The Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) was a conference convened by the Open Society Institute on December 1-2, 2001. This small gathering of individuals is recognised as one of the major historical, and defining, events of the open access movement.
The opening paragraph of the Budapest Open Access Initiative encapsulates what the open access movement is all about, and what its potential is:
An old tradition and a new technology have converged to make possible an unprecedented public good. The old tradition is the willingness of scientists and scholars to publish the fruits of their research in scholarly journals without payment, for the sake of inquiry and knowledge. The new technology is the internet. The public good they make possible is the world-wide electronic distribution of the peer-reviewed journal literature and completely free and unrestricted access to it by all scientists, scholars, teachers, students, and other curious minds.
The 16 original signatories of the Budapest Open Access Initiative included some of the world's early leaders in the open access movement: Leslie Chan of Bioline International; Darius Cuplinskas, Melissa Hagemann, Rima Kupryte and István Rév of Open Society Institute; Michael Eisen of the Public Library of Science; Fred Friend of the University College London; Yana Genova of Next Page Foundation; Jean-Claude Guédon of the Université de Montréal and Open Society Institute; Stevan Harnad of the University of Southampton/Université du Québec à Montréal; Rick Johnson of the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC); Manfredi La Manna of the Electronic Society for Social Scientists; Monika Segbert, Electronic Information for Libraries (eIFL.net) Project consultant; Sidnei de Souza, Informatics Director at CRIA, Bioline International; Peter Suber, Professor of Philosophy, Earlham College and The Free Online Scholarship Newsletter; Jan Velterop of BioMed Central.
On February 14, 2002, the BOAI was released in a version that could be signed by the public. By August 2006, over 360 organizations and 4,000 individuals had signed the initiative. By July 2011, these numbers were 5485 individuals and 591 organizations, respectively.
- Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities
- Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing
- Budapest Open Access Initiative - View Signatures, accessed February 14, 2011.
- Budapest Open Access Initiative
- Budapest Open Access Initiative FAQ
- Open Access News by Peter Suber
- Openarchives.eu - The European Guide to OAI-PMH Digital Repositories in the World
Notes in drafting
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- document itself, dated Feb 14: http://www.soros.org/openaccess/read
- Butler, D. (2002). "Soros offers open access to science papers". Nature 415 (6873): 721. doi:10.1038/415721b. PMID 11845168.
- Published Feb 14, 2002, reports on plan for public launch. Free copy at http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/soros.html .
- Newspaper reports on the launch:
- old BOAI signature counts:
- 2012: http://www.webcitation.org/64fjESfsR
- 2011: http://www.webcitation.org/query?id=1319156241788282
- 2005: http://www.webcitation.org/query?id=2917
- early paper on BOAI: Till, J. E. (2003). "Success Factors for Open Access". Journal of Medical Internet Research 5 (1): e1. doi:10.2196/jmir.5.1.e1. PMC 1550547. PMID 12746206.
- Peter Suber's notes, e.g. at http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/02-14-02.htm
- Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/February 14