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  1. Thudhamma Kyaung - Built by Mindon Min, in 1868, to be used as a refectory whenever ecclesiastical convocations were held in the Thudhamma Zayat. Some of the carvings are still in a fair state of preservation.[1]
  2. Thudhamma Zayat - This building is situated at the foot of the Mandalay Hill, Mandalay, and was built by King Mindon in 1859, at the same time as the Palace. It was used for holding ecclesiastical convocations and the highest ecclesiastical tribunal. In 1902 the election of the Thathanabaing or Buddhist Archbishop was held near this building.[1]
  3. Pahtan Zayat - This building was used as an annexe of the Thudama Zayat and Pali hymns were chanted in it by the monks, who attended an ecclesiastical convocation.
  1. Tawyagyaung Pagoda - Built in 1859 by King Mindon as an annexe of the Palace. In it was administered the oath of allegiance to all officials of the late regime and the inmates of the Royal Harem. It consists of a cylindrical pagoda surrounded by a number of chapels, of which the eastern is the most important, because in it was administered the oath of allegiance. The entrance of this chapel is decorated by excellent carvings, in plaster, of the Mekara and other monsters of Buddhist Mythology.[2]
  1. Sangyaung (Amarapura) - Built in 1840, by the chief Queen of Shwebo Min and her daughter. The latter became the chief Queen of Mindon Min. The Director-General of Archaeology remarks: "They are older than the monasteries at Mandalay, and the style of their wood-carving is bolder. Glass panels illustrating scenes in the Jataka stories, are let into the doors."[3]
  2. Remains of Bodawpaya's Palace (Amarapura) - Bodawpava transferred his capital from Ava to Amarapura and built a new Palace in 1782. Its remains consist of two masonry buildings, namely, a Pangon or watch tower and a Shwedaik or treasury.[3]
  1. Man-aung Yadana Pagoda (Amarapura) - Built by King Thibaw, in 1886, after the model of the Kuthodaw Pagoda at the foot of the Mandalay Hill. The King is known in Burmese history as the "Builder of the Man-aung Yadana Pagoda." Both its historical and architectural interest lies in its being the shrine built by the last king of the Burmese race, and in its constituting the last link in the long series of religious edifices marking the sites of the capitals of Burma.[4]
  1. Zina-Aunggya-Shwe bontha Pagoda (Tagaung) - Situated to the north-east of the Court House. A Pagoda of small dimensions, built in 1753, by Alaungpaya, on the site of his darbar, where he received the submission of the sawbwa of Momeik. Before undertaking an expedition to Pegu in southern Burma, Alaungpaya who had just been crowned, visited the Upper reaches of the Irrawaddy, and secured the alliance and material support of the powerful Shan Chiefs.[5]
  1. Shwegyet Yet Pagoda - Situated near the Railway terminus at the Amarapura shore. Said to have originally been built by King Asoka; subsequently repaired and enlarged by the Kings of Pagan, Ava, and Amarapura.[6]
  2. Shwegyet Kya Pagoda
  3. Shwezayan Pagoda (Shwezayan) - Built in 1054 by Shin Munhla, daughter cf the Sawbwa of Maingmaw, on her way home. She had been espoused by Anawrata, King of Pagan, on his return from his expedition to China, had been taken to Pagan, and then was exiled to her own country on being accused of witchcraft.[7]
  4. Shwemale Pagoda (Singu) - Built by Alaungsithu, King of Pagan (1085-1160).[7]
  5. Shwezigon Pagoda (Tagaung) - According to tradition, this pagoda was built by Mingyi Maha, King of Tagaung, in 415 B.C. 23,750 bricks were utilised in building it, each brick being contributed by a different household. The pagoda is situated within the walls of Upper Pagan. It has been renovated and in 1902, a new hti was placed on it through the exertions of U Einda, Gaingok Sadaw. It enjoys an annual Government subsidy of Rs. 120.[7]
  6. Mosudaung Pagoda (Maingdaing) - This Pagoda is situated at Maingdaing, which is 27 miles (43 km) to the east of Tagaung. It was built in 1758, by U San Ya, Pyizo or Governor of Maingdaing, which then consisted of 12 divisions containing about 42,000 houses. The pagoda marks the centre of an extensive agricultural tract of country, which was at one time the granary of the upper reaches of the Irrawaddy. Near it, are ruins cf other Pagodas and Kyaungs of an older date. It enjoys an annual Government subsidy of Rs. 60.[7]
  7. Paungdaw-U Pagoda (Myadaung) - It is situated at Myadaung which is 22 miles (35 km) to the north of Tagaung. It was built in 1008 by Alaungsithu, King of Lower Pagan, who made frequent progress throughout his extensive empire. It was renovated by Mingaung, King of Ava, who reigned from 1401 to 1422, by Alaungpaya in 1753 by a daughter of Bodawpaya, in 1793, by the Myadaung Wun (U Pe Mindinyaza Thamantasithu in 1877, and three years later, by U Si, father-in-law of the Wun. On the Pagoda platform are two inscribed stone tables erected by U Si. It enjoys an annual Government subsidy of Rs. 60.[8]
  8. Sudaungbye Pagoda (Taungbyongyi) - Built by Anawrata, King of Pagan, in the 11th century, after his return from his Chinese expedition. Here he put to death his two generals, Shwepyin Nyi Naung who were deified as Nats.[9]
  9. Shwebontha Pagoda (Tawbu) - Built by Kyazwa, King of Pagan, in the 14th century.[9]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mandalay 1910, p. 6.
  2. ^ Mandalay 1910, p. 6-8.
  3. ^ a b Mandalay 1910, p. 10.
  4. ^ Mandalay 1910, p. 12.
  5. ^ Mandalay 1910, p. 14.
  6. ^ Mandalay 1910, p. 16.
  7. ^ a b c d Mandalay 1910, p. 18.
  8. ^ Mandalay 1910, p. 18-20.
  9. ^ a b Mandalay 1910, p. 20.

