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Wilburt S. Brown[edit]

Wilburt Scott Brown
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1918-1920
Rank Major General
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Korean War
Awards Silver Star
Legion of Merit (2)
Purple Heart

Wilburt Scott Brown (20 December 1900-17 December 1968) was a United States Marine Corps major general who was a combat veteran of both World Wars, the Nicaraguan campaign, and the Korean War


Wiburt Brown was born on 20 December 1900, in Beverly, Massachusetts, and attended Holliston High School and Philips Academy, Andover, Massachusetts.

Marine Corps career[edit]

He enlisted in the Marine Corps on 28 May 1918 and served with the 20th Company, Fifth Marines in France during World War I, for which he holds two battle clasps and the Purple Heart Medal. He was discharged from the Marine Corps to accept appointment to the U.S. Naval Academy on 8 July 1920, but he left the Naval Academy in September 1922, and reenlisted in the Marine Corps. He was commissioned a second lieutenant from the ranks on 19 February 1925.

In July 1925, after serving as a company officer at the Navy Yard, Norfolk, Virginia, he entered the Officers Basic School at the Marine Barracks, Navy Yard, Philadelphia. On completing that course he was ordered to the Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia, where he rejoined the 20th Company, 5th Marines, with which he had served in World War I. That company was among those chosen to represent the Marine Corps at the Philadelphia Exposition of 1926 until it was called out to guard the mails during an outbreak of robberies.

With the 5th Marines, Brown sailed for Nicaragua in February 1927. He fought in several engagements against rebel bandits in that country, winning the Navy and Marine Corps Medal in action near Buena Vista on 19 January 1928.

He returned from Nicaragua in May 1929, and was assigned to the Sea School at the Marine Corps Base, San Diego, California. That October he joined the Marine Detachment aboard the USS Saratoga, serving on that ship until June 1931. He then served at the Marine Barracks, Navy Yard, Mare Island, California, until May 1933, when he sailed for duty at the Marine Barracks, Guam.

Returning from Guam in July 1935, the general served for two months as executive officer of the rifle range detachment at Quantico before entering the Base Defense Weapons Course in the Marine Corps Schools there. After graduating, he commanded an artillery battery of the 1st Marine Brigade at Quantico until the Fall of 1936, when he was ordered to the Marine Corps Base, San Diego.

At San Diego, General Brown commanded a 155mm battery with the 2nd Marine Brigade until February 1938, when he was ordered to the Marine Barracks, Navy Yard, Mare Island. There, he was Assistant Acting Quartermaster and member of the Naval Retiring Board until June 1939, when he took command of the Marine Detachment aboard the USS Pannsylvania.

He served in that capacity until July 1941, when he returned to San Diego to become executive officer, and later, commander of the 4th Battalion, 10th Marine Regiment, 2nd Marine Division. He left San Diego in March 1942, to serve as executive officer of the 8th Defense Battalion in the Pacific theater. Returning to the United States in January 1943, he was assigned to San Diego until he entered an advanced artillery school at Fort Sill, Oklahoma.

After completing the school he helped organize the Troop Training Unit at the Amphibious Training Base, Coronado and Morro Bay, California, later serving as artillery and naval gunfire instructor with that unit. During this period, four Army infantry and two Marine divisions were trained in amphibious warfare at the base and General Brown became one of the pioneers in the coordination of naval gunfire, artillery, and air support. He taught and practiced those tactics throughout his subsequent service.

In October 1944, Brown was again ordered to the Pacific theater, where he organized and briefly commanded the 15th Marine Regiment, 6th Marine Division. He then took command of the 11th Marine Artillery Regiment, 1st Marine Division, serving in that capacity during the Okinawa campaign and in China at the wars end. He was awarded the Legion of Merit with Combat “V” for outstanding service at Okinawa and an Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a second Legion of Merit for his service in China.

Returning from China in October 1946, General Brown was assigned to the Air University, Maxwell Field, Alabama, as an instructor in the Naval Division. While teaching amphibious warfare and the coordination of fire and air support there, he completed the Air Command and Staff School. He left Maxwell Field to take command of the 10th Marine Artillery Regiment, 2nd Marine Division, at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, in June 1949.

