User:DexDor/Categorization of award recipients
This is an essay on Wikipedia categorization.
It contains the advice or opinions of one or more Wikipedia contributors. This page is not an encyclopedia article, nor is it one of Wikipedia's policies or guidelines, as it has not been thoroughly vetted by the community. Some essays represent widespread norms; others only represent minority viewpoints.
|This page in a nutshell: Categorizing articles by what awards the subject of the article has received is generally a bad way to categorize.|
Background - categorization in Wikipedia
A Wikipedia article can contain hundreds of pieces of information - e.g. an article about an actor may list previous jobs, films he has appeared in, personal relationships etc. In theory, each of these could be a characteristic to categorize by. However, that sort of categorization could cause articles to be in hundreds of categories and require lots of maintenance (on both the articles and the huge category trees that would result). Instead, Wikipedia categorization aims to categorize articles only by defining characteristics of their topic. So, for example, there should be no "Category:Actors in Jurassic Park" (see WP:PERFCAT); normal wikilinks (e.g. between Jeff Goldblum and Jurassic Park (film)) are sufficient. Of the (possibly hundreds of) facts in an article only a few should be used for categorization.
"There are FAR too many awards categories. They've proliferated and metastasized to the point that on some articles the category listings have been swamped by such categories. 80 or 90 percent of them should be deleted, IMHO." (User:Anomalous+0 at a CFD in 2019)
Where we are
As of April 2013, Category:Award winners and other categories contain many articles about people, organisations and objects on the basis that the person/organisation/object has received an award. An award could be anything from appearing in a magazine's list of "Best New Products" to an internationally recognised award such as a Nobel Prize.
WP:DEFINING says "One of the central goals of the categorization system is to categorize articles by their defining characteristics", but award categories often contain articles that don't even mention the award. This can occur with other categories, but is particularly prevalent with awards. Sometimes even generic things like blankets are given awards. Often for the person/thing receiving the award it is so irrelevant/trivial that it's not mentioned in the article (and certainly not in the lead) and hence the article shouldn't be in the category. Consider an article like Eiffel Tower - its WP:DEFINING characteristics (the things one expects to see in the lead) are being metal, a tower, a visitor attraction, in Paris etc; being a "Work designated as Historic Civil Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Civil Engineers" is not a defining characteristic (in fact, it's not even mentioned in the article).
Many award recipients categories have been deleted and this type of category is covered by a specific section of the overcategorization guidelines (WP:OC#AWARD). However, some award recipients categories have survived CFD/DRV - e.g. Category:National Collegiate Basketball Hall of Fame inductees (albeit partly for procedural reasons).
Deficiencies with categorizing by awards received
Some of the deficiencies of this type of categorization are:
- It can cause an article to be a member of a category that it should not be a member of - e.g. an article about a Danish person under a category for Australian people. Sometimes the scope of an award changes - e.g. initially it's awarded to people from one country (and a WP category is created on that basis), but later it's awarded to people from other countries or to organisations.
- It can cause category clutter on articles (e.g. an article about a sportsman in 3 "hall of fame inductees" categories and in dozens of other categories) or a person categorized for over 60 awards. This applies especially because the names of some awards categories are very long (e.g. "Category:Pritzker Military Library Literature Award Winner for Lifetime Achievement in Military Writing" or "Category:Recipients of the Conrad Schlumberger Award of the European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers").
- In many cases the article in the category doesn't mention the award. A particular anomaly arises where the list of awards received is split off from the article about the person.
- Some awards are given to people/things that do not currently, and may never, have a WP article - hence a list article can be more complete than a category.
- Awards recipients categories are inevitably non-diffusing (even if they don't state this explicitly) - i.e. if an article is placed in an "Award-winning fooers" category the article should also be directly in the "Fooers" category (or in a diffusing sub-category of it). Non-diffusing categories are an exception to the normal categorization rules that should be minimised.
- Sometimes the award recipient is a group of people or a geographical area that doesn't exactly match the closest corresponding Wikipedia article.
- Categorizing things by what awards they have received leads to articles such as Ball, Bicycle, Blanket, Bird, Butterfly and Bombay Dockyard being in such categories.
- Categories are intended to group together pages on similar subjects, but an award category can group together such articles as Brahmanand Swami, Louis Braille, Charlie Chaplin, Marie Curie, Cyrus the Great, Charles Darwin, Albert Einstein, Francis of Assisi, Yuri Gagarin, Rajiv Gandhi, Helen Keller, Abraham Lincoln, Guglielmo Marconi, Maria Montessori, Louis Mountbatten, Franz Schubert.
