957-December 1958. U of California P. pp. 546–47. ISBN 9780520222311. 
  2. ^ Daniels, Pearl Gray (1997). The History of the Holt Street Church of Christ: And Its Role in Establishing Churches of Christ Among African Americans in Central Alabama 1928-1997. American Literary Press. p. 235. ISBN 9781561673858. 
  3. ^ Hall, Dave; Tym Burkey, Katherine M. Ramsland (2008). Into the Devil's Den: How an FBI Informant Got Inside the Aryan Nations and a Special Agent Got Him Out Alive. Random House. p. 60. ISBN 9780345496942.