# User:DVdm

## A trivial refutation of one of Dingle's Fumbles (Ref: Talk:Herbert Dingle Archive)

On page 230 in this appendix to "Science At the Crossroads", Dingle writes:

(start quote)
Thus, between events E0 and E1, A advances by ${\displaystyle \color {ForestGreen}{t_{1}}}$ and B by ${\displaystyle \color {Blue}{t'_{1}=at_{1}}}$ by (1). Therefore
${\displaystyle {\frac {\color {ForestGreen}{\text{rate of A}}}{\color {Blue}{\text{rate of B}}}}={\frac {\color {ForestGreen}{t_{1}}}{\color {Blue}{at_{1}}}}={\frac {1}{a}}>1\qquad {\text{(3)}}}$
...
Thus, between events E0 and E2, B advances by ${\displaystyle \color {Brown}{t'_{2}}}$ and A by ${\displaystyle \color {Red}{t_{2}=at'_{2}}}$ by (2). Therefore
${\displaystyle {\frac {\color {Red}{\text{rate of A}}}{\color {Brown}{\text{rate of B}}}}={\frac {\color {Red}{at'_{2}}}{\color {Brown}{t'_{2}}}}=a<1\qquad {\text{(4)}}}$
Equations (3) and (4) are contradictory: hence the theory requiring them must be false.
(end quote)

Dingle should have written as follows:

(start correction)
Thus, between events E0 and E1, A, which is not present at both events, advances by ${\displaystyle \color {ForestGreen}{t_{1}}}$ and B, which is present at both events, by ${\displaystyle \color {Blue}{t'_{1}=at_{1}}}$ by (1). Therefore
${\displaystyle {\frac {\color {ForestGreen}{\text{rate of clock not present at both events E0 and E1}}}{\color {Blue}{\text{rate of clock present at both events E0 and E1}}}}={\frac {\color {ForestGreen}{\text{coordinate time of E1}}}{\color {Blue}{\text{proper time of E1}}}}={\frac {\color {ForestGreen}{\text{rate of A}}}{\color {Blue}{\text{rate of B}}}}={\frac {\color {ForestGreen}{t_{1}}}{\color {Blue}{t'_{1}}}}={\frac {\color {ForestGreen}{t_{1}}}{\color {Blue}{at_{1}}}}={\frac {1}{a}}>1\qquad {\text{(3)}}}$
...
Thus, between events E0 and E2, B, which is not present at both events, advances by ${\displaystyle \color {Brown}{t'_{2}}}$ and A, which is present at both events, by ${\displaystyle \color {Red}{t_{2}=at'_{2}}}$ by (2). Therefore
${\displaystyle {\frac {\color {Brown}{\text{rate of clock not present at both events E0 and E2}}}{\color {Red}{\text{rate of clock present at both events E0 and E2}}}}={\frac {\color {Brown}{\text{coordinate time of E2}}}{\color {Red}{\text{proper time of E2}}}}={\frac {\color {Brown}{\text{rate of B}}}{\color {Red}{\text{rate of A}}}}={\frac {\color {Brown}{t'_{2}}}{\color {Red}{t_{2}}}}={\frac {\color {Brown}{t'_{2}}}{\color {Red}{at'_{2}}}}={\frac {1}{a}}>1\qquad {\text{(4)}}}$
Equations (3) and (4) are consistent and say that any event's coordinate time is always larger than its proper time:

hence there is no reason to say that the theory requiring them must be false.

(end correction)

DVdm 12:18, 6 August 2007 (UTC)