User:Curoi/List of former National Monuments of the United States

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Former Monuments[edit]

Monument Name Photo Date Established Date Redesignated/ Incorporated Status, Agency Location Description
Ackia Battleground 1938 1961 National Parkway,
NPS
Mississippi
34°16′41″N 88°44′31″W / 34.278°N 88.742°W / 34.278; -88.742 (Ackia Battleground)
Arches Delicatearch1.jpg April 12, 1929 November 12, 1971 National Park,
NPS
Utah
38°41′N 109°34′W / 38.68°N 109.57°W / 38.68; -109.57 (Arches)
This site features more than 2,000 natural sandstone arches, including the famous Delicate Arch. In a desert climate, millions of years of erosion have led to these structures, and the arid ground has life-sustaining soil crust and potholes, which serve as natural water-collecting basins. Other geologic formations are stone columns, spires, fins, and towers.[1]
Badlands BadlandsView3.jpg March 4, 1929 November 10, 1978 National Park,
NPS
South Dakota
43°45′N 102°30′W / 43.75°N 102.50°W / 43.75; -102.50 (Badlands)
The Badlands are a collection of buttes, pinnacles, spires, and grass prairies. It has the world's richest fossil beds from the Oligocene epoch, and the wildlife includes bison, bighorn sheep, black-footed ferrets, and swift foxes.[2]
Becharof Becharof National Wildlife Refuge,Alaska.jpg December 1, 1978 December 2, 1980 National Wildlife Refuge,
FWS
Alaska
58°00′N 156°15′W / 58.00°N 156.25°W / 58.00; -156.25 (Becharof)
Bering Land Bridge Serpentine Tors 2007-013 NPS1.jpg December 1, 1978 December 2, 1980 National Preserve,
NPS
Alaska
65°49′59″N 164°10′01″W / 65.833°N 164.167°W / 65.833; -164.167 (Bering Land Bridge)
Big Hole Battlefield Big Hole Battlefield.jpg June 23, 1910 May 17, 1963 National Battlefield,
NPS
Montana
46°38′17″N 113°38′38″W / 46.638°N 113.644°W / 46.638; -113.644 (Big Hole Battlefield)
Biscayne Biscayne NP snorkeling.jpg October 18, 1968 June 28, 1980 National Park,
NPS
Florida
25°39′N 80°05′W / 25.65°N 80.08°W / 25.65; -80.08 (Biscayne)
Located in Biscayne Bay, this park at the north end of the Florida Keys has four interrelated marine ecosystems: mangrove forest, the Bay, the Keys, and coral reefs. Threatened animals include the West Indian manatee, American crocodile, various sea turtles, and peregrine falcon.[3]
Black Canyon of the Gunnison Black canyon gunnison Colorado.jpg March 2, 1933 October 21, 1999 National Park,
NPS
Colorado
38°34′N 107°43′W / 38.57°N 107.72°W / 38.57; -107.72 (Black Canyon of the Gunnison)
The park protects a quarter of the Gunnison River, which slices sheer canyon walls from dark Precambrian-era rock. The canyon features incredibly steep descents, and is a popular site for river rafting and rock climbing. The deep, narrow canyon, made of gneiss and schist, is often in shadow and therefore appears black.[4]
Bryce Canyon Bryce Canyon Hoodoos Amphitheater.jpg June 8, 1923 February 25, 1928 National Park,
NPS
Utah
37°34′N 112°11′W / 37.57°N 112.18°W / 37.57; -112.18 (Bryce Canyon)
Bryce Canyon is a giant geological amphitheater on the Paunsaugunt Plateau. The unique area has hundreds of tall sandstone hoodoos formed by erosion. The region was originally settled by Native Americans and later by Mormon pioneers.[5]
Capitol Reef Cassidy Arch, Capitol Reef National Park.JPG August 2, 1937 December 18, 1971 National Park,
NPS
Utah
38°12′N 111°10′W / 38.20°N 111.17°W / 38.20; -111.17 (Capitol Reef)
The park's Waterpocket Fold is a 100-mile (160 km) monocline that exhibits the earth's diverse geologic layers. Other natural features are monoliths, sandstone domes, and cliffs shaped like the United States Capitol.[6]
Carlsbad Cave Carlsbad Interior Formations.jpg October 25, 1923 May 14, 1930 National Park,
NPS
New Mexico
32°10′N 104°26′W / 32.17°N 104.44°W / 32.17; -104.44 (Carlsbad Caverns)
Carlsbad Caverns has 117 caves, the longest of which is over 120 miles (190 km) long. The Big Room is almost 4,000 feet (1,200 m) long, and the caves are home to over 400,000 Mexican free-tailed bats and sixteen other species. Above ground are the Chihuahuan Desert and Rattlesnake Springs.[7] (WHS)
Castle Pinckney Castle Pickney1.JPG October 15, 1924 March 29, 1956 NRHP,