The general embarked for Korea in April 1951, commanding the 1st Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Division, until his return to the United States in December 1951. He was awarded the [Silver Star]] Medal for his service with that regiment.

In May 1952, after serving briefly as Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2 (Intelligence), of the Marine Corps Base, Camp Pendleton, General Brown was assigned to the staff of the Field Artillery School at Fort Sill. He was promoted to brigadier general in August 1952, and in October 1952, returned to Camp Pendleton to serve as Commanding General, Force Troops, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific. He was promoted to major general on retirement after thirty-five years of service, on 1 December 1953.


After his retirement, General Brown entered the University of Alabama as a junior and graduated in 1963 with a PhD in History.

Wilburt Brown died on 17 December 1968 at the VA Hospital in Birmingham, Alabama.


* The Amphibious Campaign for West Florida and Louisiana, 1814-1815: A Critical Review of Strategy and Tactivs at New Orleans by Wilburt S. Brown


Major General Brown's personal decorations include the Silver Star, Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster, Navy and Marine Corps and the Purple Heart Medal, the Marine Corps Good Conduct Medal, the World War I Victory Medal with two combat stars, the Nicaraguan Campaign Medal, the China Service Medal, the American Area Campaign Medal, the Asiatic-Pacific Area Campaign Medal with one bronze star, the World War II Victory Medal, the Navy Occupation Service Medal, the Nicaraguan Medal of Merit, the Order of the Cloud and Banner (China), the Korean Service Medal, the United Nations Service Medal and the National Defense Service Medal. His unit decorations include the Presidential Unit Citation ribbon and the Navy Unit Citation ribbon.

See also[edit]


This article incorporates text in the public domain from the United States Marine Corps.


Douglas-Mansfield Act[edit]

United States Public Law 82-416 (Pub.L. 82–416), best known as the Douglas-Mansfield Act, passed by the United States Congress in June 1952 gave legislative support to the roles and missions of the United States Marine Corps. The Act decreed a three-division/three-wing force structure for the Marine Corps.[1]


  1. ^ Historical Evolution of Marine Corps Basing and Deployment Patterns.


External links[edit]

LtCol Chandler Johnson[edit]

Lt Col Chandler W. Johnson, Commander of 2/28 at Iwo Jima First flag at Iwo Jima Four days later, as the battle raged on, a group of Marines was assigned a mission that must have made it flinch. Lt. Col. Chandler Johnson ordered a lieutenant to take a 40-man patrol to the top of Suribachi and seize the crest.

efore 1st Lt. Harold Schrier stepped off, Johnson handed him a small flag brought ashore by the battalion adjutant. Johnson instructed Schrier to hoist the flag when he reached the summit.

Schrier’s patrol reached the rim of Suribachi’s crater about 10:15 a.m., encountering a group of Japanese. Even as a firefight erupted, a few Marines scrambled to find something with which to raise the flag. They found a length of steel pipe, to which they affixed the tiny flag, then raised it at 10:20 a.m.

Far below, thousands of weary and wounded sailors and Marines broke into cheers. Some wept.

The men who raised that flag often have been overlooked in the shadow of Associated Press photographer Joe Rosenthal’s iconic image of the second flag raising, which came later that day when Johnson decided the first flag was too small to be seen from a distance.

The men who made it to the top with that small flag were Sgt. Louis Lowery — a Leatherneck magazine photographer, Schrier, Cpl. Charles W. Lindberg, Platoon Sgt. Ernest I. Thomas Jr., Sgt. Henry O. Hansen, Pfc. Louis C. Charlo and Pfc. James Michels. Lowery photographed the event.

Back to the fight

The flag raisings didn’t signal the end of battle. Marines would fight another month through some of the war’s most savage combat. In fact, after the flags were raised, nearly 4,000 Marines were killed in action.

From Lance-Star

A patrol of about 20 Marines was sent up Mount Suribachi with the first flag, which was tied to a Japanese water pipe and hoisted by a handful of the men while the rest formed a secure perimeter.

