User:Humanisticmystic/International Visitor Leadership Program

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The International Visitor Leadership Program (IVLP) is a professional exchange program funded by the Office of International Visitors in the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, and agency of the U.S. Department of State. The purpose of the program is to help build mutual understanding between citizens of the U.S. and other countries.

History[edit]

In 1948 representative Karl E. Mundt and Senator H. Alexander Smith marshaled the Informational and Educational Exchange Act, also known as the Smith-Mundt Act which was passed by the 80th United States Congress and approved by President Harry S. Truman. During a time when Americans grew increasingly concerned about Soviet propaganda , the purpose of the Smith-Mundt was "to promote a better understanding of the United States in other countries, and to increase mutual understanding between the people of the United States and the people of other countries" though educational and cultural exchanges[1]. From this legislation birthed the Foreign Leaders Program, which was eventually consolidated into the International Visitor Program (IVP) in 1952. In 2004 the IVP was renamed the International Visitor Leadership Program (IVLP).

Goals[edit]

While the IVLP has no written statement of purpose, Dr. Sherry L. Mueller (President, National Council for International Visitors) has identified at least two goals that have remained consistent since the inception of the program:

  1. Link the foreign leaders with their U.S. counterparts, providing a solid professional experience and in-depth, substantive exploration of key issues and diverse, balanced approaches to these issues.
  2. Enable the visitors to gain a better understanding of the history and heritage of the United States, a better sense of who [Americans] are as a people and what [Americans] value.[2]

Notable Alumni[edit]

The following tables list all current and former Chiefs of State and Heads of Government who have participated in the International Visitor Leadership Program[3].

East Asia & Pacific[edit]

Country Name Highest Position Year Participated
 Australia William Hayden Governor General 1970
Paul Keating Prime Minister 1977
J. Malcolm Fraser Prime Minister 1964
Gough Whitlam Prime Minister 1964
 Cook Islands Dr. Terepai Maoate Prime Minister 1987
 Federated States of Micronesia Tosiwo Nakayama President 1961
 Fiji Kamisese Mara Acting President 1964
Ratu Sir Penaia Ganilau President 1963
Ratu Sir George Cakabau Governor General 1964
 Indonesia Megawati Sukarnoputri President 1989
Abdurrahman Wahid President 1979
 Japan Morihiro Hosokawa Prime Minister 1980
Toshiki Kaifu Prime Minister 1962
 South Korea Kim Dae-Jung President 1965
Kim Yong-Sam President 1964
Dr. Hyun Seung-Jong Acting Prime Minister 1971
Lee Yung-Duk Prime Minister 1966
Sang-Hyup Prime Minister 1970, 1960
Nam Duck-Woo Prime Minister 1975
Chung Il-Kwon Prime Minister 1971
Lee Han-Key Prime Minister 1972
Choi Doo-Sun Prime Minister 1950
Template:MSA Dr. Mahathir Bin Mohamad Prime Minister 1973
Tun Haji Abdul Razak Bin Mohamad Hussain Prime Minister 1963, 1953
 Mongolia Nambariin Enkhbayar President 1994
 New Zealand Helen Clark Prime Minister 1998
Jenny Shipley Prime Minister 1989
David Lange Prime Minister 1983
Norman Kirk Prime Minister 1971, 1962
Robert D. Muldoon Prime Minister 1965
Sir Wallace E. Rowling Prime Minister 1967
Sir Jogn R. Marshall Prime Minister 1958
 Papua New Guinea Dr. Sir Ignatius Kilage Governor General 1976
Michael Somare Prime Minister 1971
Lazarus Salii President 1968
 Samoa Vaai Kolone Prime Minister 1981
 Singapore Wee Kim Wee President 1964
Devan Nair President 1979
 China Chen Shui-Bian President 1990
 Thailand Chuan Leekpai Prime Minister 1971
 Tonga Taufa'ahau Tupou IV King 1964
Prince Fatafehi Tu-ipelehake Prime Minister 1968
 Vanuatu Father Walter Lini Prime Minister 1976

