User:Emijrp/All human knowledge

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Like all persons of the Library, I have traveled in my youth; I have wandered in search of a book, perhaps the catalogue of catalogues...

Preserving all human knowledge for posterity. It is all-important.
Wikimedia servers, holding terabytes of text and images.[1]
Masaryk University, Czech Republic, is mirroring[2] Wikimedia dumps.
The 1 billionth edit for all Wikimedia projects took place on April 16, 2010. (See counter)
The Voyager Golden Records are phonograph records (listen) which were included aboard both Voyager spacecraft launched in 1977. They contain sounds and images selected to portray the diversity of life and culture on Earth, and are intended for any intelligent extraterrestrial life form, or for future humans, who may find them.
Artist's concept of Voyager spacecraft in flight through interstellar space.
Earth seen by Voyager from 6 billion kilometers as a "pale blue dot" (the blueish-white speck in the brown band to the right).
Imagine a universe in which every planet share in the sum of all knowledge.
Knowledge as a social good and the Library of Babel in Wikimanía 2009. (Watch in YouTube)

The idea of compiling all human knowledge in a single work, although not in a single place, is highly seductive. In this project, we attempt to study how many articles are needed to cover the sum of all human knowledge. Currently, there are 5,223,444 articles in English Wikipedia[3] and in July 2011 there were 5,696,942 unique red links.[4] As of June 2016, Wikidata includes 17,694,260 items.[5] This page still in expansion estimates that the total notable articles figure is over 104,000,000, but new knowledge is created every year.

Many individuals, groups and organizations have attempted to compile all human knowledge before, some examples sorted by date include: Library of Alexandria (3rd century BC) in Egypt, Naturalis Historia (AD 77–79) by Pliny the Elder, Speculum Maius (13th century) by Vincent of Beauvais, Bibliotheca universalis (1545–49) by Conrad Gessner, the abstracting and indexing project (17th century) by Gottfried Leibniz, L'Encyclopédie (1751–1772) by Diderot and d'Alembert, Mundaneum (1910) by Paul Otlet and Henri La Fontaine, Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) and more recently Interpedia (1993) by Rick Gates, Internet Archive (1996) by Brewster Kahle and Wikidata (2012). Also, hypothetical cases exist: Encyclopædia Galactica (1980) by Carl Sagan in Cosmos, Permanent World Encyclopaedia (1936–1938) by H. G. Wells and Memex (1945) by Vannevar Bush. Finally, there are imaginary examples too: "The Universal Library" (1901) by Kurd Lasswitz, "The Total Library" essay and The Library of Babel (1941) by Jorge Luis Borges, Encyclopædia Galactica (1942) in "Foundation" by Isaac Asimov and the Akashic records.

Furthermore, there are thousands of archives, libraries and museums all over the world preserving human knowledge in several formats: books, manuscripts, journals, newspapers, magazines, sound and music recordings, videos, play-scripts, patents, databases, maps, stamps, prints, drawings and more. Some of the largest ones are: the British Library in the United Kingdom (170 million items[6]), the Library of Congress in the United States (155 million items[7]), the Russian State Library in Russia (43 million items[8]), the National Diet Library in Japan (35 million items[9]), the National Library of China (31 million items[10]) and the Bibliothèque nationale de France (31 million items[11]).

This project is focused in those entities which are notable and deserve an article in Wikipedia. For completeness of sister projects, see #Sister projects. For an estimate about lost knowledge, see #Destroyed knowledge and Wikipedia:There is a deadline.

You are welcome to improve this page, be bold! There is available an userbox: {{User All human knowledge}}.

Contents

Arts[edit]

Mona Lisa color restoration.jpg

The arts are composed of many endeavors (or artforms) united by their employment of the human creative impulse.

Architecture[edit]

Architecture (Latin architectura, from the Greek ἀρχιτέκτων – arkhitekton, from ἀρχι- "chief" and τέκτων "builder, carpenter, mason") is both the process and product of planning, designing and construction. Architectural works, in the material form of buildings, are often perceived as cultural and political symbols and as works of art. Historical civilizations are often identified with their surviving architectural achievements.

Note: some of these items may overlap

For libraries, museums, archives, see #GLAM.

For airports, roads, seaports, subway/metro/train stations see #Transport.

Monuments[edit]

Main article: Monument

A monument is a type of structure either explicitly created to commemorate a person or important event or which has become important to a social group as a part of their remembrance of historic times or cultural heritage, or simply as an example of historic architecture.

Country Estimate References
Articles Progress
Albania 150/200 According to sources there are 200 monuments.[30]
Algeria ?/381 According to WLM database there are 381 monuments.[31]
Andorra ?/111 According to WLM database there are 111 monuments.[31]
Antarctica ?/166 According to WLM database there are 166 monuments.[31]
Argentina 60/2217 According to WLM database there are 2,217 monuments.[31]
Armenia ?/24254 According to WLM database there are 24,254 monuments.[31]
Aruba ?/? Total number of monuments is unknown.
Australia ?/13000
?/6000
Total number of monuments is unknown. According to sources there are 6,000 war memorials.[32]
Austria ?/37589 According to WLM database there are 37,589 monuments.[31][33]
Azerbaijan ?/5472 According to WLM database there are 5,472 monuments.[31]
Belarus ?/4811 According to sources there are 4,811 monuments.[34]
Belgium ?/77000 According to unknown sources there are 77,000 monuments.
Bolivia ?/970 According to WLM database there are 970 monuments.[31]
Brazil ?/1047 According to unknown sources there are 1,047 monuments.
Burma ?/200 According to sources there are 200 monuments.
Cameroon ?/100 Total number of monuments is unknown.
Canada ?/17000
?/958
According to WLM database there are 12,487 monuments.[31]
Chile ?/600 According to WLM database there are 837 monuments.[31]
China ?/2351
?/?
?/?
?/?
According to unknown sources there are 350,000+ immovable cultural properties and 10,000,000 movable. According to WLM database there are 2,283 monuments.[31]
Colombia ?/1024 According to WLM database there are 1,024 monuments.[31]
Croatia ?/? Total number of monuments is unknown.
Cuba ?/180
?/200
According to sources there are 200 national monuments.[35]
Czech Republic ?/40762 According to WLM database there are 40,762 monuments.[31]
Denmark ?/165000
?/7000
7,000 are shipwrecks and submarine Stone Age settlements. According to WLM database there are 31,320 monuments.[31]
Egypt ?/? Total number of monuments is unknown.
El Salvador ?/641 According to WLM database there are 641 monuments.[31]
Estonia ?/24552 According to WLM database there are 24,552 monuments.[31]
France ?/43180 More than 200,000 on the fr:Base Mérimée and much more on other regional databases of the fr:Inventaire général du patrimoine culturel.[36] According to WLM database there are 44,453 monuments.[31]
Germany ?/112005 According to WLM database there are 112,005 monuments.[31] According to unknown sources there are 700,000+ monuments.
Ghana ?/52 According to WLM database there are 52 monuments.[31]
Hong Kong ?/100
?/?
?/?
?/?
According to WLM database there are 108 monuments.[31]
Hungary ?/1174 According to WLM database there are 1,174 monuments.[31]
India ?/7459 According to WLM database there are 7,459 monuments.[31] Wikipedia:WikiProject India/Wiki Loves Monuments
Indonesia ?/8232 According to sources there are 8,232 monuments.[37]
Ireland ?/622 According to WLM database there are 622 monuments.[31]
Israel ?/1126 According to WLM database there are 1,126 monuments.[31]
Italia ?/5143 According to WLM database there are 5,143 monuments.[31]
Jamaica ?/? Total number of monuments is unknown.
Japan ?/1079 According to WLM database there are 988 monuments.[31]
Jordan ?/85 According to WLM database there are 85 monuments.[31]
Kenya ?/208 According to WLM database there are 208 monuments.[31]
Latvia ?/7131 According to sources there are 7,131 monuments.[38]
Luxembourg ?/808 According to WLM database there are 808 monuments.[31]
Macedonia ?/12556 According to unknown sources there are 12,556 monuments.
Malta ?/115 According to WLM database there are 115 monuments.[31]
Mexico ?/9952 According to WLM database there are 9,952 monuments.[31]
Morocco ?/? Total number of monuments is unknown.
Mozambique ?/? Total number of monuments is unknown.
Namibia ?/? Total number of monuments is unknown.
Nepal ?/2362 According to WLM database there are 2,362 monuments.[31]
Netherlands ?/63052 According to WLM database there are 63,052 monuments.[31][39]
New Zeland ?/? Total number of monuments is unknown.
North Korea ?/200
?/2000
According to wiki pages there are 200 national treasures and about 2,000 cultural assets.
Norway ?/115000 According to unknown sources there are 115,000 monuments. According to WLM database there are 16,585 monuments.[31]
Pakistan ?/1112 According to WLM database there are 1,112 monuments.[31]
Panama ?/220 According to WLM database there are 220 monuments.[31]
Paraguay ?/? Total number of monuments is unknown.
Philippines ?/516 According to WLM database there are 516 monuments.[31]
Poland ?/77162 According to WLM database there are 77,162 monuments.[31][40]
Portugal ?/4493 According to WLM database there are 4,493 monuments.[31]
Romania ?/29717 According to WLM database there are 29,717 monuments.[31][41]
Russia ?/116884 According to WLM database there are 116,884 monuments.[31] Of these 42,000 are rated as national landmarks, while the rest are of regional or local significance.
Senegal ?/? Total number of monuments is unknown.
Serbia ?/2442 According to WLM database there are 2,442 monuments.[31]
Sierra Leone ?/? Total number of monuments is unknown.
Singapore 35/69 According to National Heritage Board there are 69 national monuments.
Slovakia ?/14622 According to WLM database there are 14,622 monuments.[31]
Slovenia 1002/29760 According to sources there are 29,760 registered sites of cultural heritage, of which 8351 are protected monuments.[42]
South Africa ?/3936 According to WLM database there are 3,936 monuments.[31]
South Korea ?/307
?/500
According to Cultural Heritage Administration of Korea there are 307 national treasures and 526 historic sites.
Spain ?/50000 According to WLM database there are 50,000+ monuments.[31][43]
Swaziland ?/? Total number of monuments is unknown.
Sweden ?/145232 According to WLM database there are 145,232 monuments.[31]
Switzerland ?/1800 According to WLM database there are 20,120 monuments.[31]
Thailand ?/8578 According to WLM database there are 8,578 monuments.[31]
Tunisia ?/926 According to WLM database there are 926 monuments.[31]
Ukraine ?/75503 According to WLM database there are 75,503 monuments.[31]
United Kingdom ?/31651
?/376099
According to WLM database there are 31,651 monuments.[31] According to Statutory List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest there are 376,099 listed buildings.[44]
United States ?/?
?/90111
?/2450
According to WLM database there are 90,111 monuments.[31]
Uruguay ?/1333 According to WLM database there are 1,333 monuments.[31]
Venezuela ?/7149 According to WLM database there are 7,149 monuments.[31]
Zambia ?/3000 According to National Heritage Conservation Commission there are 3,000 monuments and historic sites.
Zimbabwe ?/169
?/14000
According to National Museums and Monuments of Zimbabwe there are 14,000 historic sites.

