User:Deepak D'Souza/Workpage for Konkani IPA

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This chart shows concisely the most common way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is applied to represent the English language.

See International Phonetic Alphabet for English for a more complete version and Pronunciation respelling for English for phonetic transcriptions used in different dictionaries.

IPA: English Consonants
IPA Examples
p pen, spin, tip
b but, web
t two, sting, bet
d do, odd
chair, nature, teach
gin, joy, edge
k cat, kill, skin, queen, thick
ɡ go, get, beg
f fool, enough, leaf
v voice, have
θ thing, teeth
ð this, breathe, father
s see, city, pass
z zoo, rose
ʃ she, sure, emotion, leash
ʒ pleasure, beige
h ham
m man, ham
n no, tin
ŋ singer, ring
l left, bell
ɹ run, very[1]
w we
j yes
ʍ what[2]
IPA: English Vowels
IPA Examples
ɑː ɑ father
ɪ ɪ ɪ sit
ɪ i i city
i see
ɛ ɛ e bed[3]
ɜː ɝ ɜː bird
æ æ æ lad, cat, ran[4][5]
ɑː ɑɹ arm
ʌ ʌ a run, enough
ɒ ɑ ɔ not, wasp
ɔː ɔ law, caught[6]
ʊ ʊ ʊ put, wood
u ʉː soon, through
ə ə ə about
ə ɚ ə winner
IPA: English Diphthongs
IPA Examples
æɪ day, pain
ɑe my, wise
ɔɪ ɔɪ boy
əʊ əʉ no, tow
æɔ now
ɪə ɪɹ ɪə near, here
ɛə ɛɹ hair, there[7]
ʊə ʊɹ ʊə tour
juː ju jʉː pupil
IPA: Marginal Sounds
IPA Examples
x Scottish loch
ʔ uh-(ʔ)oh
IPA: Other symbols used in transcription of English pronunciation
IPA Explanation
ˈ Primary stress (placed before the stressed syllable), for example rapping /ˈɹæpɪŋ/
ˌ Secondary stress, for example battleship /ˈbætl̩ˌʃɪp/
. Syllable separator, for example plankton /ˈplæŋk.tən/
 ̩ Syllabic consonant, for example ridden /ˈɹɪdn̩/
  1. ^ Although the symbol r technically represents an alveolar trill, which is absent from most dialects of English, it is nevertheless widely used instead of ɹ in phonemic transcriptions.
  2. ^ Some accents, such as Scottish and much of the American South; see whine and wine and voiceless labiovelar approximant
  3. ^ Often transcribed /e/ for RP, for example in Collins English Dictionary.
  4. ^ Often transcribed /a/ for RP, for example in dictionaries of the Oxford University Press.
  5. ^ See bad-lad split for more discussion of this vowel in Australian English.
  6. ^ See low back merger for more discussion of this vowel in American English.
  7. ^ Alternative symbols used in British dictionaries are /ɛː/ (Oxford University Press) and /eə/.

See also[edit]

Vowel Chart[edit]

Edit - Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Blank vowel trapezoid.png
i • y
ɨ • ʉ
ɯ • u
ɪ • ʏ
• ʊ
e • ø
ɘ • ɵ
ɤ • o
ɛ • œ
ɜ • ɞ
ʌ • ɔ
a • ɶ
ɑ • ɒ