Sons of Confederate Veterans
South Carolina
32°46′26″N 79°54′40″W / 32.774°N 79.911°W / 32.774; -79.911 (Castle Pinckney)
Channel Islands Channel Islands National Park.jpg April 26, 1938 March 5, 1980 National Park,
NPS
California
34°01′N 119°25′W / 34.01°N 119.42°W / 34.01; -119.42 (Channel Islands)
Five of the eight Channel Islands are protected, and half of the park's area is underwater. The islands have a unique Mediterranean ecosystem originally settled by the Chumash people. They are home to over 2,000 species of land plants and animals, and 145 are unique to them, including the island fox. Professional ferry services offer transportation to the islands from the mainland.[8]
Chaco Canyon Chaco Canyon Chetro Ketl great kiva plaza NPS.jpg March 11, 1907 December 19, 1980 National Historical Park,
NPS
New Mexico
36°04′N 107°58′W / 36.06°N 107.97°W / 36.06; -107.97 (Chaco Canyon)
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Cumberland Basin looking North.jpg January 18, 1961 January 8, 1971 National Historical Park,
NPS
Maryland, Washington, D.C.
38°54′00″N 77°03′29″W / 38.900°N 77.058°W / 38.900; -77.058 (Chesapeake and Ohio Canal)
Congaree Swamp Congaree swamp.jpg October 18, 1976 November 10, 2003 National Park,
NPS
South Carolina
33°47′N 80°47′W / 33.78°N 80.78°W / 33.78; -80.78 (Congaree)
On the Congaree River, this park is the largest portion of old-growth floodplain forest left in North America. Some of the trees are the tallest in the Eastern US. An elevated walkway called the Boardwalk Loop guides visitors through the swamp.[9]
Colonial Yorktown monument1.jpg December 30, 1930 June 5, 1936 National Historical Park,
NPS/ Preservation Virginia
Virginia
37°13′08″N 76°31′05″W / 37.219°N 76.518°W / 37.219; -76.518 (Colonial)
Cinder Cone Cinder Cone at Lassen Volcanic National Park.jpg May 6, 1907 August 9, 1916 National Park,
NPS
California
40°32′49″N 121°19′12″W / 40.547°N 121.320°W / 40.547; -121.320 (Colonial)
Lassen Peak, the largest plug dome volcano in the world, is joined by all three other types of volcanoes in this park: shield, cinder dome, and composite. Though Lassen itself last erupted in 1915, most of the rest of the park is continuously active: numerous hydrothermal features, including fumaroles, boiling pools, and bubbling mud pots, are heated by molten rock from beneath the peak.[10]
Death Valley Mesquite Sand Dunes in Death Valley.jpg February 11, 1933 October 31, 1994 National Park,
NPS
California, Nevada
36°14′N 116°49′W / 36.24°N 116.82°W / 36.24; -116.82 (Death Valley)
Death Valley is the hottest, lowest, and driest place in the United States. Daytime temperatures have topped 130 °F (54 °C) and it is home to Badwater Basin, the lowest elevation in North America. A diversity of colorful canyons, desolate badlands, shifting sand dunes, sprawling mountains, and over 1000 species of plants populate this geologic graben. Additional points of interest include salt flats, historic mines, and springs.[11]
Denali Mount McKinley and Denali National Park Road 2048px.jpg December 1, 1978 December 2, 1980 National Park,
NPS
Alaska
63°20′N 150°30′W / 63.33°N 150.50°W / 63.33; -150.50 (Denali)
Centered on Denali, the tallest mountain in North America, Denali is serviced by a single road leading to Wonder Lake. Denali and other peaks of the Alaska Range are covered with long glaciers and boreal forest. Wildlife includes grizzly bears, Dall sheep, caribou, and gray wolves.[12]
Edison Laboratory Edison labs Main St Lakeside Av jeh.jpg July 14, 1956 September 5, 1962 National Historical Park,
NPS
New Jersey
Father Millet Cross Father-Millet-Cross-01.jpg September 5, 1925 September 7, 1949 State Park,
New York
New York
First State First State National Historic Park by Greg Young.jpg March 25, 2013 December 19, 2014 National Park,
NPS
Delaware
Fort Jefferson A304, Fort Jefferson, Dry Tortugas National Park, Florida, USA, 2012.JPG January 4, 1935 October 26, 1992 National Park,
NPS
Florida
24°38′N 82°52′W / 24.63°N 82.87°W / 24.63; -82.87 (Dry Tortugas)
The islands of the Dry Tortugas, at the westernmost end of the Florida Keys, are the site of Fort Jefferson, a Civil War-era fort that is the largest masonry structure in the Western Hemisphere. With most of the park being remote ocean, it is home to undisturbed coral reefs and shipwrecks and is only accessible by plane or boat.[13]
