User:Electionworld/sandbox

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Multiple timelines of countries and territories[edit]

Contents[edit]

Introduction - Contents - Index of timelines
Present-day countries and dependencies in Europe

Albania - Andorra - Armenia - Austria - Belarus - Belgium - Bosnia and Herzegovina - Bulgaria - Croatia - Cyprus - Czech Republic - Denmark - Estonia - Finland - France - Georgia - Germany - Greece - Hungary - Iceland - Ireland - Italy - Kosovo - Latvia - Liechtenstein - Lithuania - Luxembourg - Macedonia - Malta - Moldova - Monaco - Montenegro - The Netherlands - Norway - Poland - Portugal - Romania - Russia - San Marino - Serbia - Slovakia - Slovenia - Spain - Sweden - Switzerland - Turkey - Ukraine - United Kingdom - Vatican

European Union

Disputed countries and areas in Europe
Abkhazia - Artsakh - Crimea - Donetsk - Lugansk - Northern Cyprus - South Ossetia - Transnistria

Dependencies in Europe
Akrotiri and Dhekelia - Åland - Faroe Islands - Gibraltar - Guernsey - Isle of Man - Jersey

Timeline of European colonialism

Former empires in Europe
Austria-Hungary - Frankish Empire - French Empire - Habsburg Empire - Holy Roman Empire - Macedonian Empire - Mongol Empire - Ottoman Empire - Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth - Roman Empire - Roman (Byzantine) Empire - Rus' - Russian Empire

Former states in Europe since 1945
Berlin - Czechoslovakia - German Democratic Republic - Saarland - Soviet Union - Trieste - Yugoslavia

Complete index

Non-European countries

Introduction[edit]

Introduction - Contents - Index of timelines

This is an overview of the historical development of countries in Europe.

A link in an entry to an entity included in this scheme directs to the (sub-)entry in this overview holding the historical development of that entity.
  • Europe is taken here in its geographical meaning: north of the Mediterranean Sea, west of the Bosporus, north of the Caucasus and west of the Ural. Extra listed are countries cultural considered to be part of Europe: Cyprus, Armenia and Georgia. Russia and Turkey are only included for their European parts. Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are - since they do not have a substantial European part - not included, but Artsakh is included.
  • Included are independent recognized and non-recognized countries and semi-independent countries as well as overseas dependencies. Dependencies and colonies outside Europe are mentioned in the entries of the colonizing state. Non-recognized countries are included in the entry of the country they are legally part of. Exception is Artsakh, since Azerbaijan is not included.
  • Each entry includes the entities that existed on the territory of the country, as far as they were itself more or less (de facto) independent entities. Not included are constituent, feudal and/or similar entities in countries.
As far as Northern Italy was not a part of the Holy Roman Empire after 1648 as th the Peace of Westphalia effectively terminated any imperial claims to an Italian kingdom, the choice has been made not to include the tiny feudal states in Imperial Italy that existed until the Napoleonic era. A list can be found at Feudi Imperiali.
Not included are partisan republics established as a predecessor of a future liberated country and entities that didn't have the objective to form an own country. They and contra-governments can be listed italic.
Many of the colonies established by England (United Kingdom), France, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain often change hands before they become a long-lasting dependency. These changes are generally not included. The legal status of overseas possessions can be various, from possession to protectorate.
  • The scheme gives information on the development of political structures in a country. A difference has been made in estates assemblies, representing estates in a country, and parliaments, the latter seen as a representation of the population of a country. If a parliament is bicameral, independent of its name the upper house or chamber is labeled as senate. On suffrage a difference has been made between limited suffrage, based on limitations on income, profession, class, tax etc., universal male suffrage, giving (almost) all men above a certain age the right to vote, and universal suffrage, giving (almost) all women above a certain age the right to vote.

