User:Colonel Warden/List of military commanders

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Alexander the Great was recognised as a great commander by both Hannibal and Napoleon.

This is a list of military commanders. These include the "great captains" of history, as they were styled by military historian Liddell Hart; the major leaders of the armies in the most decisive battles of world history. Also included are those who were notoriously flamboyant, incompetent or otherwise famous, such as General Custer.

Napoleon advised military men to study the campaigns of Alexander, Hannibal, Gustavus, Turenne, Eugene and Frederick.[1] Hannibal, after his defeat by Scipio, said that Alexander was the greatest of generals and that Pyrrhus was next to him in greatness.[1] Many others since then have discussed who was the greatest. In 2011, a poll of experts considered who was Britain's greatest general and divided between the Duke of Wellington and William Slim.[2][3]

Contents

Achaemenid Empire[edit]

Classical Athens[edit]

Sparta[edit]

Ancient Carthage[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]

Carthage[edit]

Macedon[edit]

Numidia[edit]

Optimates[edit]

Populares[edit]

Augustus[edit]

Mark Antony[edit]

Ptolemaic Egypt[edit]

Cherusci[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]

Goths[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

Vandals[edit]

East Francia[edit]

Hungarian people[edit]

Anglo-Saxons[edit]

Duchy of Normandy[edit]

Estonians[edit]

Latgallians[edit]

Livonian Brothers of the Sword[edit]

Semigallians[edit]

 Denmark[edit]

 Sweden[edit]

Brabant[edit]

Counts of Dreux[edit]

County of Boulogne[edit]

County of Flanders[edit]

Duchy of Burgundy (Ancient)[edit]

France in the Middle Ages[edit]

Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou[edit]

House of Welf[edit]

Lorraine (duchy)[edit]

Ponthieu[edit]

Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia[edit]

Mongol Empire[edit]

Principality of Chernigov[edit]

Principality of Kiev[edit]

Vladimir-Suzdal[edit]

Dreux[edit]

Kingdom of England[edit]

Kingdom of Scotland[edit]

Moray[edit]

England (1340)[edit]

France (Dauphins)[edit]

France in the Middle Ages[edit]

Philip of Valois, Duke of Orléans[edit]

Albret (Modern)[edit]

Boucicaut[edit]

Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York[edit]

Kingdom of England (1399-1603)[edit]

Orléans (Duchy)[edit]

Poland (Kingdom)[edit]

House of Lancaster[edit]

Jasper Tudor[edit]

Redvers[edit]

Richard III of England (1483-1485)[edit]

Stanley family[edit]

Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk[edit]

Kingdom of Hungary (14th century)[edit]

 Ottoman Empire (1453)[edit]

 Bohemia[edit]

Catholic League (German)[edit]

Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg[edit]

Electoral Palatinate (1604)[edit]

Hungarian Anti-Habsburg Rebels[edit]

Principality of Transylvania (1570–1711)[edit]

 Saxony (Electorate)[edit]

 Sweden (1562)[edit]

Zaporozhian Cossacks[edit]

 England (Kingdom)[edit]

 Dutch Republic[edit]

 Holy Roman Empire[edit]

 Spain (1506)[edit]

 France (Kingdom)[edit]

Cavalier[edit]

Roundhead[edit]

Crimean Khanate[edit]

Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth[edit]

Zaporozhian Cossacks[edit]

 Bavaria[edit]

 Portugal (1707)[edit]

 Savoy (Duchy)[edit]

 Spain (1701)[edit]

 Great Britain (Kingdom)[edit]

 Habsburg Monarchy[edit]

 Parma (Duchy)[edit]

 Sardinia (Kingdom)[edit]

 Russia (Empire)[edit]

British America (1707)[edit]

 New France[edit]

Kingdom of Mysore[edit]

Mohawk[edit]

 Spain (1748)[edit]

 United States (1777)[edit]

 Hesse[edit]

Vermont Republic[edit]

 France (Royal Navy)[edit]

 Great Britain (Royal Navy)[edit]

 United States (1795)[edit]

 France[edit]

 France (Republic)[edit]

 Austria (Empire)[edit]

Grand Duchy of Tuscany[edit]

 Netherlands[edit]

 Papal States (Old)[edit]

Portuguese Empire (1750)[edit]

 Prussia (1803)[edit]

 Two Sicilies[edit]

 Spain (1785)[edit]

 United Kingdom (Great Britain and Ireland)[edit]

