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John Edwards
John Edwards, official Senate photo portrait.jpg
United States Senator
from North Carolina
In office
January 6 1999 – January 3 2005
Preceded by Lauch Faircloth
Succeeded by Richard Burr
Assumed office
November 2, 2004
Personal details
Born (1953-06-10) June 10, 1953 (age 64)
Seneca, South Carolina
Nationality American
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Edwards
Alma mater North Carolina State University
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Profession Attorney, Politician

Johnny Reid "John" Edwards[1] (born June 10 1953) is an American politician who served one term as U.S. Senator from North Carolina. He was the Democratic nominee for Vice President in 2004, and was a candidate for the 2008 Democratic presidential nomination through the January primaries, until dropping out, and later endorsing Senator Barack Obama.

He defeated incumbent Republican Lauch Faircloth in North Carolina's 1998 Senate election and toward the end of his six-year term sought the Democratic presidential nomination in the 2004 presidential election.

He eventually became the 2004 Democratic candidate for Vice President, the running mate of presidential nominee Senator John Kerry of Massachusetts. After Edwards and Kerry lost the election to incumbents George W. Bush and Dick Cheney, Edwards began working full time at the One America Committee, a political action committee he established in 2001, and was appointed director of the Center on Poverty, Work and Opportunity at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Law. He was also a consultant for Fortress Investment Group LLC.

Early life, education, and family[edit]

Edwards was born June 10 1953 to Wallace Reid Edwards and Catharine Juanita "Bobbie" Edwards (née Wade) in Seneca, South Carolina. The family moved several times during Edwards' childhood, eventually settling in Robbins, North Carolina, where his father worked as a textile mill floor worker, eventually promoted to supervisor; his mother had a roadside antique finishing business and then worked as a postal letter carrier when his father left his job.[2]

A football star in high school,[3] Edwards was the first person in his family to attend college. He attended Clemson University and transferred to North Carolina State University. Edwards graduated with high honors earning a bachelor's degree in textile technology in 1974, and later earned his Juris Doctor from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) with honors.

While at UNC, he met Elizabeth Anania, who is four years his senior. They married in 1977 and would eventually have four children (Wade in 1979, Cate in 1982, Emma Claire in 1998, and Jack in 2000). Their son Wade was killed in a car accident when strong winds swept his Jeep off a North Carolina highway in 1996. Edwards and his wife began the Wade Edwards Foundation in their son's memory; the purpose of the nonprofit organization is "to reward, encourage, and inspire young people in the pursuit of excellence." The Foundation funded the Wade Edwards Learning Lab at Wade's high school, Broughton High School in Raleigh, along with scholarship competitions and essay awards. Just weeks before Wade died, he had been honored at the White House by First Lady Hillary Clinton for an essay he wrote on entering the voting booth with his father.[4][5]

On November 3 2004, Elizabeth Edwards revealed that she had been diagnosed with breast cancer. She was treated via chemotherapy and radiotherapy,[6] and continued to work within the Democratic Party and her husband's One America Committee. On March 22 2007, during his campaign for the 2008 Democratic nomination for the presidency, Edwards and his wife announced that her cancer had returned; she was diagnosed with stage IV breast cancer, with newly discovered metastases to the bone and possibly to her lung.[7][8] They said that the cancer was "no longer curable, but is completely treatable"[9] and that they planned to continue campaigning together with an occasional break when she requires treatment.[10][7]

Legal career[edit]

[[:Image:Four Trials.jpg|upright|thumb|left|Four Trials by John Edwards]]

After law school, Edwards clerked for a federal judge and in 1978 became an associate at the Nashville law firm of Dearborn & Ewing, doing primarily trial work, defending a Nashville bank and other corporate clients. The Edwards family returned to North Carolina in 1981, settling in the capital of Raleigh where he joined the firm of Tharrington, Smith & Hargrove.[11]

In 1984 Edwards was assigned to a medical malpractice lawsuit that had been perceived to be unwinnable; the firm had only accepted it as a favor to an attorney and state senator who did not want to keep it. Nevertheless, Edwards won a $3.7 million verdict on behalf of his client, who had suffered permanent brain and nerve damage after a doctor prescribed a drug overdose of the anti-alcoholism drug Antabuse during alcohol aversion therapy.[12] In other cases, Edwards sued the American Red Cross three times, alleging transmission of AIDS through tainted blood products, resulting in a confidential settlement each time, and defended a North Carolina newspaper against a libel charge.[11]