References[edit]

  • Halliday, Robert (1917). The Talaings. Rangoon: Office of the Superintendent, Government Printing, Burma. 

Bagan[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
Anawrahta
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sawlu
 
 
 
Kyansittha
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sawyun
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alaungsithu
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Narathu
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Naratheinkha
 
 
 
Narapatisithu
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Htilominlo
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kyaswa
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Uzana of Pagan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Narathihapate
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kyawswa of Pagan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sawhnit
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Uzana II

Pinya[edit]

 
 
 
Thihathu
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Uzana I
 
 
 
Kyawswa I
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kyawswa II
 
 
 
Narathu
 
 
 
Uzana II

Thibaw[edit]

Princess of Laungshe
 
 
 
Mindon Min
 
 
 
Princess Hsinbyumashin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Thibaw Min
 
 
 
Supayalat
 
 
 
 


Suphayagalay
 
 
 
Thibaw Min
 
 
 
Supayalat
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prince 2
(1885-?)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prince I
(1879-1880)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess 1
(1880-1884)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess 2
(1881-1884)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Myat Mibayagyi
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Myat Phayalat (1883-1956)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Myat Phaya (1886-1962)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Myat Phayagalay (1887-1936)
 
 

1[edit]

[1]

  1. Twelve Royal Duties (မင်းကျင့်တရားဆယ့်နှစ်ပါး)
    1. Not to transgress against the Three Gems
    2. To avoid ignorance (အဝိဇ္ဇာ)
    3. To be well-disposed towards charitable donors
    4. To provide long-term support to scholars,
    5. To give alms to those in immediate need
    6. To follow Dhammathat traditions faithfully
    7. To adopt the policy of following precedent
    8. To keep the old stories well in mind (ပုံပြင်ကိုပြု)
    9. To observe the five precepts of Buddhism (ပဉ္စသီငါးပါး)
    10. To control one's anger,
    11. To identify the twelve kinds of misdeeds (အကုသိုလ်)
    12. To govern the populace and the monks
  2. Ten Royal Duties (မင်းကျင့်တရားဆယ်ပါး)
    1. To give alms
    2. To observe the precepts
    3. To be generous
    4. To be honest (ဖျောင့်မတ်သောနှလုံး)
    5. To be kindhearted (နူးညံ့သိမ်မွေ့သောနှလုံး nu:-nyan. thein-mwe. thaw hna-loun)
    6. To adopt a moderate style of life
    7. To avoid anger
    8. Not to persecute (ညှစ်းပန်းနှိပ်စက်) the people
    9. To be tolerant
    10. Not to be oppressive (ချုပ်ခြင်းကင်း)
  3. Seven Things a City Needs (မြို့၏အင်္ဂါခုနစ်ပါး)
    1. An undisputed single ruler
    2. Alliances with other rulers
    3. A Minister (A-mat) who can pass judgement over affairs of state and village disputes
    4. A granary full of the seven kinds of paddy (စပါးမျိုးခှနစ်ပါး) which are like the seven jewels (ရတနာဆယ်ပါး)
    5. A strong moat, ditch, embankment and a cat-walk on the fortified gateway of the city wall
    6. An extensive territory (တိုင်းကား)
    7. Elephant regiments, cavalry regiments, chariot regiments and infantry soldiers
  4. Seven Things a City Needs ()
    1. A strong city
    2. Wide passage for soldiers on the fortified battlements
    3. Armaments such as the lance
    4. A fighting force organized into soldiers and commanders
    5. Men to guard the gate
    6. Strong gate posts inside the walls
    7. Strong gate posts outside the walls.
  5. Seven Fundamental Requirements of a Kingdom (မင်းတော်)
    1. A king, to act as lord of the country
    2. High offcials, to carry out the king's wishes and perform their duties
    3. Small villages, inhabited by virtuous persons
    4. A strong city, surrounded by three moats
    5. Punishments that fit the crime
    6. Well-filled granaries and enough water in tanks and ponds
    7. Alliances with other kingdoms.
  6. Four Divisions of the Army (စစ်အင်္ဂါလေးပါး)
    1. Elephants
    2. Horses
    3. Chariots (Yahta)
    4. Foot soldiers
  7. Four Requirements of a City (မြို့၏အစာလေးပါး)
    1. The seven varieties of rice
    2. Cattle-fodder
    3. Firewood
    4. Water
  8. Five Strengths of Royalty (မင်းတော်အားတော်ငါးပါး)
    1. Strength of the royal family
    2. Physical prowess,
    3. Wisdom
    4. Able counsellors
    5. Economic assets (ဥစ္စာ)
  9. Seven Conditions of Welfare (ပရဟိတနိယတရားခုနစ်ပါး)
    1. Hold meetings and consult with his royal counsellors three times a day
    2. Tackle affairs with the application of consistent rules
    3. Collect only those taxes and impose only those punishments which tradition allows
    4. Respect and cherish the elderly
    5. Govern his subjects paternalistically, without oppression
    6. Make the usual offerings to the Nats who watch over the capital city and the rest of the kingdom
    7. Provide for the monastic community
  10. Seven [More] Conditions of Welfare ()
    1. To offer respectful obedience to the Buddha, who preached the Dhamma
    2. To offer respectful obedience to the Dhamma, as it was preached
    3. To offer respectful obedience to the Sangha who preach the Dhamma
    4. To strive not to break those precepts that should be observed
    5. To be steadfast and full of integrity (သမာဓိရှိ)
    6. To try to speak good words
    7. To try to have good companions
  11. Four Solidarities (မင်းတော်ကိုယ်စားထားရွေ့စရင်းရသူလေးပါး)
    1. To give alms
    2. To speak words that are loving and sweet
    3. To work for the benefit of the people
    4. To be considerate and fair in punishment

