User:Jts1882/sandbox/test/Sauropodomorpha

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Sauropodomorpha, continued from User:Jts1882/sandbox/test/Archosaurs

The following cladograms were copied from Wikipedia mainspace articles and used to test the Lua module version of the {{clade}} using the test template {{cladeN}}.

Sauropodomorpha[edit]

Cladogram after Novas et al., 2011:[1]


Sauropodomorpha
Guaibasauridae

Unnamed form. Fossil ISI R277

Panphagia

Guaibasaurus

Saturnaliinae

Chromogisaurus

Saturnalia

Pantydraco

Thecodontosaurus

Nambalia

Efraasia

Plateosauravus

Ruehleia

Plateosauria

Plateosauridae

Massopoda

Riojasauridae

Anchisauria

Massospondylidae

Below is a cladogram of basal sauropodomorpha after Otero et al., 2015.[2]


Saurischia
Herrerasauridae

Herrerasaurus

Staurikosaurus

Eoraptor

Eusaurischia

Agnosphitys

Theropoda

Guaibasaurus

Chindesaurus

Neotheropoda

Sauropodomorpha
Saturnaliinae

Saturnalia

Chromogisaurus

Pantydraco

Thecodontosaurus

Efraasia

Plateosauravus

Plateosauria

Ruehleia

Plateosauridae

Unaysaurus

Plateosaurus

Massopoda
Riojasauridae

Eucnemesaurus

Riojasaurus

Sarahsaurus

Massospondylidae

Lufengosaurus

Glacialisaurus

Coloradisaurus

Massospondylus

Adeopapposaurus

Leyesaurus

Jingshanosaurus

Yunnanosaurus

Seitaad

Anchisauria

Anchisaurus

Sauropodiformes

Mussaurus

Aardonyx

Leonerasaurus

Sefapanosaurus

Melanorosaurus

Sauropoda

Sauropoda[edit]

Classification of the sauropods has largely stabilised in recent years, though there are still some uncertainties, such as the placement of Euhelopus, Haplocanthosaurus, Jobaria and Nemegtosauridae.

Cladogram after an analysis presented by Sander and colleagues in 2011.[3]


Sauropoda

Melanorosaurus

Antetonitrus

Vulcanodon

Spinophorosaurus

Eusauropoda

Shunosaurus

BarapasaurusBarapasaurus DB.jpg

Patagosaurus

Mamenchisauridae

Omeisaurus

Mamenchisaurus

Cetiosaurus

Jobaria

Neosauropoda

Haplocanthosaurus

Diplodocoidea
Rebbachisauridae

Limaysaurus

Nigersaurus

Dicraeosauridae

Amargasaurus

DicraeosaurusDicraeosaurus hansemanni22 flipped.jpg

Diplodocidae

ApatosaurusApatosaurus louisae by durbed flipped.jpg

BrontosaurusBrontosaurus by Tom Parker.png

Barosaurus

DiplodocusDiplodocus carnegii flipped.jpg

Macronaria

Camarasaurus

Titanosauriformes

BrachiosaurusBrachiosaurus DB flipped.jpg

Phuwiangosaurus

Titanosauria

Malawisaurus

Rapetosaurus

Isisaurus

OpisthocoelicaudiaOpisthocoelicaudia flipped.jpg

Saltasaurus


Therapoda[edit]

Note: The Hendrickx reference has some good schemes for expanding this cladogram.

The following family tree illustrates a synthesis of the relationships of the major theropod groups based on various studies conducted in the 2010s.[4]


Theropoda

Herrerasauridae Chindesaurus bryansmalli.png

Eoraptor

Eodromaeus Eodromaeus silhouette 01.png

Daemonosaurus

Tawa

 Neotheropoda 

 †Coelophysoidea  Coelophysis size flipped.jpg

Dilophosauridae Dilophosaurus wetherilli (flipped).PNG

Averostra

Ceratosauria Ceratosaurus nasicornis DB.jpgCarnotaurus DB 2 white background.jpg

Tetanurae

Megalosauroidea Torvosaurus tanner DBi.jpgСпинозавр - новая реконструкция (flipped).jpg

Avetheropoda

Allosauroidea Allosaurus Revised.jpgConcavenator corcovatus by Daniel Vidal 2012.png

Coelurosauria Rjpalmer tyrannosaurusrex (white background).jpgMeyers grosses Konversations-Lexikon - ein Nachschlagewerk des allgemeinen Wissens (1908) (Antwerpener Breiftaube).jpg

Tetanurae[edit]

The cladogram presented below follows a phylogenetic analysis published by Zanno and Makovicky in 2013.[5]


Tetanurae

CryolophosaurusCryolophosaurus in Japan White Background.jpg

SinosaurusSinosaurus triassicus white background.JPG

Chuandongocoelurus

MonolophosaurusMonolophosaurus jiangi White Background.jpg

Orionides
Megalosauroidea

Piatnitzkysauridae

Megalosauria

SpinosauridaeSpinosaurus white background.jpg

MegalosauridaeComplete skeleton of Torvosaurus white background.jpg

Avetheropoda

CoelurosauriaFMNH Deinonychus white background.JPG

Allosauroidea

Metriacanthosauridae

Allosauria

AllosauridaeAllosaurus AMNH White Background.jpg

Carcharodontosauria

Neovenatoridae

CarcharodontosauridaeAcrocanthosaurus white background.jpg

Coelurosauria[edit]

