User:Jnestorius/Vocational Panels

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Historical list of bodies registered for the nominating bodies subpanel of the Vocational Panels electing senators to Seanad Éireann.

History of process[edit]

Since some of this is shared with Oireachtas sub-panel, better to do in Vocation Panels page rather than (List of) nominating bodies page.

Acts relating to vocational panels
Act Second-stage intro
Constitution Article 18 (sec 4 1° (iii); 18 7; 18 10) Dáil (committee) Dáil (recommittal)
1937 Dáil
1947 Seanad
1954 Dáil

For many years, Oireachtas easier than Nom Bod, hence "inside" and "outside" nicknames.[1]

Nominations
  • 1937-54
    • Max number of nominating bodies, and max number of candidates nominated by them
    • each nominating body nominates max 1 or 2 to shortlist.
    • "nominating panel" -- each nominating body elects five to the panel annually by STV; panel elects candidates to ballot from shortlist by STV
    • Taoiseach can nominate extra to make up numbers if below minimum (?still the case? is the minimum now lower, ie maybe previously it had to be, say, double the minimum number elected, whereas now could be the same as minimum number elected)
  • 1954:no nominating panel; each nominating body can nominate directly onto ballot.
General elections
  • 1937-47: Each council nominates 5 (or 7?) (by STV?) to electorate; vote on single STV ballot with single quota but 5 panels and 10 subpanels with minimum and maximum number to be elected
  • 1947-54: ?Maybe electorate is same but separate ballot per panel? Or maybe all reform was in 1947, none in 1954.
  • 1954: All councillors vote by STV
By-elections
  • 1937-47: nominating panel elects shortlist of 3 by STV; Taoiseach picks one.
  • 1947-54: nominating panel elects one by STV/AV
  • 1954: nominating bodies as for general election; Oireachtas votes by STV

Hints[edit]

  • 12 June 1940 Seanad Éireann - Volume 24 - cc.1788–89 there are eight nominating bodies registered for the agricultural panel
  • 10 February 1954 Dáil Éireann debates - Volume 144 - c.69 Prior to 1947 the maximum number of bodies which could be registered in respect of a panel was 15. Since 1947 there has been no statutory limit but there has been no significant increase in the number of bodies registered in respect of the various panels. The largest number registered at the moment is 17 in respect of the industrial and commercial panel.

Table[edit]

