User:Chzz/eastwood/backup

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Eastwood
EastwoodShops4.JPG
Nottingham Road, the town's main street
Eastwood is located in Nottinghamshire
Eastwood
Eastwood
Eastwood shown within Nottinghamshire
Population

Expression error: "18,612 

[1]" must be numeric 
OS grid reference SK465469
• London 116 mi (187 km) SSE
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NOTTINGHAM
Postcode district NG16
Dialling code 01773
Police Nottinghamshire
Fire Nottinghamshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Nottinghamshire
53°01′03″N 1°18′22″W / 53.0175°N 1.3060°W / 53.0175; -1.3060Coordinates: 53°01′03″N 1°18′22″W / 53.0175°N 1.3060°W / 53.0175; -1.3060

Eastwood is a former mining town in Broxtowe, Nottinghamshire, England, about 8 miles from Nottingham and 10 miles from Derby. <bx> It has a population of 18,612. [ref]

mentioned in domesday book as tiny, grew due to mining. mines shut; now most noted as the birthplace of DHL. many historic buildings. rural countryside

His birthplace, the family's former home in Victoria Street, has been converted to a museum AND ETC dedicated to the author.


industry, etc, perhaps potted hist.


maybe midland rail, and/or fc

descr: Gyratory - North to Brinsley, West to Heanor, South to Ilkeston Other end - East towards Nottingham


M1 J26/27 (26 is Ikea, 27 is thru brinsley)



History[edit]

"Est" is a Sexon word for East, and "Pveit", pronounced "Thwaite" is a Norse word for a forest clearing. Eastwood started out as a clearing in the former sherwood forest.

Eastwood is referred to in the Domesday Book as Estewic, held under wardship by William Peverel (Peverel of the Peak). There were around 28 houses.[2]

In Estewic Ulfchetel had four bovates of land ( assessed ) to the geld, ( there is ) land, ( the amount of land is omitted ) It is waste and is in the wardship of William ( Peveril ). wood pasture for pannage three quarentens in length and three in breath. In King Edward's time it was worth five shillings.

— The Domesday Book

A later reference by a Minister of Religion (Owen Meredith) corrected this name to 'Eastwick alias Eastwood'.

During the reign of Henry I (1100 -1135), Peverel was given definite possession of the lands. His son forfeit the land to the Crown in 1155.[3]

When James VI of Scotland became James I of England in 1603, Eastwood had a population of about 170.[4]


From John Chapan's map of Nottinhhamshire, published in 1774

Eastwood was a small village until the 18th century. In 1779, the Erewash Canal was one of the first manmade waterways. Trent Navigation Company built locks at Beeston, linking to the river Trent to Nottingham. This led to a rapid expansion of the mining industry. Other industries followed, included frame knitting, corn milling, pottery, brewing, rope making and brick making.

In 1817, marchers of the Pentrich revolution passed through Langley Mill, stopped at the Sun Inn, and faced soldiers at Giltbrook. The citizens of Eastwood boarded up their houses and hid in the woods.

In 1832, a historic meeting took place at in the Sun Inn (built 1750). This resulted in the formation of the Midland Counties Railway, and the construction of a line from Pinxton to Leicester.

In 1875, the demand for coal supply resulted in a further rail link, The Great Northern Railway line to Nottingham.

During the industrial revolution, Eastwood expanded rapidly. By 1880 the population had increased to 4,500. [2] D.H. Lawrence was born in Eastwood in 1885. Many of his novels mention the area (especially "The White Peacock"), and his birthplace is now a museum.

In the 20th century, trams and buses provided new means of transport between Nottingham, Ripley and Heanor. Shops became established along Nottingham Road and the feeder streets.

In 1946, the coal industry was nationalised. The new National Coal Board acquired Eastwood Hall as their Area Office. This later became their National Office - the location for several crisis meetings during the National Miners' Strike in the 1980's.

The last coalmine in the area closed in 1985.

In recent years, tourism has become increasingly important. A ‘blue line trail’ guides visitors around 11 sites of local interest.

Governance[edit]

The former Eastwood Urban District Council became part of Broxtowe District Council in 1974. In 1977 the Council was granted Borough status. The current mayor is Brian Wombwell.

Eastwood consists of 3 wards;

  • Eastwood South
  • Eastwood North and Greasley (Beauvale)
  • Greasley (Giltbrook and Newthorpe)

All of these lie within the Borough of Broxtowe for local government. For national elections, however, the first two wards are in the Ashfield constituencynot the Broxtowe constituency.

Ward Population Electorate Local Government National Government
Eastwood South 9,389[5] 6,828[6] Broxtowe Borough Council Ashfield constituency
Eastwood North and Greasley (Beauvale) 3,267[7] 2,465[8] Broxtowe Borough Council Ashfield constituency
Greasley (Giltbrook and Newthorpe) 6,076[9] 5,024[10] Broxtowe Borough Council Broxtowe constituency

Local Government[edit]

Two-tier local authority services in Broxtowe are provided by the Borough Council and Nottinghamshire County Council.