In 1985, Edwards represented a five-year-old child born with cerebral palsy whose doctor did not choose to perform an immediate Caesarean delivery when a fetal monitor showed she was in distress. Edwards won a $6.5 million verdict for his client, but five weeks later, the presiding judge sustained the verdict but overturned the award on grounds that it was "excessive" and that it appeared "to have been given under the influence of passion and prejudice," adding that in his opinion "the evidence was insufficient to support the verdict." He offered the plaintiffs $3.25 million, half of the jury's award, but the child's family appealed the case and received $4.25 million in a settlement.[11] Winning this case established the North Carolina precedent of physician and hospital liability for failing to determine if the patient understood the risks of a particular procedure.[12]

After this trial, Edwards gained national attention as a plaintiff's lawyer. He filed at least twenty similar lawsuits in the years following and achieved verdicts and settlements of more than $60 million for his clients. These successful lawsuits were followed by similar ones across the country. When asked about an increase in Caesarean deliveries nationwide, perhaps to avoid similar medical malpractice lawsuits, Edwards said, "The question is, would you rather have cases where that happens instead of having cases where you don't intervene and a child either becomes disabled for life or dies in utero?"[11]

In 1993, Edwards began his own firm in Raleigh (now named Kirby & Holt) with a friend, David Kirby. He became known as the top plaintiffs' attorney in North Carolina.[11] The biggest case of his legal career was a 1997 product liability lawsuit against Sta-Rite, the manufacturer of a defective pool drain cover. The case involved Valerie Lakey a three-year-old girl[13] who was disemboweled by the suction power of the pool drain pump when she sat on an open pool drain whose protective cover other children at the pool had removed, after the swim club had failed to install the cover properly. Despite 12 prior suits with similar claims, Sta-Rite continued to make and sell drain covers lacking warnings. Sta-Rite protested that an additional warning would have made no difference because the pool owners already knew the importance of keeping the cover secured.

In his closing arguments, Edwards spoke to the jury for an hour and a half and referenced his son, Wade, who had been killed shortly before testimony began. Mark Dayton, editor of North Carolina Lawyers Weekly, would later call it "the most impressive legal performance I have ever seen."[14] The jury awarded the family $25 million, the largest personal injury award in North Carolina history. The company settled for the $25 million while the jury was deliberating additional punitive damages, rather than risk losing an appeal. For their part in this case, Edwards and law partner David Kirby earned the Association of Trial Lawyers of America's national award for public service.[12] The family said that they hired Edwards over other attorneys because he alone had offered to accept a smaller percentage as fee unless the award was unexpectedly high, while all of the other lawyers they spoke with said they required the full one-third fee. The size of the jury award was unprecedented, and Edwards did receive the standard one-third plus expenses fee typical of contingency cases. The family was so impressed with his intelligence and commitment[11] that they volunteered for his Senate campaign the next year.

After Edwards won a large verdict against a trucking company whose worker had been involved in a fatal accident, the North Carolina legislature passed a law prohibiting such awards unless the employee's actions had been specifically sanctioned by the company.[11]

In December 2003, during his first presidential campaign, Edwards (with John Auchard) published Four Trials, a biographical book focusing on cases from his legal career. The success of the Sta-Rite case and his son's death (Edwards had hoped his son would eventually join him in private law practice) prompted Edwards to leave the legal profession and seek public office.

Senate career[edit]

Senator Edwards on Meet The Press

Edwards won election to the U.S. Senate in 1998 as a Democrat running against incumbent Republican Senator Lauch Faircloth. Despite originally being the underdog, Edwards beat Faircloth by 51.2% to 47.0% — a margin of some 83,000 votes.