For more monuments databases, see Commons:Monuments database/Statistics. For a map, see Wiki Loves Monuments.

Calligraphy[edit]

Main article: Calligraphy
See also: the categories Calligraphy and Lists of typefaces.
An Ottoman ijazah written in Arabic certifying competence in calligraphy, 1206 AH/1791 AD.

Calligraphy (from Greek κάλλος kallos "beautiful" + γραφή graphẽ "writing") is a type of visual art. It is often called the art of fancy lettering.

This section excludes biographies.

For languages and writing systems see #Languages.

Crafts[edit]

Main articles: Craft and Outline of crafts
See also: the categories Crafts and Glossaries of crafts.
Shoes are repaired by a skilled shoemaker, here he evaluates a pair of shoes with a customer watching.

A craft is a branch of a profession that requires some particular kind of skilled work. In historical sense, particularly as pertinent to the Medieval history and earlier, the term is usually applied towards people occupied in small-scale production of goods.

Dance[edit]

Example of modern dance.

Dance is an art form that generally refers to movement of the body, usually rhythmic and to music, used as a form of expression, social interaction or presented in a spiritual or performance setting.

Drawing[edit]

Pen and wash lion by Rembrandt in the Louvre.

Drawing is a form of visual art that makes use of any number of drawing instruments to mark a two-dimensional medium.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Drawings ?/? Total number of drawings is unknown.
Drawing techniques ?/? Total number of drawing techniques is unknown.
Awards ?/? Total number of drawing awards is unknown.
Anime and Manga
  • ...
?/? Total number of anime and manga is unknown.

Films, episodes, television and radio[edit]

Main article: Film

A film, also called a movie or motion picture, is a series of still or moving images. It is produced by recording photographic images with cameras, or by creating images using animation techniques or visual effects. The process of filmmaking has developed into an art form and industry.

This section excludes biographies.

For a list of film archives, see § Archives.

Gastronomy[edit]

Fine food, the principal study of Gastronomy.

Gastronomy is the art or science of food eating.

Literature[edit]

Old book bindings at the Merton College, Oxford library.

Literature (from Latin litterae (plural); letter) is the art of written works. The word literature literally means: "things made from letters". Literature is commonly classified as having two major forms—fiction and non-fiction—and two major techniques—poetry and prose.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Literature by country ?/200
Literature by period ?/?
Oral literature ?/?
Literary movements ?/?

Holdings estimates by library:

  • The British Library is known to hold over 150 million items.
  • The Library of Congress claims that it holds approximately 119 million items, 12 million of which are electronically searchable.

This section excludes biographies and libraries.

Academic literature[edit]

See also: the categories Academic journals and Lists of academic journals.

An academic journal is a peer-reviewed periodical in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published. Estimates suggest that around 50 million journal articles[58] have been published since the first appearance of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society in 1665.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Academic journals ?/?
?/?
?/?
Conference papers ?/?
Journal articles ?/50000000 [58] (See Lists of important publications in science)
Theses ?/?
Database Estimate References
Articles Progress
Inspec 11,000,000 records ?/11000000
Compendex 9,000,000 records ?/9000000
Elsevier BIOBASE 4,100,000 records ?/4100000
Academic Search 3,000,000 records ?/3000000
IEEE Xplore 2,400,000 records ?/2400000
SciELO 230,000 records ?/230000

Encyclopedias[edit]

Advertisement for the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica ("The Sum of Human Knowledge"), from the May 1913 issue of National Geographic Magazine.

An encyclopedia (also spelled encyclopaedia or encyclopædia) is a type of reference work, a compendium holding a summary of information from either all branches of knowledge or a particular branch of knowledge.

Most of them contain common articles for basic subjects. Also, other sections may be overlapped with this one. Some of the most complete enciclopedias are Enciclopedia universal ilustrada europeo-americana (800,000 articles), Encyclopædia Britannica (100,000 articles), L'Encyclopédie (72,000 articles[2]), Oxford Reference Online (1,400,000 articles).

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Dictionaries ?/38000 [59]
Encyclopedias ?/13000
?/?
?/?
?/?
?/?
[60]

See more encyclopedias in Google Books and Internet Archive.

Novel[edit]

Main article: Novel

A novel is a long prose narrative that describes fictional characters and events in the form of a sequential story, usually.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Novels ?/?
Historical novels ?/?
Awards ?/?

Poetry[edit]

Main articles: Poetry and Outline of poetry
The Deluge tablet, carved in stone, of the Gilgamesh epic in Akkadian, circa 2nd millennium BC.

Poetry (from the Greek 'poiesis'/ποίησις [poieo/ποιέω], a making: a forming, creating, or the art of poetry, or a poem) is a form of literary art in which language is used for its aesthetic and evocative qualities in addition to, or in lieu of, its apparent meaning.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Poems ?/?
Poetic forms ?/?
Poetry groups and movements ?/?
Awards ?/?

Theatre[edit]

Main articles: Theatre and Outline of theatre
Sarah Bernhardt as Hamlet, in 1899.