Fort Laramie Fort Laramie NHS-Gate.jpg July 16, 1938 April 29, 1960 National Historical Site,
NPS
Wyoming
Fossil Cycad Fossilcyad.jpg October 21, 1922 September 1, 1957 BLM South Dakota
Gates of the Arctic GatesofArctic.jpg December 1, 1978 December 2, 1980 National Park and Preserve,
NPS
Alaska
67°47′N 153°18′W / 67.78°N 153.30°W / 67.78; -153.30 (Gates of the Arctic)
The country's northernmost park protects an expanse of pure wilderness in Alaska's Brooks Range and has no park facilities. The land is home to Alaska natives, who have relied on the land and caribou for 11,000 years.[14]
Glacier Bay St Mary Lake - Wild goose Island.jpg December 1, 1978 December 2, 1980 National Park and Preserve,
NPS
Alaska
58°30′N 137°00′W / 58.50°N 137.00°W / 58.50; -137.00 (Glacier Bay)
Glacier Bay has numerous tidewater glaciers, mountains, fjords, and a temperate rainforest, and is home to large populations of grizzly bears, mountain goats, whales, seals, and eagles. When discovered in 1794 by George Vancouver, the entire bay was covered in ice, but the glaciers have since receded more than 65 miles (105 km).[15] (WHS)
Grand Canyon USA 09847 Grand Canyon Luca Galuzzi 2007.jpg January 11, 1908 February 26, 1919 National Park,
NPS
Arizona
36°04′N 112°08′W / 36.06°N 112.14°W / 36.06; -112.14 (Grand Canyon)
The Grand Canyon, carved by the mighty Colorado River, is 277 miles (446 km) long, up to 1 mile (1.6 km) deep, and up to 15 miles (24 km) wide. Millions of years of erosion have exposed the colorful layers of the Colorado Plateau in countless mesas and canyon walls, visible from both the north and south rims, or from a number of trails that descend into the canyon itself.[16] (WHS)
Grand Canyon "II" USA 09847 Grand Canyon Luca Galuzzi 2007.jpg December 22, 1932 January 3, 1975 National Park,
NPS
Arizona
36°04′N 112°08′W / 36.06°N 112.14°W / 36.06; -112.14 (Grand Canyon)
The Grand Canyon, carved by the mighty Colorado River, is 277 miles (446 km) long, up to 1 mile (1.6 km) deep, and up to 15 miles (24 km) wide. Millions of years of erosion have exposed the colorful layers of the Colorado Plateau in countless mesas and canyon walls, visible from both the north and south rims, or from a number of trails that descend into the canyon itself.[17] (WHS)
Great Sand Dunes Coloradodunes.jpg March 17, 1932 September 13, 2004 National Park,
NPS
Colorado
37°44′N 105°31′W / 37.73°N 105.51°W / 37.73; -105.51 (Great Sand Dunes)
The tallest sand dunes in North America, up to 750 feet (230 m) tall, were formed by deposits of the ancient Rio Grande in the San Luis Valley. Abutting a variety of grasslands, shrublands, and wetlands, the park also has alpine lakes, six 13,000-foot mountains, and old-growth forests.[18]
Harpers Ferry Harpers ferry.JPG June 30, 1944 1950 National Historical Park,
NPS
Virginia, West Virginia
Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad March 25, 2013 December 19, 2014 National Historical Park,
NPS
Maryland
Holy Cross Mount of the Holy Cross, 2009.jpg May 11, 1929 1963 Wilderness Area,
USFS
Colorado
Jackson Hole Barns grand tetons.jpg March 15, 1943 September 14, 1950 National Park,
NPS
Wyoming
43°44′N 110°48′W / 43.73°N 110.80°W / 43.73; -110.80 (Grand Teton)
Grand Teton is the tallest mountain in the Teton Range. The park's historic Jackson Hole and reflective piedmont lakes teem with unique wildlife and contrast with the dramatic mountains, which rise abruptly from the sage-covered valley below.[19]
Joshua Tree Joshua Tree - Rock formation in Real Hidden Valley 1.jpg August 10, 1936 October 31, 1994 National Park,
NPS
California
33°47′N 115°54′W / 33.79°N 115.90°W / 33.79; -115.90 (Joshua Tree)
Covering large areas of the Colorado and Mojave Deserts and the Little San Bernardino Mountains, this exotic desert landscape is populated by vast stands of the famous Joshua tree. Great changes in elevation reveal starkly contrasting environments including bleached sand dunes, dry lakes, rugged mountains, and maze-like clusters of monzogranite monoliths.[20]