During President Bill Clinton's 1999 impeachment trial in the Senate, Edwards was responsible for the deposition of witnesses Monica Lewinsky and fellow Democrat Vernon Jordan, Jr. During the 2000 presidential campaign, Edwards was on Democratic nominee Al Gore's vice presidential nominee "short list" (along with John Kerry and Joe Lieberman, Gore's eventual pick).[15]

In his time in the Senate, Edwards co-sponsored 203 bills.[16] Among them was Lieberman's 2002 Iraq War Resolution (S.J.Res.46) which he co-sponsored along with 15 other senators, but which did not go to a vote;[17] he voted for replacement resolution (H.J Res. 114) in the full Senate to authorize the use of military force against Iraq, which passed by a vote of 77 to 23,[18] saying on October 10 2002 that "Almost no one disagrees with these basic facts: that Saddam Hussein is a tyrant and a menace; that he has weapons of mass destruction and that he is doing everything in his power to get nuclear weapons; that he has supported terrorists; that he is a grave threat to the region, to vital allies like Israel, and to the United States; and that he is thwarting the will of the international community and undermining the United Nations' credibility."[19] He defended his vote on an October 10 2004 appearance on Meet the Press, saying "I would have voted for the resolution knowing what I know today, because it was the right thing to do to give the president the authority to confront Saddam Hussein...I think Saddam Hussein was a very serious threat. I stand by that, and that's why [John Kerry and I] stand behind our vote on the resolution".[20] However, he subsequently changed his mind about the war and apologized for that military authorization vote. Edwards also voted in favor of the Patriot Act.

Among other positions, Edwards was generally pro-choice and supported affirmative action, and the death penalty. One of his first sponsored bills was the Fragile X Research Breakthrough Act of 1999.[21] He was also the first person to introduce comprehensive anti-spyware legislation with the Spyware Control and Privacy Protection Act.[22] He advocated rolling back the Bush administration's tax cuts and ending mandatory minimum sentencing for non-violent offenders.[23] Edwards generally supported expanding legal immigration to the United States while working with Mexico to provide better border security and stop illegal trafficking.[23][24]

Edwards served on the U.S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence and U.S. Senate Committee on Judiciary, and was a member of the New Democrat Coalition.

Before the 2004 Senate election, Edwards announced his retirement from the Senate and supported Erskine Bowles, former White House Chief of Staff, as the successor to his seat; Bowles, however, was defeated by Republican Richard Burr in the election.

2004 presidential campaign[edit]

In 2000, Edwards unofficially began his presidential campaign when he began to seek speaking engagements in Iowa, the site of the nation's first party caucuses. On January 2 2003, Edwards began fundraising without officially campaigning by forming an exploratory committee. On September 15 2003, Edwards fulfilled a promise he made a year earlier as a guest on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart to unofficially announce his intention to seek the 2004 Democratic Presidential nomination. The next morning, Edwards made the announcement officially from his hometown. He declined to run for reelection to the Senate in order to focus on his presidential run. Edwards' campaign was chaired by North Carolina Democratic activist Ed Turlington.

As Edwards had been building support essentially since his election to the Senate, he led the initial campaign fundraising, amassing over $7 million during the first quarter of 2003 – more than half of which came from individuals associated with the legal profession, particularly Edwards' fellow trial lawyers, their families, and employees.[25]

Edwards' "stump speech" spoke of two Americas, with one composed of the wealthy and privileged, and the other of the hard-working common man,[26] causing the media to often characterize Edwards as a populist.[27][28]

Edwards struggled to gain substantial support, but his poll numbers began to rise steadily weeks before the Iowa caucuses. Edwards had a surprising second place finish with the support of 32% of delegates, behind only John Kerry's 39% and ahead of former front-runner Howard Dean at 18%. One week later in the New Hampshire primary, Edwards finished in fourth place behind Kerry, Dean and Wesley Clark, with 12%. During the February 3 primaries, Edwards won the South Carolina primary,[29] lost to Clark in Oklahoma, and lost to Kerry in the other states. Edwards garnered the second largest number of second-place finishes, again falling behind Clark.[30]

Edwards on the campaign trail in 2004

Dean withdrew from the contest, leaving Edwards the only major challenger to Kerry. In the Wisconsin primary on February 17, Edwards finished second to Kerry with 34% of the vote.

Edwards largely avoided attacking Kerry until a February 29 2004 debate in New York, where he characterized him as a "Washington insider" and mocked Kerry's plan to form a committee to examine trade agreements.

In the Super Tuesday primaries on March 2, Kerry finished well ahead in nine of the ten states voting, and Edwards' campaign ended. In Georgia, Edwards finished only slightly behind Kerry but, failing to win a single state, chose to withdraw from the race. He announced his official withdrawal at a Raleigh, North Carolina press conference on March 3. Edwards' withdrawal made major media outlets relatively early on the evening of Super Tuesday, at about 6:30 p.m. CST, before polls had closed in California and before caucuses in Minnesota had even begun. It is thought that the withdrawal influenced many people in Minnesota to vote for other candidates, which may partially account for the strong Minnesota finish of Dennis Kucinich.[original research?] Edwards did win the presidential straw poll conducted by the Independence Party of Minnesota.