Index of timelines[edit]

Introduction - Contents - Index of timelines

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z


Aachen - Abkhazia (Ancient) - Abkhazia (Medieval) - Abkhazia (1921) - Abkhazia - Achaea - Achaean League - Aegean Islands - Agder - Ailech - Airgíalla Aix-la-Chapelle - Ak Koyunlu - Akrotiri and Dhekelia - Alamannia - Åland - Alania - Alba (Scotland) - Alba (City) - Alba Longa - Albania - Albania - Albarracín - Albon - Almeria - Alsace - Alsace-Lorraine - Alt Clut - Altena - Amalfi - Ancona - Ancona - Andorra - Angelokastron and Lepanto - Anglo-Saxons - Anhalt - Anhalt-Aschersleben - Anhalt-Bernburg - Anhalt-Dessau - Anhalt-Dessau-Köthen - Anhalt-Köthen - Anhalt-Plötzkau - Anhalt-Zerbst - Anholt - Anjou - Ansbach - Antes - Appenzell - Apulia - Apulia and Calabria - Aquileia - Aquitaine - Aquitaine - Arab Caliphate - Aragon - Aragon - Aras - Arbanon - Arborea - Archipelago - Ardiaei - Arenberg - Arezzo - Argos - Armenia (Kingdom) - Armenia (Emirate) - Armenia (Zakarid) - Armenia (1918) - Armenia - Arta - Artsakh (Kingdom) - Artsakh - Aschaffenburg - Assyria - Asti - Astrakhan - Asturias - Asturias and León - Athens (Polis) - Athens (Duchy) - Athos - Austrasia - Austria (Duchy) - Austria (Empire) - Austria - Austria-Hungary - Austrian Netherlands - Avar Khaganate - Avar Khanate - Avignon - Azerbaijan

Badajoz - Baden - Baden (County) - Baden-Baden - Baden-Durlach - Baden-Eberstein - Baden-Hachberg - Baden-Pforzheim - Baden-Rodemachern - Baden-Sausenberg - Baden-Sponheim - Ballenstedt - Banat - Bandava - Bar - Baranya-Baja - Barcelona - Bari - Basel - Batavian Republic - Batumi - Bavaria (Old) - Bavaria (Carolingian) - Bavaria - Bavaria-Dachau - Bavaria-Ingolstadt - Bavaria-Munich - Bavaria-Straubing - Bayreuth - Béarn - Belarus - Belgium - Beloozero - Benevento (Duchy) - Benevento (Principality) - Berat - Berg - Berg - Bergamo - Berlin - Bern - Bernica - Bidache - Billung March - Bodonitsa - Bohemia - Bohemia and Moravia - Bohemian Crown - Bologna (City) - Bologna (Republic) - Bosnia - Bosnia and Herzegovina - Bosporus - Bottleneck - Bouillon - Brabant - Brandenburg - Brandenburg-Ansbach - Brandenburg-Bayreuth - Brandenburg-Kulmbach - Brandenburg-Prussia - Brandenburg-Salzwedel - Brandenburg-Stendal - Branković Land - Breifne - Bremen (Archbishopric) - Bremen (City) - Bremen-Verden - Brescia - Brittany - Brixen - Brunswick (Medieval) - Brunswick (19th century) - Brunswick-Lüneburg (Medieval) - Brunswick-Lüneburg (17th century) - Brunswick-Wolffenbüttel - Brycheiniog - Bryneicg - Bulgaria (Balkan) - Bulgaria (Volga) - Bulgaria - Bulgaria (Old Great) - Burgundian Netherlands - Burgundians - Burgundy (Arles) - Burgundy (Duchy) - Burgundy (County) - Byzantine Empire Byzantium

Cagliari - Caledonia - Calenberg - Calenberg-Göttingen - Candia - Canossa - Capua - Carantania - Carantanian March - Carinthia - Carnaro - Carniola - Carpatho Ukraine - Carthagian Empire - Castille (Medieval) - Castille (Crown) - Castro - Cat - Catalonia - Caucasus - Ce - Central Albania - Central Italy - Central Lithuania - Cephalonia and Zakynthos - Ceredigion - Ceva - Chamaves - Chania - Chechnia - Chernigov - Chios - Chios and Phocaea - Chur - Circassia - Cisalpinia - Cispadania - Cleves - Coburg - Colchis - Cologne (Electorate) - Cologne (City) - Confederacy - Confederation of the Rhine - Congress Poland - Connacht - Córdoba - Corinth - Corsica - Cortona - Cospaia - Cossack Hetmanate - Courland - Courland and Semigallia (Medieval) - Courland and Semigallia (1918) - Couto Misto - Cracow (Duchy) - Cracow (City) - Crema - Crete (Emirate) - Crete (State) - Crimea (1918) - Crimea (2014) - Crimean Khanate - Croatia (Medieval) - Croatia (1941) - Croatia - Croatia-Slavonia - Cumania - Cyprus (Kingdom) - Cyprus - Czech Republic - Czechoslovakia

