User:Doric Loon/PIE Root *reg-

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Description[edit]

The Proto-Indo-European root *reg- may have meant 'to straighten out' or 'rule'. It is sometimes reconstructed as *H3reg-.

Comments, criticisms and controversies[edit]

Derivations[edit]

Anatolian[edit]

Common Anatolian[edit]

Hittite[edit]

Other[edit]


Albanian[edit]


Armenian[edit]


Baltic[edit]

Western Baltic[edit]

Eastern Baltic[edit]


Celtic[edit]

Common Celtic[edit]

*réks, gen. *régos (King)

Gaulish[edit]

Gaulish -rix (a king), pl. -riges - known from personal names including Vircingetorix

Celtiberian[edit]

reiKis

Goidelic[edit]

Old Irish (a king), Scottish Gaelic righ (right)

Brythonic[edit]

Welsh rhi (a king) - here r is lenited, Breton reizh (right, correct), Cornish ruy (a king), Middle Breton roe


Germanic[edit]

Common Germanic[edit]

Common Germanic (rich), (realm, empire, kingdom) (Probably from a Celtic source)
Common Germanic (right, correct)

Eastern Germanic[edit]

Gothic raihts (right, correct)

Western Germanic[edit]

English rich, German reich
English bishopric, German Reich
English right -> copyright (widely borrowed), German recht

Northern Germanic[edit]

Old Norse ríkr -> Swedish rik, Norwegian Bokmål and Norwegian nynorsk rik
Old Norse ríki -> Swedish rike, Norwegian Bokmål and Norwegian nynorsk rike
Old Norse rettr -> Swedish rätt, Norwegian Bokmål and Norwegian nynorsk rett


Hellenic[edit]

Greek orektos (stretched out), réks (a king) - a Middle Greek word borrowed from Latin in the Medieval epoch.


Indo-Iranian[edit]

Common Indo-Iranian[edit]

Indo-Aryan[edit]

Sanskrit rājā(king); mahārājāh (great king) (both widely borrowed)

Dardic[edit]

Nuristani[edit]

Iranian[edit]

Avestan raé (wealth, wealthy), raya (rich person) - a supposed word; rástar (a leader)
Persian rahst (right, correct)


Italic[edit]

Common Italic[edit]

Latin[edit]

Latin rex (king), regere (rule), rectus (straight), directus (from dirigere <- dis-regere, widely borrowed), correctus (from corrigere <- com-regere, widely borrowed)

Romance[edit]

French roi

Spanish rey

Catalan rei

Italian re

Romanian rege

Latin directus -> Spanish derecho (rights/ rightward), French droit (rights) Latin rex -> Spanish rey, French roi


Slavic[edit]

Common Slavic[edit]

South Slavic[edit]

East Slavic[edit]

West Slavic[edit]


Tocharian[edit]

Tocharian A[edit]

Tocharian B[edit]


Other/Unclassified[edit]

Thracian rhesus, resos, rézos (Eponym meaning king)


Related Roots[edit]

In meaning[edit]

In appearance[edit]

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