Katmai Katmai Crater 1980.jpg September 24, 1918 December 2, 1980 National Park,
NPS
Alaska
58°30′N 155°00′W / 58.50°N 155.00°W / 58.50; -155.00 (Katmai)
This park on the Alaska Peninsula protects the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes, an ash flow formed by the 1912 eruption of Novarupta, as well as Mount Katmai. Over 2,000 grizzly bears come here each year to catch spawning salmon. Other wildlife includes caribou, wolves, moose, and wolverines.[21]
Kenai Fjords Kenai Fjords - Aialik Glacier.jpg December 1, 1978 December 2, 1980 National Park,
NPS
Alaska
59°55′N 149°39′W / 59.92°N 149.65°W / 59.92; -149.65 (Kenai Fjords)
Near Seward on the Kenai Peninsula, this park protects the Harding Icefield and at least 38 glaciers and fjords stemming from it. The only area accessible to the public by road is Exit Glacier; the rest must be viewed or reached from boat tours.[22]
Kobuk Valley Kobuk Bendlova 235.jpg December 1, 1978 December 2, 1980 National Park,
NPS
Alaska
67°33′N 159°17′W / 67.55°N 159.28°W / 67.55; -159.28 (Kobuk Valley)
Kobuk Valley protects 61 miles (98 km) of the Kobuk River and three regions of sand dunes. Created by glaciers, the Great Kobuk, Little Kobuk, and Hunt River Sand Dunes can reach 100 feet (30 m) high and 100 °F (38 °C), and they are the largest dunes in the Arctic. Twice a year, half a million caribou migrate through the dunes and across river bluffs that expose well-preserved ice age fossils.[23]
Lake Clark Lake Clark National Park.jpg December 1, 1978 December 2, 1980 National Park,
NPS
Alaska
60°58′00″N 153°25′00″W / 60.96667°N 153.41667°W / 60.96667; -153.41667 (Lake Clark)
Lassen Peak Lassen Peak from the summit of Brokeoff Mountain-1200px.jpg May 6, 1907 August 9, 1916 National Park,
NPS
California
40°29′17″N 121°30′18″W / 40.48806°N 121.50500°W / 40.48806; -121.50500 (Lassen Peak)
Lassen Peak, the largest plug dome volcano in the world, is joined by all three other types of volcanoes in this park: shield, cinder dome, and composite. Though Lassen itself last erupted in 1915, most of the rest of the park is continuously active: numerous hydrothermal features, including fumaroles, boiling pools, and bubbling mud pots, are heated by molten rock from beneath the peak.[24]
Lehman Caves Lehman Cave Cypress Swamp.jpg January 24, 1922 October 27, 1986 National Park,
NPS
Nevada
38°59′N 114°18′W / 38.98°N 114.30°W / 38.98; -114.30 (Great Basin)
Based around Nevada's second tallest mountain, Wheeler Peak, Great Basin National Park contains 5,000-year-old bristlecone pines, a rock glacier, and the limestone Lehman Caves. It also enjoys some of the country's darkest night skies. Animals which call the park home include Townsend's big-eared bat, pronghorn, and Bonneville cutthroat trout.[25]
Lewis and Clark Cavern Lewis and clark caverns.jpg May 11, 1908 August 24, 1937 State Park,
Montana
Montana
Marble Canyon Canyon midday.jpg January 20, 1969 January 3, 1975 National Park,
NPS
Arizona
36°04′N 112°08′W / 36.06°N 112.14°W / 36.06; -112.14 (Grand Canyon)
The Grand Canyon, carved by the mighty Colorado River, is 277 miles (446 km) long, up to 1 mile (1.6 km) deep, and up to 15 miles (24 km) wide. Millions of years of erosion have exposed the colorful layers of the Colorado Plateau in countless mesas and canyon walls, visible from both the north and south rims, or from a number of trails that descend into the canyon itself.[26] (WHS)
Meriwether Lewis Meriwether Lewis National Monument and Gravesite.jpg February 6, 1925 August 10, 1961 National Parkway,
NPS
Tennessee
Minidoka Internment Miin 21-1698a.jpg January 17, 2001 May 8, 2008 National Historic Site,
NPS
Idaho
Mound City Group Mound City Chillicothe Ohio HRoe 2008.jpg March 2, 1932 May 27, 1992 National Historical Park,
NPS
Ohio
Mount Olympus Acer macrophyllum in Hoh Rain Forest.jpg March 2, 1909 June 29, 1938 National Park,
NPS
Washington
47°58′N 123°30′W / 47.97°N 123.50°W / 47.97; -123.50 (Olympic)
Situated on the Olympic Peninsula, this park straddles a diversity of ecosystems from Pacific shoreline to temperate rainforests to the alpine slopes of Mount Olympus. The scenic Olympic Mountains overlook the Hoh Rain Forest and Quinault Rain Forest, the wettest area in the continental United States.[27] (WHS)