This was photographed by Lou Lowery of Leatherneck magazine. (I have a print signed by Charles Lindberg, one of the men pictured.)

Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal, watching from offshore, wanted this flag.

Lt. Col. Chandler Johnson, a battalion commander in the 28th Marines, felt that the flag should stay with the Marines and was quoted as saying, "To hell with him!"

He ordered it replaced so Forrestal wouldn't get it. He also said that it was too small to be seen well on top of the volcano anyway.

The second flag was taken up by a small group and was raised on a second pipe as the first flag was lowered.


Iwo Jima's Costs, Gains, and Legacies

External links[edit]

New user welcome[edit]

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List of United States Marine Corps recipients of Medal of Honor[edit]

This is a list of United States Marines Corps recipients of the Medal of Honor by campaign. The rank listed is that at the time of the action for which the Medal of Honor was awarded.

There have been 296 Medals of Honor awarded to 294 U.S. Marine Corps recipients spanning 18 conflicts.

American Civil War (1861-1865)[edit]

  1. Sergeant Richard Binder
  2. Sergeant J. Henry Denig
  3. Orderly Sergeant Isaac N. Fry
  4. Sergeant Michael Hudson
  5. Corporal John F. Mackie
  6. Sergeant James Martin (USMC)
  7. Sergeant Andrew Miller (USMC)
  8. Orderly Sergeant Christopher Nugent
  9. Corporal Miles M. Oviatt
  10. Corporal John Rannahan
  11. Sergeant James S. Roantree
  12. Private John Shivers
  13. Corporal Willard M. Smith
  14. Orderly Sergeant David Sprowle
  15. Private Henry A. Thompson
  16. Corporal Andrew J. Tomlin
  17. Sergeant Pinkerton R. Vaughn

Korean campaign (1871)[edit]

  1. Corporal Charles Brown
  2. Private John Coleman
  3. Private James Dougherty
  4. Private Michael McNamara
  5. Private Michael Owens
  6. Private Hugh Purvis

Interim 1872-1881[edit]

  1. Corporal John Morris
  2. Corporal James A. Stewart

Spanish-American War (1898)[edit]

  1. Private Daniel Campbell
  2. Private Oscar Wadsworth Field
  3. Private John Fitzgerald (USMC)
  4. Private Joseph John Franklin
  5. Sergeant Philip Gaughan
  6. Private Frank Hill (USMC)
  7. Private Michael Kearney (USMC)
  8. Private Hermann William Kuchneister
  9. Private Harry Lewis MacNeal
  10. Private James Meredith (USMC) (Name later changed to Patrick F. Ford, Jr.)
  11. Private Pomeroy Parker
  12. Sergeant John Henry Quick
  13. Private Joseph Francis Scott
  14. Private Edward Sullivan (USMC)
  15. Private Walter Scott West

Philippine Insurrection (1899-1902)[edit]

  1. Captain Hiram Iddings Bearss
  2. Private Howard Major Buckley
  3. Sergeant Bruno Albert Forsterer
  4. Sergeant Harry Harvey
  5. Private Henry Lewis Hulbert
  6. Private Joseph Leonard
  7. Sergeant Michael Joseph McNally
  8. Captain David Dixon Porter
  9. Corporal Thomas Francis Prendergast

Boxer Rebellion (1900)[edit]

  1. Sergeant John Mapes Adams
  2. Corporal Harry Chapman Adriance*
  3. Corporal Edwin Nelson Appleton
  4. Private Erwin Jay Boyston
  5. Private James Burnes
  6. Private Albert Ralph Campbell
  7. Private William Louis Carr
  8. Private James Cooney (Boxer Rebelllion)
  9. Corporal John Olof Dahlgren
  10. Private Daniel Joseph Daly
  11. Private Harry Fisher (Real name was Franklin J. Phillips)
  12. Sergeant Alexander Joseph Foley
  13. Private Charles Robert Francis*
  14. Private Louis Rene Gaiennie
  15. Private Henry William Heisch
  16. Private William Charlie Horton
  17. Private Martin Hunt
  18. Private Thomas Wilbur Kates
  19. Private Clarence Edward Mathias
  20. Private Albert Moore
  21. Drummer John A. Murphy
  22. Private William H. Murray
  23. Private Harry Westley Orndoff
  24. Corporal Reuben Jasper Phillips
  25. Private Herbert Irving Preston
  26. Private David John Scannell
  27. Private France Silva
  28. Gunnery Sergeant Peter Stewart
  29. Sergeant Clarence Edwin Sutton
  30. Private Oscar J. Upham
  31. Sergeant Edward Alexander Walker
  32. Private Frank Albert Young
  33. Private William Zion