Broxtowe Borough Council has 44 councillors who represent particular areas known as wards. There are currently 21 wards returning one, two or three councillors, depending on the number of electors living in an area.

The last elections were held in 2007.

  • Eastwood South ward elected 3 labor councillors - Milan Radulovic, Doug Wilcockson, and Jim Kenny.
  • Eastwood North and Greasley (Beauvale) ward elected 2 liberal democrat councillors - Bob Charlesworth and Charles Edward Robb.
  • Greasley (Giltbrook and Newthorpe) ward elected 3 conservative councillors - Mick Brown, Martin Wright, and Margaret Handley.


Parliamentary Constituency[edit]

The Eastwood South and Eastwood North and Greasley (Beauvale) wards vote in the Ashfield constituency. Their current MP is Geoff Hoon, elected in 1992, 1997, 2001, and 2005. He is currently Chief Whip and Secretary to the Treasury.

The Greasley (Giltbrook and Newthorpe) ward votes in the Broxtowe constituency. Their current MP is Nick Palmer elected 1997, 2001, and 2005.

Parish[edit]

Most villages and rural areas are served by a local parish Council.

Eastwood Town Council - Eastwood Town Council (North) -Eastwood Town Council (South)

Greasley (Beauvale) Parish Greasley (Newthorpe) Parish Greasley (Watnall) Parish

European Parliament[edit]

Broxtowe Borough is part of the European Parliament East Midlands constituency. MEPs are selected by proportional representation and so all East Midlands MEPs share responsibility for Broxtowe's residents.

Geography[edit]

Surrounded by gently rolling countryside, Eastwood is 8 miles to the northwest of the City of Nottingham in Nottinghamshire and close to the county boundary with Derbyshire.

I was born nearly, forty-four years ago, in Eastwood, a mining village of some three thousand souls, about eight miles from Nottingham, and one mile from the small stream, the Erewash, which divides Nottinghamshire from Derbyshire. It is hilly country, looking west to Crich and towards Matlock, sixteen miles away, and east and north-east towards Mansfield and the Sherwood Forest district.

— D.H. Lawrence, 1929, Nottingham & the Mining Country[11]
Environs

Eastwood town centre is focused along a northwest-southeast ridge, Nottingham Road, and contains many small shops, and a large Co-op store. Up hill to the East, it leads to the A610 to Nottingham, the M1 motorway, and Giltbrook Retail Park – a large Ikea store, and various developments (see ‘future plans’). At the western end of Eastwood is a ‘gyratory system’ – an ancient crossroads converted into a traffic island, around the Sun Inn public house. A large Morrisons supermarket is here. Roads lead North to Brinsley, West to Heanor, and South down Church Street, the location of several listed buildings, into New Eastwood.

It is a rural area, surrounded by farmed land, woods and fields. Just half a mile (1km) to the West, the Erewash River forms the boundary between Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire. Alongside, the Erewash canal leads to the river Trent.

The large hill visible to the North is known locally as “Dot ‘ill”, or “dirt hill”. This land was reclaimed from a mining slag heap.

The area contains Coal Measures, with shale, mudstone, and sandstone, overlain by yellow clay. Alluvial deposits from the River Erewash run roughly north-south.[12]

Demography[edit]

As of the 2001 UK census, the town of Eastwood had a total population of 18,732.[1]

Population change can be tracked accurately from the 1911 census until the 1971 census, as Eastwood Urban District was a Local Government District from 1896 until 1974.

Eastwood - population trend, 1911 to 1971
Population growth in Eastwood since 1911
Year 1911 1921 1931 1939 1951 1961 1971
Population 4,692 5,069 5,360 8,581 9,894 10,607 10,856
Source:A Vision of Britain through Time

In the 1951 census, around 11.5% of the total population listed their occupation as Mining & Quarrying.[13] By the 2001 survey, this had fallen to 0.15%.[14]

In the 2001 census, Over 98% of the population selected the ethnicity White: British. The national average for England was 87%.[15]

Landmarks[edit]

A war memorial was unveiled in 1921, inscribed "to the men of Eastwood, who fell in the Great War 1914-1918". Later, World War II dedications were added, and it was moved to its present location at Plumbtree Way. It is in the shape of an obelisk, made of Italian marble with a base of Whatstandwell stone.

A Blue Line Trail - painted along the pavement - guides visitors around the local area, including the birthplace of D.H. Lawrence (now a museum), and three other houses that Lawrence lived in.

Eastwood Hall was the Head-quarters building of British Coal. It is now a Conference Centre.

Transport[edit]

The M1 motorway runs close to Eastwood (juntions 26 and 27).