Europe[edit]

Country Name Highest Position Year Participated
 Austria Heinz Fischer President 1964
Dr. Wolfgang Schuesel Chancellor 1984, 1971
Dr. Franz Vranitzky Chancellor 1975
Dr. Bruno Kreisky Chancellor 1958
Dr. Fed Sinowatz Chancellor 1965
 Belgium Guy Verhofstadt Prime Minister 1983
Wilfried Martens Prime Minister 1971
Leo Tindemans Prime Minister 1967
Mark Eyskens Prime Minister 1984
 Bulgaria Jan Videnov Prime Minister 1992
Philip Dimitrov Prime Minister 1990
 Croatia Ivica Racan Prime Minister 1998
 West Germany Gerhard Schoeder Chancellor 1981
Richard Von Weizsacker President 1978
Walter Scheel President 1951
Karl Carstens President 1950
Kurt-Georg Kiesinger Chancellor 1954
Willy Brandt Chancellor 1954
Helmut Schmidt Chancellor 1956
 Finland Tarja Halonen President 1983
Paavo Lipponen Prime Minister 1974
Esko Aho Prime Minister 1979
Harri Holkeri Prime Minister 1970
 France Nicolas Sarkozy President 1985
Francois Fillon Prime Minister 1984
Lionel Jospin Prime Minister 1977
Alain Juppe Prime Minister 1978
Pierre Beregovoy Prime Minister 1977
Valery Giscard D'Estaing President 1956
 Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili President 1999
Zurab Noghaideli Prime Minister 1997
Zurab Zhvania Prime Minister 1997
 Greece Konstandinos Karamanlis Prime Minister 1995
Constantine Mitsotakis Prime Minister 1959
Constantine Karamanlis President 1951
Constantine Tsatsos President 1952
George Rallis Prime Minister 1958, 1953
 Hungary Gyula Horn Prime Minister 1981
Jozsef Antall Prime Minister 1989
 Iceland David Oddsson Prime Minister 1983
Thorsteinn Palsson Prime Minister 1984
Kristjan Eldjarn President 1957
 Ireland Mary Robinson President 1976
John Bruton Prime Minister 1980
 Italy Oscar Luigi Scalfaro President 1960
Francesco Cossiga President 1966
Giuseppe Saragat President 1963
Romano Prodi Prime Minister 1979
Giovanni Goria Prime Minister 1981
Giovanni Spadolini Prime Minister 1952
Arnaldo Forlani Prime Minister 1960
 Serbia Fatmir Sejdiu President 2003
Bajram Kosumi Prime Minister 2001
Bajram Rexhepi Prime Minister 2000
 Kyrgyzstan Kurmanbek Bakiyev President 2004
 Lithuania Gediminas Kirkilas Prime Minister 2002
 Luxembourg Jacques Santer Prime Minister 1973
 Malta Lawrence Gonzi Prime Minister 1990
Dr. Ugo Mifsud Bonnici President 1971
Edward Fenech Adami Prime Minister 1974
Dominic Mintoff Prime Minister 1965
 Macedonia Boris Trajkovski President 1996
Ljubco Georgievski Prime Minister 1996
 Moldova Petru Lucinschi President 1995
 Netherlands Naj Peter Balkenende Prime Minister 1985
Willem Kok Prime Minister 1978
Joop Den Uyl Prime Minister 1953, 1979
 Norway Kjell Magne Bondevik Prime Minister 1971
Jan P. Syse Prime Minister 1978
Kare Willoch Prime Minister 1979
 Poland Hanna Suchocka Prime Minister 1988
Mieczyslaw Rakowski Prime Minister 1978
 Portugal Anibal Cavaco Silva President 1978
Jorge Sampaio President 1965
Mario Alberto Soares President 1976
Antonio Guterres Prime Minister 1978
Francisco Pinto Balsemao Prime Minister 1965
 Romania Victor Ciorbea Prime Minister 1995
 Slovenia Dr. Janez Drnovzek President 1988
 Sweden Frederik Reinfeldt Prime Minister 2002
Carl Bildt Prime Minister 1973
 Swaziland Moritz Leuenberger President 1993
 Turkey Abdullah Gul President 1995
Suleyman Demirel President 1957
Abdullah Gul Prime Minister 1995
 Ukraine Leonid Kuchma President 1994
Leonid Kravchuk President
 United Kingdom Gordon Brown Prime Minister 1992, 1984
Anthony C. L. Blair Prime Minister 1992, 1986
Margaret Thatcher Prime Minister 1967
Edward R. G. Heath Prime Minister 1953