 Russia[edit]

 United Kingdom (Navy)[edit]

Shawnee[edit]

 United Kingdom[edit]

 Mexico[edit]

 Texas[edit]

Eureka Rebellion[edit]

 Confederate States (1861)[edit]

 United States (1863)[edit]

 Confederate States (1863)[edit]

 United States (1861)[edit]

Kingdom of Prussia (1816)[edit]

 Italy (Kingdom)[edit]

 Ethiopia (Old Empire)[edit]

Katipunan[edit]

 United States (1896)[edit]

 Cuba[edit]

 Orange Free State[edit]

 Transvaal (Republic)[edit]

 Russia (Imperial Navy)[edit]

 Japan (Imperial Army)[edit]

 Japan (Imperial Navy)[edit]

 Japan (Empire)[edit]

 Bulgaria (Kingdom)[edit]

 Greece (Kingdom)[edit]

 Montenegro (Kingdom)[edit]

 Ottoman Empire[edit]

 Serbia (Kingdom)[edit]

 Romania (Kingdom)[edit]

Ireland[edit]

 Germany (Imperial Navy)[edit]

Russia (Emperor 1858-1917)[edit]

Socialism[edit]

 Germany (Empire)[edit]

Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine[edit]

 Russian SFSR (1918)[edit]

Finland (State 1918)[edit]

Finnish Socialist Workers' Republic[edit]

 China (Republic 1912-1949)[edit]

 Germany (Nazi)[edit]

 Soviet Union (1923)[edit]

 United States (1912)[edit]

 Finland[edit]

 Soviet Union[edit]

 German Navy|Germany (Nazi Navy)[edit]

 Croatia (Independent State)[edit]

 Hungary (Kingdom)[edit]

 Germany (Nazi 1935)[edit]

 All-Palestine[edit]

Army of the Holy War[edit]

 Egypt (Kingdom)[edit]

 Iraq (Kingdom)[edit]

 Arab League[edit]

 Syria (1932)[edit]

 Jordan[edit]

 Israel[edit]

 North Korea[edit]

 United Nations[edit]

 China[edit]

 South Korea[edit]

 New Zealand[edit]

 North Vietnam[edit]

 Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam[edit]

 South Vietnam[edit]

 Australia[edit]

 United States[edit]

 Turkey[edit]

 India[edit]

 Egypt (UAR)[edit]

 Syria (1963)[edit]

 Iraq (1963)[edit]

 Egypt (1972)[edit]

 Syria (1972)[edit]

 Iran[edit]

Iraq[edit]

People's Mujahedin of Iran[edit]

Peshmerga[edit]

 Libya (1977)[edit]

 Albania (1946)[edit]

 Germany[edit]

 Italy[edit]

Kosovo Liberation Army[edit]

 NATO[edit]

 Yugoslavia (Federal Republic)[edit]

 Afghanistan (Taliban)[edit]

Al-Qaeda[edit]

Jihad[edit]

Ancient[edit]

Armenia[edit]

Tigranes - the great Armenian warrior-king who fought against Parthia, Rome and the Seleucids.

Berbers[edit]

Britons[edit]

Carthage[edit]

China[edit]

Egypt[edit]

Gaul[edit]

Germania[edit]

  • Arminius (16 BC–21 AD), war chief of the Germanic tribe of the Cherusci.
  • Alaric I (375–410), Gothic King, defeated several Roman armies and sacked the city of Rome.

Goths[edit]

Greece[edit]

Huns[edit]

Modun (233–192), king of the Huns

  • Attila the Hun (406–453), king of the Huns, often referred as "Scourge of God" by the Romans.
  • Bleda (390–445), a Hun ruler, the brother of Attila the Hun.

Illyria[edit]

  • Agron (250 BC–230 BC) The first king to unite the Illyrian tribes together and form a kingdom. During his rule Illyria was a strong kingdom which had a strong military force, especially naval. He stopped the attacks of the Roman Empire and the Aetolians by keeping his kingdom free till his death.