Theatre (in American English usually theater) is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Plays ?/?
Awards ?/?

Theatres are counted in #Architecture.

Music[edit]

A painting on an Ancient Greek vase depicts a music lesson (c. 510 BC).

Music is an art form whose medium is sound and silence. Its common elements are pitch (which governs melody and harmony), rhythm (and its associated concepts tempo, meter, and articulation), dynamics, and the sonic qualities of timbre and texture. The word derives from Greek μουσική (mousike; "art of the Muses").

The freeDB database holds information for around 1.5 million compact discs (many are duplicates), All Music Guide database contains entries for 800,000 unique albums, Discogs database contains over 890,000 master releases (several versions of releases) and nearly 6.5 million unique individual versions of releases,[65] Jamendo project contains over 50,000 free and open albums. Record-Rama collection holds 3 million albums and singles.

See also List of online music databases.

Painting[edit]

Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a surface (support base). The application of the medium is commonly applied to the base with a brush but other objects can be used.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Paintings ?/? d:Wikidata:WikiProject sum of all paintings
Painting styles ?/?
Painting materials and tools ?/?
Awards ?/?

For example, the BBC Your Paintings database currently lists over 213,000 artworks contained within the UK's national collection.[66]

Photography[edit]

A latticed window in Lacock Abbey, England, photographed by William Fox Talbot in 1835.

Photography is the art, science and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Photographs ?/? Total number of photographs is unknown.
Photographic styles ?/? Total number of photograph styles is unknown.
Photographic techniques ?/? Total number of photograph techniques is unknown.
Awards ?/? Total number of photograph awards is unknown.

Printmaking[edit]

Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper. Printmaking normally covers only the process of creating prints with an element of originality, rather than just being a photographic reproduction of a painting.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Printmaking techniques ?/?
Awards ?/?

Sculpture[edit]

The Dying Gaul, a Roman marble copy of a Hellenistic work of the late 3rd century BCE Capitoline Museums, Rome.

Sculpture is three-dimensional artwork created by shaping or combining hard materials—typically stone such as marble—or metal, glass, or wood.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Sculptures ?/?
Styles ?/?
Awards ?/?

Software[edit]

Main articles: Software and List of software
Ubuntu and Firefox.

Computer software, or just software, is a collection of computer programs and related data that provide the instructions for telling a computer what to do and how to do it.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Ubuntu Software Center ?/30000
Free software repositories ?/15
Programming languages ?/2000 [67]
Google play ?/? 500,000 applications[68]
App Store (iOS) ?/? 550,000 applications[69]
Malwares, viruses, trojan ?/1000000 [70]
File formats ?/?
Awards ?/?

Video games[edit]

Main articles: Video game and Lists of video games

A video game is an electronic game that involves human interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device.

Textile arts[edit]

In Following the Fashion (1794), James Gillray caricatured a figure flattered by the short-bodiced gowns then in fashion, contrasting it with an imitator whose figure is not flattered.

Textile arts are those arts and crafts that use plant, animal, or synthetic fibers to construct practical or decorative objects.

Fashion is a general term for a popular style or practice, especially in clothing, foot wear, or accessories. Fashion references to anything that is the current trend in look and dress up of a person.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Textile arts ?/? Total number of textile arts articles is unknown.
Fashion styles ?/? Total number of fashion styles is unknown.
Awards ?/? Total number of fashion awards is unknown.

Websites[edit]

A website is a set of related webpages containing content (media), including text, video, music, audio, images, etc.

Database Estimate References
Articles Progress
Alexa ranking  ?  ? 500 top sites and 1,000,000 most visited websites[81]
DMOZ  ?  ?

Geography[edit]

Main article: Geography
See also: the categories Geography-related lists and Lists of places.
Worldwide density of geotagged Wikipedia entries.
Worldwide density of GeoNames entries.

Geography (from Greek γεωγραφία - geographia, lit. "earth describe-write") is the science that studies the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of Earth. This section covers every physical geography location and every human geography settlement in the world.

Database Estimate References
Articles Progress
GEOnet Names Server ?/?
?/?
[82]
Geonames ?/?
?/?
User:Emijrp/Geonames[83]

For buildings and monuments, see Arts#Architecture.

Human geography[edit]

Human geography is a branch of the social sciences that studies the world, its people, communities and cultures with an emphasis on relations of and across space and place.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Sovereign states 206/206
Micronations 60/60+ Category:Micronations

Africa[edit]

Africa

Africa has 54 fully recognized sovereign states, 9 territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition.

Country Estimate References
Articles Progress
Algeria 48/48
?/553
1000/1541
Angola 18/18
?/163
?/618
Benin 12/12
75/77
?/546
?/?
Botswana 16/16
?/19
Burkina Faso 13/13
45/45
?/325
Burundi 17/17
?/117
?/2639
Cameroon 10/10
?/58
250/300
?/?
Cape Verde ?/22
?/32
Central African Republic 14/14
?/71
?/170
Chad 22/22
37/53
?/348
?/?
Comoros 4/4
?/20
?/?
D. R. Congo 11/11
?/192
?/?
Republic of the Congo 12/12
86/86
7/7
Côte d'Ivoire 19/19
81/81
?/?
Djibouti 5/5
5/11
Egypt ?/27
?/232
?/4617
Equatorial Guinea ?/7
?/30
Eritrea ?/6
?/?
Ethiopia ?/9
?/68
703/770
?/?
Gabon 9/9
?/49
The Gambia ?/5
?/37
Ghana ?/10
?/138
?/58
?/108
?/626
?/16000
Guinea ?/8
?/33
?/303
?/38
Guinea-Bissau ?/8
?/37
Kenya ?/8
?/46
?/262
?/2427
?/6612
Lesotho ?/10
?/80
?/129
Liberia ?/15
?/50
?/?
Libya ?/22
Madagascar ?/6
?/22
?/110
?/1200
?/11000
Malawi ?/3
?/28
?/130
?/60
Mali ?/8
?/49
?/1400
?/703
Mauritania ?/12
?/44
?/200
Mauritius ?/9
?/124
Morocco ?/12
?/13
?/48
?/?
Mozambique ?/10
?/128
?/400
Namibia ?/13
?/107
Niger ?/7
?/63
?/265
Nigeria ?/36
?/774
Rwanda ?/5
?/30
?/410
?/9100
São Tomé and Príncipe ?/2
?/7
Senegal ?/14
?/45
?/103
?/340
Seychelles ?/25
Sierra Leone ?/3
?/14
?/149
Somalia ?/18
?/75
Somaliland ?/13
South Africa ?/9
?/52
?/226
?/4277
South Sudan ?/10
?/86
Sudan ?/17
?/133
Swaziland ?/4
?/55
?/360
Tanzania ?/30
?/129
?/?
?/?
?/?
Togo ?/5
?/30
Tunisia ?/24
?/264
?/2073
Uganda ?/111
?/146
?/1106
?/?
?/?
Zambia ?/9
?/72
Zimbabwe ?/10
?/59
?/1200

Asia[edit]

Asia

Asia has 49 recognized states, 5 partially recognized and unrecognized states and 6 dependent territories and other territories.