Rectors[edit]

IM1[edit]

[2]

[3]

Rector Tenure Qualifications DOB Notes
Ba Than ဘသန်း 1964-1970 M.B.(Cal); F.R.C.S.(Edin.); F. 1 May 1895 (1895-05) (age 122) Bahan Township, MMA 1954-1956
Pe Kyin ဖေကျင် 1971-1972 M.B.,B.S(Rgn) 21 February 1912 (1912-02-21) (age 105) Born in Taungoo, MMA 1969-1970
Tun Min ထွန်းမင်း 1972-1984 M.B.,B.S(Rgn) 24 August 1924 (1924-08-24) (age 93) New University Avenue Road
Hla Myint လှမြင့် 1984-1988 M.B.,B.S.(Rgn);D.T.M.& H.(Lond) 11 January 1928 (1928-01-11) (age 89) Lower Kemmendine Road
Tin Aung Swe တင်အောင်ဆွေ 1987-1988 M.B.,B.S(Rgn);D.T.M.& H.(Edin) 6 April 1930 (1930-04-06) (age 87) Kamayut
Maung Maung Sein မောင်မောင်စိန် 1988-1991 M.B,B.S(Ygn);F.R.C.S.(Eng);F.R 27 December 1931 (1931-12-27) (age 85) Mayangone
Mya Oo မြဦး 1991-1996 M.B,B.S.(Rgn.);M.R.C.P.(Edin.) 25 January 1940 (1940-01-25) (age 77)
Kyaw Myint Tun ကျော်မြင့်ထွန်း 1996-1997 M.B,B.S(Ygn); M.R.C.P.(U.K);F. 18 May 1938 (1938-05-18) (age 79)
Kyaw Myint ကျော်မြင့် 1997-1998 M.B,B.S(Ygn); M.R.C.P.(U.K);F. 22 January 1940 (1940-01-22) (age 77)
Myo Myint မျိုးမြင့် 1998-present M.B,B.S(Ygn);F.R.C.S.(Edin); M 25 February 1944 (1944-02-25) (age 73) Bahan Township, MMA 1999-present

IM2[edit]

[4]

Rector Tenure Qualifications DOB Notes
Lt. Col. Ko Ko Gyi ကိုကိုကြီး 1963-1967 M.B.,B.S, MD (Penn), DPM (Penn)  (2017-11-17UTC21:45:19) (age 0)
U E အေး 1967-1973 M.B.,B.S, L.R.C.P (London), M.R.C.S (Eng),

DTM & H (Edin), F.R.C.P (Edin)

6 March 1910 (1910-03-06) (age 107) Born Sagaing, MMA 1966
Khin Maung Nyein ခင်မောင်ငြိမ် 1973-1982 M.B.,B.S, DCH (Lond.), DPH (London)  (2017-11-17UTC21:45:19) (age 0)
Tin Aung Swe တင်အောင်ဆွေ 1982-1987 M.B.,B.S, DTM & H (Edin), F.R.C.P (Edin)  (2017-11-17UTC21:45:19) (age 0)
Myo Thwe မျိုးသွေး 1987-1989 M.B.,B.S, F.R.C.P (Edin), F.A.C.T.M (Ohio.),

DTM. & H (Eng.)