India[edit]

  • Divodas 'Atithingva' (15th century BC) He defeated the Shamber,who was the biggest enemy of Aryans .
  • Sudas (circa 15th century BC), Indian king who defeated the ten Rigvedic tribes in the Battle of the Ten Kings
  • Mahapadmnanda (4th century BC) He uprooted all local Kshatriya dynasties and republics and form strongest Magadha empire of that time.
  • Chandragupta Maurya (Sandrocottus) (c. 340–293 BC), Maurya King who conquered the Nanda Empire and northern Indian subcontinent, and defeated Seleucus I Nicator of the Seleucid Empire and other former generals of Alexander the Great.
  • Ashoka the Great (c. 304 BC–232 BC), Maurya King who conquered Kalinga and became the emperor of largest empire in Asia and India at its time.
  • Kharavela (c. 193 BC) Emperor of Kalinga from Chedi Dynasty, who led many successful campaigns against Kingdoms of Magadha, Anga, Satavahanas and regions of Pandyan Empire. He is known to have forced the Indo-Greek king Demetrius to retreat from Mathura.
  • Vasumitra (between approx 130 to 110 BC) He was the grand son of Pushyamitra, founder of Shunga dynasty. He defeated Greeks on the bank of river Indus .
  • Vikramaditya (58–10 BC) He was the president of Republic of Malavas and organized a successful national resistance against Scythian invaders . He established 'Malav calendar' which is still practiced by Hindus as 'VIKRAM SAMVAT' or Vikram's calendar
  • Kanishka (Kanishka the Great) was an emperor of the Gurjar Kushan Empire, ruling an empire extending from Bactria to large parts of northern India in the 2nd century of the common era, and famous for his military, political, and spiritual achievements.He defeated Chinese and controlled Silk-route .
  • Karikala Chola (c. AD 270), Chola king who defeated the Pandya and Chera kings in the Battle of Venni and conquered the Singhalese kingdom.
  • Samudragupta 'the Napoleon of India' (319–380 AD), Gupta Empire king who conquered over 20 Indian, Scythian and Kushan kingdoms. His supremacy was used to accept by whole INDIAN SUBCONTINENT .
  • Chandragupta II 'Vikramaditya (380–415 AD), Gupta king who conquered 21 Indian, Greek, Persian, Kamboja, Kirata and Transoxianan kingdoms . It is said that he reached up to Oxus river, according to Raghuvansham of Kaalidas and Mehroli iron pillar inscription
  • Skandgupta (455–467 AD) He saved India from first Hun attack (Bheetari pillar inscription)
  • Yashodharman (approx 550 AD) He led national resistance against Mihirgul ' the Hun ' and terminated Huns power from India
  • Harshvardhana (606–650 AD) He won whole north India and established strongest empire of India at that time
  • Lalitaditya 'Muktaapeed' (mid 8th century AD) He stopped the invasion of Arabian and Tibetian invasion and established a large empire to defeat his north Indian rival ruler Yashoverman
  • Govind 'the third ' (8th century AD) He not only sprayed Rashtrkuta empire in whole south India but defeated the Pratiharas and Palas also and impelled them to accept his supremacy . He was the strongest king of India at that time
  • Mihirbhoj Pratihar (836–889 AD) He not only stopped Arabian invasion but did counterattack on Arabians of Sindh. As a result importance of Arabians as a political power terminated for ever . An Arabian traveler described him as 'biggest enemy of Islam on the Earth'
  • Rajendra Chola (1012–1044 AD) Conquered south India and defeated the Northern Singhalese kingdoms of Sri Lanka, the Maldives, Andmaan, and a major part of the Shailendra empire [ Today's Indonesia and Malaysia]. He also had some success against Udisa and Bengal. He was also known for his naval ability.

Israel[edit]

Japan[edit]

Korea[edit]

Mesopotamia[edit]

  • Gilgamesh King of Uruk
  • Hammurabi King of Babylon conquered many native peoples.
  • Nebuchadrezzar II King of the Chaldeans and conqueror of Judah.
  • Tiglath-Pileser III King of Assyria. Conqueror of Israel, Syria, other lands that became Assyria, force Judah to pay tribute.
  • Sargon King of Akkad. Created strong Akkadian kingdom.
  • Ben-hadad King of Aram. Often fought Israel and, on occasion, Judah.

Persia[edit]

Persian Empire[edit]

Seleucid Empire[edit]

  • Seleucus I Nicator (358BC–281BC),One of Alexander the Great's officers that fought in the Wars of the Diadochi after his death.
  • Antiochus III the Great (241–187), Ruler of the Seleucid empire, fought aganist Ptolemaic Egypt and Rome. Also lead expeditions into Bactria and India.