North Africa, Near East & South Asia[edit]

Country Name Highest Position Year Participated
 Afghanistan Hamid Karzai President 1987
 Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Prime Minister 1952
 Bhutan Lyonpo Khandu Wangchuck Prime Minister 1993
 Egypt Anwar Sadat President 1968
Ahmad Fuad Muhial-din Prime Minister 1977
 India Pratibha PAtil President 1999, 1986
Kocheril Raman Narayanan President 1969
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Prime Minister 1960
Indira Ghandi Prime Minister 1961
Morarji Desai Prime Minister 1962
 Israel Moshe Katzav President 1980
Ehud Olmert Prime Minister 1978
 Jordan Adnan Badran Prime Minister 1977
Faisal Al Fayez Prime Minister 1988
Dr. Abdul Salam Majali Prime Minister 1969
 Lebanon Amin Gemayel President 1979, 1972
Elias Sarkis President 1971
 Morocco Dr. Azzedine Laraki President 1986
Maati Bouabid Prime Minister 1965, 1961
   Nepal Krishna Prasad Bhuttarai Prime Minister 1993
Sher Bahadur Deuba Prime Minister
 Pakistan Ghulam Ishaq Khan President 1949
 Sri Lanka Mahinda Rajapakse President 1989
Ranashinghe Premadasa President 1966
 Bangladesh Mohamed Mzali Prime Minister 1964

Sub-Saharan Africa[edit]

Country Name Highest Position Year Participated
 Benin Nicephore Soglo President 1997
 Botswana Festus G. Mogae President 1976
Quett K. J. Masire President 1975
 Burkina Faso Roch Marc Chrisitian Kabore President 1999, 1986
 Central African Republic Andre-Dieudonne Kolingba President 1966
 Chad Nagoum Crakoroum Yamassoum Prime Minister 1992
 Ivory Coast Laurent Gbagbo President 1993
Daniel Kablan Duncan Prime Minister 1974
 Ghana John Agyekum Kurfuor President Late 1960s
 Guinea Lamine Sidime Prime Minister 1992
 Kenya Mwai Kibaki President 1999
Daniel T. Arap Moi President 1969
 Lesotho H.M. Mamahato Seeiso Queen 1993
 Madagascar Didier Ratsiraka President 1973
Philibert Tsiranana President 1964
 Malawi Dr. Bakili Muluzi President 1980
 Mali Alpha Oumar Konare President 1978
 Mauritius Sir Anerood Sugnauth President 1981
Navinchandra Ramgoolam Prime Minister 1986
Sir Veerasamy Ringadoo Governor General 1982
Dayendranath Burrenchobay Governor General 1969
 Mozambique Dr. Pascoal Mocumbi Prime Minister 1986
 Niger Amadou Hama Prime Minister 1986
 Rwanda Sylvestre Nsanzimana Prime Minister 1986
 South Africa Frederik W. de Klerk President 1976
 Senegal Madior Boye Prime Minister 1975
 Seychelles France Albert Rene President 1967
 Swaziland Obed Mfanyana Dlamini Prime Minister 1986
 Tanzania Julius K. Nyerere President 1960
 Togo Faure Essozimna Gnassingbe President 2001
Mr. Yawovi Agboyibo Prime Minister 1997
Edem Kodjo Prime Minister 1972
Joseph Kokou Koffigoh Prime Minister 1990
 Uganda Aollo Nsibambi Prime Minister 1984