Country Estimate References
Articles Progress
Afghanistan 38/38
?/398
Armenia 10/10
?/915
Azerbaijan 1/9
59/59
?/11
Bahrain 5/5
Bangladesh ?/7
?/64
?/500
Bhutan 20/20
205/205
Brunei 4/4
38/38
Burma ?/21
?/67
?/325
Cambodia ?/23
?/171
?/26
?/1621
?/14073
People's Republic of China
  • Administrative divisions
  • Provincial level
  • Prefectural level
  • County level
  • Township level
  • Village committees
  • Neighborhood committees
?/?
?/33
?/333
?/2858
?/40858
?/623669
?/80717
Cyprus ?/6
?/?
East Timor 13/13
65/65
?/442
?/2336
Egypt ?/27
?/232
?/4617
Gaza Strip ?/5
Georgia 9/9
67/67
Hong Kong 18/18
India ?/28
?/640
?/5564
Indonesia ?/34
?/403
?/98
?/35000
Iran 31/31
?/324
Iraq 18/18
?/111
Israel ?/6
?/265
Japan 47/47
?/?
?/?
?/?
?/?
Jordan 12/12
?/52
Kazakhstan 14/14
?/170
North Korea 9/9
?/?
150/150
?/?
?/?
?/?
South Korea 9/9
Kuwait 6/6
?/5
Kyrgyzstan ?/?
?/?
Laos 16/16
?/?
Lebanon 6/6
25/25
?/?
Malaysia 16/16
?/139
?/1000
?/8000
Maldives ?/189
?/19
?/2
Mongolia ?/21
?/329
?/1538
Nepal ?/14
?/75
?/3913
Oman 11/11
50/61
Pakistan 4/4
27/27
100/100
?/6000
Palestine 16/16
Philippines 17/17
80/80
?/1491
?/42028
Qatar ?/?
87/87
?/?
Russia 83/83
?/?
?/?
Each federal subject has its own divisions
Saudi Arabia 13/13
?/118
Singapore 5/5
Sri Lanka 9/9
25/25
?/?
Syria 14/14
64/64
?/206
?/6432
Republic of China (Taiwan) 22/22
Tajikistan 3/3
58/58
?/406
Thailand 76/76
878/878
?/7255
?/74944
Turkey 81/81
?/900
?/3200
?/41000
Turkmenistan 6/6
?/?
United Arab Emirates 7/7
?/?
Uzbekistan 12/12
?/170
Vietnam 58/58
?/548
?/9000
Yemen 20/20
?/333
?/2210
?/38284

Europe[edit]

Europe

Europe has 50 recognised states, 6 partially recognised states, 6 dependent territories and 2 special areas of internal sovereignty.

Country Estimate References
Articles Progress
Albania 12/12
36/36
?/309
?/65
?/2834
[84]
Andorra 7/7
?/?
?/?
Austria 9/9
?/84
?/15
?/2342
?/7800
Belarus ?/6
?/127
?/1448
Belgium ?/3
?/10
?/43
?/27
?/589
Bosnia and Herzegovina ?/10
?/63
Bulgaria ?/27
?/264
Croatia ?/21
?/429
?/4117
?/6749
Cyprus See #Asia
Czech Republic ?/13
?/76
?/6252
Denmark ?/5
?/98
Estonia 15/15
?/226
33 of them being urban and 193 rural
Finland ?/6
?/19
?/72
?/342
France ?/22
?/101
?/342
?/4032
?/36680
Germany ?/22
?/403
?/12300
Greece ?/13
?/325
Hungary ?/19
?/173
?/?
Iceland ?/8
?/6
?/23
?/50
Ireland 32/32
Italy 20/20
?/110
?/8092
?/37,000
Latvia ?/110
Liechtenstein 11/11
Lithuania 10/10
?/60
?/500
Luxembourg 3/3
?/12
?/106
Republic of Macedonia ?/8
?/123
Malta ?/68
Moldova ?/32
?/65
?/917
?/699
Montenegro 21/21
?/1256
Netherlands ?/12
?/415
Norway ?/20
?/430
Poland ?/16
?/379
?/2478
?/40000
TERYT database (all kinds of settlements) contains more than 100 000 entries (settlements etc) + 200 000 streets.
Portugal ?/308
?/4261
Romania 41/41
?/?
?/2856
?/12955
San Marino 9/9
Serbia 29/29
?/150
Slovakia ?/2891
Slovenia 148/212
67/67
[85]
Spain ?/8112 Links to articles and redirects: User:Emijrp/Municipalities of Spain.
Sweden 21/21
290/290
?/?
Switzerland 26/26
?/?
?/2551
Turkey See #Asia
Ukraine 27/27
?/490
?/111
?/886
United Kingdom 48/48
?/10479

North America[edit]

North America

North America has 23 sovereign states, 11 dependent territories and 16 other areas.

Country Estimate References
Articles Progress
Antigua and Barbuda 8/8
Bahamas 32/32
?/42
Barbados 11/11
Belize 6/6
31/31
?/180
Canada 10/10
3/3
?/3700
Costa Rica 7/7
81/81
?/421
Cuba 15/15
?/169
Dominica 10/10
Dominican Republic 31/31
?/156
El Salvador 14/14
?/262
Grenada 6/6
Guatemala 22/22
?/334
Haiti 10/10
42/42
?/140
Honduras 18/18
?/299
Jamaica 14/14
Mexico 31/31
?/2438
Nicaragua 15/15
?/153
Panama 9/9
?/50
?/?
St. Kitts and Nevis 14/14
St. Lucia 11/11
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 6/6
Trinidad and Tobago 9/9
5/5
United States 62/62
?/6372
?/147410
?/7619

South America[edit]

South America

South America has 13 sovereign states, 2 dependent territories and 1 integral territories of states outside of South America.

Country Estimate References
Articles Progress
Argentina 23/23
?/376
?/135
1/1
?/?
Bolivia 9/9
112/112
?/314
?/1374
Brazil 26/26
?/5564
Chile 15/15
?/54
?/346
Colombia 32/32
?/1119
?/2000
Ecuador 24/24
?/226
?/1000
Guyana 10/10
?/27
Panama See #North America
Paraguay 17/17
?/230
Peru 25/25
?/195
?/1833
Suriname 10/10
?/62
Trinidad and Tobago See #North America
Uruguay 19/19
?/89
Venezuela 23/23
?/335
?/1000

Oceania[edit]

Oceania

Oceania has 14 sovereign states, 2 states not members of the United Nations and 26 other territories.

Country Estimate References
Articles Progress
Australia 16/16
?/564
Cook Islands 9/10
East Timor See #Asia
Fiji 4/4
14/14
Links to articles and redirects: User:Emijrp/Provinces of Fiji.
Kiribati 3/3
19/21
?/6
Marshall Islands 22/24
Nauru ?/14
?/8
?/169
New Zealand 16/16
?/13
?/53
See former territorial authorities
Niue 14/14
Palau 16/16
Papua New Guinea 18/18
1/1
?/?
Links to articles and redirects:
Samoa 11/11
?/41
?/265
Solomon Islands 10/10
Tonga ?/5
?/23
?/?
[3][dead link] [4]
Tuvalu 9/9
?/124
Vanuatu 6/6
11/11
?/83

Antarctica[edit]

Antarctica

There are several camps and research stations in Antarctica. Also, some territorial claims.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Antarctic field camps ~100 ?/? Numbers vary from year to year and not all may be notable
Research stations in Antarctica ~200 ?/? Around 100 permanent stations (including summer-only camps) in 2014; perhaps as many again have been operated but since closed down.
Antarctic programs and expeditions ~100 ?/? Up to 50 national programs plus other notable expeditions.
Named locations in Antarctica ~20,000 ?/? There are 19,254 identified locations/physical features in the SCAR Composite Gazetteer as of early 2015. Allowing for a small rate of increase, 20,000 is a reasonable estimate


Physical geography[edit]


Physical geography is that branch of natural science which deals with the study of processes and patterns in the natural environment like the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere, as opposed to the cultural or built environment, the domain of human geography.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Continents 7/7
Supercontinents 10/10

Canals[edit]

Main article: Canal
The Alter Strom, in the sea resort of Warnemünde, Germany.

Canals are man-made channels for water.

Country Estimate References
Articles Progress
Worldwide ?/?

Caves[edit]

Main articles: Cave and List of caves

A cave or cavern is a natural underground space large enough for a human to enter.

Country Estimate References
Articles Progress
Worldwide ?/2400 Caves of the world includes 2,424 caves deeper than 300m (total height) or longer than 3km.[86]
Poland ?/? pl:Ojcowski Park Narodowy - over 400 caves (sometimes very small - it includes caves no longer than 2m) on area of 21,46 km²

Deserts[edit]

Main article: Desert
Sand dunes in the Rub' al Khali ("Empty quarter") of Saudi Arabia.

A desert is a landscape or region that receives an extremely low amount of precipitation, less than enough to support growth of most plants.

Country Estimate References
Articles Progress
Worldwide ?/?
Country Estimate References
Articles Progress
Worldwide ?/?

Forests[edit]

Main article: Forest

A forest, also referred to as a wood or the woods, is an area with a high density of trees.