Panel
[fn 1]
Body From
[fn 2]
To
[fn 3]
C & E Royal Irish Academy 1938 1938[2][3] 2013 2013
C & E Leinster College of Irish[fn 4][fn 5] 1938 1938[2] 1967 ≤1967
C & E Dublin and Irish Association District, Institute of Journalists 1938 1938[2] 1967 ≤1967
C & E National Council of the Federation of the Catholic Young Men's Society of Ireland 1938 1938[2] 1967 ≤1967
C & E Library Association of Ireland 1938 1938[2] 2013 2013
C & E Irish National Teachers' Organisation 1938 1938[2] 2013 2013
C & E Association of Secondary Teachers, Ireland 1938 1938[2][5] 2013 2013
C & E Education and Training Board[fn 6] 1938 1938[2][3] 2013 2013
C & E Law Society of Ireland 1938 1938[2] 2013 2013
C & E Irish Medical Association 1939 1939–67[q 1] 1982 1982–85
C & E Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland 1938 1938[2][3] 2013 2013
C & E Dental Council of Ireland[fn 7] 1938 1938[2][5] 2013 2013
C & E Veterinary Council of Ireland 1938 1938[2] 2013 2013
C & E Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland 1938 1938[2] 2013 2013
C & E Bar Council of Ireland 1938 1938[2] 2013 2013
C & E Irish Countrywomen's Association 1968 1939–68 2013 2013
C & E Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland 1938 1938[2][5] 2013 2013
C & E Muintir na Gaeltachta 1939 1939–67 1997 1997–2001
C & E Royal Irish Academy of Music 1939 1939–67 2013 2013
C & E Irish Dental Association 1939 1939–67 2013 2013
C & E Irish Georgian Society 1939 1939–67 2013 2013
C & E Old Dublin Society 1969 1969–73 2013 2013
C & E Irish Federation of University Teachers 1974 1974–77 2013 2013
C & E National Youth Council of Ireland 1978 1978–81 2013 2013
C & E Comhaltas Ceoltóirí Éireann 1978 1978–81 2013 2013
C & E Conradh na Gaeilge[fn 5] 1983 1983–86 2013 2013
C & E Teachers' Union of Ireland 1983 1983–86 2013 2013
C & E Institute of Community Health Nursing 1987 1987–89 2013 2013
C & E Údarás na Gaeltachta 1990 1990–92 2013 2013
C & E Gael-Linn 1990 1990–92 2013 2013
C & E Local Authority Medical Specialists 1990 1990–92 2013 2013
C & E Drama League of Ireland 1993 1993–97 2013 2013
C & E Gaelscoileanna Teo. 1993 1993–97 2013 2013
C & E Comhdháil Náisiúnta na Gaeilge 1993 1993–97 2013 2013
C & E Writers' Guild of Ireland[fn 8] 1993 1993–97 2013 2013
C & E Comhar na Múinteoirí Gaeilge 1998 1998–2002 2013 2013
C & E Genealogical Society of Ireland 2006 2006 2013 2013
C & E Comhlámh 2011 2011 2013 2013
C & E Visual Artists Ireland 2013 2013 2013 2013
C & E Theatre Forum 2013 2013 2013 2013
Ag Royal Dublin Society 1938 1938[2][3] 2013 2013
Ag Irish Co-operative Organisation Society[fn 9] 1938 1938[2] 2013 2013
Ag National Executive of the Irish Live Stock Trade 1938 1938[2] 2010 2010
Ag Irish Thoroughbred Breeders' Association[fn 10] 1938 1938[2] 2013 2013
Ag Irish Sugar Beet Growers' Association[fn 11] 1938 1938[2] 1973 1973–76
Ag Dairy Executives' Association[fn 12] 1938 1938[2] 2013 2013
Ag Munster Agricultural Society[fn 13] 1938 1938[2] 2013 2013
Ag Sea Fisheries Association[fn 14] 1938 1938[2] 1967 ≤1967
Ag Inland Fisheries Ireland[fn 15] 1939 1939–67 2013 2013
Ag General Council of Committees of Agriculture[fn 16] 1969 1969–73 1986 1986–88
Ag Irish Greyhound Owners and Breeders Federation 1983 1983–86 2013 2013
Ag Irish Grain and Feed Association[fn 17] 1987 1987–89 2013 2013
Ag National Association of Regional Game Councils 1990 1990–92 2013 2013
Ag Agricultural Science Association 1993 1993–97 2013 2013
Lab Irish Congress of Trade Unions 1938 1938[2] 2013 2013
Lab Irish Conference of Professional and Service Associations 1939 1939–61[10] 2013 2013