Parthian Empire[edit]

Sassanid Empire[edit]

  • Ardashir I, established the Sassanid Empire by conquering the Parthian Empire and defeating King Artabanus IV after several years of brutal warfare. Artabanus IV was killed in 216 ending the 400-year rule of the Parthian Empire. Ardashir I conquered the provinces of Sistan, Gorgan, Khorasan, Margiana (in modern Turkmenistan), Balkh, and Chorasmia. Bahrain and Mosul were also added to Sassanid possessions later as well. He defeated Roman Emperor Alexander Severus in 232 at the Battle near Ctesiphon.
  • Shapur I conquered the Mesopotamian fortresses Nisibis and Carrhae and advanced into Syria. But was defeated by Timesitheus at the Battle of Resaena in 243. He defeated Roman emperor Philip the Arab (244–249) at the Battle of Misiche. In 253 he defeated Roman Emperor Valerian at the Battle of Barbalissos. This resulted in the conquest of Armenia and invasion of Syria, and he plundered Antioch. Valerian marched against him, but was defeated and captured at the Battle of Edessa by Shahpur I. The outcome of the battle was an overwhelming victory, with the entire 70,000-strong Roman force being slain or captured.
  • Narseh, in 296, fed up with incursions made by the Armenian monarch Tiridates III, Narseh invaded Armenia.Surprised by the sudden attack, Tiridates fled his kingdom. The Roman emperor Diocletian dispatched his son-in-law Galerius with a large army to Tiridates's aid. Galerius invaded Mesopotamia, which Narseh had occupied hoping to check his advance. Three battles were fought subsequently, the first two of which were indecisive. In the third fought at Callinicum, Galerius suffered a complete defeat and was forced to retreat. Later Galerius would have his revenge and defeat Narseh. The end result was a peace treaty.
  • Shapur II, led an expedition through Bahrain, defeated the combined forces of the Arab tribes of "Taghleb", "Bakr bin Wael", and "Abd Al-Qays" and advanced temporarily into Yamama in central Najd. He resettled these tribes in Kerman and Ahvaz. Arabs named him Shabur Dhul-aktaf which means "The owner of the shoulders" after this battle. A twenty-six year conflict (337–363) began in two series of wars with Roman Empire, the first from 337 to 350 against Constantius II. Although often victorious, Shapur II made scarcely any progress. The second series of war began in 359 with Shahpur II conquering Amida and he took Singara and some other fortresses in the next year (360). In 363 Emperor Julian defeated a superior Sassanid army in the Battle of Ctesiphon, but was killed during his retreat at the Battle of Samarra. His successor Jovian (363–364) made an ignominious peace, by which the districts beyond the Tigris which had been acquired in 298 were handed over along with Nisibis and Singara, and the promise not to interfere in Armenia. The outcome was a strategic victory for Shahpur II. Shapur II invaded Armenia, where he took King Arshak II prisoner and forced him to commit suicide. Shapur II subdued the Kushans and took control of the entire area now known as Afghanistan and Pakistan. By his death in 379 the Sassinid Empire was stronger than ever before, considerably larger than when he came to the throne, the eastern enemies were pacified and had gained control over Armenia.

Rome[edit]

Middle Ages[edit]

Africa[edit]

Albania[edit]

Franks[edit]

China[edit]

Korea[edit]

Bulgaria[edit]

in 896, annihilated the entire Byzantine army in the Battle of Anchialus in 917.

  • Ivan Asen I – recovered Bulgarian territories from the Byzantines and ultimately restored Bulgarian independence.
  • Kaloyan- Also known as the 'Romanslayer', during the Fourth Crusade, he crushed the Latin Crusaders at the Battle of Adrianople and defeated them repeatedly afterwards thus sealing the fate of the gravely weakened Latin Empire.
  • Ivan Asen II

Byzantine Empire[edit]

Arabs[edit]

Rashidun Caliphate Generals[edit]

Umayyad Caliphate Generals[edit]

Abbasid Caliphate Generals[edit]

Mashriq Muslim Dynasties Generals[edit]

Zengid dynasty: 1127–1250[edit]

Ayyubid dynasty: 1171–1246[edit]

Mamluks: 1250–1517[edit]

Maghreb Muslim Dynasties Generals[edit]

Afghan[edit]

Durrani Empire[edit]

Turkic Muslim Generals[edit]

Ghaznavid[edit]

Ghurids[edit]

Seljuks[edit]

Ortoqids[edit]

Danishmends[edit]

Ottoman Empire[edit]

others[edit]

Normans[edit]