Dacia - Dál Riata - Dalmatia - Danelaw - Danzig (1807) - Danzig (1920) - Dardania - Dauphiné - Deheubarth - Deifr - Deira - Dénia - Denmark - Derbent - Desmond - Diauehi - Diez - Dobruja - Dodecanese - Don - Donetsk - Donetsk-Krivoy Rog - Dorpat - Dortmund - Dublin - Dubrovnik - Dukagjini - Duklja - Dumnonia - Durazzo - Dutch Republic - Dyfed

East Anglia - East Breifne - East Francia - East Franks (Kingdom) - East March - Eastern Germany - Eastern Hungary - Eastern Roman Empire - Eastern Rumelia - Eastern Slavonia - Eastland - Egypt - Elba - Electoral Hesse - Electorate of the Palatinate - Elmet - Empire of Nicaea - England - Epirus (Ancient) - Epirus (Medieval) - Epstein - Erfurt - Essex - Estonia (Medieval) - Estonia (Interbellum) - Estonia - Etruria - Etruscans

Faroe Islands - Fatimid Caliphate - Ferrara - Fib - Finale - Finland - Fiume - Flanders - Florence - Foix - Fortriu - Fosdinivo - France - Francia - Franconia - Frankfurt (City) - Frankfurt (Grand Duchy) - Franks - Franks (Kingdom) - Free Territory - Freiburg - Fribourg - Frisia - Frisia west of the Vlie - Frisii - Friuli - Fulda

Gaeta - Gagauzia - Galicia (Medieval) - Galicia (Republic) - Galicia and Lodomeria - Galician SSR - Galicia-Volhynia - Gallic Empire - Galloway - Gallura - Gascony - Gazikumukh - Generalgouvernement - Geneva (Bishopric) - Geneva (County) - Genoa - Georgia (Medieval) - Georgia (1918) - Georgia - Gepids - Gera - Gera, Schleiz and Lobenstein - German Confederation - German Democratic Republic - German Empire - German-Austria - Germany - Germany (Eastern) - Germany (Western) - Gersau - Gibraltar - Gjirokastër - Glarus - Glywysing - Gododdin - Golden Ambrosian Republic - Golden Horde - Gorizia - Gorizia and Gradisca - Gortyn - Gotha - Gothenland - Goths (Scandinavia) - Goths (Pontic Steppe) - Göttingen - Gozo - Granada (Taifa) - Granada (Kingdom) - Great Britain - Great Britain and Ireland - Great Britain and Northern Ireland - Great Moravia - Greater Berlin - Greater Germany - Greater Poland - Greece - Greiz - Grey League - Grubenhagen - Guastalla - Guelders - Guernsey - Guria - Gurkani - Gwent  - Gwynedd

Habsburg (County) - Habsburg Monarchy - Habsburgian Netherlands - Hachberg-Sausenberg - Haigerloch - Hainaut - Halberstadt - Halych - Hamburg - Hanover - Hanua-Münzenberg - Hasdingi - Heligoland - Helvetia - Henneberg - Herules - Herzeg-Bosnia - Hesse - Hesse-Darmstadt - Hesse-Homburg - Hesse-Kassel - Hesse-Marburg - Hesse-Rheinfels - Hohengeroldseck - Hohenzollern - Hohenzollern-Haigherloch - Hohenzollern-Hechingen - Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen - Holland (County) - Holland (Kingdom) - Holstein - Holstein-Glückstadt - Holstein-Gottorp - Holstein-Haderslev - Holstein-Itzehoe - Holstein-Kiel - Holstein-Pinneburg - Holstein-Plön - Holstein-Rendsburg - Holstein-Segeberg - Holy Mountain - Holy Roman Empire - Hordaland - Hungary (Medieval) - Hungary - Huns - Hutsul

Iberia - Icaria - Iceland (Medieval) - Iceland - Idel-Ural - Ierapetra - Illyria - Illyrian Provinces - Imereti - Incisa - Ionian Islands - Ireland (English) - Ireland - Isenburg - Isenburg-Birstein - Isenburg-Büdingen - Isenburg-Büdingen-Birstein - Isenburg-Cleberg - Isenburg-Grenzau - Isenburg-Limburg-Covern - Isenburg-Offenbach - Isle of Man - Isles - Istria - Italian Aegean Islands - Italian Social Republic - Italian United Provinces - Italy (Odoacer) - Italy (Medieval) - Italy (Napoleonic) - Italy - Ivrea

