Iris kolpakowskiana

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Iris kolpakowskiana
Iris kolpakowskiana 001 GotBot 2016.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Iridoideae
Tribe: Irideae
Genus: Iris
Subgenus: Hermodactyloides
Section: Monolepsis
Species: I. kolpakowskiana
Binomial name
Iris kolpakowskiana
Regel
Synonyms[1]
  • Alatavia kolpakowskiana (Regel) Rodion.
  • Iridodictyum kolpakowskianum (Regel) Rodion.
  • Xiphion kolpakowskianum (Regel) Baker
Botanical illustration

Iris kolpakowskiana (or 'Kolpakowski's Iris')[2] is a species in the genus Iris, it is also in the subgenus Hermodactyloides and section Monolepsis. It is a bulbous perennial from Asia. It has

Description[edit]

It has a bulb covered with a densely reticulate fibrous tunics.[3]

It has 3-4 leaves,[3] which are similar to many irises of the genus Scorpiris, although it has only a few leaves at flowering time.[4]

They are 3.5–11 cm (1.4–4.3 in) long,[3] and can increase up to 30 cm (12 in) later after flowering.[4] They are 0.2 cm wide and ribbed on the underside.[3]

It has a very short stem, green spathes (leaves of the flower bud) and perianth tube 5–9 cm (2.0–3.5 in) long.[3]

It blooms in late winter,[5] between March,[6] and April.[3]

The flowers are bi-tone (2 coloured),[7] they come in purple shades, from reddish-violet,[7] lilac-violet,[3][8] pale lilac to pale purple.[5]

Like other irises, it has 2 pairs of petals, 3 large sepals (outer petals), known as the 'falls' and 3 inner, smaller petals (or tepals), known as the 'standards'.[9]:17 The falls are lanceolate shaped, 3.5–4 cm (1.4–1.6 in) long.[3] They are dark violet, purple,[3] or dark reddish purple,[5] with a yellow,[3] or yellow orange ridge.[5][7] The standards are obovate or oblanceolate shaped and 3.5–5 cm (1.4–2.0 in) long.[3]

It has stamens with filaments that are 0.5-0.9cm long.[3]

After the iris has flowered, it produces a cylindrical with a short beak seed capsule.[3]

Biochemistry[edit]

As most irises are diploid, having two sets of chromosomes, this can be used to identify hybrids and classification of groupings.[9]:18 It was counted as 2n=20.[7][3]

Taxonomy[edit]

It is pronounced as (Iris) EYE-ris (kolpakowskiana) kol-pa-kow-skee-AY-nuh.[2] It is sometimes known as 'Kolpakowski's Iris'.[2]

It is sometimes mis-spelt as Iris kolpakowskyana. It was named after the first Russian military Governor of Semirechye Oblast in modern Kazakhstan Gerasim Alexeevich Kolpakovsky (Wikidata).[10][11][12] See also Sun Tulip or Kolpakowski Tulip.[13]

The iris was first described by Eduard August von Regel in the Botanical Magazine No.6489 in 1880.[5][14]

Iris kolpakowskiana is now an accepted name by the RHS,[15] and was verified by United States Department of Agriculture and the Agricultural Research Service on 2 October 2014.[16]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

It is native to temperate Asia.[16]

Range[edit]

It is found in the Tien Shan Mountains, Turkestan.[3][6][7] It is also found in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan,[16] and Kyrgyzstan.[17]

Habitat[edit]

It grows on the hillsides,[18] and open grassy slopes,[3] in wet sticky clay that dries out in summer.[19]

It is normally found at 800–3,000 m (2,600–9,800 ft) above sea level,[18] near the melting snowline.[3]

Conservation[edit]

It was on the 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Iris kolpakowskiana Regel". theplantlist.org. 23 March 2012. Retrieved 31 October 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "PlantFiles: Kolpakowski's Tulip". davesgarden.com. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q British Iris Society (1997) A Guide to Species Irises: Their Identification and Cultivation, p. 282, at Google Books
  4. ^ a b Cassidy, G.E.; Linnegar, S. (1987). Growing Irises (Revised ed.). Croom Helm. pp. 145–146. ISBN 9780709907060. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Walters, Stuart Max (Editor) European Garden Flora: A Manual for the Identification of Plants Cultivated, p. 354, at Google Books
  6. ^ a b Richard Lynch The Book of the Iris, p. 164, at Google Books
  7. ^ a b c d e Kramb, D. (25 September 2004). "Iris aphylla". signa.org (Species Iris Group of North America). Retrieved 18 February 2018. 
  8. ^ Lyte, Charles (17 March 2001). "In focus: iris reticulata". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 18 February 2018. 
  9. ^ a b Austin, Claire (2005). Irises; A Garden Encyclopedia. Timber Press. ISBN 0-88192-730-9. 
  10. ^ Foster, Prof. Michael (3 May 1892). "Bulbous Irises". www.archive.org (A Lecture delivered May 3, 1892 to the Royal Horticultural Society). Retrieved 16 July 2014. 
  11. ^ "All results for Kolpakowski in Newspaper Archive". myheritage.com. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  12. ^ "Победа казаков и казахов". 
  13. ^ "Kolpakowski Tulip, aka Sun Tulip". www.paghat.com. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  14. ^ "Iridaceae Iris kolpakowskiana Regel". ipni.org (International Plant Names Index). Retrieved 31 October 2014. 
  15. ^ "Iris kolpakowskiana". www.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 31 October 2014. 
  16. ^ a b c "Iris kolpakowskiana". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 22 August 2015. 
  17. ^ Sasha W. Eisenman, David E. Zaurov, Lena Struwe Medicinal Plants of Central Asia: Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan: Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan, p. 5, at Google Books
  18. ^ a b "Iris kolpakowskiana". www.alpinegardensociety.net. 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  19. ^ "Reticulata Irises". www.pacificbulbsociety.org. 11 May 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2014. 
  20. ^ Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett (Editors) 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants, p. 679, at Google Books

Other sources[edit]

  • Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). (referred to as Iridodictyum kolpakowskianum (Regel) Rodion)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Mathew, B. 1981. The Iris. 177.

External links[edit]