Country Estimate References
Articles Progress
Worldwide ?/?

Glaciers[edit]

Main articles: Glacier and List of glaciers
The Baltoro Glacier in the Karakoram, Kashmir, Northern Pakistan.

A glacier is a large persistent body of ice that forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation (melting and sublimation) over many years, often centuries.

Country Estimate References
Articles Progress
Worldwide
Kyrgyzstan ?/8000 [87]
United States ?/100000 [88][89]

Islands[edit]

A small Fijian island.
Main articles: Island and List of islands

An island is any piece of sub-continental land that is surrounded by water.

Location Estimate References
Articles Progress
Oceans ?/45000
?/?
?/?
?/?
?/?
?/?
?/?
There are approximately 45,000 tropical islands on Earth.[90]
Rivers ?/?
Lakes ?/?

Lakes[edit]

Main articles: Lake and List of lakes

A lake is a body of relatively still fresh or salt water of considerable size, localized in a basin, that is surrounded by land.

Country Estimate References
Articles Progress
Worldwide ?/? [91]
Australia ?/?
Belarus ?/11000 [92]
Canada ?/31752 31,752+larger than 3 km² (2-3 million in total)[93]
Denmark ?/?
Estonia ?/1000 [94]
Finland ?/187888 187,888 lakes 500 m² or larger (56,000 over 10,000 m²)[95]
Iceland ?/67
Latvia ?/3000 [96]
Lithuania ?/3000 [97]
New Zealand ?/3820 41 lakes >10 km² (1000 ha), 229 lakes >0.5 km² (50 ha), 3820 lakes >0.01 km² (1 ha)
Norway ?/450000
Russia ?/?
Sweden ?/200000 Data available for 150,000, only 75,000 with name, 57,000 in sv:Kategori:Listor över Sveriges insjöar
United States ?/? Masurian Lake District alone contains more than 2000 lakes.

Mountains[edit]

Mount Fuji with a Shinkansen and Sakura blossoms in the foreground.

A mountain is a large landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area usually in the form of a peak.

Country Estimate References
Articles Progress
Worlwide ?/?
14/14
?/?
?/?
?/?
Spain ?/?

Rivers[edit]

Dhows on the Nile.
Main articles: River and List of rivers

A river is a natural watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, a lake, a sea, or another river. There are 17 countries without rivers.

Seas[edit]

Main articles: Sea and Ocean

A sea generally refers to a large body of salt water.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Seas 150/150
Oceans 5/5
Ancient oceans 14/14

History[edit]

See also: the categories History-related lists and Year lists.
Historia (Allegory of History) by Nikolaos Gysis (1892).

History (from Greek ἱστορία - historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Branches of history
  • ?
?/?
History by country
  • ?
?/?
History concepts
  • ?
?/?

Coups d'état[edit]

A coup d'état, also known as a coup, a putsch, or an overthrow, is the sudden deposition of a government, usually by a small group of the existing state establishment—typically the military—to depose the extant government and replace it with another body, civil or military.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Coups d'état and coup attempts
  • ?
?/?

Disasters[edit]

A disaster is a natural or man-made (or technological) hazard resulting in an event of substantial extent causing significant physical damage or destruction, loss of life, or drastic change to the environment.

Natural disasters Estimate References
Articles Progress
Earthquakes ?/?
Epidemics ?/?
Fires ?/?
Floods ?/?
Landslides ?/?
Tornadoes ?/?
Tsunamis ?/?
Volcanoes ?/?
Man-made disasters Estimate References
Articles Progress
Airship accidents ?/?
Aviation accidents and incidents ?/?
Famines ?/?
Industrial disasters ?/?
Maritime disasters ?/?
Nuclear accidents ?/?
Oil spills ?/?
Road accidents ?/?
Rail accidents ?/?
Spaceflight accidents ?/?
Structural failure ?/?

See also List of disasters by cost (potentially 200x countries).

Elections[edit]

Main articles: Election and Elections by country

An election is a formal decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office. Elections have been the usual mechanism by which modern representative democracy has operated since the 17th century. Elections may fill offices in the legislature, sometimes in the executive and judiciary, and for regional and local government.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Elections by country ?/?

For politics topics, see #Politics.

Military history[edit]

Main article: Military history

Military history is a humanities discipline within the scope of general historical recording of armed conflict in the history of humanity, and its impact on the societies, their cultures, economies and changing intra and international relationships.

Wars and battles[edit]

Main articles: War, Battle, List of wars, and List of battles

War is an organized and often prolonged conflict that is carried out by states and/or non-state actors. It is characterised by extreme violence, social disruption, human suffering, and economic destruction.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Battles ?/?
Wars ?/?
Treaties ?/?

Warships[edit]

Main articles: Warship and List of warships

A warship is a ship that is built and primarily intended for combat. As well as being armed, warships are designed to withstand damage and are usually faster and more maneuverable than merchant ships. Unlike a merchant ship, which carries cargo, a warship typically only carries weapons, ammunition and supplies for its crew. Warships usually belong to a navy, though they have also been operated by individuals or companies.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Naval ships Category contains 25,000+ articles

Revolutions and rebellions[edit]

Main articles: Revolution, Rebellion, and Strike

A revolution (from the Latin revolutio, "a turn around") is a fundamental change in power or organizational structures that takes place in a relatively short period of time.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Revolutions and rebellions  ? ?/?
Fictional revolutions  ? ?/?
Strikes  ? ?/?
Uprisings led by women  ? ?/?

Time periods[edit]

The categorization of time into discrete named blocks is called periodization. This is a list of such named time periods as defined in various fields of study. Major categorization systems include cosmological (concerning the various time periods in the origin and evolution of the Universe), geological (concerning time periods in the origin and evolution of Earth) and historical (concerning time periods in the origin and human evolution).

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Cosmological ?/?
Geological ?/?
Historical ?/6000
?/500
?/70
?/20
?/?
?/?
?/100
Years by country: 200,000+ (~1000 years * 200 countries)

GLAM[edit]

The libraries, museums and archives are collections of historical records, or the physical places they are located.

Note: books and publications are in Arts#Literature section.

Archives[edit]

See also: the categories Archives by country and Archives by continent.
Shelved record boxes of an archive.

An archive is an accumulation of historical records, or the physical place they are located. Archives contain primary source documents that have accumulated over the course of an individual or organization's lifetime, and are kept to show the function of that person or organization.