Interim 1901[edit]

  1. Sergeant John Henry Helms
  2. Private Louis Fred Pfeifer

Vera Cruz (1914)[edit]

  1. Major Randolph Carter Berkeley
  2. Major Smedley Darlington Butler
  3. Major Albertus W. Catlin
  4. Captain Jesse Farley Dyer
  5. Captain Eli Thompson Fryer
  6. Captain Walter Newell Hill
  7. Captain John Arthur Hughes
  8. Lieutenant Colonel Wendell Cushing Neville
  9. Major George Croghan Reid

Haitian Campaign (1915)[edit]

  1. Major Smedley Darlington Butler
  2. Gunnery Sergeant Daniel Joseph Daly
  3. Private Samuel Gross
  4. Sergeant Ross Lindsey Iams
  5. First Lieutenant Edward Albert Ostermann
  6. Captain William Peterkin Upshur

Dominican Republic (1916)[edit]

  1. Corporal Joseph Anthony Glowin
  2. First Lieutenant Ernest Calvin Williams
  3. First Sergeant Roswell Winans

World War I (1917-1918)[edit]

  1. Sergeant Louis Cukela
  2. Gunnery Sergeant Ernest August Janson
  3. Private John Joseph Kelly
  4. Sergeant Matej Kocak
  5. Corporal John Henry Pruitt
  6. Gunnery Sergeant Robert Guy Robinson
  7. Gunnery Sergeant Fred W. Stockham
  8. Second Lieutenant Ralph Talbot

Haitian Campaign (1919-1920)[edit]

  1. Corporal William Robert Button
  2. Sergeant Herman Henry Hanneken|Herman Henry Hanneken

Interim 1921[edit]

  1. Private Albert Joseph Smith

Second Nicaraguan Campaign (1928-1932)[edit]

  1. First Lieutenant Christian Frank Schilt
  2. Corporal Donald Leroy Truesdale, aka Donald LeRoy Truesdell

World War II (1941-1945)[edit]