After withdrawing from the race, he went on to win the April 17 Democratic caucuses in his home state of North Carolina,[31] making him the only Democratic candidate besides Kerry to win nominating contests in two states.

2004 vice presidential nomination[edit]

right|thumb|Kerry/Edwards campaign logo On July 6 2004 Kerry announced that Edwards would be his running mate; the decision was widely hailed in public opinion polls and by Democratic leaders. Though many Democrats supported Edwards' nomination, others criticized the selection for Edwards' perceived lack of experience. The nomination caused the Chamber of Commerce network to throw its support to George W. Bush due to Edwards' opposition to tort reform.[32] In the vice presidential debate, Dick Cheney incorrectly told Edwards they never met due to Edwards' frequent absences from the Senate. The media later found at least one videotape of Cheney and Edwards meeting.

Kerry's campaign advisor Bob Shrum later reported in Time magazine that Kerry said he wished he'd never picked Edwards, and the two have since stopped speaking to each other.[33] Edwards said in his concession speech, "You can be disappointed, but you cannot walk away. This fight has just begun."

Post-Senate activities[edit]

The day after his concession speech, he announced his wife Elizabeth had been diagnosed with breast cancer. Edwards told interviewer Larry King that he doubted he would return to practice as a trial lawyer and showed no interest in succeeding Terry McAuliffe as the Democratic National Committee chairman.

In February 2005, Edwards headlined the "100 Club" Dinner, a major fundraiser for the New Hampshire Democratic Party. That same month, Edwards was appointed as director of the Center on Poverty, Work and Opportunity at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill for studying ways to move people out of poverty. That fall, Edwards toured ten major universities in order to promote "Opportunity Rocks!", a program aimed at getting youth involved to fight poverty.

On March 21 2005, Edwards recorded his first podcast[34] with his wife. Several months later, in August, Edwards delivered an address to a potential key supporter in the Iowa caucus, the AFL-CIO in Waterloo, Iowa.

In the following month, Edwards sent an email to his supporters and announced that he opposed the nomination of Judge John Roberts to become Chief Justice of the United States. He was also opposed to the nomination of Justice Samuel Alito as an Associate Justice.

During the summer and fall of 2005, he visited homeless shelters and job training centers and spoke at events organized by ACORN, the NAACP and the SEIU. He spoke in favor of an expansion of the earned income tax credit, a crackdown on predatory lending, an increase in the capital gains tax rate, housing vouchers for racial minorities (to integrate upper-income neighborhoods), and a program modeled on the Works Progress Administration to rehabilitate the Gulf Coast following Hurricane Katrina. In Greene County, North Carolina he unveiled the pilot program for College for Everyone, an educational measure he promised during his presidential campaign, in which prospective college students would receive a scholarship for their first year in exchange for ten hours of work a week.

Edwards was co-chair of a Council on Foreign Relations task force on United States-Russia relations alongside Republican Jack Kemp, a former congressman, Cabinet official and vice presidential nominee.[35] The task force issued its report in March 2006.[36] On July 12, the International Herald Tribune published a related op-ed by Edwards and Kemp.[37]

On April 6 2006, Edwards joined Ted Kennedy at a rally for raising the minimum wage.[38]

In October 2005, Edwards joined the Wall Street investment firm Fortress Investment Group as a senior adviser, later working with them as a consultant.[39] Unknown to Edwards,[40] Fortress owned a major stake in Green Tree Servicing LLC, which rose to prominence in the 1990s selling subprime loans to mobile-home owners and now services subprime loans originated by others. Subprime loans allow buyers with poor credit histories to be funded, but they charge higher rates because of the risk, and sometimes carry hidden fees and increased charges over time.[40] In August 2007, The Wall Street Journal reported that a portion of the Edwards family's assets were invested in Fortress Investment Group, which had, in turn, invested a portion of its assets in subprime mortgage lenders, some of which had foreclosed on the homes of Hurricane Katrina victims.[41][42] Upon learning of Fortress' investments, Edwards divested funds and stated that he would try to help the affected families.[43] Edwards later helped set up an ACORN- administered "Louisiana Home Rescue Fund" seeded with $100,000, much of it from his pocket, to provide loans and grants to the families who were foreclosed on by Fortress-owned lenders.[44]

