User:Bradleygabe/Scott F Gilbert

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Scott F. Gilbert
Born April 1, 1949
Queens, New York, United States
Nationality American
Alma mater Wesleyan University, Johns Hopkins University, University of Wisconsin
Known for Developmental Biology, Ecological Developmental Biology, Baculum
Awards Medal of François I, Dwight J. Ingle Memorial Writing Award, Choice Outstanding Academic Book Award, John Simon Guggenheim Foundation Grant, Viktor Hamburger Prize for Excellence in Education, Kowalevsky Prize in Evolutionary Developmental Biology
Scientific career
Fields Developmental biology, Developmental genetics, Evolutionary developmental biology, History of Science, Ecological Developmental Biology, Embryology, Bioethics
Institutions Swarthmore College, University of Helsinki
Doctoral advisors Dr. Barbara Migeon, Johns Hopkins(pediatric genetics)

Scott F Gilbert (April 1, 1949) is an American geneticist, science writer, and historian of science. As an undergraduate at Wesleyan University he earned a dual B.A. in both biology and religion in 1971. He earned a PhD in biology in the laboratory of Dr. Barbara Migeon, and an M.A. in the history of science under Dr. Donna Haraway both at Johns Hopkins University (1976), and pursued postdoctoral research at the University of Wisconsin in the laboratories of Dr. Masayasu Nomura and Dr. Robert Auerbach.[1]

Gilbert is best known for his magnum opus, Developmental Biology[5], which has become the definitive textbook in the field, currently in its 9th edition and translated into over a dozen languages.[2] His other textbooks include Bioethics and the New Embryology, and Embryology, Constructing the Organism (co-edited with his wife, Anne M. Raunio). Along with his textbook works Gilbert has been widely published, not only in developmental biology[3] [4] [5] [6], but in topics as diverse as the history of science[7] [8], humor[9], plant development[10], reproductive politics [11], evolution versus intelligent design[12], and others. His unique background in developmental biology, history of science, and religion, have provided him with the necessary insights to be considered among the foremost experts on issues of bioethics and embryology. In May 2009, Gilbert was invited to speak at the Vatican conference on evolution.[13]. He also published a work in The American Journal of Medical Genetics (2001) explaining an alternate theory of the story of Adam's Rib in The Book of Genesis[14] by re-translating the word for "bone" in ancient Hebrew and replacing "rib" with the "baculum".


Gilbert has spent much of career as the Howard A. Schneiderman Professor of Biology at Swarthmore College where he teaches embryology, developmental genetics, and the history & critiques of biology.[1] He will be leaving Swarthmore College at the end of 2012 in order to join the Institute of Biotechnology at the University of Helsinki, where he will continue his research in evolutionary developmental biology, specifically on answering the question of how the turtle forms its shell.

While Gilbert has been recognized and honored for his works in writing[15][16], teaching[17], and research[18][19], he is also renowned for his quirky and topical sense of humor. In 1985 he published an article, "In defense of scientific puns" in which he argued that "puns create boundaries between the knowers(cognescenti) and everyone else...response to a pun signifies that one shares a common background or training. (Always take the absolute value of a response to a pun. It's the recognition that counts, not the directionality)."[20][9] Gilbert has claimed that early in his career, one of his incentives for pursuing research into developmental biology was an attempt to fuse the embryos of whitefish and carp into a chimera in order to create a living gefilte fish.[21] Another potential experimental pursuit for Gilbert was to activate genes for limb and feather development in embryonic snakes in order to generate the mythical quetzalcoatl in the laboratory.[22]


Scott Gilbert's publications are numerous and span many areas including developmental biology, genetics, history of science and art, religion, politics, and humor.

