User:JohnArmagh/Rulers and Heads of State of Egypt

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List of Rulers and Heads of State of Egypt[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)


Tenure Incumbent Notes
Ottoman Suzerainty
Wālīs (walis, Governors)
9 October 1699 to 6 May 1704 Muhammad ‘Ali Qara Pasha, Wālī  
7 May 1704 to 7 October 1704 Suleiman Pasha of Egypt, Wālī  
7 October 1704 to 31 August 1706 Muhammad Rami Pasha, Wālī  
1 September 1706 to September 1707 ‘Ali Pasha, Wālī  
September 1707 to 28 October 1709 Hassan Damada Pasha, Wālī 2nd Term
28 October 1709 to August 1710 Ibrahim Pasha, Wālī  
August 1710 to 30 July 1711 Khalil Khosej Pasha, Wālī  
30 July 1711 to 30 August 1714 Wali Pasha, Wālī  
1 September 1714 to 29 June 1717 Abdi Pasha, Wālī 1st Term
1 July 1717 to 9 September 1720 ‘Ali Kiaya Pasha, Wālī  
10 September 1720 to 30 April 1721 Rajab Pasha, Wālī  
1 May 1721 to 30 September 1725 Muhammad Nishanji Pasha, Wālī 1st Term
1 October 1725 to February 1726 ‘Ali Muraly Pasha, Wālī  
February 1726 to 29 September 1727 Muhammad Nishanji Pasha, Wālī 2nd Term
30 September 1727 to October 1727 Abdi Pasha, Wālī 2nd Term
October 1727 to 10 July 1729 Abu Bakr Pasha, Wālī 1st Term
11 July 1729 to 30 June 1733 Abdallah Heupruluzade Pasha, Wālī  
1 July 1733 to 1734 Muhammad Silahdar Pasha, Wālī  
1737 to 1737 Uthman, Wālī  
1734 to December 1734 Abu Bakr Pasha, Wālī 2nd Term
December 1734 to 1741 ‘Ali Hakimzade Pasha, Wālī 1st Term
1741 to 3 July 1743 Yahya Pasha, Wālī  
July 1743 to 28 February 1744 Muhammad Sa‘id Pasha, Wālī 1st Term
1 March 1744 to 31 August 1748 Muhammad Ragib Pasha, Wālī  
1 September 1748 to January 1752 Ahmad Pasha, Wālī  
January 1752 to December 1752 Muhammad Melek Pasha, Wālī  
December 1752 to October 1755 Hassan ash-Sharawi, Wālī  
October 1755 to December 1756 ‘Ali Hakimzade Pasha, Wālī 2nd Term
December 1756 to 29 April 1757 Sa‘id ad-Din Pasha, Wālī  
30 April 1757 to 1760 Muhammad Sa‘id Pasha, Wālī 2nd Term
1760 to December 1762 Mustafa Bahir Keuse Pasha, Wālī  
December 1762 to January 1765 Ahmad Pasha, Wālī  
1765 to 1766 Bakr Pasha, Wālī  
1766 to April 1767 Hamza Silahdar Mahir Pasha, Wālī  
April 1767 to April 1767 Muhammad Melek Pasha, Wālī 2nd Term
April 1767 to 1768 Muhammad Raquim Pasha, Wālī  
1768 to 1768 Muhammad Diwitdar Pasha, Wālī  
Mamluk Dynasty
1768 to 1769 ‘Ali Bey al-Kabir  
1769 to 13 April 1773 ‘Ali Bey al-Kabir, Sultan Self-proclaimed - not recognised by Ottoman Emperor
176? to 1769 Human Abu Yusuf Head of Hawwara Arabs and de facto ruler in Upper Egypt
13 April 1773 to 10 June 1775 Muhammad Bey Abu‘dh Dhahab  
26 June 1775 to August 1777 Triumvirate:-
Murad Bey, emir al-Hajj, military governor 1st Term
Ibrahim Bey, Sheikh al-Bulad, civil governor 1st Term
Yusuf Bey, emir al-Hajj, head of the Mecca Pilgrims  
August 1777 to February 1778 Isma‘il Bey, Sheikh al-Bulad 1st Term
February 1778 to 1786 Murad Bey, emir al-Hajj 2nd Term
February 1778 to 1786 Isma‘il Bey, Sheikh al-Bulad 2nd Term
17 August 1786 to 1787 Hasan Kapudan Pasha, Wālī  
Mamluk Dynasty
1786 to 1790 Triumvirate:-
Isma‘il Bey, Sheikh al-Bulad 4th Term
‘Ali Bey Defterdar  
Hasan Bey, Amir al-Haji  
1790 to 25 July 1798 Murad Bey, Amir al-Hajj 3rd Term
Ibrahim Bey, Sheikh al-Bulad 2nd Term
French Suzerainty
25 July 1798 to 22 August 1799 Napoléon Bonaparte, Military Commander  
22 August 1799 to 14 June 1800 Jean-Baptiste Kléber, Military Commander  
14 June 1800 to 27 June 1801 Abdullah Jacques-François de Boussay, baron de Menou  
British Military Commanders
8 March 1801 to 21 March 1801 Sir Ralph Abercromby, Military Commander  
21 March 1801 to 1801 John Hely Hutchinson, Military Commander  
1801 to October 1801 John Hely Hutchinson, Baron Hutchinson, Military Commander  
October 1801 to July 1802 Richard Ford William Lambart, the Earl of Cavan, Military Commander  
July 1802 to 16 March 1803 Sir John Stewart Walis, Military Commander  
27 June 1801 to 10 August 1801 Nasih Pasha, Wālī  
10 August 1801 to January 1802 Kucuk Hussein Pasha, Wālī  
January 1802 to 3 May 1803 Khusrau Pasha, Wālī  
3 May 1803 to June 1803 Taher Pasha, Wālī  
June 1803 to July 1803 Khurshid Pasha, Wālī 1st Term
July 1803 to 31 January 1804 ‘Ali Pasha Jazairli, Wālī  
31 January 1804 to March 1804 ..., acting Wālī  
March 1804 to 9 July 1805 Khurshid Pasha, Wālī 2nd Term
9 July 1805 to 1 September 1848 Muḩammad ‘Alī Pasha, Wālī Hereditary Governor; 1st Term
1 September 1848 to 10 November 1848 Ibrāhīm Pasha, Wālī  
10 November 1848 to 2 August 1849 Muḩammad ‘Alī Pasha, Wālī Restored
2 August 1849 to 13 July 1854 ‘Abbās Hilmi Pasha, Wālī  
13 July 1854 to 18 January 1863 Muhammad Sa‘īd Pasha, Wālī  
18 January 1863 to 8 June 1867 Ismā‘īl Pasha, Wālī Becoming Khedive
Khedives (Viceroys)
8 June 1867 to 26 June 1879 Ismā‘īl Pasha, Khedive Hitherto Wālī
26 June 1879 to 7 January 1892 Muhammad Tawfīq Pasha, Khedive  
8 January 1892 to 19 December 1914 ‘Abbās Hilmi Pasha, Khedive  
19 December 1914 to 9 October 1917 Ḩusayn Kāmil, Sultan  
9 October 1917 to 16 March 1922 Ahmad Fu’ād, Sultan Becoming King
Maliks (Kings)
16 March 1922 to 28 April 1936 Ahmad Fu’ād, Malik Misr Hitherto Sultan
28 April 1936 to 26 July 1952 Fārūq, Malik Misr  
28 April 1936 to 29 July 1937 Prince Muhammad Ali, Chairman of the Council of Regency  
26 July 1952 to 18 June 1953 Fu’ād II, Malik Misr  
26 July 1952 to 18 June 1953 Prince Muhammad Abdul Moneim, Chairman of the Council of Regency  
Tenure Incumbent Affliation Notes
Republic of Egypt
18 June 1953 to 25 February 1954 General Muhammad Naguib, President Mil/LR 1st Term
25 February 1954 to 27 February 1954 Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser, Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council
جمال عبد الناصر
Mil/LR 1st Term
27 February 1954 to 14 November 1954 General Muhammad Naguib, President Mil/LR 2nd Term
14 November 1954 to 25 June 1956 Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser, Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council
جمال عبد الناصر
Mil acting President
25 June 1956 to 1957 Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser, President
جمال عبد الناصر
1957 to 1 February 1958 NU Becoming president of the United Arab Republic
United Arab Republic
1 February 1958 to 1962 Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser, President
جمال عبد الناصر
NU 2nd Term (contd.)
1962 to 29 September 1970 ASU Died in office
28 September 1970 to 17 October 1970 Anwar as-Sadat, acting President
أنور السادات
ASU  
17 October 1970 to 2 September 1971 Anwar as-Sadat, President
أنور السادات
 