2008 Presidential campaign[edit]

John Edwards campaigning in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on Labor Day in 2007

On December 28 2006, John Edwards officially announced his candidacy for President in the 2008 election from the yard of a home in New Orleans, Louisiana that was being rebuilt after it was destroyed by Hurricane Katrina.[45][46] Edwards stated that his main goals were eliminating poverty, fighting global warming, providing universal health care, and withdrawing troops from Iraq.[47]

National polls had Edwards placing third among the Democratic field beginning in January 2007, behind Senator Hillary Clinton and Senator Barack Obama.[48] As of July 2007, the Edwards campaign raised a total of $23 million from nearly 100,000 donors, placing him behind Obama and Clinton in fundraising.[49]

On January 3 2008, in the Iowa caucuses, the first contest of the nomination process, Edwards placed second with 29.75 percent of the vote to Obama (37.58 percent), with Clinton coming in third with 29.47 percent of the vote.[50] On January 8, Edwards placed a distant third in the New Hampshire Democratic primary with just less than 17% (48,818 votes). On January 26, Edwards again placed third in the primary in South Carolina, his birth state, which he carried in 2004, and he placed third in the non-binding January 29 vote in Florida.

In a speech given at the Musicians' Village in New Orleans, Edwards announced his withdrawal from the 2008 United States presidential race.

On January 30 2008, Edwards announced that he was suspending his campaign for the Presidency.[51][52] He did not initially endorse either Clinton or Obama, saying they both had pledged to carry forward his central campaign theme of ending poverty in America.[53] In April 2008 he stated that he would not accept the 2008 Vice Presidential slot if asked.[54] On May 14, 2008, Edwards officially endorsed Senator Obama at a rally in Grand Rapids, Michigan.[55]

Political positions[edit]

Edwards promotes programs to eliminate poverty in the United States, is pro-choice, and supports "College for Everyone" initiatives. He has endorsed efforts to slow down global warming.

Although Edwards initially supported the Iraq War, he later re-evaluated his position and in November 2005 wrote an op-ed in The Washington Post in which he said he regretted voting for the Iraq War Resolution, and discussed three solutions for success in the conflict.[56] He has denounced the "troop surge" in Iraq and is a proponent of withdrawal, and has urged Congress to withhold funding for the war without a withdrawal timetable.[57]

Edwards argues in favor of creating one million housing vouchers over five years in order to place poor people in middle-class neighborhoods. Edwards has stated, "If we truly believe that we are all equal, then we should live together too."[58]

Edwards has a universal health care plan that requires all Americans to purchase health care,[59] "requires that everybody get preventive care,"[60] and requires employers to provide health care or be taxed to fund public health care.[61] He supports a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants,[61] is opposed to a constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage,[62] and supports the repeal of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA).[63]

Electoral history[edit]

North Carolina United States Senate election, 1998 (Democratic primary)[64]

  • John Edwards - 277,468 (51.38%)
  • D.G. Martin - 149,049 (27.60%)
  • Ella Butler Scarborough - 55,486 (10.28%)
  • Bob Ayers - 22,477 (4.16%)
  • Mike Robinson - 20,178 (3.74%)
  • James Everette Carmack - 8,200 (1.52%)
  • Gene Gay - 7,173 (1.33%)

North Carolina United States Senate election, 1998[65]

2004 Democratic presidential primaries[66]

United States presidential election, 2004

Environmental Record[edit]