  • indicates posthumous award
  1. Private First Class Harold Christ Agerholm*
  2. Private First Class Richard Beatty Anderson*
  3. Major Kenneth D. Bailey*
  4. Sergeant John Basilone
  5. Lieutenant Colonel Harold William Bauer*
  6. Corporal Lewis Kenneth Bausell*
  7. Corporal Charles Joseph Berry*
  8. First Lieutenant Alexander Bonnyman, Jr.*
  9. Staff Sergeant William James Bordelon
  10. Major Gregory Boyington
  11. Corporal Richard Earl Bush
  12. Private First Class William Robert Caddy
  13. First Lieutenant George Ham Cannon
  14. Corporal Anthony Casamento
  15. Lieutenant Colonel Justice Marion Chambers
  16. Sergeant Darrell Samuel Cole
  17. Major Henry Alexuis Courtney, Jr.
  18. Corporal Anthony Peter Damato
  19. Corporal James L. Day
  20. First Lieutenant Jefferson Joseph DeBlanc
  21. Captain Robert Hugo Dunlap (Robert H. Dunlap was a Marine Corps general during WWI)
  22. Lieutenant Colonel Aquilla James Dyess
  23. Colonel Merritt Austin Edson
  24. Captain Henry Talmage Elrod
  25. Private First Class Harold Glenn Epperson
  26. Corporal John Peter Fardy
  27. Captain Richard Eugen Fleming
  28. Captain Joseph Jacob Foss
  29. Private First Class William Adelbert Foster
  30. Major Robert Edward Galer
  31. Private First Class Harold Gonsalves
  32. Sergeant Ross Franklin Gray
  33. Private First Class Henry Gurke
  34. Private Dale Merlin Hansen
  35. First Lieutenant Robert Murray Hanson
  36. Sergeant William George Harrell
  37. Corporal Louis James Hauge, Jr.
  38. First Lieutenant William Deane Hawkins
  39. Private First Class Arthur J. Jackson
  40. Private First Class Douglas Thomas Jacobson
  41. Platoon Sergeant Joseph Rodolph Julian
  42. Sergeant Elbert Luther Kinser
  43. Private First Class Richard Edward Kraus
  44. Private First Class James Dennis La Belle
  45. Second Lieutenant John Harold Leims
  46. Private First Class Jacklyn Harrell Lucas
  47. First Lieutenant Jack Lummus
  48. First Lieutenant Harry Linn Martin
  49. Private First Class Leonard Foster Mason
  50. Gunnery Sergeant Robert Howard McCard
  51. Captain Joseph Jeremiah McCarthy
  52. Private Robert Miller McTureous, Jr.
  53. Private First Class John Dury New
  54. Sergeant Robert Allen Owens
  55. Private Joseph William Ozbourn
  56. Platoon Sergeant Mitchell Paige
  57. Private First Class Wesley Phelps
  58. Private George Phillips
  59. Captain Everett Parker Pope
  60. First Lieutenant John Vincent Power
  61. Private First Class Charles Howard Roan
  62. First Lieutenant Carlton Robert Rouh
  63. Private First Class Donald Jack Ruhl
  64. Private First Class Albert Earnest Schwab
  65. Colonel David Monroe Shoup
  66. Private Franklin Earl Sigler
  67. Private First Class Luther Skaggs, Jr.
  68. Major John Lucian Smith
  69. Private Richard Keith Sorenson
  70. Corporal Tony Stein
  71. First Lieutenant James Elms Swett
  72. Sergeant Herbert Joseph Thomas
  73. Sergeant Clyde A. Thomason
  74. Sergeant Grant Frederick Timmerman
  75. Major General Alexander Archer Vandegrift
  76. First Lieutenant Kenneth Ambrose Walsh
  77. Gunnery Sergeant William Gary Walsh
  78. Private Wilson Douglas Watson
  79. Corporal Hershel Woodrow Williams
  80. Captain Louis Hugh Wilson, Jr.
  81. Private First Class Robert Lee Wilson
  82. Private First Class Frank Peter Witek

Korean conflict[edit]

  1. Corporal Charles Gene Abrell
  2. Captain William Earl Barber
  3. Private First Class William Bernard Baugh
  4. Private Hector Albert Cafferata, Jr.
  5. Corporal David Bernard Champagne
  6. Private First Class Stanley Reuben Christianson
  7. First Lieutenant Henry Alfred Commiskey, Sr.
  8. Corporal Jack Arden Davenport
  9. Lieutenant Colonel Raymond Gilbert Davis
  10. Corporal Duane Edgar Dewey
  11. Private First Class Fernando Luis Garcia
  12. Private First Class Edward Gomez
  13. Staff Sergeant Ambrosio Guillen
  14. Sergeant James Edmund Johnson
  15. Private First Class John Doren Kelly
  16. Private Jack William Kelso
  17. Staff Sergeant Robert Sidney Kennemore
  18. Private First Class Herbert A. Littleton
  19. First Lieutenant Baldomero Lopez
  20. Sergeant Daniel P. Matthews
  21. Sergeant Frederick William Mausert III
  22. Private First Class Alford Lee McLaughlin
  23. First Lieutenant Frank Nicias Mitchell
  24. Private First Class Walter Carleton Monegan, Jr.
  25. Private First Class Whitt Lloyd Moreland
  26. Second Lieutenant Raymond Gerald Murphy
  27. Major Reginald Rodney Myers
  28. Private First Class Eugene Arnold Obregon
  29. Second Lieutenant George Herman O'Brien, Jr.
  30. Corporal Lee Hugh Phillips
  31. Sergeant James Irsley Poynter
  32. Second Lieutenant George Henry Ramer
  33. Second Lieutenant Robert Dale Reem
  34. Staff Sergeant William Edward Shuck, Jr.
  35. Private First Class Robert Ernest Simanek
  36. Captain Carl Leonard Sitter
  37. Second Lieutenant Sherrod Emerson Skinner, Jr.
  38. Staff Sergeant Archie Van Winkle
  39. Corporal Joseph Vittori
  40. Staff Sergeant Lewis George Watkins
  41. Technical Sergeant Harold Edward Wilson
  42. Staff Sergeant William Gordon Windrich