Egyptian Arab Republic
جمهوريّةمصرالعربيّة (Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiyah)
2 September 1971 to 1978 Anwar as-Sadat, President
أنور السادات
ASU  
1978 to 6 October 1981 HDW Assassinated
6 October 1981 to 14 October 1981 Sufi Abu Talib, acting President HDW  
14 October 1981 to present Muhammad Hosni Said Mubarak, President
محمد حسني مبارك
HDW  
20 June 2004 to 7 July 2004 Atef Ebeid, acting President HDW For Mubarak


Affiliations:-[edit]

HDW al-Hizb al-Watani al-Dimuqrati
         (National Democratic Party)    authoritarian (nominally social democratic), estd.1978
ASU Arab Socialist Union
         Nasserist, centrist, government party, only legal party 1962-1978
FP Federal Party
HS Hizb ash-Shaab
         (People's Party)    Ismail Sedki personalist, anti-Wafd, 1930-1946
IP Ittihad Party
         (Union Party)    royalist
LCP Liberal Constitutional Party
LR Liberation Rally
         government party only legal party 17 Jan 1953-1962
NU National Union
         Nasser personalist, nationalist 1957-1962
SIP Saadist Institutional Party
UMMA Hizb al-Umma
         (Umma Party/People's Party)    Egyptian nationalist, moderate 1907-1925
WM al Wafd al Misri
         (Egyptian Delegation "Wafd" - Egyptian National Party)    1919-1953, democratic
WP Watani Party
         (National Party)    conservative, islamist, Egyptian nationalist, 1907-1953
Mil Military
n-p non-partisan
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See also:-[edit]



++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Existing Page:-


Monarchs[edit]

British Colonial Rulers (1883-1936)[edit]

Existed simultaneously with above monarchs

British Consuls-General, 1883-1914[edit]

British High Commissioners, 1914-1936[edit]


Presidents[edit]

Presidents of the Republic, 1953-present[edit]