Western Hemisphere[edit]

Country Name Highest Position Year Participated
 Argentina Ferndando de le Rua President 1966
Raul Alfonsin President 1981
 Barbados Owen Arthur Prime Minister 1988
Lloyd Erksine Sandiford Prime Minister 1975
Tom Adams Prime Minister 1973
 Belize Said Wilbert Musa Prime Minister 1995
 Bolivia Carlos Mesa President 2002, 1979
 Brazil Jose Sarney Costa President 1964
 Canada Edward R. Schreyer Governor General 1978
 Canada Ricardo Lagos President 1988
 Colombia Alvaro Uribe Velez President 1998
Ernesto Samper Prizano President 1985
Cesar Gaviria Trujillo President 1982
Belsiario Betancur Cuartas President 1952
Julio Cesar Trubay Ayala President 1977
 Costa Rica Oscar Arias Sanchez Prime Minister 1971
 Dominica Mary Eugenia Charles Prime Minister 1995
Patrick John Prime Minister 1979
 Dominican Republic Rafael Hipolito Mejia Dominiguez President 1995
Salvador Jorge Blanco President 1979
 Ecuador Gustavo Noboa Bejarano President 1960
Jamil Mahuad President 1985
Rosalia Arteaga President 1993
Rodrigo Borja President 1962
 El Salvador Armando Calederon Sol President 1986
Alfredo Christiani President 1986
 Grenada Sir Paul Scoon Governor General 1972
 Guyana Hamilton Green Prime Minister 1967
Ptolemy Reid President 1966
 Guatemala Marco Vincio Arevalo Cerezo President 1976
Alfonso Antiono "Portillo" Cabrera President 1992
Alvaro Arzu Yrigoyen President 1982
Licenciado Ramiro De Leon Carpio President 1988
 Haiti Jacques Edouard Alexis Prime Minister 1983
Ertha Pascal Trouillot President 1980
Leslie F. Manigat President 1959
 Honduras Ricardo Maduro Joest President 1986
Dr. Carlos Roberto Reina President 1993
Rafael Leonardo Callejas President 1986
Jose Simeon Azcona del Hoyo President 1985
 Jamaica Portia Simpson-Miller Prime Minister 1981
Sir Howard Cooke Governor General 1981
 Mexico Felipe de Jesus Calderon Hinojosa President 1992
 Peru Jorge Alfonso Alejandro del Castillo Galvez Prime Minister 1988
Beatriz Merino Prime Minister 1997
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Dr. Denzil Douglas Prime Minister 1990
Simeon Daniel Premier 1980
Lee Moore Prime Minister 1972
St. Vincent James Fitzallen Mitchell Prime Minister 1973
 Suriname Ronald R. Venetiaan President 1981
Remsewak Shankar President 1978
 Trinidad and Tobago Patrick Manning Prime Minister 1988
Basdeo Panday Prime Minister 1978
 Uruguay Tabare Vazquez President 1993
Washington Beltran President 1976
Julio Maria Sanguinetti President 1984
Luis Alberto LaCalle President 1968
 Venezuela Dr. Rafael Caldera President 1962
Dr. Luis Herrera Campins President 1967

Agencies involved[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History - International Visitor Leadership Program". Retrieved 2008-07-25. 
  2. ^ Mueller, Sherry L. (2006). William P. Kiehl, ed. Professional Exchanges, Citizen Diplomacy and Credibility. Washington, DC: Public Diplomacy Council. pp. p. 63. ISBN 0-9764391-1-5. 
  3. ^ "Program Alumni". Retrieved 2008-07-25. 

External links[edit]

Category:Foreign relations of the United States