Vietnam War[edit]

  1. Private First Class James Anderson, Jr.
  2. Lance Corporal Richard Allen Anderson
  3. Private First Class Oscar P. Austin
  4. Lance Corporal Jedh Colby Barker
  5. First Lieutenant Harvey Curtiss Barnum, Jr.
  6. Second Lieutenant John Paul Bobo
  7. Private First Class Daniel D. Bruce
  8. Private First Class Robert C. Burke
  9. Private First Class Bruce Wayne Carter
  10. Private First Class Raymond Michael Clausen, Jr.
  11. Private First Class Ronald L. Coker
  12. Staff Sergeant Peter Spencer Connor
  13. Colonel Donald Gilbert Cook
  14. Lance Corporal Thomas E. Creek
  15. Sergeant Rodney Maxwell Davis
  16. Lance Corporal Emilio Albert De La Garza, Jr.
  17. Private First Class Ralph Ellis Dias
  18. Private First Class Douglas Eugene Dickey
  19. Sergeant Paul Hellstrom Foster
  20. First Lieutenant Wesley Lee Fox
  21. Sergeant Alfredo Gonzalez
  22. Captain James Albert Graham
  23. Second Lieutenant Terrence Collinson Graves
  24. Staff Sergeant Jimmie Earl Howard
  25. Lance Corporal James Donnie Howe
  26. Private First Class Robert H. Jenkins, Jr.
  27. Lance Corporal Jose Francisco Jimenez
  28. Private First Class Ralph H. Johnson
  29. Lance Corporal Miguel Keith
  30. Staff Sergeant Allan J. Kellogg, Jr.
  31. Captain Howard Vincent Lee
  32. Captain James E. Livingston
  33. Private First Class Gary Wayne Martini
  34. Corporal Larry Leonard Maxam
  35. Staff Sergeant John James McGinty III
  36. Captain Robert Joseph Modrzejewski
  37. Corporal William D. Morgan
  38. Private First Class Melvin Earl Newlin
  39. Lance Corporal Thomas P. Noonan, Jr.
  40. Corporal Robert Emmet O'Malley
  41. Lance Corporal Joe C. Paul
  42. Corporal William Thomas Perkins, Jr.
  43. Sergeant Lawrence David Peters
  44. Private First Class Jimmy W. Phipps
  45. Lance Corporal Richard Allen Pittman
  46. Captain Stephen Wesley Pless
  47. Lance Corporal William R. Prom
  48. First Lieutenant Frank Stanley Reasoner
  49. Sergeant Walter K. Singleton
  50. Corporal Larry Eugene Smedley
  51. Staff Sergeant Karl Gorman Taylor, Sr.
  52. Captain Jay R. Vargas
  53. Lance Corporal Lester W. Weber
  54. Lance Corporal Roy Mitchell Wheat
  55. Private First Class Dewayne T. Williams
  56. Private First Class Alfred M. Wilson
  57. Lance Corporal Kenneth L. Worley


Welcome note[edit]


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USMC Quotes[edit]

USMC Quotes:

The Honorable John H. Dalton, Secretary of the Navy

The development of the concept of amphibious warfare was initiated by Marine Corps Commandants who combined authority with conviction and knowledge. From its origins during the tenures of Commandants John Lejeune, Wendell Neville, and Benjamin Fuller, through the establishment of the Fleet Marine Force under General John H. Russell, all Naval Academy graduates, the development of the Marine Corps as America's expeditionary force was the result of leadership. It was backed by the experience of campaigns in the Caribbean, Central America, the Pacific and China. These leaders spoke with authority in directing new ideas because they had experienced the old ideas and borne the scars.