 (2017-11-17UTC21:45:19) (age 0)
Ko Lay ကိုလေး 1989-1992 M.B.,B.S, Ph.D (Melb.)  (2017-11-17UTC21:45:19) (age 0)
Tha Hla Shwe သာလှရွှေ 1992-2004 M.B.,B.S, DP & TM (Rgn.),

DCMT (Lond.), MSEd (So. Calif.) Dr.Med.Sc

 (2017-11-17UTC21:45:19) (age 0)
Than Nu Shwe သန်းနုရွှေ 2004-2007 M.B.,B.S, DCH (Lond),

M.Med.Sc (Paed), F.R.C.P (E), Dr.Med.Sc (Pead)

 (2017-11-17UTC21:45:19) (age 0)
Tint Swe Latt တင့်ဆွေလတ် 2008-present M.B.,B.S, M.Med.Sc (int:Med), M.R.C.P (UK)

Dr.Med.Sc (General Medicine), F.R.C.P (Edin) Dip. Med.Ed

 (2017-11-17UTC21:45:19) (age 0)

MMA[edit]

President Tenure Qualifications DOB Notes
Col Ba Thaw 1949-1950 MB, ChB (Edin), IMS 13 March 1870 (1870-03-13) (age 147) British Army, 1918-24.

Assistant Medical Superintendent, Rangoon General Hospital, 1924. Civil Surgeon, Myingyan, 1926. Rejoined the British Army, during World War II. Medical Superintendent, Rangoon General Hospital after the war.

Ba Than Chein 1951-1953 B.A (Cal) M.B. Ch.B (Edin) 18 April 1891 (1891-04-18) (age 126) Resident House Surgeon, Rangoon General Hospital, 1920-25

Civil Surgeon, Tavoy, Mergui, Magwe, Insein and Myaungmya, 1926-37 Assistant Inspector General of Civil Hospitals, 1937-40 Civil Surgeon, Thayetmyo, Bassein, 1940-42 Director of Medical Services, Burma 1942-45 (During Japanese occupation) Deputy C.C.A.O. (Medical), 1945 (During CAS(B) period) Retired from Government Service 1950 Re-employed Director of Health Assistant Training School, Rangoon, 1951-61 Finally retired in July 1961

Ba Than 1954-1956 M.B. (Cal) F.R.C.S. (Edin) F.A.C.S.I (USA) 1 May 1895 (2017-11-17UTC21:45:19) (age 0) 1951-53; 1955-57
Dean, Faculty of Medicine & Professor of Surgery, Mandalay University, 1960-63

Rector, Institute of Medicine 1, Rangoon, 1964-70 Director, Post-graduate Medical Studies, 1970-71

Col Min Sein {{{1}}} 1957-1958 MB(Cal), LRCP, MRCS(Eng), MRCP(Lond), FRCP(Lond) 26 December 1898 (1898-12-26) (age 118) Dagon Township
U Tin 1959 LMP, LRCS, MRCS, DA, DTM&H, FFARCS, FICS 1901 (1901) (age 116) Established the Department of Anesthesia at the Rangoon General Hospital after World War ll
Maung Gale 1960 BA (Hons),MB, DPH 6 September 1896 (1896-09-06) (age 121) Tamwe Township. Civil Assistant Surgeon, Rangoon General Hospital, 1922-24

Assistant District Health Officer, Bassein, 1925-27 Assistant District Health Officer, Toungoo, 1928-29 Health Officer, Maymyo, 1929 District Health Officer, Myaungmya, 1929-38 Nutrition Officer, Directorate of Public Health, 1938-41 Assistant Director of Public Health, Government of Burma, 1941-42 Director of Public Health, 1943-45 Deputy Director of Health Services, Government of the Union of Burma, 1945-50 Director of Health Services, 1950-53 Retired in 1953 Re-appointed Officer on Special Duty (Translation), Faculty of Medicine, University of Rangoon, 1953-59 Head, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rangoon, 1959-64 Rector, Institute of Medicine, Mandalay, 1964-65

Chan Taik 1961 MB(Cal), DTM & H(Lond), DOMS (Lond), FICS 4 December 1893 (1893-12-04) (age 123) Kamayut Township. Hospital, 1938-52

Lecturer and Head, EENT Department, Medical College, Yangon, 1938-52 Eye Consultant, Muslim Free Hospital, 1952-76 Special Mention: Donated an Eye Hospital in Mawlamyaing

Shwe Zan 1962 MB, ChB, LM, DTM, MRCP, IMS, MD, FRCP 2 March 1908 (1908-03-02) (age 109) Ahlone Township, Yangon. Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rangoon

Physician and Professor of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rangoon Physician and Professor of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rangoon

Ko Gyi 1963 MBBS, DOMS, FICS 22 February 1914 (1914-02-22) (age 103) Ophthalomologist, Rangoon General Hospital; Assistant Dean, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rangoon

Medical Superintendent, Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital, Rangoon

Ba Than (Sakra) 1964 LMP, MBBS, DTM&H 16 June 1913 (1913-06-16) (age 104) Born in Minbu

B.O.C. Hospital, Syriam Practised privately in his own Setkya Clinic.

