User:EdChem/History of organometallic chemistry

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Organometallic chemistry is the study of the nature of chemical compounds which possess chemical bonds between metals and carbon, and their chemical reactions. The field overlaps with both inorganic chemistry and organic chemistry and is usually considered either from the perspective of inorganic coordination chemistry or organic synthesis.[1] Important applications of organometallic chemistry include catalysis in industrial chemistry and even biological. Since the award of the first Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1901, there have been six prizes given that relate directly to organometallic chemistry – in 1912, to Victor Grignard for the discovery of the Grignard reagent and to Paul Sabatier for the discovery of metal-catalysed hydrogenation of organic compounds;[2] in 1963, to Karl Ziegler and Giulio Natta for alkene polymerisation using Ziegler-Natta catalysts;[3] in 1973, to Ernst Otto Fischer and Geoffrey Wilkinson for their independent work on sandwich compounds;[4] in 1979, to Herbert C. Brown for his work on hydroboration–oxidation of alkenes (the Prize was shared with Georg Wittig for his work on the Wittig reaction which is considered a purely organic process);[5] in 2005, to Yves Chauvin, Robert H. Grubbs, and Richard R. Schrock for their work on olefin metathesis;[6] and, in 2010, to Richard F. Heck, Ei-ichi Negishi, and Akira Suzuki for their work on palladium-catalysed cross coupling reactions.[7]

Organometallic compounds[edit]



  1. ^ Toreki, R. (November 20, 2003). "Organometallics Defined". The Organometallic HyperTextBook. Interactive Learning Paradigms Incorporated. Retrieved February 12, 2011. 
  2. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1912". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 12 February 2011. 
  3. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1963". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 12 February 2011. 
  4. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1973". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 12 February 2011. 
  5. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1979". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 12 February 2011. 
  6. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2005". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 12 February 2011. 
  7. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2010". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 12 February 2011.