Jersey - Jersika - Jorvik - Jülich - Jülich-Kleve-Berg

Kabardia - Kakheti - Kakheti-Hereti - Kalmykia - Kara Koyunlu - Karabakh - Kartli - Kartli-Kakheti - Kartvels - Kastrioti - Kazan - Kent - Khachen - Khazaria - Kiev - Kievan Rus' - Klaipeda - Knossos - Koknese - Komancza - Korçë - Kosovo - Krujë - Kruševo  - Kuban - Kyburg

Labin - Lacedaemon - Lade - Latin Empire - Latvia (1918) - Latvia - Laurenburg - Lazicia - League of God's House - League of the Ten Jurisdictions - Leinster - Leitha Banat - Leman - Lemko - León - Lesbos - Leyen - Lezhë - Liechtenstein - Liège - Liguria - Limburg - Lippe - Lippe-Alverdissen - Lippe-Biesterfeld - Lippe-Brake - Lippe-Detmold - Lisbon - Lithuania (Medieval) - Lithuania (Interbellum) - Lithuania - Lithuania-Belarus - Livonia (Bishopric) - Livonia (Duchy) - Livonia (Kingdom) - Livonian Order - Lobenstein - Logudoro - Lombards (Germania) - Lombards (Pannonia) - Lombards (Italy) - Lombardy - Lombardy-Venetia - Longobards - Lorraine - Lotharingia - Louvain - Lower Bavaria - Lower Burgundy - Lower Lotharingia - Lower Pannonia - Lower-Hesse - Lübeck - Lucca - Lucca and Piombino - Lugansk - Luna - Lüneburg - Lusatia - Lusitanians - Luxembourg (Medieval) - Luxembourg - Luzern - Lyon - Lysimachos

Macedonia (Ancient) - Macedonia - Magdeburg - Magna Graecia - Maine - Mainz - Majorca (Taifa) - Majorca (Kingdom) - Malaga - Malta - Man - Man and the Isles - Mantua - Mark - Markovo - Masovia" - Massa - Massa and Carrara - Meath - Mecklenburg - Mecklenburg-Güstrow - Mecklenburg-Schwerin - Mecklenburg-Stargard - Mecklenburg-Strelitz - Median Empire - Meissen - Memelland - Menton and Roquebrune - Merania - Mercia - Merseburg - Meskheti - Metsepole - Metz (Bishopric) - Metz (City) - Middle Francia - Middle Franks (Kingdom) - Mide - Milan - Mingrelia - Minorca (Taifa) - Minorca (British) - Minsk - Mirandola - Mirdita - Modena - Modena and Reggio - Moldavia - Moldova (1917) - Moldova - Monaco|Monaco - Mongol Empire - Montenegro (19th century) - Montenegro - Montferrat - Montfort - Moravia - Moravian Serbia - Morea - Moresnet - Morgannwg - Morocco - Moscow - Mountanious Armenia - Mulhouse - Munster - Münster - Murcia - Murom - Murom-Ryazan - Muscovy

Nagorno-Karabakh - Naissaar - Namur - Naples (Duchy) - Naples (Kingdom) - Nassau-Beilstein - Nassau-Diez - Nassau-Dillenburg - Nassau-Hadamar - Nassau-Idstein - Nassau-Orange - Nassau-Orange-Fulda - Nassau-Ottweiler - Nassau-Saarbrücken - Nassau-Siegen - Nassau-Sonnenberg - Nassau-Usingen - Nassau-Usingen-Saarbrücken - Nassau-Weilburg - Nassau-Wiesbaden - Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein - Navarre - Navarre (North) - Naxos - Neapolitan Republic - Negroponte - Nepos - Netherlands - Netherlands (Austrian) - Netherlands (Burgundian) - Netherlands (Habsburgian) - Netherlands (Spanish) - Netherlands (United) - Neuchâtel - Neustria - Nicaea - Nogai Horde - Noli - Normandy - North Caucasus - North German Confederation - North Ingria - Northern Caucasus - Northern Cyprus - Northern Epirus - Northern March - Northumbria - Norway - Novellara and Bagnolo - Novgorod - Novgorod-Seversk - Nuremberg (Burggraviate) - Nuremberg (City)

Obotrites - Odessa - Odoacer - Odrysia - Oldenburg - Orange - Orkney - Orléans - Ösel-Wiek - Osnabrück - Ossola - Ostrogothic Kingdom - Ostrogoths (Pannonia) - Ostrogoths (Italy) - Ostrowiec - Ottoman Empire