Mukuntuweap/ Zion ZionPark amk.jpg July 31, 1909 November 19, 1919 National Park,
NPS
Utah
37°18′N 113°03′W / 37.30°N 113.05°W / 37.30; -113.05 (Zion)
Located at the junction of the Colorado Plateau, Great Basin, and Mojave Desert, this geological wonder has colorful sandstone canyons, mountainous mesas, and countless rock towers. Natural arches and exposed plateau formations compose a large wilderness roughly divided into four ecosystems: desert, riparian, woodland, and coniferous forest.[28]
Noatak High Alpine Tundra Noatak National Preserve.jpg December 1, 1978 December 2, 1980 National Preserve,
NPS
Alaska
Old Kaasan October 25, 1916 July 26, 1955 National Forest,
USFS
Alaska
Papago Saguaro Papagopark1025.JPG 1914 April 7, 1930 Municipal Park,
Arizona, City of Tempe, Water Users Association
Arizona
Patrick Henry Law office Red Hill Plantation Patrick Henry.jpg August 15, 1935 December 21, 1944 National Memorial,
Patrick Henry Memorial Foundation
Virginia
Pecos Pecos-pueblo-mission-church.jpg June 28, 1965 July 2, 1991 National Historical Park,
NPS
New Mexico
Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial Perry Monument and Flags.jpg June 2, 1936 October 15, 1966 National Memorial,
NPS
Ohio
Petrified Forest PAINTED DESERT BADLANDS.jpg Arizona
35°04′N 109°47′W / 35.07°N 109.78°W / 35.07; -109.78 (Petrified Forest)
December 9, 1962 93,532.57 acres (378.5 km2) 836,799 This portion of the Chinle Formation has a great concentration of 225-million-year-old petrified wood. The surrounding Painted Desert features eroded cliffs of wonderfully red-hued volcanic rock called bentonite. There are also dinosaur fossils and over 350 Native American sites.[29]
Pinnacles Rock formations at Pinnacles National Park 2.jpg January 16, 1908 January 10, 2013 National Park,
NPS
California
36°29′N 121°10′W / 36.48°N 121.16°W / 36.48; -121.16 (Pinnacles)
Named for the eroded leftovers of a portion of an extinct volcano, the park is famous for its massive black and gold monoliths of andesite and rhyolite, which are popular with rock climbers, and a hiker's paradise of quiet trails crossing scenic Coast Range wilderness. The park is home to the endangered California condor (Gymnogyps californianus) and one of the few locations in the world where these extremely rare birds can be seen in the wild. Pinnacles also supports a dense population of prairie falcons, and more than 13 species of bat which populate its talus caves.[30]
Saguaro Saguaronationalparl17102008.jpg Arizona
32°15′N 110°30′W / 32.25°N 110.50°W / 32.25; -110.50 (Saguaro)
October 14, 1994 91,439.71 acres (370.0 km2) 673,572 Split into the separate Rincon Mountain and Tucson Mountain districts, this park is evidence that the dry Sonoran Desert is still home to a great variety of life spanning six biotic communities. Beyond the namesake giant saguaro cacti, there are barrel cacti, chollas, and prickly pears, as well as lesser long-nosed bats, spotted owls, and javelinas.[31]
Santa Rosa Island May 17, 1939 July 30, 1946 National Seashore,
NPS
Florida
Shoshone Cavern September 21, 1909 March 17, 1954 BLM Wyoming
Sieur de Monts Bass harbor head light 20041002 123635 1.1504x1000.jpg Maine
44°21′N 68°13′W / 44.35°N 68.21°W / 44.35; -68.21 (Acadia)
February 26, 1919 47,389.67 acres (191.8 km2) 2,563,129 Covering most of Mount Desert Island and other coastal islands, Acadia features the tallest mountain on the Atlantic coast of the United States, granite peaks, ocean shoreline, woodlands, and lakes. There are freshwater, estuary, forest, and intertidal habitats.[32][33]
Sitka Raventotemsitka.jpg March 23, 1910 October 18, 1972 National Historical Park,
NPS
Alaska
Tumacácori (Kino Missions) Tumacacori NHP church 1.JPG September 15, 1908 August 6, 1990 National Historical Park,
NPS
Arizona
Verendrye June 29, 1917 July 30, 1956 Fort Berthold Indian Reservation North Dakota
Wheeler A272, Wheeler Geologic Area, La Garita Wilderness, Colorado, USA, 2008.JPG December 7, 1908 August 3, 1950 National Forest,
USFS
Colorado
Whitman Mission 1936 January 1, 1963 National Historic Site,
NPS
Washington
Wrangell–​St. Elias MountJarvis.jpg Alaska