- The existence of such categories is sometimes (mis-)used - e.g. "I would also add that we appear to have an entire category devoted to recepients of the Silver Star: Category:Recipients of the Silver Star" 
There are a few awards (e.g. Nobel Prizes) where some of these deficiencies don't apply - i.e. the recipient is always sufficiently notable to have a WP article and the award is sufficiently important to be mentioned in the article's lead/text.
WP:CLN says that categories, lists and navboxes can co-exist (i.e. having a list article does not preclude also having a category), but only when the guidelines for categorization are also followed.
Examples of awards mentioned in an article
Dr Griggs was made a Member of the Order of Australia (AM) in the 2003 Queen's Birthday Honours for service to medicine, particularly through trauma, emergency and care management and education, and critical care and retrieval and in support of the Australian Defence Force.
In 2006, Dr Griggs was the recipient of the award of Australian of the Year for South Australia and was a national finalist.
In 2006, Dr Griggs was awarded the Keys to the City of Adelaide.
Dr Griggs was awarded the Ambulance Service Medal in the 2009 Queen's Birthday Honours.
In 2009, Dr Griggs was named the South Australian of the Year for 2009.
In 2010, Dr Griggs was chosen to appear on the cover of the 2010/2011 Adelaide White Pages Telephone Directory under the theme "Courageous Australians" as a result of a rescue in which he was involved during 1994.
From Bill Griggs#Honours (as of May 2013)
This extract from a Wikipedia article shows the sort of awards that some articles mention. We would not want the article to be in a category for each of these.
Examples of other articles about people with lots of awards include Wojciech Jaruzelski and Konstantin Rokossovsky.
- ^ e.g. "Category:Cities of Military Glory" (CFD), "Category:Buildings with blue plaques" (CFD), "Category:European Capitals of Culture" (CFD) and some other categories where the recipients are not people.
- ^ e.g. In May 2013, "Category:South Australian of the Year Award winners" (CFD) contained 7 articles only 3 of which mentioned the award (in some cases uncited)
- ^ Wikipedia:Categories for discussion/Log/2012 December 31#Category:National Toy Hall of Fame inductees
- ^ User:Good Olfactory/CFD#Awards
- ^ Wikipedia:Deletion review/Log/2013 May 5
- ^ The Jørn Utzon article is/was (as of April 2013) in Category:Recipients of the Royal Australian Institute of Architects’ Gold Medal which put(s) it under Category:Australian people which is for "Australian-born people, or people who identify themselves as Australian."
- ^ As of April 2013 the Jim Thorpe article was in at least 60 categories.
- ^ Miklós Horthy
- ^ Wikipedia:Categories for discussion/Log/2013 June 17#Category:Pritzker Military Library Literature Award Winner for Lifetime Achievement in Military Writing
- ^ Wikipedia:Categories for discussion/Log/2009 June 7#Category:Recipients of the Conrad Schlumberger Award of the European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers
- ^ E.g as of April 2013, the CERN article was in Category:Blue plaques, but the article contained no reason for this
- ^ This most often occurs because the category was added to an article that makes no mention of the person having received that award (e.g. an editor going through a list of recipients of a particular award and categorizing all those for whom there is a WP article even if the article doesn't mention the award - ), but can also arise if the text referring to the award is removed after the category is added.
- ^ See Wikipedia talk:Categorization/Archive 16#Applying categories when information is in a "sub-article"? (Sept 2014).
- ^ E.g. As of April 2013, Category:Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmarks contains only 18 articles, but the corresponding list article refers to 251.
- ^ E.g., as of April 2013, the Liverpool article states "Several areas of the city centre were granted World Heritage Site status" - is this sufficient for the article about the city to be in the category ? (note: in this particular case there's also a separate article)
- ^ Some categories contain text such as "In some instances the designated property may not correspond exactly with the listed article; for instance, where a monument forms part of a larger feature".
- ^ Wikipedia:Categories for discussion/Log/2012 December 31#Category:National Toy Hall of Fame inductees
- ^ Wikipedia:Categories for discussion/Log/2015 June 2#Category:People on Indian postage stamps
- ^ Help:Category (as of June 2015)
- ^ Wikipedia:Categories for discussion/Log/2015 June 2#Category:People on Indian postage stamps - creator's rationale: "... Issuance of a postage stamp on a person is a national honour, just like an honour like Padma Shri. The logic in applying a category like Category:Recipients of the Padma Shri holds true here as well."
- ^ Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/James Ackerman (USMC)
- ^ As of April 2013, the first paragraph of CLN says "... each method of organizing information ... is applied ... following the guidelines and standards that have evolved on Wikipedia for each of these systems." and the 4th para of CLN refers to WP:OC.