Lab Cottage Tenants' and Rural Workers' Association[fn 18] 1938 1938[2][3] 1945 1945[13]
I & C Dublin Stock Exchange 1938 1938[2] 1967 ≤1967
I & C Institution of Civil Engineers of Ireland[fn 19] 1938 1938[2] 1967 ≤1967
I & C Cumann na nInnealtóirí (The Engineers Association)[fn 19] 1939 1939–57[15] 1967 ≤1967
I & C Irish Tourist Association 1938 1938[2] 1967 ≤1967
I & C National Agricultural and Industrial Development Association 1938 1938[2] 1956 1956–67[16]
I & C Chambers of Commerce of Ireland 1938 1938[2] 2013 2013
I & C Confederation of Irish Industry (CII)[fn 20][fn 21] 1938 1938[2] 1992 1992–96
I & C Women's Industrial Development Association 1938 1938[2] 1967 ≤1967
I & C Drapers' Chamber of Trade 1938 1938[2] 1945 1945[13]
I & C Society of Irish Motor Traders[fn 22] 1938 1938[2] 1967 ≤1967
I & C Society of the Irish Motor Industry (SIMI)[fn 22] 1939 1939–67 2013 2013
I & C Construction Industry Federation[fn 23] 1939 1939–67 2013 2013
I & C Licensed Vintners Association[fn 24] 1938 1938[2][q 2] 2013 2013
I & C RGDATA — Retail, Grocery, Dairy and Allied Trades Association 1939 1939–67 2013 2013
I & C Society of Chartered Surveyors Ireland[fn 25] 1938 1938[2] 2013 2013
I & C Irish Banks' Standing Committee 1938 1938[2] 1997 1997–2001
I & C Insurance Institute of Ireland 1938 1938[2] 2013 2013
I & C Institute of Chartered Accountants in Ireland 1938 1938[2] 2013 2013
I & C Royal Institute of the Architects of Ireland 1939 1939–67 2013 2013
I & C Federated Union of Employers (FUE)[fn 26][fn 21] 1938 1938[2] 1992 1992–96
I & C Irish Hotels Federation 1939 1939–67 2013 2013
I & C Association of Advertisers in Ireland 1939 1939–67 2013 2013
I & C Irish National Vintners' Federation[q 3] 1939 1939–67 1974 1974–76
I & C Institute of Advertising Practitioners in Ireland 1939 1939–67 2013 2013
I & C National Development Association[fn 27] 1939 1939–67 1977 1977–80
I & C National Wholesale Confectioners' Association 1969 1969–73 1986 1986–88
I & C Institution of Engineers of Ireland[fn 19] 1969 1969–73 2013 2013
I & C Institute of Certified Public Accountants in Ireland 1969 1969–73 2013 2013
I & C Institute of Professional Auctioneers & Valuers[fn 28] 1974 1974–77 2013 2013
I & C Wholesale Produce Ireland[fn 29] 1974 1974–77 2013 2013
I & C Vintners' Federation of Ireland[q 3] 1974 1974–77 2013 2013
I & C Restaurants Association of Ireland[fn 30] 1974 1974–77 2013 2013
I & C Licensed Road Transport Association[fn 31] 1939 1939–67 1973 1973–76
I & C Road Transport Organisation[fn 31] 1969 1969–73 1973 1973–76
I & C Irish Road Haulage Association[fn 31] 1974 1974–77 2013 2013
I & C Irish Tourist Industry Confederation[fn 32] 1974 1974–77 2013 2013
I & C Marketing Institute of Ireland 1974 1974–77 2013 2013
I & C Association of Patent and Trade Mark Agents[fn 33] 1974 1974–77 2013 2013
I & C Irish Architects' Society 1974 1974–77 2008 2008
I & C Irish Hospitality Institute[fn 34] 1974 1974–77 2013 2013
I & C Electrical Industries Federation of Ireland 1978 1978–81 2013 2013
I & C Irish Exporters Association 1978 1978–81 2013 2013
I & C Institute of Industrial Engineers, Ireland 1978 1978–81 2013 2013
I & C Irish Marketing Society 1978 1978–81 2013 2013
I & C Irish Goods Council (IGC)[fn 27][fn 35] 1978 1978–81 1989 1989–91
I & C Institute of Bankers in Ireland 1983 1983–86 2013 2013
I & C Irish Computer Society 1983 1983–86 2013 2013
I & C Irish Planning Institute 1983 1983–86 2013 2013
I & C Irish Country Houses and Restaurants Association 1987 1987–89 2013 2013
I & C Irish Business and Employers Confederation (IBEC)[fn 21] 1993 1993–97 2013 2013