Paeonia - Paganija - Palatinate (electorate) - Palatinate of the Rhine - Palatinate-Mosbach - Palatinate-Mosbach-Neumarkt - Palatinate-Neuburg - Palatinate-Neumarkt - Palatinate-Simmern - Palatinate-Simmern-Zweibrücken - Palatinate-Sulzbach - Palatinate-Zweibrücken - Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld - Pamplona - Papal States - Parchim-Richenberg - Paris - Parma - Parma and Piacenza - Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla - Parthenopean Republic - Parthian Empire - Pechenegs - Pereyaslavl - Perloja - Perm - Persian Empire - Perugia - Phaestos - Philippopolis - Phoenicia - Picts - Piedmont - Piemare - Piombino - Pisa - Pistoia - Plauen - Plauen-Reuss - Poland - Poland - Poland-Lithuania - Polanes - Polotsk - Pomerania - Pomerania (Swedish) - Pomerania-Barth - Pomerania-Demmin - Pomerania-Stettin - Pomerania-Wolfgast - Pontecorvo - Pontus - Portugal (County) - Portugal - Powys - Powys Fadog - Powys Wenwynwyn - Prekmurje - Presidi - Prilep - Province (Kingdom) - Provence (County) - Provence (Margraveship) - Prussia (Duchy) - Prussia (Kingdom) - Prussians - Pskov - Pyrmont

Qasim - Quba

Ragusa - Rani - Rascia - Rasenna - Raumarike - Rauracian Republic - Ravenna - Ravensberg - Recklinghausen - Regensburg - Reggio - Reuss - Reuss-Ebersdorf - Reuss-Gera - Reuss-Greiz - Reuss-Lobenstein - Reuss-Lobenstein-Ebersdorf - Reuss-Lower Greiz - Reuss-Saalburg - Reuss-Schleiz - Reuss-Upper Greiz - Reuss Younger Line - Rheged - Rhenish Republic - Rhodanic Republic - Rhodes (Medieval) - Rhodes (Knights Hospitaller) - Riga (Bishopric) - Riga (City) - Roman Empire - Roman Empire (Eastern) - Roman Empire (Western) - Roman Kingdom - Roman Republic (Ancient) - Roman Republic (1798) - Roman Republic (1849) - Romania - Romania (Empire) - Romans (Empire of the) - Rome (Ancient) - Rome (Duchy) - Rostock - Rostov - Rostov-Suzdal - Roussillon - Rügen - Rugiland - Rum - Rus' (First) - Rus' (Kievan) - Russia (Empire) - Russia (Federation) - Ryazan

Saar - Saarbrücken - Saarbrücken-Commercy - Saargau - Saarland - Sabines - Saint Gallen (Abbey) - Saint Gallen (City) - Saint Sava - Salm - Salona - Saluzzo - Salzburg - Samegrelo - Sami - Samos - Samo's Empire - San Marco - San Marino - Sandomierz - Santarém - Sardinia (Medieval) - Sardinia (Kingdom) - Sarir - Sarmatia - Savona - Savoy - Saxe-Altenburg - Saxe-Bergedorf-Lauenburg - Saxe-Bergedorf-Ratzeburg - Saxe-Bergeforf-Mölln - Saxe-Coburg - Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg - Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach - Saxe-Coburg-Gotha - Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld - Saxe-Eisenach - Saxe-Eisenberg - Saxe-Gotha - Saxe-Hildburghausen - Saxe-Jena - Saxe-Lauenburg - Saxe-Meiningen - Saxe-Mölln - Saxe-Ratzeburg - Saxe-Römhild - Saxe-Saalfeld - Saxe-Weimar - Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach - Saxe-Wittenberg - Saxons - Saxony (Early medieval) - Saxony (Medieval) - Saxony (Electorate) - Saxony (later Kingdom) - Saxony (Ernestine) - Schaffhausen - Schaumburg - Schaumburg-Lippe - Schellenberg - Schleiz - Schleswig - Schwarzburg - Schwarzburg-Arnstadt - Schwarzburg-Frankenhausen - Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt - Schwarzburg-Sonderhausen - Schwarzburg-Sonderhausen-Arnstadt - Schwarzenberg - Schwerin - Schwyz - Scotland - Scythia - Sedan - Seisyllwg  - Seljuks - Senarica - Septinsular Republic - Serbia (Ancient) - Serbia (Empire) - Serbia (Habsburg) - Serbia - Serbia - Serbian Kraijina - Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Kingdom of the) - Seven Zenden - Seville - Sicily (Emirate) - Sicily (Medieval) - Sicily (Revolutionary) - Siena - Silesia - Silves - Sion - Slovakia (Socialist Republic) - Slovakia (1939) - Slovakia - Slovenia - Smolensk - Sonderbund - Sora - Sorrento - South Jutland - South Ossetia - Soviet Union - Spain - Spanish Netherlands - Sparta - Speyer (Bishopric) - Speyer (City) - Spoleto - Srpska - State of Presidi - State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs - Strandzha - Strasbourg (Bishopric) - Strasbourg (City) - Strathclyde - Styria - Subalpine Republic - Subleme Ottoman Empire - Suebes (Germania) - Suebes (Hispania) - Sussex - Suzdal - Suzdal-Nizhny Novogorod - Svaneti - Swabia - Sweden - Swedish Pomerania - Swiss Confederacy - Switzerland - Syracuse - Syrmia