Khin Maung Win 1965 LSMB, MBBS, MRCP, MRCPath, FRCPath, FRCP 25 May 1920 (1920-05-25) (age 97) Born in Mandalay

Professor and Head, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rangoon Director, Postgraduate Medical Studies Retired as Director-General, Department of Medical Education, Ministry of Health Special Mention: First person to receive a F.R.C. Path in Myanmar as well as the only person to be an F.R.C.P as well as an F.R.C.Path

U E 1966  (2017-11-17UTC21:45:19) (age 0)
San Lwin 1967 MBBS, DTM&H, DPH, MRCP, FRCP 25 October 1921 (1921-10-25) (age 96) Born in Rangoon

Served in several positions all over Burma; Professor of MedicineFaculty of Medicine, University of Rangoon, 1965 till his death in 1970

Maung Maung Than 1968 MBBS, MS 15 November 1916 (1916-11-15) (age 101) Kamayut Township, Yangon. Born in Mandalay

G.D.M.O, No.7, Burma General Hospital,1941-42 Assistant Surgeon, Burma State Hospital, 1942-45 G.D.M.O., No 78 Field Ambulance (Burma), 1945-46 G.D.M.O, 2nd Battalion, Burma Rifles, 1947 G.D.M.O, Base Military Hospital Mingaladon, 1947-48 G.D.M.O, Base Military Hospital, attached To B.A.F, M.I.R, Commanding Officer, Infantry Bridge Group, Field Ambulance, Meiktila, 1953-55 Commanding Officer, Defence Services General Hospital, Mingaladon, 1963-76

Pe Kyin MBBS, ChB  (2017-11-17UTC21:45:19) (age 0)
Aung Thein 1971-1972 1969-1970 3 August 1922 (1922-08-03) (age 95) Born in Paungde

Medical Officer, Burma Defence Army, 1943-45 Civil Assistant Surgeon, Rangoon General Hospital, 1947-48 Civil Assistant Surgeon, Insein Jail, 1948 Civil Assistant Surgeon, Rangoon General Hospital, 1948-50 Civil Surgeon, Sagaing, 1955-57 Civil Surgeon, Pegu, 1957-61 Civil Surgeon, Meiktila, 1961-62 Medical Superintendent, Rangoon General Hospital, 1962-71 Director-General, Department of Health, 1972-77

Kyaw Maung 1973-1974 MBBS, FRCS 22 December 1926 (1926-12-22) (age 90) Born in Kyaukpyu

Civil Assistant Surgeon, Maymyo Civil Hospital, 1950-52 on study leave 1953-55 Civil Assistant Surgeon, Rangoon General Hospital, 1955-56 Surgeon, Rangoon General Hospital, 1956 Surgeon, Mandalay General Hospital, 1957-58 Lecturer in Surgery, 1958-59; Surgeon, Rangoon General Hospital, 1959 Professor of Clinical Surgery, Institute of Medicine I, Yangon, 1959-74 Professor and Head, Department of Surgery, Institute of Medicine 2, Yangon; Medical Superintendent, North Okklappa General Hospital, 1975-79 Director-General, Department of Medical Education, 1979-86

Hla Kyi 1975-1976 ISA, MBBS, MMSA, FRCOG, FACS, FICS 15 December 1923 (1923-12-15) (age 93) Ahlone Township. Born in Daik U

House Surgeon, Rangoon General Hospital, 1950 Civil Assistant Surgeon, Dufferin Hospital, Rangoon, 1950-51 Assistant Medical Superintendent, Dufferin Hospital, Rangoon, 1954-56 Civil Assistant Surgeon, Rangoon General Hospital, 1956-57 States Scholarship to U.K. on deputation, 1957-60 Reader on Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Institute of Medicine 1, Yangon, and Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, Central Women& 8217;s Hospital, Rangoon, 1961-64 Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Institute of Medicine 1, Yangon, 1964-83 Advisor, Ministry of Health, 1983-85 Managing Director, JVC 7 Special Mention: was External Examiner for Part II M.R.C.O.G. examination in Malaysia, 1984; External Examiner in Obstetrics & Gynaecology for undergraduate and post graduate students

Maung Maung Aye 1977 MBBS 23 December 1926 (1926-12-23) (age 90) Mayangone Born in Mahlaing Township, Meiktila

Civil Assistant Surgeon, Rangoon General Hospital Civil Assistant Surgeon, Anti-VD Campaign, Rangoon, Henzada Civil Assistant Surgeon, Pakokku, Henzada, Thazi Civil Hospital Assistant Medical Superintendent I, Rangoon General Hospital Deputy Assistant Director of Health Services, Central Diivision,1965 Medical Superintendent, Rangoon East Hospital, Rangoon General Hospital, 1971-75 Director, Department of Health, 1975-77 Director-General, Department of Health, 1977-78 Deputy Minister, Ministry of Education, 1978-85