John Edwards has made several statements, and made several proposals while running for office. In March of 2007 he was the first presidential candidate to make his campaign “carbon neutral.” He started buying carbon offsets to reduce his carbon emissions and having his offices buy recycled paper products. [67] He also said in a speech "Why has America not addressed global warming in a serious way? There's a very simple answer for that. Oil companies, power companies, gas companies and their lobbyists in Washington, D.C." [68] Most of his stances on the environment are very positive. He has voted against drilling in the Arctic five times, and supports standard that would require renewable sources to be the source of 10 percent of America's electricity by 2020. On global warming, he has denounced the Bush administration for not signing the Kyoto treaty and he supports the McCain-Lieberman bill to establish a cap-and-trade system to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. [69]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Sheryl Gay Stolberg (2007-07-07). "THE 2004 ELECTION; A First-Term Senator's Swift Political Ascent — John Reid Edwards". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-04-23.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ Patrick Healy (2003-10-05). "From Mill Town to the National Stage". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2007-03-27.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. ^ Evan Thomas, Susannah Meadows and Arian Campo-Flores (2004-07-19). "John Edwards: VP Hopeful, Boyish Wonder". Newsweek. Retrieved 2007-09-02.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. ^ AP (2007-03-29). "John Edwards Opens Up About Death of Teenage Son". Retrieved 2007-05-21.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  5. ^ "Wade Edwards Foundation". Retrieved 2007-05-21. 
  6. ^ Katie Couric (2004-11-21). "Elizabeth Edwards battles breast cancer". MSNBC. Retrieved 2007-05-20. 
  7. ^ a b Transcript of press conference (2007-03-22). "Former Sen. Edwards Holds a News Conference on Wife's Health: Breast Cancer Has Returned". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-03-25. 
  8. ^ Candy Crowley (2007-03-23). "Edwards: Wife's cancer returns, campaign goes on". CNN. Retrieved 2007-06-14.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  9. ^ Mary Carter (2007-05-22). "Edwards: Cancer 'no longer curable'". CNN. Retrieved 2007-06-14.  Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help); Check date values in: |date= (help)
  10. ^ Nedra Pickler (2007-03-22). "Edwards Presses on With 2008 Campaign". Retrieved 2007-03-22.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  11. ^ a b c d e f g Adam Liptak and Michael Moss (2004-01-31). "In Trial Work, Edwards Left a Trademark". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-05-21. 
  12. ^ a b c "John Edwards". FindLaw. n.d. Retrieved 2007-03-25. 
  13. ^ "Defense Rests in Pool Drain Lawsuit". WRAL. 1996-12-17. Retrieved 2007-05-21.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  14. ^ Joshua Green (2001-01-10). "John Edwards, Esq.". Washington Monthly. Retrieved 2007-03-25.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  15. ^ Rudin, Ken (2003-01-30). "Sen. John Edwards". National Public Radio. Retrieved 2008-04-08. 
  16. ^ "Search Results". The Library of Congress. Retrieved 2007-03-25. 
  17. ^ "S.J.RES.46". The Library of Congress. Retrieved 2007-03-25. 
  18. ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes: H.J Res. 114". United States Senate. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
  19. ^ Jay Newton-Small and Laurence Arnold (2004-10-11). "Edwards Says He Still Would Have Voted to Authorize War in Iraq". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 2007-08-17. 
  20. ^ "Meet the Press transcript for October 10, 2004". 
  21. ^ "Fragile X Research Breakthrough Act of 1999". Library of Congress. 1999-05-26. Retrieved 2007-03-25.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  22. ^ "S.3180". The Library of Congress. Retrieved 2007-03-25. 
  23. ^ a b "John Edwards on the Issues". OnTheIssues. Retrieved 2007-03-25. 
  24. ^ Immigration Voting Report Card for Sen. John Edwards
  25. ^ Hill News, May 7, 2003
  26. ^ Edwards#Two Americas
  27. ^ Jim VandeHei and Dan Balz (2004-07-06). "Kerry picks Edwards as running mate: Mass. senator calls ex-rival a man of middle-class values". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-04-01. 
  28. ^ "Kerry and Edwards start campaign". BBC News. 2004-07-07. Retrieved 2008-04-01. 
  29. ^ 2004 South Carolina primary results
  30. ^ CNN
  31. ^ 2004 North Carolina caucuses results
  32. ^ | PointOfLaw Forum: Democrats' support for trial lawyers polarizes business community
  33. ^ Kerry's Regrets About John Edwards - TIME
  34. ^