Vikings[edit]

  • Cnut the Great (King of England, Denmark, Norway, and parts of Sweden)
  • Rurik (founder of the Rus' rule in Eastern Europe)
  • Erik the Red (colonizer of Greenland)
  • Leif Ericson (explorer who is considered to be the first European to reach North America)
  • Olaf Tryggvason (king of Norway from 995 to 1000. He forced thousands to convert to Christianity. He once burned London Bridge down out of anger because people were disobeying his orders)
  • Bagsecg (A Viking who Invaded and pillaged in England in 870, But was killed in 871 at The Battle of Ashdown)
  • Oleg of Novgorod (Varangian prince (or konung) who ruled all or part of the Rus people during the early tenth century, launched attack on Constantinople)

Persia (during the Middle Ages)[edit]

Sassanid Empire[edit]

Muslim Iran[edit]

Crusaders[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

India[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

  • Parākramabāhu I (1123–1186), King of Polonnaruwa who unified the three sub kingdoms of the island and undertook military campaigns in southern India and in Myanmar.
  • Gajabâhu I, King of Rajarata led a successful invasion of Chola territory.
  • Dutthagamani Abhaya, King of Rajarata, unified the island and ended the first Chola occupation
  • Vijayabâhu I, King of Polonnaruwa, unified the island and ended the second Chola occupation

Japan[edit]

  • Takeda Shingen, daimyo during the Sengoku period of Japan. Known for the famous phrase "Swift as the Wind, Silent as a Forest, Fierce as Fire, and Immovable as a Mountain" on his standard; demonstrating his political and military strategies.
  • Uesugi Kenshin daimyo during the Sengoku period Japan. Known as the "Dragon of Echigo for his prowess on the battlefield, considered the primary rival of Takeda Shingen.
  • Sanada Yukimura, retainer of Takeda Shingen, praised as "a hero who may appear once in hundred years" and "crimson demon of war". In legend, he is the leader of the Sanada Ten Braves.
  • Minamoto no Yoshitsune, general whose decisive victories brought down the Taira clan during the Genpei War.
  • Oda Nobunaga (1534–1582), warlord during the Sengoku period of Japan. First of the three unifiers of Japan.
  • Toyotomi Hideyoshi, seized control over Japan after the death of Oda Nobunaga.
  • Tokugawa Ieyasu, finally ended the Sengoku period, pacified and united Japan, and founded the Tokugawa shogunate that would last over 250 years.
  • Date Masamune, daimyo during the Edo period of Japan. He went on to found the modern-day city of Sendai. He was more iconic for being called dokuganryu the one-eye dragon.

Mongols[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

  • Trưng sisters, The Trưng sisters (Vietnamese: Hai Bà Trưng; literally: two ladies Trưng) (c. 12 - AD 43) were leaders who rebelled against Chinese rule for three years, and are regarded as national heroines of Vietnam.
  • Ngô Quyền, general who led the struggle for independence against the Chinese In AD 938.
  • Lý Thường Kiệt who defeated Song China in 1075.
  • Tran Hung Dao, general during the Trần Dynasty. Lead the armies that thrice repelled Mongol invasions of Vietnam.
  • Lê Lợi, A military commander and founder of the le dynasty, he is among the most famous figures from the medieval period of Vietnamese history.
  • Nguyễn Huệ known as Emperor Quang Trung (光中皇帝; Quang Trung Hoàng đế ). He was also one of the most successful military commanders in Vietnam's history

Russian[edit]

English[edit]

Scottish[edit]

Irish[edit]

French[edit]

Iberian[edit]

Serbian[edit]

Welsh[edit]

Modern era[edit]

Bulgarian[edit]

Vladimir Vazov

Mihail Savov

Italian[edit]

English[edit]

British[edit]

Brigadier William Patrick Bewley 1937-

Persian[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Aztec[edit]

Mapuche[edit]

  • Caupolicán (Mapuche) military leader of the Mapuche people of Chile during the Arauco War
  • Lautaro (Mapuche) (Mapuche warrior and leader who fought and defeated the Spanish in a series of campaigns in southern Chile)

Lakota[edit]

Lithuanian[edit]

Mbundu[edit]

Indian[edit]

French[edit]

Russian[edit]

Chinese[edit]

Polish[edit]

Cossack[edit]

Austrian[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Dutch[edit]

German[edit]

Haitian[edit]

American[edit]

Egyptian[edit]