The following family tree illustrates a synthesis of the relationships of the major coelurosaurian groups based on various studies conducted in the 2010s.[4]


Coelurosauria

Bicentenaria

Zuolong

Tyrannoraptora

TyrannosauroideaRjpalmer tyrannosaurusrex (white background).jpg

unnamed

Aorun

Scipionyx

Ornitholestes

Compsognathidae

Maniraptoriformes

OrnithomimosauriaHypothetical Deinocheirus (flipped).jpg

ManiraptoraDeinonychus ewilloughby (flipped).png

Maniraptoriformes[edit]

The relationships among coelurosaurs shown below were found in a phylogenetic analysis by Godefroit and colleagues in 2013.[6]


Maniraptoriformes

Ornithomimosauria

Maniraptora

Alvarezsauria

unnamed

Therizinosauria

Pennaraptora

Oviraptorosauria

Paraves

Scansoriopterygidae

unnamed

Eosinopteryx

Eumaniraptora

Dromaeosauridae

Averaptora

Troodontidae

Avialae


Avialae[edit]

Cladogram following the results of a phylogenetic study by Wang et al., 2016.[7]


Avialae

Anchiornis

Archaeopteryx

Xiaotingia

Rahonavis

Jeholornis

Euavialae

Jixiangornis

Avebrevicauda

Sapeornis

Pygostylia

Confuciusornis

Chongmingia

Ornithothoraces

Ornithothoraces[edit]

The cladogram below follows the results of a phylogenetic analysis by Wang et al., 2016:[7]


Ornithothoraces
Enantiornithes

Protopteryx

Pengornithidae

Eoenantiornis

Bohaiornithidae

Fortunguavis

Longipterygidae

Eocathayornis

Cathayornis

Vescornis

Neuquenornis

Gobipteryx

Eoalulavis

Qiliania

Concornis

Euornithes

Archaeorhynchus

Ornithuromorpha

Patagopteryx

Vorona

Schizooura

Hongshanornithidae

Jianchangornis

Songlingornithidae

Gansus

Apsaravis

Ornithurae


Euornithes[edit]

The cladogram below follows the results of a phylogenetic analysis by Lee et al., 2014:[8]


Ornithothoraces

Enantiornithes

Euornithes

Archaeorhynchus

Jianchangornis

Zhongjianornis

Chaoyangia

Schizooura

Ornithuromorpha

Patagopteryx

Vorona

Ambiortus

Songlingornithidae

Hongshanornithidae

Apsaravis

Gansus

Hollanda

Ornithurae

Ichthyornis

Hesperornithes

Limenavis

Aves (modern birds)

Birds[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fernando E. Novas, Martin D. Ezcurra, Sankar Chatterjee and T. S. Kutty (2011). "New dinosaur species from the Upper Triassic Upper Maleri and Lower Dharmaram formations of central India". Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. 101 (3–4): 333–349. doi:10.1017/S1755691011020093.
  2. ^ Otero, Alejandro; Krupandan, Emil; Pol, Diego; Chinsamy, Anusuya; Choiniere, Jonah (2015). "A new basal sauropodiform from South Africa and the phylogenetic relationships of basal sauropodomorphs". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 174 (3): 589. doi:10.1111/zoj.12247.
  3. ^ Sander, P. Martin; Christian, Andreas; Clauss, Marcus; Fechner, Regina; Gee, Carole T.; Griebeler, Eva-Maria; Gunga, Hanns-Christian; Hummel, Jürgen; Mallison, Heinrich; Perry, Steven F.; et al. (2011). "Biology of the sauropod dinosaurs: the evolution of gigantism". Biological Reviews. 86 (1): 117–155. doi:10.1111/j.1469-185X.2010.00137.x. ISSN 1464-7931. PMC 3045712. PMID 21251189.
  4. ^ a b Hendrickx, C.; Hartman, S.A.; Mateus, O. (2015). "An Overview of Non- Avian Theropod Discoveries and Classification". PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology. 12 (1): 1–73. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "theropodphylogeny2015" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  5. ^ Zanno, Lindsay E.; Makovicky, Peter J. (2013-11-22). "Neovenatorid theropods are apex predators in the Late Cretaceous of North America". Nature Communications. 4: 2827. Bibcode:2013NatCo...4E2827Z. doi:10.1038/ncomms3827. PMID 24264527.
  6. ^ Godefroit, Pascal; Cau, Andrea; Hu, Dong-Yu; Escuillié, François; Wu, Wenhao; Dyke, Gareth (2013). "A Jurassic avialan dinosaur from China resolves the early phylogenetic history of birds". Nature. 498 (7454): 359–362. Bibcode:2013Natur.498..359G. doi:10.1038/nature12168. PMID 23719374.
  7. ^ a b Wang M., Wang X., Wang Y., and Zhou Z. (2016). A new basal bird from China with implications for morphological diversity in early birds. Scientific Reports, 6: 19700. doi:10.1038/srep19700.
  8. ^ Lee, Michael SY; Cau, Andrea; Darren, Naish; Gareth J., Dyke (2013). "Morphological Clocks in Paleontology, and a Mid-Cretaceous Origin of Crown Aves". Systematic Biology. Oxford Journals. 63 (3): 442–9. doi:10.1093/sysbio/syt110. PMID 24449041.