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Battle of Barbados
Part of the Second Anglo-Dutch War
Date 29 April 1665.
Location Barbados, Caribbean Sea
Result English victory[1]
Belligerents
 Dutch Republic England England
Commanders and leaders
Michiel de Ruyter William Willoughby
Strength
13 ships
2,500 sailors & soldiers
Various shore defenses.
Casualties and losses
400 casualties,
Many ships damaged
12 merchants destroyed

The Battle of Barbados was a military action that took off the Caribbean island of Barbados on 29 April 1665 during the Second Anglo-Dutch War. It was fought by an English force defending against an attacking Dutch force under Michiel de Ruyter.

On the 29th of April 1665 de Ruyter's fleet consisting of twelve battle ships arrived in Barbados intending to invade the island. First he had to neutralize the forts and the English warships in the area. Early in the morning de Ruyter rounded the point and entered Carlisle Bay and saw twenty nine merchant ships that lay in the bay. Barbados had however been pre warned about the impending attack and were well prepared. Most of the merchant ships were empty as the goods were loaded ashore. As de Ruyter entered the bay the forts and guns around the bay along with the guns from other armed merchant vessels opened fire. After an hour and a half his flagship was practically helpless and he decided to give up the attack.

Despite destroying much of the English convoy, the Dutch admiral could not dent the defences and was obliged to withdraw to the neutral French port of Saint-Pierre at Martinique for repairs, arriving there on 1 May. His fleet had been so badly damaged that he withdrew never to return again.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Canny p 432

References[edit]

  • Canny, Nicholas P. (2001). Oxford History of the British Empire: Origins of Empire: British Overseas Enterprise to the Close of the Seventeenth Century v. I (Oxford History of the British Empire). Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199246762. 
  • Clowes, William Laird (2003). The Royal Navy: A History - From the Earliest Times to 1900. 1. Chatham Publishing; New ed. ISBN 978-1861760104. 
  • Marley, David (2008). Wars of the Americas: A Chronology of Armed Conflict in the Western Hemisphere. ISBN 978-1598841008. 
  • Marley, David (2005). Historic Cities of the Americas: An Illustrated Encyclopedia [Library Binding]. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 1576070271.