Maung Maung Taik 1978 MBBS (Luck), BL 8 August 1918 (1918-08-08) (age 99) 354/19 Industry 1 Road, West Yankin, Yangon

552449 Born in Mawlamyine Lieutenant, Army Medical Service (as Lieutenant), 1944-1945 and (as Captain), 1945-46, at Gangaw, Pakokku, and Yenangyaung Civil Surgeon, Yenangyang General Hospital, 1946-1947 Assistant Medical Superintendent, Yangon General Hospital and Assistant to Police Surgeon, 1947-1950 Civil Surgeon, Meiktila General Hospital, 1951-1952 Police Surgeon, 1953-1978 Head of Department of Forensic Medicine, Institute of Medicine 1, 1953-1978 Medico-Legal Advisor at Office of the Attorney General, 1978-1990 Head of Department of Forensic Medicine, Institute of Medicine 1, Yangon, 1953-78 at present providing medico-legal advice to lawyers Visiting Lecturer in Forensic Medicine at various Institutes of Medicine

Shwe Tin 1979-1980 MBBS, FRCS(Glas), FRCS(Ed) ,MRCOG(Lond),FRCOG(Ed) 3 May 1922 (1922-05-03) (age 95) Born in Maymyo

Civil Assistant Surgeon, Rangoon General Hospital, 1950-53 Civil Assistant Surgeon, Yamethin Civil Hospital, 1957-58 Surgeon, Mandalay General Hospital, Reader in Surgery and Lecturer in Forensic Medicine, Medical College, Mandalay, 1958-59 Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Rangoon Dufferin Hospital and Lecturer in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rangoon, 1959-66 Lecturer in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Institute of Medicine 2, Rangoon, 1966-67 Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Institute of Medicine 2, Rangoon, 1967-78 Rector, Institute of Medicine 2, Rangoon, 1978-79 Director-General, Department of Health, 1979-80 Director-General, Department of Medical Education, 1980-81

Hla Myint 1981-1982 MBBS(Ygn), DTM&H(Lond), MRCP (Edin), FRCP(Edin) 11 January 1928 (1928-01-11) (age 89) 202-A, Lower Kemmendine Road, Ahlone P.O., Yangon

221365 Born in Thonze Civil Assistant Surgeon, Rangoon General Hospital and Tutor, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rangoon, 1952-58 Team Leader, Forward Area Medical Team, attached to 6th Light Infantry Brigade North-Eastern Special District Wa State and Kokan State, 1954 Assistant Lecturer, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rangoon, and Rangoon General Hospital; 1958-61 Consultant Physician, Sao San Htun Hospital, Taunggyi, Shan State, Burma, 1961-63 Consultant Physician, Rangoon General Hospital; Lecturer, Department of Medicine, Institute of Medicine 1, Rangoon,1963-66 Consultant Physician, Rangoon General Hospital and Professor of Clinical Medicine, Institute of Medicine 1, Rangoon, 1966-71 Consultant Physician, Rangoon General Hospital and Professor of Medicine, Institute of Medicine 1, Rangoon, 1971-84 Rector, Institute of Medicine 1, Rangoon, 1984-88 Retired from Government Service, January 1988 Advisor to the Minister on Essential Drugs Programme, Ministry of Health (1995 to date) Project Manager, Myanmar Essential Drugs Project, 1988-1994 Professor & Head, Department of Medicine, Defence Services Medical Institute, Mingaladon, Ministry of Defence, 1994-95

Khin Maung Nyein 1983 MBBS, DCH, DPH, FRCP 7 August 1923 (1923-08-07) (age 94) Born in Rangoon

Private to Warrant Officer, Burma Defence Army and Patriotic Burmese Forces, 1943-45 B.C.G. Team Leader, Rangoon and Tanintharyi Division, 1952-53 CAS, RGH, 1953-54 CAS, Tavoy, 1954-56 TMO, Wakema, 1956-61 TMO, Pyawbwe, 1961-62 Civil Surgeon, Rangoon and Insein, 1962& 8212;67 8212;67 Rector, Institute of Medicine, Mandalay and Institute of Medicine 2, Rangoon 1970-80 Director-General, Department of Health, 1981-83 Advisor, Ministry of Health, 1983-89 99 G Thanlwin Road, Kamayut Township, Yangon.