  35. ^ John Edwards and Jack Kemp Co-Chair Council Task Force on Russian-American Relations - Council on Foreign Relations
  36. ^ Russia's Wrong Direction - Council on Foreign Relations
  37. ^ We need to be tough with Russia - International Herald Tribune
  38. ^
  39. ^ John Edwards Hits the Street
  40. ^ a b Alec MacGillis and John Solomon (2007-05-11). "Edwards Says He Didn't Know About Subprime Push". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-05-13. 
  41. ^ Free Preview -
  42. ^ John Edwards says he will divest funds linked to lenders foreclosing in New Orleans - International Herald Tribune
  43. ^ "Edwards to end investments with lenders: Says he won't have his money involved with Katrina-related foreclosures". Associated Press. 2007-08-17. Retrieved 2007-08-17. 
  44. ^ Alec MacGillis (September 14, 2007). "Edwards to 'Rescue' On Foreclosures". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  45. ^ John Edwards joins race for White House - Times Online
  46. ^ Nedra Pickler (2006-12-28). "John Edwards Joins Presidential Race". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2006-12-28.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  47. ^ "Edwards takes another shot at run for White House". USA Today. 2006-12-29. Retrieved 2007-07-06.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  48. ^ "Clinton, Obama in Virtual Tie Among Democrats". Rasmussen FReports. 2007-01-17. Retrieved 2007-06-01.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  49. ^ Jim Kuhnhenn (2007-07-01). "Edwards Raises More Than $9 Million".  Text " " ignored (help);
  50. ^ Iowa Democratic Party Caucus Results
  51. ^ "Edwards exits presidential race". CBS News. 2008-01-30. Retrieved 2008-01-30. 
  52. ^ Holland, Steve (2008-01-30). ""Giuliani, Edwards quit White House Race"". Reuters. Retrieved 2008-01-30. 
  53. ^ Foon Rhee (2008-01-30). "Edwards drops out of race". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2008-01-30. 
  54. ^ Sinead Carew (2008-04-03). "John Edwards says would not accept VP nomination". Reuters. Retrieved 2008-05-14. 
  55. ^
  56. ^ John Edwards (2005-11-13). "The Right Way in Iraq". The Washington Post. p. B07. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
  57. ^ "Dems in tough spot with war funding bill". CNN. 2007-05-24. Retrieved 2007-05-24. 
  58. ^ MacGillis, Alec (May 7), "On Poverty, Edwards Faces Old Hurdles", The Washington Post, Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post (published Monday, May 7, 2007), pp. A01, retrieved 2008-01-26  Check date values in: |date=, |publication-date=, |year= / |date= mismatch (help)
  59. ^ "Universal Health Care Through Shared Responsibility". 
  60. ^ "Edwards Backs Mandatory Preventive Care". 
  61. ^ a b Scott Shepard (2007-02-07). "Q&A With John Edwards On Health Care". Cox News Service. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
  62. ^ "John Edwards on Civil Rights". On the Issues. 2004. Retrieved 2007-01-03. 
  63. ^ "John Edwards on Civil Rights". 2008-01-21. Retrieved 2008-04-08. 
  64. ^ Our Campaigns - NC US Senate - D Primary Race - May 18, 1998
  65. ^ Our Campaigns - NC US Senate Race - Nov 03, 1998
  66. ^ Our Campaigns - US President - D Primaries Race - Jan 13, 2004
  67. ^ Grist Jan. 30, 2008 Retrieved May 1, 2008
  68. ^ Friends of the Earth Sep. 16, 2007 retrieved May 1, 2008
  69. ^ Salon July 20, 2004 retrieved May 1, 2008
  70. ^ "John Edwards pushes focus on poverty in book"

External links[edit]

Speeches and statements
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Lauch Faircloth
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from North Carolina
Served alongside: Jesse Helms, Elizabeth Dole
Succeeded by
Richard Burr
Party political offices
Preceded by
Terry Sanford
Democratic nominee for Senator from North Carolina (Class 3)
Succeeded by
Erskine Bowles
Preceded by
Joe Lieberman
Democratic Party Vice Presidential candidate
Succeeded by
N/A: Most recent(1)
Notes and references
1. Most recent presidential election as of 2007

Category:1953 births Category:2004 United States election voting controversies Category:Anti-poverty advocates Category:Democratic Party (United States) vice presidential nominees Category:English Americans Category:Living people Category:North Carolina Democrats Category:North Carolina lawyers Category:North Carolina State University alumni Category:North Carolina writers Category:People from Raleigh, North Carolina Category:People from South Carolina Category:People from the Triangle, North Carolina Category:American podcasters Category:Social Progressives Category:United States Senators from North Carolina Category:University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill alumni Category:People from Chapel Hill, North Carolina Category:United States presidential candidates, 2004 Category:United States presidential candidates, 2008 Category:American Methodists