Country Estimate References
Articles Progress
Worldwide ?/?
Afghanistan ?/?
Albania ?/?
Algeria ?/?
Andorra ?/?
Angola ?/?
Antigua and Barbuda ?/?
Argentina ?/?
Armenia ?/?
Australia ?/?
Austria ?/?
Azerbaijan ?/?
Bahamas ?/?
Bahrain ?/?
Bangladesh ?/?
Barbados ?/?
Belarus ?/?
Belgium ?/?
Belize ?/?
Benin ?/?
Bhutan ?/?
Bolivia ?/?
Bosnia and Herzegovina ?/?
Botswana ?/?
Brazil ?/?
Brunei ?/?
Bulgaria ?/?
Burkina Faso ?/?
Burma ?/?
Burundi ?/?
Cambodia ?/?
Cameroon ?/?
Canada ?/?
Cape Verde ?/?
Central African Republic ?/?
Chad ?/?
Chile ?/?
China ?/?
Colombia ?/?
Comoros ?/?
Costa Rica ?/?
Croatia ?/?
Cuba ?/?
Cyprus ?/?
Czech Republic ?/?
Democratic Republic of the Congo ?/?
Denmark ?/?
Djibouti ?/?
Dominica ?/?
East Timor ?/?
Dominican Republic ?/?
Ecuador ?/?
Egypt ?/?
El Salvador ?/?
Equatorial Guinea ?/?
Eritrea ?/?
Estonia ?/?
Ethiopia ?/?
Federated States of Micronesia ?/?
Fiji ?/?
Finland ?/?
France ?/?
Gabon ?/?
Gambia ?/?
Georgia ?/?
Germany ?/?
Ghana ?/?
Greece ?/?
Greenland ?/?
Grenada ?/?
Guatemala ?/?
Guinea ?/?
Guinea-Bissau ?/?
Guyana ?/?
Haiti ?/?
Honduras ?/?
Hong Kong ?/?
Hungary ?/?
Iceland ?/?
India ?/?
Indonesia ?/?
Iran ?/?
Iraq ?/?
Ireland ?/?
Israel ?/?
Italy ?/?
Ivory Coast ?/?
Jamaica ?/?
Japan ?/?
Jordan ?/?
Kazakhstan ?/?
Kenya ?/?
Kiribati ?/?
Kuwait ?/?
Kyrgyzstan ?/?
Laos ?/?
Latvia ?/?
Lebanon ?/?
Lesotho ?/?
Liberia ?/?
Libya ?/?
Liechtenstein ?/?
Lithuania ?/?
Luxembourg ?/?
Macau ?/?
Republic of Macedonia ?/?
Madagascar ?/?
Malawi ?/?
Malaysia ?/?
Maldives ?/?
Mali ?/?
Malta ?/?
Marshall Islands ?/?
Mauritania ?/?
Mauritius ?/?
Mexico ?/?
Moldova ?/?
Monaco ?/?
Mongolia ?/?
Montenegro ?/?
Morocco ?/?
Mozambique ?/?
Namibia ?/?
Nauru ?/?
Nepal ?/?
Netherlands ?/?
New Zealand ?/?
Nicaragua ?/?
Niger ?/?
Nigeria ?/?
North Korea ?/?
Norway ?/?
Oman ?/?
Pakistan ?/?
Palau ?/?
Panama ?/?
Papua New Guinea ?/?
Paraguay ?/?
Peru ?/?
Philippines ?/?
Poland ?/?
Portugal ?/?
Qatar ?/?
Republic of the Congo ?/?
Romania ?/?
Russia ?/?
Rwanda ?/?
Saint Kitts and Nevis ?/?
Saint Lucia ?/?
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines ?/?
Samoa ?/?
San Marino ?/?
São Tomé and Príncipe ?/?
Saudi Arabia ?/?
Senegal ?/?
Serbia ?/?
Seychelles ?/?
Sierra Leone ?/?
Singapore ?/?
Slovakia ?/?
Slovenia ?/?
Solomon Islands ?/?
Somalia ?/?
South Africa ?/?
South Korea ?/?
South Sudan ?/?
Spain ?/34000 [121]
Sri Lanka ?/?
Sudan ?/?
Suriname ?/?
Swaziland ?/?
Sweden ?/?
Switzerland ?/?
Syria ?/?
Taiwan ?/?
Tajikistan ?/?
Tanzania ?/?
Thailand ?/?
Togo ?/?
Tonga ?/?
Trinidad and Tobago ?/?
Tunisia ?/?
Turkey ?/?
Turkmenistan ?/?
Tuvalu ?/?
Uganda ?/?
Ukraine ?/?
United Arab Emirates ?/?
United Kingdom ?/2389 National 122, Local 654, University 328, Special 1,224, Business 61[122]
United States ?/?
Uruguay ?/?
Uzbekistan ?/?
Vanuatu ?/?
Vatican City ?/?
Venezuela ?/?
Vietnam ?/?
Yemen ?/?
Zambia ?/?
Zimbabwe ?/?

Libraries[edit]

See also: the categories Libraries by country and Libraries by continent.
Library at Melk Abbey in Austria.

A library is an organized collection of information resources made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing. It provides physical or digital access to material, and may be a physical building or room, or a virtual space, or both.

Country Estimate References
Articles Progress
Worldwide ?/72000
?/?
According to OCLC, there are 72,000+ libraries in 170 countries.[123]
Afghanistan ?/?
Albania ?/?
Algeria ?/?
Andorra ?/?
Angola ?/?
Antigua and Barbuda ?/?
Argentina ?/?
Armenia ?/?
Australia ?/?
Austria ?/?
Azerbaijan ?/?
Bahamas ?/?
Bahrain ?/?
Bangladesh ?/?
Barbados ?/?
Belarus ?/?
Belgium ?/?
Belize ?/?
Benin ?/?
Bhutan ?/?
Bolivia ?/?
Bosnia and Herzegovina ?/?
Botswana ?/?
Brazil ?/?
Brunei ?/?
Bulgaria ?/?
Burkina Faso ?/?
Burma ?/?
Burundi ?/60 [124]
Cambodia ?/?
Cameroon ?/?
Canada ?/4154
?/3415
?/732
?/7
And 18,605 school libraries.[125]
Cape Verde ?/?
Central African Republic ?/?
Chad ?/?
Chile ?/?
China ?/?
Colombia ?/?
Comoros ?/?
Costa Rica ?/?
Croatia ?/232 [126]
Cuba ?/400 [127]
Cyprus ?/?
Czech Republic ?/6245 [128]
Democratic Republic of the Congo ?/?
Denmark ?/250 [129]
Djibouti ?/?
Dominica ?/?
East Timor ?/?
Dominican Republic ?/?
Ecuador ?/?
Egypt ?/?
El Salvador ?/?
Equatorial Guinea ?/?
Eritrea ?/?
Estonia ?/?
Ethiopia ?/?
Federated States of Micronesia ?/?
Finland ?/436 [130][131]
Fiji ?/?
France ?/1600 [132][133]
Gabon ?/?
Gambia ?/?
Georgia ?/?
Germany ?/6313 [134]
Ghana ?/?
Greece ?/672 [135]
Greenland ?/?
Grenada ?/?
Guatemala ?/?
Guinea ?/?
Guinea-Bissau ?/?
Guyana ?/?
Haiti ?/?
Honduras ?/?
Hong Kong ?/?
Hungary ?/3518 [136]
Iceland ?/187 [137]
India ?/?
Indonesia ?/?
Iran ?/?
Iraq ?/?
Ireland ?/?
Israel ?/?
Italy ?/?
Ivory Coast ?/?
Jamaica ?/?
Japan ?/?
Jordan ?/?
Kazakhstan ?/?
Kenya ?/?
Kiribati ?/?
Kuwait ?/?
Kyrgyzstan ?/?
Laos ?/?
Latvia ?/998 [138]
Lebanon ?/?
Lesotho ?/?
Liberia ?/?
Libya ?/?
Liechtenstein ?/?
Lithuania ?/1478 [139]
Luxembourg ?/?
Macau ?/?
Republic of Macedonia ?/?
Madagascar ?/?
Malawi ?/?
Malaysia ?/?
Maldives ?/?
Mali ?/?
Malta ?/?
Marshall Islands ?/?
Mauritania ?/?
Mauritius ?/?
Mexico ?/?
Moldova ?/?
Monaco ?/?
Mongolia ?/?
Montenegro ?/?
Morocco ?/18 [140]
Mozambique ?/?
Namibia ?/?
Nauru ?/?
Nepal ?/?
Netherlands ?/579 [141]
New Zealand ?/?
Nigeria ?/?
Niger ?/?
Nigeria ?/?
North Korea ?/200 [142]
Norway ?/1108 [143]
Oman ?/?
Pakistan ?/?
Palau ?/?
Panama ?/40 [144]
Papua New Guinea ?/?
Paraguay ?/?
Peru ?/200 [145]
Philippines ?/?
Poland ?/9230 [146]
Portugal ?/168 [147]
Qatar ?/?
Republic of the Congo ?/?
Romania ?/2950 [148]
Russia ?/50032 [149]
Rwanda ?/?
Saint Kitts and Nevis ?/?
Saint Lucia ?/?
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines ?/?
Samoa ?/?
San Marino ?/?
São Tomé and Príncipe ?/?
Saudi Arabia ?/?
Senegal ?/?
Serbia ?/?
Seychelles ?/?
Sierra Leone ?/?
Singapore ?/?
Slovakia ?/?
Slovenia ?/?
Solomon Islands ?/?
Somalia ?/?
South Africa ?/?
South Korea ?/?
South Sudan ?/?
Spain ?/?
Sri Lanka ?/?
Sudan ?/?
Suriname ?/?
Swaziland ?/?
Sweden ?/324 [150]
Switzerland ?/?
Syria ?/?
Taiwan ?/?
Tajikistan ?/?
Tanzania ?/16 [151]
Thailand ?/?
Togo ?/?
Tonga ?/?
Trinidad and Tobago ?/?
Tunisia ?/250 [152]
Ukraine ?/21857 [153]
United Arab Emirates ?/?
United Kingdom ?/5500
?/4517
?/979
?/4
[122]
United States ?/139000 [154]
Uruguay ?/?
Uzbekistan ?/?
Vanuatu ?/?
Vatican City ?/?
Venezuela ?/?
Vietnam ?/?
Yemen ?/?
Zambia ?/?
Zimbabwe ?/76 [155]

Museums[edit]

The Louvre Museum in Paris, one of the largest and most famous museums in the world.
See also: the categories Museums by country and Museums by continent.

