User:Jukeboksi/Draftspace/Reverse financial instrument
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Unlike in traditional investments where maximum loss is 100% of invested capital and the gains usually remain in 1 or 2 digit zone (and even as high as 3 digit (mostly achieved in IPOs) but not 4 i.e. thousands of percent in practice) even though there is no theoretical upper limit to the wins, in reverse financial instruments the maximum gain for the buyer approaches infinity, the maximum loss for the seller approaches infinity as well which, combined with other factors, such as overheating of the real estate and debt markets, can cause the system to meltdown like happened in Iceland, Ireland and USA in the early 2000's. The maximum gain for the seller of the put approaches 100% of the put price which may be -50% or -70% or +200% or +300% etc. i.e. over or under of 100% of the current price.
- Futures trading i.e. selling and buying gets and puts
- Naked short selling (which was banned in Germany by chancelor Angela Merkel in 2010)
- Short (finance) (which has been around since the late 1800's) see Die Boerse (written in 1894-1896 by Max Weber) for more info
- Credit default swap
- Hedge fund (no really, not)
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