Honorable John H. Dalton, Secretary of the Navy, "Timeless Traits of Leadership", USNA Graduation, Annapolis, MD, 31 May 1995.


Dan Daly
"I can't see how a single man could spend his time to better advantage than in the Marines." 1919 #1
Archibald Henderson
Tradition holds that he pinned a note to his door that read, "Gone to Florida to fight the Indians. Will be back when the war is over." — Archibald Henderson(1837) Gone to Florida to fight the Indians. Will be back when the war is

over. #2 [Col. Archibald Henderson, USMC (CMC); in a note pinned to his office door, 1836]

Thomas E. Ricks, Making the Corps, 1997

The United States Marine Corps, with it fiercely proud tradition of excellence in combat, its hallowed rituals, and its unbending code of honor, is part of the fabric of American myth. #3

John A. Lejeune
"Leadership is the sum of those qualities of intellect, human understanding, and moral character that enables a person to inspire and control a group of people successfully." - John A. Lejeune
Author Unknown, often attributed to Ronald Reagan
"Some people spend an entire lifetime wondering if they've made a difference. The Marines don't have that problem."
Thomas E. Ricks, Making the Corps, 1997

The United States Marine Corps, with it fiercely proud tradition of excellence in combat, its hallowed rituals, and its unbending code of honor, is part of the fabric of American myth.

James Forrestal, Secretary of the Navy, February 23, 1945

The raising of that flag on Suribachi means a Marine Corps for the next five hundred years. (the flag-raising on Iwo Jima had been immortalized in a photograph by Associated Press photographer Joe Rosenthal)

General Charles C. Krulak, CMC, May 5, 1997
For over 221 years our Corps has done two things for this great Nation. We make Marines, and we win battles.
Paul H. Douglas
"Those of us who have had the priviledge of serving in the Marine Corps value our experience as among the most precious of our lives. The fellowship of shared hardships and dangers in a worthy cause creates a close bond of comradeship. It is the basic reason for the cohesiveness of Marines and for the pride we have in our corps and our loyalty to each other." -(Senator Paul H. Douglas)

Ben Grauer[edit]

Ben Grauer (June 2, 1908May 31, 1977) was a child actor in the 1920s, both in film and on Broadway and an NBC radio and television announcer as an adult ("Voice of the Peacock").

Grauer was born Benjamin Franklin Gauer in Staten Island, New York in 1908. He began his career as a child actor in 1915, both on Broadway and in silent films. Among his credits were roles in films directed by D.W. Griffith.

After graduating from Townsend Harris High School, he received his B.A from City College of New York in 1930. After graduation, he began his 40+ year career with the National Broadcasting Company (NBC). He began as a radio actor, then moved in to radio broadcasting. In 1939, he broadcast NBC's first television special from the New York World's Fair.

He married interior designer Melanie Kahane in 1954.

Radio Career[edit]

Grauer began his acting career in radio, and soon became part of the broadcasting staff at the National Broadcasting Company. He was the main announcer for the NBC Symphony Broadcasts on radio and TV from 1937 until 1954. Arturo Toscanini said he was his favorite announcer.

In 1932, Grauer began covered the Olympic Games, presidential inaugurations, and international events. During his 40-year broadcasting career, he hosted over a dozen TV programs on NBC including game shows, quiz shows, concerts and news programs. Ben Grauer is best remembered as the host of NBC radio and televisions's annual New Year's Eve broadcasts Live from Times Square. For decades, these broadcasts were part of the NBC Tonight Show, where he worked not only with Johnny Carson, but his predecessors. He retired from NBC in 1973.

In the decade before his death, Grauer collected material for a projected history of prices and pricing, with special attention to book prices. He was active in several professional journalistic organizations as well as the Grolier Club. Grauer always had a great interest in the graphic arts, he even printed his own Christmas Cards.

Grauer died in New York City in 1977.