From 1973-2011 he is credited with authoring and contributing to over 140 publications. The current listings can be found online


The following is a list of books either authored, co-authored, or edited by Scott F. Gilbert:

  • Gilbert , S. F. and Epel, D. 2009. Ecological Developmental Biology, Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates Sinauer Listing
  • Developmental Biology, Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates  Sinauer Listing
  • First edition: 1985. Reprinted in Spanish (1987) and Italian (1988).
  • Second edition: 1988. Reprinted in Japanese (1991) and Russian (1993).
  • Third edition: 1991. Reprinted in Portuguese (1994)
  • Fourth edition: 1994. Reprinted in French (1996)
  • Fifth edition: 1997.
  • Sixth edition: 2000. Reprinted in Portuguese.
  • Seventh edition: 2003. Reprinted in prepared in Korean, French, and Russian.
  • Eighth edition: 2006.
  • Ninth edition: 2010.
  • 1991. A Conceptual History of Modern Developmental Biology, Plenum Press, NY. 
  • Gilbert, S. F. and Raunio, A. M. 1997 Embryology: Constructing the Organism, Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates 
  • Galperin, C, Gilbert, S. F., and Hoppe, B. (ed.) 1999. Fundamental Changes in Cellular Biology in the Twentieth Century., Brepols, Brussels. 
  • Gilbert, S. F. and Bolker, J. (guest editors) 2003. Symposium on Ecological Developmental Biology. Evolution and Development. Issue 5(1). 
  • Gilbert , S. F., Tyler, A. and Zackin, E. 2005. Bioethics and the New Embryology., Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates Sinauer Listing


  1. ^ a b Scott F. Gilbert Academic Bio [1]
  2. ^ Sinauer Publishing[2]
  3. ^ Gilbert, S. F., Boer, H. A. de, and Nomura, M. (1979). Identification of initiation sites for the in vitro transcription of rRNA operons rrnE and rrnA in Escherichia coli. Cell 17: 211-224.
  4. ^ Gilbert, S. F. (1984). Review of Embryonic and Fetal Development: Reproduction in Mammals, Second Edition, (C. R.Austin and R. V. Short, eds.) Cambridge University Press; in Quart. Rev. Biol. 59: 68-69.
  5. ^ Gilbert, S. F. (1991). Cytoplasmic action in development. Quart. Rev. Biol. 66: 309 - 316
  6. ^ Solter, D., Aronson, J., Gilbert, S. F., and McGrath, J. (1985). Nuclear transfer in mouse embryos: Activation of the embryonic genome. Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 50: 45-50.
  7. ^ Gilbert, S. F. (1987). In friendly disagreement: Wilson, Morgan, and the embryological origins of the gene theory. Amer. Zool. 27: 797-806.
  8. ^ Gilbert, S. F. and Greenberg, J. (1984). Intellectual traditions in the life sciences. II. Stereospecificity. Perspec. Biol. Med. 28: 18-34.
  9. ^ a b Gilbert, S. F. (1985). Bacchus in the laboratory: In defense of scientific puns. Perspec. Biol. Med. 29: 148-152.
  10. ^ Jacobs, M. and Gilbert, S. F. (1983). Basal localization of presumptive auxin transport carrier in pea stem cell membranes. Science 220: 1297-1300.
  11. ^ Gilbert, S. F. 2008. When "personhood" begins in the embryo: avoiding a syllabus of errors. Birth Defects Res C Embryo Today 84: 164 - 173.
  12. ^ Gilbert S. F. 2011. Evolutionary developmental biology and Intelligent Design. Biological Evolution: Facts and Theories. (Auletta, G., Leclerk, M, and Martínez, R. A., editors). Analecta Gregoriana 312: 691 - 700.
  13. ^ Evolution-Rome2009 Conference Abstracts [3]
  14. ^ Gilbert, S. F. and Zevit, Z. 2001. Congenital human baculum deficiency: The generative bone of Genesis 2: 21-23. American Journal of Medical Genetics101: 284 - 285.
  15. ^ Dwight J. Ingle Memorial Writing Award
  16. ^ Choice Outstanding Academic Book Award
  17. ^ Viktor Hamburger Prize for Excellence in Education
  18. ^ Kowalevsky Prize in Evolutionary Developmental Biology
  19. ^ John Simon Guggenheim Foundation Grant
  20. ^ Society For Developmental Biology Archives[4]
  21. ^ Citation Required
  22. ^ Citation Required

External links[edit]