61°00′N 142°00′W / 61.00°N 142.00°W / 61.00; -142.00 (Wrangell – St. Elias)
December 2, 1980 8,323,147.59 acres (33,682.6 km2) 74,722 An immense plot of mountainous country protects the convergence of the Alaska, Chugach, and Wrangell-Saint Elias Ranges, which include many of the continent's tallest mountains and volcanoes, including the 18,008-foot Mount Saint Elias. More than a quarter of the park is covered with glaciers, including the tidewater Hubbard Glacier, piedmont Malaspina Glacier, and valley Nabesna Glacier.[34] (WHS)
Yukon–Charley Rivers CharleyRiverAtYukon1.jpg December 1, 1978 December 2, 1980 National Preserve,
NPS
Alaska
Yukon Flats Small hidden lake on Yukon Flats.JPG December 1, 1978 December 2, 1980 National Wildlife Refuge,
FWS
Alaska
Zion 'II' (Kolob Section) Kolob Canyons part of Zion National Park.JPG 1937 1956 National Park,
NPS
Utah
37°18′N 113°03′W / 37.30°N 113.05°W / 37.30; -113.05 (Zion)
Located at the junction of the Colorado Plateau, Great Basin, and Mojave Desert, this geological wonder has colorful sandstone canyons, mountainous mesas, and countless rock towers. Natural arches and exposed plateau formations compose a large wilderness roughly divided into four ecosystems: desert, riparian, woodland, and coniferous forest.[35]
  1. ^ "Arches National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  2. ^ "Badlands National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  3. ^ "Biscayne National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  4. ^ "Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  5. ^ "Bryce Canyon National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  6. ^ "Capitol Reef National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  7. ^ "Carlsbad Caverns National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  8. ^ "Channel Islands National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  9. ^ "Congaree National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  10. ^ "Lassen Volcanic National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  11. ^ "Death Valley National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  12. ^ "Denali National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  13. ^ "Dry Tortugas National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  14. ^ "Gates of the Arctic National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  15. ^ "Glacier Bay National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  16. ^ "Grand Canyon National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  17. ^ "Grand Canyon National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  18. ^ "Great Sand Dunes National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  19. ^ "Grand Teton National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  20. ^ "Joshua Tree National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  21. ^ "Katmai National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  22. ^ "Kenai Fjords National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  23. ^ "Kobuk Valley National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  24. ^ "Lassen Volcanic National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  25. ^ "Great Basin National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  26. ^ "Grand Canyon National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  27. ^ "Olympic National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  28. ^ "Zion National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  29. ^ "Petrified Forest National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  30. ^ "Pinnacles National Monument". National Park Service. January 9, 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-24.
  31. ^ "Saguaro National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  32. ^ "Acadia National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  33. ^ "Acadia National Park Places To Go". National Park Service. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
  34. ^ "Wrangell – St. Elias National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  35. ^ "Zion National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 23 March 2010.