Tin U 1984-1988 21 May 1930 (1930-05-21) (age 87) Born in Yangon

Civil Assistant Surgeon, Rangoon General Hospital, Maternal and Child Health, Rangoon Division Consultant Paediatrician and Head of Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Medicine 1, Rangoon, and Medical Superintendent, Children's Hospital, Rangoon, 1963-71 Professor / Consultant, Child Health, Children's Hospital, Rangoon, 1971-81 WHO Short Term Consultant in Paediatrics, India, Sep 1973 WHO Short Term Consultant in Paediatrics, Bangladesh. Mar 1978 Director-General, Department of Medical Education, Rangoon, 1983-85 Director-General, Department of Health, Yangon, 1985-91 Advisor, Ministry of Health, 1991-92 President, Myanmar Red Cross Society, 1992-95 Honours / Awards: National Literary Award for book entitled Child's Health from various aspects, 1980

11, Thazin Road, Ahlone, Yangon 220783

Thet Hta Way 1989-1992 MBBS(Rgn), BDS (Otago), FDSRCS (Eng) 15 February 1935 (1935-02-15) (age 82) Medical Officer, Bawdwin Mines, Namtu, 1960-62

Civil Assistant Surgeon, Yangon General Hospital, 1962-70 Lecturer, Department of Surgery, Yangon General Hospital, 1970-88 Professor and Head, Institute of Dental Mediicne, 1988-94 Professor, Plastic Maxillo-facial Dept., Yangon General Hospital, 1994-95 Consultant, Ministry of Health, 1995 Advisor, Ministry of Defence, Division of Plastic Maxillo-facial and Oral Surgery, Defence Services Orthopadeic Hospital, Minagaladon 160, Thunanda Street, Yadana Kyun Ave, N. Okklapa 11031, Yangon 699926 thethtaway@mptmail.net.mm

Kyu Kyu Swe 1993-1996 MBBS(Rgn); MRCOG(UK); FRCOG (UK) 29 February 1929 (1929-03) (age 88) Born in Yangon

Civil Assistant Surgeon, Dufferin Hospital (Central Women s Hospital) Rangoon & Part Time Tutor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Yangon, 1954-61 Civil Assistant Surgeon, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Mandalay General Hospital, and Part Time Lecturer, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Institute of Medicine, Mandalay, 1961-62 Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, Mandalay General Hospital and Senior Lecturer, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Institute of Medicine, Mandalay, 1962-68 Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, Mandalay General Hospital and Clinical Professor, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Institute of Medicine, Mandalay, 1968-83 Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, Mandalay General Hospital and Professor & Head, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Institute of Medicine, Mandalay, 1983-86 Senior Consultant, North Okkalapa General Hospital and Professor & Head, Department of Obstet Gynaecology, Institute of Medicine 2, Yangon, 1986-88 Senior Consultant, Central Women s Hospital, Yangon and Professor & Head, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Institute of Medicine 1, Yangon, 1988-89

Ye Myint 1997-1998 MBBS(Rgn); FRCS(Ed); FACC; 1 May 1935 (1935-05) (age 82) Born in Rangoon

Civil Assistant Surgeon, Maymyo, 1961-62 Civil Assistant Surgeon, Ye-U, Shwebo District, August--Novem Civil Assistant Surgeon, Tharrawaddy,1962-66 Postgraduate studies in United Kingdom,1966-69 Civil Assistant Surgeon, Cardiothoracic Unit, Rangoon General Hospital,1969 Part-time Demonstrator in Surgery, Institute of Medicine 1, Rangoon, 1969

Myo Myint 1999-present  (2017-11-17UTC21:45:19) (age 0) Internship, Yangon General Hospital, 1967-1968* Demonstrator, Anatomy Department, Institute of Medicine 1, Yangon, 1968-71

Civil Assistant Surgeon, Yangon General Hospital, 1971-73 Registrar in General Surgery, Broadgreen General Hospital, Liverpool, U.K., 1973-74 Registrar in Orthopaedic Surgery, Western Infirmary, Glasgow, Scotland, 1974 Registrar in Orthopaedic Surgery, Liverpool Informary, Liverpool, U.K., 1975 Registrar in Orthopaedic Surgery, Robert Jones and Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic Hospital, Oswestry, U.K., 1976 Specialist AS, Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Yangon General Hospital, 1976-79 Scholar in Microsurgery, Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Hospital Raymond, Poincare Garches, France, 1979-80 Specialist AS, Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Yangon General Hospital, 1980-83* Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon, Worker s Hospital, Yangon, 1983-88 Senior Consultant / Lecturer in Orthopaedics, Worker s Hospital, Yangon, 1988-90 Professor & Head, Department of Orthopaedics, Institute of Medicine 2, Yangon; Deputy Director-General, Department of Medical Sciences, 1997-98 Rector, Institute of Medicine 1, Yangon, 1998 to date 7 B (1), Kanbawza avenue, Bahan, Yangon 500940

Misc[edit]