Child roles[edit]

  • His Woman (1919)
  • Mad Woman (1919)
  • The Idol Dancer (1920) .... as Native Boy (film directed by D.W. Griffith)
  • Annabel Lee (1921) .... David Martin, as a child
  • My Friend the Devil (1922) .... George Dryden, as a boy

Adult roles[edit]

  • Gaslight Follies (1945) .... Narrator, 'Stars of Yesterday'
  • Fight of the Wild Stallions (1947) .... Narrator
  • Kon-Tiki (1950) (voice) .... Narrator

Ben Grauer - The Voice of the Peacock[edit]

Radio years (1930-1969)[edit]

Gauers greatest fame lies in his legendary 40-year career in radio. In 1930, at the age of 22, Grauer joined the staff at NBC. He quickly rose through the ranks, to become a senior commentator and reporter. He was the designated announcer for the popular 1940s Walter Winchell "Information Please." Perhaps, most importantly, he was selected by Arturo Toscanini to become the voice of the NBC Symphony Orchestra (Grauer took over in 1940 and remained until it was left the air in June 1954). Grauer did both the Toscanini radio and TV broadcasts. Several years after the death of Toscanini, Ben Grauer, together with the composer Don Gillis (who produced the NBC broadcasts from 1947-1954), created the Peabody Award-winning radio series: Toscanini, the Man Behind the Legend." It began in 1963 and continued through the centennial of Toscanini's birth in 1967. This series ran for nearly two decades on NBC and then other radio stations until the early 1980's. During his distingished radio career Grauer covered nearly every major historic event, including the Morro Castle fire, the Paris Peace Conference, and the U.S. occupation of Japan. Millions remember Ben Grauer for his NBC broadcast coverage of the New Year's celebrations on both radio and TV. Between 1951 and 1969 Grauer covered these events eleven times live from New York's Times Square.

Radio shows:

  • Pot o' Gold (1939-1941): Considered the first "interactive" broadcast program. A popular game show hosted by Grauer. Horace Heidt and his Musical Knights played while Grauer asked listeners questions on the phone. It was this program that introduced the famous phrase: "Stop the Music."
  • Atlantic Spotlight (1940s): Grauer would chat across the Atlantic Ocean with BBC announcer in London.
  • Battle of the Sexes (1938): NBC quiz show
  • Information Please (1938-1952): NBC quiz show
  • Living (1948-1952): Host; Cast included Alexander Scourby and Art Carney
  • Sleep No More (1956-1957): NBC radio drama
  • What Would You Have Done?: NBC radio drama

Television years (1939-1973)[edit]

Ben Grauer provided the commentary for NBC's first television special, the opening of the 1939 New York World's Fair. Grauer, together with John Cameron Swayze, provided the first live television coverage of a the national political conventions in 1948. In 1956, NBC began broadcasting some of their shows in "Living Color".

In 1957, the animated Peacock logo made it's debut, with a musical score by Lou Garisto and the voice was Ben Grauer intoning the memorable words, "The following program is brought to you in living color on NBC." In addition to his reporting, commentating, and voice roles, Gauer hosted many popular radio and television programs including:

Television shows:

  • Americana (1947-1949): American history quiz show - host
  • The Ben Grauer Show(1950), also known as You Are An Artist: Learn to draw show with Jon Gnagy - host
  • The Big Story (1949-1957) Drama anthology (NBC)
  • Eyewitness (1947-1948): Documentary series on the history of television, including behind-the-scenes of broadcasting - host
  • In Town Today (1951) RCA variety specials, included Bob Hope showing off new TV sets
  • It's a Problem (1951-1952): A trio of experts discussing everyday living difficulties
  • Kay Kyser's Kollege of Music Knowledge (1949-1954): Musical quiz show
  • Lewisohn Stadium Concerts (1950): Concerts featuring the New York Philharmonic
  • March of Medicine (1958): Medical documentary series
  • The Sacco-Vanzetti Story (1960) Mini-series, narrated by Grauer
  • Say It With Acting (1949-1952): Game show, with teams from Broadway shows playing charades - host
  • Tactic (1959): Series, guest stars included Alfred Hitchcock and William Shatner
  • What Happened? (1952): Game show in which panelists had to find out why each guest was important - host
  • College of Musical Knowledge: Game show - announcer


External links[edit]

Further reading/listening[edit]