I & C The Chartered Institute of Logistics & Transport in Ireland[fn 36] 1993 1993–97 2013 2013
I & C National Off-Licence Association 1998 1998–2002 2013 2013
I & C Hardware Association Ireland 1998 1998–2002 2013 2013
I & C Professional Insurance Brokers Association 2004 2004 2013 2013
I & C Institute of Management Consultants and Advisers 2005 2005 2013 2013
I & C Irish Insurance Federation 2005 2005 2013 2013
I & C National Housebuilding Guarantee Company 2006 2006 2013 2013
I & C Institute of Directors in Ireland 2007 2007 2013 2013
I & C Nursing Homes Ireland 2007 2007 2013 2013
I & C West Dublin Chamber of Commerce 2011 2011 2013 2013
I & C Independent Broadcasters of Ireland 2013 2013 2013 2013
Ad Association of County and City Councils[fn 37] 1938 1938[23] 2013 2013
Ad Association of Municipal Authorities of Ireland 1938 1938[23] 2013 2013
Ad Mount Street Club 1938 1938[2] 1967 ≤1967
Ad Women's National Health Association of Ireland 1938 1938[2] 1967 ≤1967
Ad Associated Easter Week Men (Cumann Óglaigh na Cásga) 1938 1938[2] 1967 ≤1967
Ad Central Remedial Clinic 1939 1939–56[24] 2013 2013
Ad Enable Ireland[fn 38] 1939 1939–67 2013 2013
Ad Infantile Paralysis Fellowship (Ireland) 1955 1955[25] 1967 ≤1967
Ad Multiple Sclerosis Society of Ireland 1974 1974–77 2013 2013
Ad Irish Wheelchair Association 1974 1974–77 2013 2013
Ad Inclusion Ireland — National Association for People with an Intellectual Disability[fn 39] 1974 1974–77 2013 2013
Ad National Association for Deaf People (DeafHear)[fn 40][fn 41] 1978 1978–81 2013 2013
Ad Irish Kidney Association 1987 1987–89 2013 2013
Ad Irish Deaf Society — National Association of the Deaf[fn 41] 1998 1998–2002 2013 2013
Ad People with Disabilities in Ireland 1998 1998–2002 2011 2011
Ad Disability Federation of Ireland 2004 2004 2013 2013
Ad Irish Foster Care Association 2007 2007 2013 2013
Ad National Association of Building Co-operatives (NABCO) 2007 2007 2013 2013
Ad Alzheimer Society of Ireland 2007 2007 2013 2013
Ad Centre for Independent Living 2013 2013 2013 2013
Footnotes
  1. ^ Key:
    C & E Cultural and Educational Panel
    Ag Agricultural Panel
    Lab Labour Panel
    I & C Industrial and Commercial Panel
    Ad Administrative Panel
  2. ^ First year in which the body was registered. "≤1997" means the body was registered in or before 1997, having been on the 1997 list. Later years are calculated by comparing the lists for the given year and previous year.
  3. ^ Last year in which the body was registered. "2013" means the body is on the most recent (2013) list. Earlier years are calculated by comparing the lists for the given year and previous year.
  4. ^ As Irish "Coláiste Múinteoireachta Laighean"
  5. ^ a b Leinster College of Irish (registered in 1938) was affiliated to Conradh na Gailge (registered from 1983)[4]
  6. ^ As "Irish Technical Education Association" until 1944, then "Irish Vocational Education Association" until 2013.[6] The name-change postdates publication of the 2013 register.
  7. ^ As "Dental Board" until 1981–86
  8. ^ As "Society of Irish Playwrights" in 1997, and "Irish Playwrights’ and Screenwriters’ Guild" 2002–12
  9. ^ As "Irish Agricultural Organisation Society" until 1987–89
  10. ^ As "Irish Bloodstock Breeders' Association" until 1982–85
  11. ^ Sugar Beet and Vegetable Section, Irish Farmers' Association from 1971/2.[7]
  12. ^ As "Irish Creamery Managers' Association" until 1974–88
  13. ^ Listed as "Munster Agricultural Shows" in 1989
  14. ^ Dissolved into Bord Iascaigh Mhara in 1952.[8]