Tabasaran - Tālava - Taranto (Emirate) - Taranto (Medieval) - Taras - Tarki - Tarnobrzeg - Tartessos - Tatarstan - Taurida - Tbilisi - Temeswar - Ten Cities Alliance - Ten Jurisdictions - Terra Sancti Benedicti - Teutonic Order - Thebes - Theodoro - Thessalonica - Thomond - Thrace - Three Leagues - Thuringia - Thuringii - Tiberina Republic - Timurid Empire - Tmutarakan - Toggenburg - Toledo - Tortosa - Toul - Toulouse - Transcaucasia - Transnistria - Transpadania - Transylvania - Travunija - Trebizond - Trent - Treviso - Trier - Trieste - Trubetsk - Turin - Turkey - Turkic Khaganate - Turov - Tuscany (Medieval) - Tuscany (Medici) - Tuscany (19th century) - Tver - Two Sicilies - Tyrconnel - Tyrol (Vinschau) - Tyrol - Tyrone

Uhtua - Ukraine (1917) - Ukraine - Ulaid - Union of Socialist Soviet Republics - United Baltic Duchy - United Kingdom - United Netherlands - United Principalities - Unterwalden - Upper Alsace - Upper Bavaria - Upper Burgundy - Upper Hesse - Upper Hungary - Upper Lotharingia - Urach - Urartu - Urbino - Uri - Utrecht - Užice

Vaduz - Valais - Valencia - Valona - Vandals (Scandinavia) - Vandals (in Poland) - Vandals and Alanes (in Hispania) - Vandals and Alanes (in Africa}} - Varangians - Vatican City' - Venaissin - Venice - Vercors - Verden - Verdun - Verona - Vestfold - Vidin - Viguera - Viguera - Vikings - Vingulmark - Vinschau - Visigothia - Visigothic Kingdom - Vladimir-Suzdal - Vogtland - Volga Bulgaria - Volhynia

Waldeck - Waldeck-Pyrmont - Wales - Wallachia - Warsaw - Wassenberg - Weida - Wendic March - Werdenberg - Werdenberg-Heiligenberg - Werdenberg-Sargans - Werle - Wessex - West Berlin - West Breifne - West Francia - West Franks (Kingdom) - West Ukraine - Western Bosnia - Western Germany - Western Roman Empire - Western Thrace - Western Turkic Khaganate - Westphalia (Duchy) - Westphalia (Kingdom) - Württemberg - Württemberg-Stuttgart - Württemberg-Urach - Würzburg

Yaroslavl - Yugoslavia

Zachlumia - Zaglebie - Zähringen - Zakopane - Zaporizhian Host - Zaragoza - Zeeland - Zeitz - Zeta - Zollern - Zug - Zürich - Zutphen - Zweibrücken - Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld

Non-European countries[edit]

Introduction - Contents - Index

The following non-European countries possessed parts of Europe:

Ak Koyunlu
Arab Caliphate
Assyria
Azerbaijan
Carthago
Cumania
Egypt
Fatimid Caliphate
Iran
Kara Koyunlu
Media
Mongol Empire
Morocco
Phoenicia
Pontus


Quba
Seljuk Empire
Timurid Empire
Turkic Khaganate
United States of America
Kingdom of the Vandals

See also[edit]