Eastwood is served by Trent Barton buses, one of the few independent bus operators in the UK. Buses from Nottinham's Victoria bus station take 40 minutes. [16]

The nearet railway station is at Langley Mill, which has connections to Nottingham, Sheffield, Chesterfield and Manchester.

The East Midlands Airport is 13 miles away.

Education[edit]

There are several junior schools in the area, including Eastwood Infant and Nursery School/Eastwood Junior School, and the Priory Catholic Primary School.[17]

Most older local students attend Eastwood Comprehensive School, which also has a small sixth-form. The OFSTED report of 2007 notes that The social and economic backgrounds of students are below average and fewer than average come from homes with a tradition of higher education.[18]

Castle College, Nottingham, has a centre in Eastwood, with community courses in Arts & Crafts, First Aid, Cake Decorating and Languages.

Eastwood Skills Shop offers courses including IT, Arts & Crafts, Spanish and Interior Design.

Religious Sites[edit]

St Mary's Church dates back to the 13th Century, was rebuilt in 1858, and demolished by fire in 1963. The new church was consecrated on 25th September 1967.

Sports[edit]

Eastwood Town Football Club, known as the Badgers, play in the Northern Premier League (known as the Unibond league)[19]. Their home ground is Coronation Park.

Eastwood Town Cricket Club plays in the Gunn & Moore South Notts League.[20]


Notable people[edit]

Jeffrey (Jeff) Astle (13 May 194219 January 2002), born in Eastwood, was an English footballer. He played for West Bromwich Albion and England.

D.H. Lawrence (11 September 18852 March 1930), author, was born in Eastwood. His birthplace and residences now attract visitors from all over the world. Many of his best-known novels describe Eastwood and its culture. Some of his work includes portions written in the local dialect.

Several cricket players were born in the area, including Thomas Limb and William Rigley.

See also[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Eastwood North and Greasley (Beauvale) (Ward) key statistics". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
    "Eastwood South (Ward) key statistics". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
    "Greasley (Giltbrook and Newthorpe) (Ward) key statistics". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  2. ^ a b Malcolm Plumb, town clerk (2004). "The History of Eastwood". Eastwood Town Council. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  3. ^ "History of Broxtowe". Broxtowe Borough Council. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  4. ^ "Notts Villages". Nottingham Guardian. 1945-11-24. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  5. ^ "Eastwood South (Ward) key statistics". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  6. ^ "Eastwood South Election Results 2007". Broxtowe Borough Council. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  7. ^ "Eastwood North and Greasley (Beauvale) (Ward) key statistics". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  8. ^ "Eastwood North and Greasley (Beauvale) Election Results 2007". Broxtowe Borough Council. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  9. ^ "Greasley (Giltbrook and Newthorpe) (Ward) key statistics". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  10. ^ "Greasley (Giltbrook and Newthorpe) Election Results 2007". Broxtowe Borough Council.  Unknown parameter |http://www.broxtowe.gov.uk/index.aspx?articleid= ignored (help);
  11. ^ Lawrence, D H (2004). Late Essays and Articles. Cambridge University Press. p. 287. ISBN 0521584310. 
  12. ^ "Eastwood Conservation Area Character Appraisal" (PDF). Nottinghamshire County Council. 2007-11-21. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  13. ^ "1951 Census of England and Wales, Occupation Tables Eastwood UD". Vision of Britain through time FROM 1951 census. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  14. ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics Area: Area: Eastwood South (Ward) Industry of Employment - All People (KS11A)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
    "Neighbourhood Statistics Area: Eastwood North and Greasley (Beauvale) (Ward) Industry of Employment - All People (KS11A)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
    "Neighbourhood Statistics Area: Greasley (Giltbrook and Newthorpe) (Ward) Industry of Employment - All People (KS11A)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  15. ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics Area: Area: Eastwood South (Ward) Ethnic Group (KS06)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
    "Neighbourhood Statistics Area: Eastwood North and Greasley (Beauvale) (Ward) Ethnic Group (KS06)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
    "Neighbourhood Statistics Area: Greasley (Giltbrook and Newthorpe) (Ward) Ethnic Group (KS06)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  16. ^ {{cite web | title = Nottingham - Eastwood - Ripley (Rainbow 1) | publisher = Nottinghamshire County Council | url = http://www.nottinghamshire.gov.uk/large-static/nottsbus/timetables/TBR_1.htm
  17. ^ "Directgov.co.uk Find information about schools, childcare and nurseries". Directgov.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  18. ^ "OFSTED Inspection Report - Eastwood Comprehensive School 122855". Office for Standards in Education. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  19. ^ "Northern Premier (Unibond) league table". Northern Premier League. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  20. ^ "Gunn and Moore South Notts Cricket". Gunn and Moore South Notts Cricket League. Retrieved 2008-05-01.