  15. ^ Inland Fisheries Ireland was formed in 2010 from the previously-registered Central Fisheries Board and the the seven Regional Fisheries Boards (not previously registered). The Central Fisheries Board was the "Council of Boards of Fishery Conservators" until 1978–81.
  16. ^ Committees were dissolved in 1988.[9]
  17. ^ As "Irish Corn and Feed Association" until 1990–92
  18. ^ Or "Cottiers and Rural Workers' Association"[11] or "Cottier Tenants' and Rural Workers' Association"?[12]
  19. ^ a b c The Institution of Civil Engineers of Ireland and Cumann na nInnealtóirí (The Engineers Association) were merged in 1969 into the Institution of Engineers of Ireland.[14]
  20. ^ As "Federation of Irish Industries" until 1969–73
  21. ^ a b c IBEC was formed in 1992 as a merger of FUE and CII
  22. ^ a b SIMI was formed in 1968 by merger of the Irish Motor Traders' Association and the Society of Irish Motor Traders Limited.[17]
  23. ^ As "Federation of Builders, Contractors and Allied Employers" until 1969–73
  24. ^ As "Licensed Grocers' and Vintners' Protection Association" in 1938; "Licensed Grocers' and Vintners' Association" until 1946–73
  25. ^ Irish Auctioneers & Valuers Institute (IAVI, registered till 2011) merged in April 2011 with the Society of Chartered Surveyors (SCS, not previously registered) to form the Society of Chartered Surveyors Ireland. The IAVA was the "Irish Auctioneers' and Estate Agents' Association" until 1969-73
  26. ^ As "Federated Employers" in 1938; "Federation of Irish Employers" in 1992
  27. ^ a b The National Development Association was a predecessor of the Irish Goods Council, folded into it in 1978.[19]
  28. ^ As "Institute of Professional Auctioneers, Valuers, and Livestock Salesmen" until 1990–92
  29. ^ As "Wholesale Fruit, Potato and Produce Merchants' Association of Ireland" until 1992–97
  30. ^ As "Irish Restaurant Owners Association" until 1982–85
  31. ^ a b c The Irish Road Haulage Association was formed in 1973 by merger of the Licensed Road Transport Association and the Road Transport Organisation.[20]
  32. ^ As "National Tourism Council of Ireland" until 1982–85
  33. ^ As "Association of Registered Patent Agents" until 1982–85
  34. ^ As "Irish Hotel and Catering Institute" until 2005.
  35. ^ In 1991, the IGC was merged into An Bord Tráchtála,[21] which in 1998 was merged into Enterprise Ireland.[22]
  36. ^ As "Chartered Institute of Transport in Ireland" until 1998–2002
  37. ^ As "General Council of County Councils" until 2006.
  38. ^ As "National Association for Cerebral Palsy" until 1998–2002
  39. ^ As "National Association for the Mentally Handicapped of Ireland" until 2006
  40. ^ As "National Association for the Deaf" until 1998–2002. Although the organisation was rebranded as DeafHear in 2008,[26][27] it remains listed on the nominating bodies register as "National Association for Deaf People".
  41. ^ a b The "National Association for Deaf People" (DeafHear) is distinct from the "Irish Deaf Society — National Association of the Deaf"; both are on the register.
Queries
  1. ^ Not sure if the "Medical Council" referred to in 1945[5] is the Irish Medical Association or the (Irish section of the) General Medical Council (which was superseded in 1979 by the Irish Medical Council).
  2. ^ Listed on the register in 1973 and 1986 but not in 1977, 1981, or 1982.
  3. ^ a b Not sure whether Irish National Vintners' Federation is predecessor of Vintners Federation of Ireland; former's address and place in 1973 list is different from latter's in 1977. NIHP states "The Vintners’ Federation of Ireland (VFI) was established in 1973 from smaller Associations".[18]