Shawnee[edit]

Katipunero[edit]

Zulu[edit]

  • Shaka (changed the Zulu tribe from a small clan into a nation)

Gran Colombian[edit]

Brazilian[edit]

Argentinian[edit]

Chilean[edit]

Colombia[edit]

Mexican[edit]

Texan[edit]

C.S.A[edit]

Japan[edit]

Armenia[edit]

Serbia[edit]

Bulgaria[edit]

Ottoman[edit]

Australian[edit]

Canadian[edit]

Irish[edit]

Filipino[edit]

Sudanese[edit]

Apache[edit]

Korean[edit]

  • Kim Jwa-jin (Leader of the Northern Military Administration Office Army of Korea)
  • Hong Beom-do (Leader of the Greater Korea Independence Army)

World War II and later[edit]

Year(s) Name Party War(s) Battle(s)
1982 Hew Pike United Kingdom Falklands War Battle of Mount Longdon
Michael Scott (British Army officer) Battle of Mount Tumbledown
Nick Vaux Battle of Mount Harriet
1983 Hudson Austin Grenada Cold War Invasion of Grenada
Joseph Metcalf, III United States
Ronald Reagan
1983–1991 Norman Schwarzkopf, Jr.
Gulf War Battle of Khafji
1984 Hossein Kharrazi Iran Persian Gulf Conflict Iran–Iraq War Battle of the Marshes
Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale Khalistan movement Operation Blue Star
Kanwar Pal Singh Gill Punjab Police (India)
Kuldip Singh Brar Indian Army
Shabeg Singh Khalistan movement
1988 Ali Sayad Shirazi Iran Persian Gulf Conflict Iran–Iraq War Operation Mersad
Massoud Rajavi People's Mujahedin of Iran
1989–1990 George H. W. Bush United States United States invasion of Panama
Manuel Noriega Panamanian Public Forces
Maxwell R. Thurman United States
1991 Anton Tus Croatia Breakup of Yugoslavia Yugoslav Wars Croatian War of Independence Battle of the Barracks
Blago Zadro Battle of Vukovar
Fahd of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Gulf War Battle of Khafji
Goran Hadžić Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Syrmia Breakup of Yugoslavia Yugoslav Wars Croatian War of Independence Battle of Vukovar
H. R. McMaster United States Gulf War Battle of 73 Easting
Khalid bin Sultan Saudi Arabia Battle of Khafji
Marko Babić (soldier) Croatia Breakup of Yugoslavia Yugoslav Wars Croatian War of Independence Battle of Vukovar
Montgomery Meigs United States Gulf War Battle of Medina Ridge
Salah Aboud Mahmoud Iraq Battle of 73 Easting
Battle of Khafji
Veljko Kadijević Yugoslav People's Army Breakup of Yugoslavia Yugoslav Wars Croatian War of Independence Battle of the Barracks
Veselin Šljivančanin Battle of Vukovar
Života Panić
1991–1993 Željko Ražnatović Republic of Serbian Krajina Operation Maslenica
Serb Volunteer Guard Battle of Vukovar
1991–1995 Mile Mrkšić Republic of Serbian Krajina Bosnian War Operation Storm
Croatian War of Independence
Yugoslav People's Army Battle of Vukovar
1991–2003 Saddam Hussein Ba'ath Party War on Terror Iraq War 2003 invasion of Iraq
Iraq Gulf War Battle of Khafji
1992 Giorgi Karkarashvili Georgian Armed Forces Georgian–Abkhazian conflict War in Abkhazia (1992–1993) Battle of Gagra
Sultan Sosnaliyev Confederation of Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus
1992–1994 Stanislav Galić Republika Srpska Breakup of Yugoslavia Yugoslav Wars Bosnian War Siege of Sarajevo
1992–1995 Mustafa Hajrulahović Talijan Bosnia and Herzegovina
1993 Agim Çeku Croatia Croatian War of Independence Operation Maslenica
Gurgen Daribaltayan Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Nagorno-Karabakh War Battle of Kalbajar
Janko Bobetko Croatia Breakup of Yugoslavia Yugoslav Wars Croatian War of Independence Operation Maslenica
Mohamed Farrah Aidid Somali National Alliance Conflicts in the Horn of Africa Somali Civil War Operation Gothic Serpent Battle of Mogadishu (1993)