A museum is an institution that cares for (conserves) a collection of artifacts and other objects of scientific, artistic, cultural, or historical importance and makes them available for public viewing through exhibits that may be permanent or temporary.

Largest GLAM institutions[edit]

Institution Estimate References
Articles Progress
British Library
  • ?
?/150000000 150,000,000 items. Books, manuscripts, journals, newspapers, magazines, sound and music recordings, videos, play-scripts, patents, databases, maps, stamps, prints, drawings. 14 million are books, 3 million recordings. See also British Library Sound Archive.
Smithsonian Institution
  • ?
?/137000000 137,000,000 objects, artworks and specimens.[165]
Library of Congress
  • ?
?/32000000 32,000,000 volumes.[166]
Metropolitan Museum of Art
  • ?
?/2000000 2,000,000 works.
Tokyo National Museum
  • ?
?/110000 110,000 objects.
Louvre museum
  • ?
?/30000 30,000 items.[167]

See also List of the largest libraries in the United States.


Philosophy[edit]

The Death of Socrates by Jacques-Louis David (1787). The painting depicts the philosopher Socrates about to take poison hemlock.

Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Philosophies
  • ?
?/?
Philosophy by period
  • ?
?/?
Philosophy by field
  • ?
?/?
Philosophy by region
  • ?
?/?
Philosophical concepts
  • ?
?/?

This section excludes #Biographies.

Science[edit]

Main articles: Science and Outline of science

Science – systematic effort of acquiring knowledge—through observation and experimentation coupled with logic and reasoning to find out what can be proved or not proved—and the knowledge thus acquired. The word "science" comes from the Latin word "scientia" meaning knowledge.

Astronomy[edit]

Main articles: Astronomy and Outline of astronomy
NGC 4676, or the Mice Galaxies, are two spiral galaxies in the constellation Coma Berenices. About 290 million light-years away, they are presently in the process of colliding and merging.

Astronomy is a natural science that deals with the study of celestial objects (such as stars, planets, comets, nebulae, star clusters and galaxies) and phenomena that originate outside the atmosphere of Earth (such as the cosmic background radiation). It is concerned with the evolution, physics, chemistry, meteorology, and motion of celestial objects, as well as the formation and development of the universe.

Large-scale structure of the cosmos
Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Galaxies ?/125000000000 [168]
Galaxy clusters ?/?
Globular clusters ?/?
Open clusters ?/?
Superclusters ?/?
Voids ?/?
Astronomical bodies
Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Asteroids 216000/310376 As of December 2011 there are 310,376 numbered minor planets, and about as many yet unnumbered. Only some 16,000 minor planets have been given names.
Comets ?/?
Dwarf planets ?/10000 [169]
Exoplanets ?/?
Multiplanetary systems 168/168
Free-floating planets ?/? [170]
Planets features ?/?
?/?
?/?
?/?
?/?
?/?
?/?
?/?
Hundreds of thousands of craters in Mars, only 1000 with names.
Quasars ?/?
Stars ?/?
Astronomical Catalogues
Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Guide Star Catalog II
  • ?
?/20000000 20,000,000 stars with apparent magnitudes of 6 to 15 (945,592,683 stars out to magnitude 21). Not all stars are notable (well, for the life forms in their planets sure), but we can create lists like the asteroids ones (10,000 stars per list are "only" 100,000 pages).
Index Catalogue
  • ?
?/5386
Messier Catalogue 100/100
New General Catalogue 900/7840

Space exploration[edit]

Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite to orbit Earth.

Space exploration is the discovery and exploration of outer space by means of space technology. Physical exploration of space is conducted both by human spaceflights and by robotic spacecraft.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Human spaceflights ?/250
Artificial satellites ?/6800 [171]
Space agencies ?/?
Space probes ?/?
Space stations ?/?
Other 5/5

Biology[edit]

Main article: Biology
Plants in the Rwenzori Mountains, Uganda.

Biology is a natural science concerned with the study of life and living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Bacteria genera ?/?
Bacteria species ?/100000 Between 100,000-10,000,000.[172]
Proteins ?/?
Viruses genera ?/?
Viruses ?/6000 [173]
Individual animals ?/?

Zoos and aquaria are counted in #Architecture.

Species[edit]

Main article: Species

In biology, a species is one of the basic units of biological classification and a taxonomic rank. A species is often defined as a group of organisms capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring. While in many cases this definition is adequate, the difficulty of defining species is known as the species problem.

Species count[174]
Taxon Estimate References
Articles Progress
Species ?/8700000 Recent studies indicate there are 8,700,000 species, with an error of ±1,300,000 (6,500,000 land species, 2,200,000 marine species). Only 1,233,500 species (14%) have been described.[175] Other estimates range between 2 and 100 million species. (See also Wikipedia:WikiProject Missing encyclopedic articles/Global Names Index)
Animalia ?/1552319
Arthropoda ?/1242040
Insecta ?/1020007
Coleoptera ?/387100
Diptera ?/159294
Lepidoptera ?/157424
Chelicerata ?/113894
Arachnida ?/112201
Crustacea ?/66914
Acari ?/54617
Araneae ?/43579
Nematoda ?/24783
Orthoptera ?/24276
Trilobita ?/19606
Myriapoda ?/11885
Other ?/5000000000
?/?
More than 99 percent of all species, amounting to over five billion species,[176] that ever lived on Earth are estimated to be extinct.[177][178][179]
Catalogue Estimate References
Articles Progress
World Resources Institute
  • ?
?/1400000
Tara Research Vessel
  • ?
?/1000000 Tara Research Vessel Discovers One Million New Species Of Microscopic Sea Life (PICTURES)
Catalogue of Life
  • ?
?/1404038 Species for all kingdoms as of May 2012, with coverage of 74% of the estimated 1.9 million species known to science (zip)
All Species Foundation
  • ?
?/? On-going project to catalog all species on Earth by 2025, by Long Now Foundation

Human body[edit]

Main article: Human body
Human body features displayed on bodies on which body hair and male facial hair has been removed.

The human body is the entire structure of a human organism, and consists of a head, neck, torso, two arms and two legs. By the time the human reaches adulthood, the body consists of close to 100 trillion cells,[180] the basic unit of life. These cells are organised biologically to eventually form the whole body.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Human organs ?/1000 850 muscles, 206 bones
Human genes ?/85000 [181]
Human proteins ?/200000 [182]

Chemistry[edit]

Main article: Chemistry
Chemicals in flasks.

Chemistry is the science of matter, especially its chemical reactions, but also its composition, structure and properties.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Elements 118/118
Compounds ?/60000000 As listed in the CAS database [5] (with growth of 10 million in less than two years), probably not all notable or can be described as variants in overview articles. En-wiki currently has ~15000 compounds, and there are 21000 in wikidata.
Reactions ?/?
Minerals ?/4900

Health[edit]

Main articles: Health and List of diseases

Health is the level of functional or metabolic efficiency of a living being. In humans, it is the general condition of a person's mind and body, usually meaning to be free from illness, injury or pain.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Diseases ?/12000
?/?
?/?
[183]
Disorders ?/?
Drugs ?/21000 [184] (1,357 unique drugs: 1,204 are 'small-molecule drugs' and 166 are 'biological' drugs)

Hospitals are counted in #Architecture.

Mathematics[edit]

Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, as imagined by Raphael in this detail from The School of Athens.

Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of quantity, space, structure, and change.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Areas ?/?
?/?
?/?
?/?
?/?
?/?
?/?
?/?
?/?
?/?
Number List of numbers ?/? 0 integers and even more reals.
Prime number List of prime numbers ?/? 0 prime numbers.
Integer sequences ?/? 200,000+[185]

Meteorology[edit]

Tracks of all known Atlantic tropical cyclones from 1851 to 2005
See also: the categories Meteorology and Weather.

Meteorology is the interdisciplinary scientific study of the atmosphere. Studies in the field stretch back millennia, though significant progress in meteorology did not occur until the 18th century. The 19th century saw breakthroughs occur after observing networks developed across several countries. After the development of the computer in the latter half of the 20th century, breakthroughs in weather forecasting were achieved.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Meteorological phenomena
  • ?
?/?
Weather instruments
  • ?
?/?
Seasons ?/?
?/?
?/?
?/?
?/?
Hurricanes ?/?

Physics[edit]

Various examples of physical phenomena.

Physics (from Ancient Greek: φύσις physis "nature") is a natural science that involves the study of matter.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Concepts in and branches of physics ?/?
Particles ?/?
Nuclides 100/3000 [186]

Planetary science[edit]

Earth and planetary sciences are the sciences that study the material and dynamics of Earth and other celestial bodies.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Lithostratigraphic units
  • ?
1000/100000
Fossils
  • ?
?/300000 [187]
Meteorites
  • ?
?/50000 [188]
Rocks types ?/500
Geologic Time Scale 200/500 Current and old time units.

Society[edit]

Starting fire by hand. Bushmen in Botswana.

A society, or a human society, is a group of people related to each other through persistent relations, or a large social grouping sharing the same geographical or virtual territory, subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Uncontacted peoples
  • ?
?/?

Business[edit]

Main articles: Business and Outline of business

A business (also known as enterprise or firm) is an organization involved in the trade of goods, services, or both to consumers.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Company ?/?
Food ?/?
?/?
?/?
?/?

Culture[edit]

Main articles: Culture and List of cultures
See also: the categories Lists of symbols, Lists of flags and Currency lists.
Mirror of the Internet Archive, a digital library with petabytes of historical content,[189] in the Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Egypt.

Culture is the range of human phenomena that cannot be attributed to genetic inheritance.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Culture ?/?
Flags ?/?
Symbols ?/?
Currencies ?/?

Law[edit]

Lady Justice is the symbol of the judiciary.

Law is a system of rules and guidelines which are enforced through social institutions to govern behavior, wherever possible.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Country legal systems ?/200
Case law ?/?
Treaty ?/? 507 international treaties.[190]
Human rights ?/?
?/?
Roman law ?/?
Software license ?/?
Free content license ?/?

Languages[edit]

Arnold Lakhovsky, The Conversation (circa 1935).

Language may refer either to the specifically human capacity for acquiring and using complex systems of communication, or to a specific instance of such a system of complex communication. The scientific study of language in any of its senses is called linguistics.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Languages ?/6900
?/?
?/?
?/?
[191]
Animal communication ?/?
Writing systems ?/?
?/?
?/?
Letters/characters/symbols
  • ?
?/?
Exolinguistics
  • ?
?/?
Alien language
  • ?
?/?
Phonetics articles
  • ?
?/?
Catalogue Estimate References
Articles Progress
Rosetta Project
  • ?
?/? Its goal is to permanent archive 1,500 languages (13,000 microscopic pages of text) in a contemporary version of the historic Rosetta Stone to last from 2000 to 12,000 AD.

See also wiktionary:Category:All languages for words in all languages.

For programming and computer languages, see § Software.

Organizations[edit]

An organization is a social entity that has a collective goal and is linked to an external environment.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Non-governmental organization ?/?
?/3300000
?/277000
?/1500000
[192][193][194][195]

People[edit]

6% completed (estimate)

   

A man and a woman in the Pioneer plaque.

In a city with a population of 100,000 inhabitants we may have about 100[citation needed] notable people: scientists, writers, artists, activists, politicians, sportspeople, actors, singers, lawyers and many more. If the world population is about 7,000,000,000, we would have 7,000,000,000/(100,000/100) = 7,000,000 notable biographies of living people (BLP). Given the fact that there are about 360,000 births per day[196] this means about 360 notable people are born each day.

But we have to look into the past centuries too. The number of people who have ever been born is around 100,000,000,000.[197] This gives us an estimate of 10,000,000 notable biographies (excluding the 7,000,000 BLP).

This section contains lists of people by occupation. These lists virtually include people from all countries, but sub-lists by country are desirable (do not count people twice, though). Also, list of fictional people by occupation are possible.

See also: User:Emijrp/Systemic bias/Contemporary bias

Politics[edit]

The Puerta del Sol square in Madrid, shown here on 20 May 2011, became a focal point and a symbol during the 2011–2013 Spanish protests.

Politics is the art or science of influencing people on a civic, or individual level, when there are more than 2 people involved.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Political ideologies List of political ideologies ?/?
Political parties List of political parties ?/?
Demonstrations List of demonstrations ?/?

This section excludes biographies. For elections, see #Elections.

Religion and mythology[edit]

Religion is a collection of cultural systems, belief systems, and worldviews that establishes symbols that relate humanity to spirituality and, sometimes, to moral values.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Religion ?/4200 [198]
Mythology ?/100
Creation myth ?/100

pl:Encyklopedia Katolicka alone includes around 40,000 definitions (it includes things like fire - but Fire in religion is possible article). It is safe to multiply that by 25X (List of religions and spiritual traditions)

Sports and games[edit]

Main articles: Sport, List of sports, Game, and List of games
Sport in childhood.

Sports are all forms of competitive physical activity which, through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical fitness and provide entertainment to participants. Hundreds of sports exist, from those requiring only two participants, through to those with hundreds of simultaneous participants, either in teams or competing as individuals. A game is structured playing, usually undertaken for enjoyment and sometimes used as an educational tool.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Sports ?/8000 8,000+ indigeneous sports and sporting games.[199]
Sport teams ?/?
Sport leagues ?/?
Martial arts ?/?
Games ?/58900 58,900+ games in the Board Game Geek index.[200]
For virtual games, see § Videogames.

Technology[edit]

Main article: Technology
By the mid 20th century, humans had achieved a mastery of technology sufficient to leave the atmosphere of the Earth for the first time and explore space.

Technology is the making, modification, usage, and knowledge of tools, machines, techniques, crafts, systems, methods of organization, in order to solve a problem, improve a preexisting solution to a problem, achieve a goal or perform a specific function. It can also refer to the collection of such tools, machinery, modifications, arrangements and procedures. Technologies significantly affect human as well as other animal species' ability to control and adapt to their natural environments.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Inventions ?/?
Discoveries ?/?

Hardware[edit]

Main article: Hardware
Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Microprocessors ?/?
Microcontrollers ?/?

Patents[edit]

Main articles: Patents and List of patents

A patent is a form of intellectual property. It consists of a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state to an inventor or their assignee for a limited period of time, in exchange for the public disclosure of the invention.

Catalogue Estimate References
Articles Progress
Espacenet
  • ?
?/? 70,000,000
Japan Patent Office
  • ?
?/? In 2005, it received 427,078 patent applications, 11,386 utility model applications, 39,254 design applications, and 125,807 trademark applications; it registered 122,944 patents, 10,573 utility model rights, 32,633 design rights, and 97,939 trademark rights in the same year.
United States Patent and Trademark Office
  • ?
?/? As of February 2008, the PTO has granted over 7,950,000 patents.

Transport[edit]

Main article: Transport
People walking in front of the bulk carrier BW Fjord

Transport or transportation is the movement of people, animals and goods from one location to another. Modes of transport include air, rail, road, water, cable, pipeline, and space. The field can be divided into infrastructure, vehicles, and operations. Transport is important since it enables trade between peoples, which in turn establishes civilizations.

Topic Estimate References
Articles Progress
Air transport ?/43982
?/?
[201]
Bus transport ?/?
Rail transport ?/?
?/?
?/?
?/?
Road transport ?/?
?/?
[202]
Ship transport ?/?
?/?
(Historical ship types: ?; Sailing boat types: ?)

Weapons[