Disallowed registrations[edit]

In 1938:

  • Dublin Cow-keepers' and Dairymen's Association[28] (presumably Ag)
  • Irish Medical Union (probably C & E)[28]
  • Irish Nurses Union (An Cumann Gaedheal Bhanaltra)[29]
  • General Nursing Council (C & E)[29]
  • ITUC appealed to exclude Cottage Tenants and Rural Workers Association[29]
  • National Union of Journalists (Eire Executive) appealed its exclusion and the inclusion of the Dub & Ir Dist Ass, Inst of Journalists[29]

Later:

  • Association of Ophthalmic Opticians (C & E);[30]
  • Federated Union of Employers (disallowed on Lab, then allowed on C & E);[31]
  • Local Authorities Retired Officers and Service Association (Lab) too small; [32]
  • Irish Bank Officials Association (Lab; already affiliated to ICPSA)[32]
  • In 2010, a private member's bill to allow the Local Authority Managers' Association to be on the Administration Panel was defeated.[33]

Sources[edit]

Iris Oifigiúil
Other

References[edit]

  1. ^ Coakley, John (2011-10-18). "The Final Seanad Election?". In Gallagher, M.; Marsh, M. How Ireland Voted 2011: The Full Story of Ireland's Earthquake Election. Palgrave Macmillan UK. p. 252. ISBN 9780230354005. Retrieved 8 September 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq "NOMINATION BODIES FOR NEW SENATE". The Irish Times. 5 Feb 1938. p. 9. 
  3. ^ a b c d e 1938 Past Reforms and Present Policy: examining the Seanad Electoral Act, 1947 (Elaine Byrne, 2013) The Ballingarry Cottage Tenants and Rural Works Association, established in a Limerick village of less than 500 inhabitants and with the same nominating power as the entire trade union movement, successfully elected two members of Fianna Fáil, then in government, to the 1938 Seanad. ... more effective in winning Seanad seats than prominent national bodies with extensive membership such as the Royal Irish Academy, the Royal Dublin Society, the College of Surgeons and teachers associations which failed to return any Seanad members. ... Séamus Úas O’hEochadha ... An Fear Mór (The Big Man), as he was also known, was an Independent member of the Cultural and Educational Panel on the nomination of the Irish Technical Education Association
  4. ^ Padbury, Joyce (September/October 2007). "Mary Hayden (1862–1942), historian and feminist". History Ireland. 15 (5). the Gaelic League Leinster College of Irish  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  5. ^ a b c d 10 Oct 1945 Dáil It is not a very pleasant duty to name people who have received no votes in the Seanad elections. But numerous bodies such as the Royal Society of Antiquaries, the Royal Dublin Society, the Medical Council, the Dental Council, and some other vocational bodies who have no political affiliations nominated their president or secretary or some other prominent member as candidates for the Seanad. ... One of the appeals was from the Irish Secondary Teachers' Organisation, .... Subsequently, the Licensed Grocers' and Vintners' Association's application was heard
  6. ^ Cooke, Jim (Spring 2013). "A NEW ERA, A NEW BEGINNING". IVEA News. Irish Vocational Education Association. Retrieved 7 January 2014. 
  7. ^ Halpin, Darren (2005-01-01). Surviving Global Change?: Agricultural Interest Groups in Comparative Perspective. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 54. ISBN 9780754642046. Retrieved 12 January 2014. 
  8. ^ "Sea Fisheries Act, 1952". Irish Statute Book. pp. Part V. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  9. ^ "Agriculture (Research, Training and Advice) Act, 1988, Section 20". Irish Statute Book. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  10. ^ "Nominated for Senate Election". The Irish Times. 21 October 1961. p. 13. 
  11. ^ "Cottage Tenants' and Rural Workers' Association" (PDF). Dungarvan Observer. 21 (991). 2 Feb 1932. p. 4. Retrieved 8 September 2016. For the Cottiers and Rural Workers' Association 
  12. ^ "Questions. Oral Answers. — Sale of Cottages and Plots." (in Eamonn Mansfield, Cullen, County Tipperary, national teacher, representative of Cottier Tenants' and Rural Workers' Association; James O'Farrell, Carrowloughlan, Dromod P.O., County Sligo, artisan, and representative of Labourers' Cottages Tenants' Association;). 4 December 1935. Retrieved 8 September 2016. Dáil Éireann debates 
  13. ^ a b "Senate Nominating Bodies' Appeal". The Irish Times. 20 April 1945. p. 1. 
  14. ^ "The Institution of Civil Engineers of Ireland (Charter Amendment) Act, 1969". Irish Statute Book. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  15. ^ Freeman, Peter (20 May 1957). "Letters to the Editor: The Senate". The Irish Times. p. 5. 
  16. ^ "Date named for elections to Senate". The Irish Times. 9 April 1956. p. 1. 
  17. ^ "SIMI Accredited". AutoKey. Retrieved 22 January 2014. The “SIMI” was formed when the Society of the Irish Motor Traders Ltd and The Irish Motor Traders Association merged together in 1968. 
  18. ^ "About Us". National Hygiene Partnership. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 
  19. ^ Irish Goods Council (1982), Annual report and accounts for the period from 26th August 1978 to 31st December 1979 (PDF), Official pulications, Pl.994, Dublin, retrieved 11 January 2014, The Company was incorporated on the 25th of August 1978. The assets and liabilities of the National Development Association were taken over on that date. 
  20. ^ "Eire forms its own RHA". Commercial Motor: 16. 26 January 1973. 
  21. ^ "Trade Policy - The Key Success Factors". Trade Policy Statement. Department of Enterprise, Trade and Employment. 1998. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  22. ^ "Industrial Development (Enterprise Ireland) Act, 1998". Irish Statute Book. pp. sec 25,26. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  23. ^ a b "Seanad Electoral (Panel Members) Act, 1937, Section 9(2)(g)(i)". Irish Statute Book. Dublin: Attorney-General's office. 21 December 1937. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  24. ^ "Nominated for Senate". The Irish Times. 11 April 1956. p. 7. 
  25. ^ "Nominating body for Senate elections". The Irish Times. 9 March 1955. p. 4. 
  26. ^ "RTÉ Television - Hands On - This Week". RTÉ.ie. 30 March 2008. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  27. ^ "Case Studies". Brandbox Creative. Retrieved 31 December 2013. In 2005/6 the NADP board initiated a re-brand/re-alignment drive and the DearHear.ie brand was launched in January 2008. 
  28. ^ a b "Senate Panels: Hearing of Appeals". The Irish Times. 17 February 1938. p. 8. 
  29. ^ a b c d "SENATE APPEALS COMMITTEE: FIVE APPLICATIONS DISALLOWED". The Irish Times. 19 February 1938. p. 10. 
  30. ^ Smyth 1968, p.184
  31. ^ Smyth 1968, pp.184–185
  32. ^ a b Smyth 1968, p.185
  33. ^ "Seanad Electoral (Panel Members) (Amendment) Bill 2008: Second Stage (Resumed)". Seanad Éireann debates. 3 November 2010. Retrieved 23 January 2014.