Monte Melkonian Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Nagorno-Karabakh War Battle of Kalbajar
Shamil Asgarov Azerbaijan
William F. Garrison United States Conflicts in the Horn of Africa Somali Civil War Operation Gothic Serpent Battle of Mogadishu (1993)
1994–1995 Akhmed Zakayev Chechen Republic of Ichkeria First Chechen War Battle of Grozny (1994–1995)
Lev Rokhlin Russia
Pavel Grachev
Salman Raduyev Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
Turpal-Ali Atgeriyev
1994–1996 Dragomir Milošević Republika Srpska Breakup of Yugoslavia Yugoslav Wars Bosnian War Siege of Sarajevo
1994–2000 Anatoly Kvashnin Russia First Chechen War Battle of Grozny (1994–1995)
Second Chechen War Battle of Grozny (1999–2000)
Aslan Maskhadov Chechen Republic of Ichkeria First Chechen War Battle of Grozny (1994–1995)
Second Chechen War Battle of Grozny (1999–2000)
Ruslan Gelayev First Chechen War Battle of Grozny (1994–1995)
Second Chechen War Battle of Grozny (1999–2000)
1994–2005 Shamil Basayev First Chechen War Battle of Grozny (1994–1995)
Second Chechen War Battle of Grozny (1999–2000)
Yarmuk Jamaat 2005 Nalchik raid
1994–2008 Vladimir Shamanov Russia First Chechen War Battle of Grozny (1994–1995)
Georgian–Abkhazian conflict Battle of the Kodori Valley
1995 Atif Dudaković Bosnia and Herzegovina Breakup of Yugoslavia Yugoslav Wars Bosnian War Operation Storm
Croatian War of Independence
Fikret Abdić Autonomous Province of Western Bosnia Bosnian War
Croatian War of Independence
Zvonimir Červenko Croatia Bosnian War
Croatian War of Independence
1999 Agim Ramadani Kosovo Liberation Army Kosovo War Battle of Košare
Pervez Musharraf Pakistan Indo-Pakistani wars and conflicts Kargil War
Ved Prakash Malik India
1999–2000 Ibn Al-Khattab Chechen Republic of Ichkeria Second Chechen War Battle of Grozny (1999–2000)
Mikhail Malofeyev Russia
Viktor Kazantsev
2001 Abdul Majid Rouzi Northern Alliance Afghan civil war War in Afghanistan (2001–present) Battle of Qala-i-Jangi
War on Terror
Abdul Rashid Dostum Afghan civil war
Fall of Mazari Sharif
War on Terror Battle of Qala-i-Jangi
Fall of Mazari Sharif
Atta Muhammad Nur Afghan civil war
War on Terror
Bismillah Khan Mohammadi Afghan civil war Battle of Tora Bora
War on Terror
Gul Agha Sherzai Afghanistan Afghan civil war Fall of Kandahar
War on Terror
Hamid Karzai Afghan civil war Battle of Tarin Kowt
Fall of Kandahar
War on Terror Battle of Tarin Kowt
Fall of Kandahar
Ismail Khan Northern Alliance Afghan civil war 2001 uprising in Herat
War on Terror
Jason Amerine United States Afghan civil war Battle of Tarin Kowt
War on Terror
Mohammad Mohaqiq Northern Alliance Afghan civil war Fall of Mazari Sharif
War on Terror
Osama bin Laden Al-Qaeda Afghan civil war Battle of Tora Bora
War on Terror
Yahya Rahim Safavi Iran Afghan civil war 2001 uprising in Herat
War on Terror
2001–2003 Tommy Franks United States Afghan civil war
Battle of Tora Bora
Fall of Kabul
Fall of Kandahar
Fall of Mazari Sharif
War on Terror Iraq War 2003 invasion of Iraq
War in Afghanistan (2001–present) 2001 uprising in Herat
Battle of Tora Bora
Fall of Kabul
Fall of Kandahar
Fall of Mazari Sharif
2002 Aviv Kochavi Israel Arab–Israeli conflict Israeli–Palestinian conflict Second Intifada Operation Defensive Shield Battle of Nablus
Franklin L. Hagenbeck United States Afghan civil war War in Afghanistan (2001–present) Operation Anaconda
War on Terror
Mahmoud Tawalbe Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine Arab–Israeli conflict Israeli–Palestinian conflict Second Intifada Operation Defensive Shield Battle of Jenin
Shaul Mofaz Israel Battle of Nablus
Yasser Arafat Fatah
Yitzhak Gershon Israel Battle of Nablus