Sandar Tun
Native name ဆန္ဒာထွန်း
Born (1974-08-23) 23 August 1974 (age 43)
Rangoon, Burma
Nationality Burmese
Parent(s) Eike Htun (father)
Thiha
Native name သီဟ
Born (1960-06-24) 24 June 1960 (age 57)
Nationality Burmese
Occupation Director, Htoo Group
Known for Distributor of London cigarettes
Spouse(s) Shwe Shwe Lin
Parent(s) Ohn (mother)
Myint Swe (father)[5]
Relatives Tayza (brother)[5]
Pye Phyo Tayza
Native name ပြည့်ဖြိုးတေဇ
Born (1987-01-29) 29 January 1987 (age 30)
Nationality Burmese
Parent(s) Tayza (father)
Thidar Zaw (mother)
Relatives Thiha (uncle)
Tin Sein
Native name တင်စိန်
Born (1950-09-27) 27 September 1950 (age 67)
Rangoon, Burma
Nationality Burmese
Spouse(s) San Tun
Min Thant
Native name မင်းသန့်
Born (1982-11-11) 11 November 1982 (age 35)
Rangoon, Burma
Nationality Burmese
Occupation Director of Ar Let Yone Co. Ltd.
Parent(s) San Tun (father)
Tin Sein (mother)
Khin Mi Mi Tun
Native name ခင်မိမိထွန်း
Born (1984-10-25) 25 October 1984 (age 33)
Rangoon, Burma
Nationality Burmese
Occupation Director of Ar Let Yone Co. Ltd.
Parent(s) San Tun (father)
Tin Sein (mother)
Aye Aye Maw
Native name အေးအေးမော်
Born (1957-11-17) 17 November 1957 (age 60)
[[]], Burma
Nationality Burmese
Spouse(s) Htay Myint
Children Zarchi Htay (daughter)
Zarchi Htay
Native name ဇာချည်ဌေး
Born (1981-02-17) 17 February 1981 (age 36)
[[]], Burma
Nationality Burmese
Occupation Director of Yuzana Co.
Parent(s) Htay Myint
Aye Aye Maw
Lay Myint
Native name လေးမြင့်
Born (1955-02-06) 6 February 1955 (age 62)
[[]], Burma
Nationality Burmese
Occupation Director of Yuzana Co.
Relatives Htay Myint (brother)
Win Myint (brother)
Kyin Toe (brother)
Win Myint
Native name ဝင်းမြင့်
Born (1952-05-29) 29 May 1952 (age 65)
[[]], Burma
Nationality Burmese
Occupation Director of Yuzana Co.
Relatives Htay Myint (brother)
Lay Myint (brother)
Kyin Toe (brother)
Kyin Toe
Native name ကျင့်တိုး
Born (1957-04-29) 29 April 1957 (age 60)
[[]], Burma
Nationality Burmese
Relatives Htay Myint (brother)
Lay Myint (brother)
Win Myint (brother)

Political prisoners[edit]

Ant Bwe Kyaw
Born [1]
(1966-11-27) November 27, 1966 (age 50)
Burma
Nationality Burmese
Education M.A. Burmese
Criminal penalty 65 years
Parent(s) U Kyaw Shwe (Writer Min Kyaw), Daw Tin Tin Win
Min Zeya
Born [2]
(1958-06-16) June 16, 1958 (age 59)
Burma
Nationality Burmese
Education Fifth year student (Law Major), Rangoon
Criminal penalty 65 years
Parent(s) U Ba Yin, Daw Chit Phwar
Thet Zaw
Born [3]
(1972-02-04) February 4, 1972 (age 45)
Burma
Nationality Burmese
Criminal penalty 65 years
Parent(s) U Than Lwin
Zaw Htet Ko Ko
Born [4]
(1981-01-06) January 6, 1981 (age 36)
Burma
Nationality Burmese
Education 3rd year law student
Occupation Photo shop owner, Activist
Spouse(s) Dr. San Latt Phyu
Parent(s) U Aung Myint
Htay Win Aung
Born [5]
(1961-12-18) December 18, 1961 (age 55)
Burma
Nationality Burmese
Other names Pyone Cho
Education 4th year Geology, Rangoon Arts & Sciences University
Criminal penalty 65 years
Parent(s) U Win Maung and Daw Mya Aye
Mar Mar Oo
Born [6]
(1964-03-19) March 19, 1964 (age 53)
Mandalay, Burma
Nationality Burmese
Other names Ma Swe
Education B.A. Myanmar
Criminal penalty 65 years
Parent(s) U Ohn Maung
Thet Thet Aung
Born [7]
(1977-12-09) December 9, 1977 (age 39)
Mandalay, Burma
Nationality Burmese
Education B.A. Philosophy, Dagon University
Occupation Civil servant
Criminal penalty 65 years
Spouse(s) Chit Ko Lin
Children Aung Ko Ko, Wai Yan Ko Ko, Htoo Aung Lin
Parent(s) U Thaw Win
Tin Min Htut
Born (1952-05-24) May 24, 1952 (age 65)
Nyaungkhashay village, Waw Township, Pegu Division, Burma
Nationality Burmese
Education MBBS, Institute of Medicine 1
Occupation Politician, Physician
Political party National League for Democracy
Criminal penalty 15 years
Parent(s) U Tun Kyi, Daw Tin Tin
  1. ^ Okudaira, Ryuji (24 September 2001). "A Burmese tract on kingship: political theory in the 1782 manuscript of Manugye". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. University of London. 64 (2): 248–259.  Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  2. ^ "Past Presidents of MMA". Myanmar Medical Association. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  3. ^ "Rectors". University of Medicine 1 Yangon. 2006. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  4. ^ "Rectors of the University". University of Medicine-2 Yangon. 2009. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference san was invoked but never defined (see the help page).