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Psychoanalytic theory refers to the definition and dynamics of personality development which underlie and guide psychoanalytic and psychodynamic psychotherapy. First laid out by Sigmund Freud, psychoanalytic theory has undergone many refinements since his work (see psychoanalysis). Psychoanalytic theory came to full prominence as a critical force in the last third of the twentieth century as part of 'the flow of critical discourse after the 1960s',[1]. Freud ceased his analysis of the brain and his physiological studies in order to turn his focus to the study of the mind and the related psychological attributes making up the mind, something not many psychologists were willing to do. His study then included recognizing childhood events that could potentially lead to the mental functioning of adults. He examined the genetic and then the developmental aspects that made the psychoanalytic theory become what it was.[2]

Definition[edit]

The method of psychological therapy originated by Sigmund Freud in which free association, dream interpretation, and analysis of resistance and transference are used to explore repressed or unconscious impulses, anxieties, and internal conflicts, in order to free psychic energy for mature love and work. Another definition can be the theory of personality developed by Freud that focuses on repression and unconscious forces and includes the concepts of infantile sexuality, resistance, transference, and division of the psyche into the id, ego, and superego.

Psychology Theories[edit]

Much of what we know about human thought and behavior has emerged thanks to various psychology theories. For example, behavioral theories demonstrated how conditioning can be used to learn new information and behaviors. Psychology students typically spend a great deal of time studying these different theories. Some theories have fallen out of favor, while others remain widely accepted, but all have contributed tremendously to our understanding of human thought and behavior. By learning more about these theories, you can gain a deeper and richer understanding of psychology's past, present and future.

The Beginnings[edit]

Freud first began his studies under and collaboration with Dr. Josef Breuer, especially when it came to the study on Anna O. [3] The relationship between Freud and Breuer was a mix of admiration and competition. Today, Breuer can be considered the grandfather of psychoanalysis. The research and ideas behind the study on Anna O. was highly referenced in Freud’s lectures on the origin and development of psychoanalysis. [4]

Basic Ideas[edit]

The psychoanalytic theory consists of the ideas of based around personality, such as the division of the psyche into the id, ego, and superego, repression, transference, dream-interpretation, and the Oedipus complex, just to name a few. For more detail, see psychoanalysis or psychodynamic theory.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tere sa de Lauretis, Freud's Drive (Basingstoke 2008) p. 3
  2. ^ Tyson, Phyllis. (2002). The challenges of psychoanalytic developmental theory. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 50, 19-52.
  3. ^ {http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Freud/Origin/index.htm}, Sigmund Freud: The Origin and Development of Psychoanalysis.
  4. ^ [1], FreudFile: Joseph Breuer.

Further reading[edit]

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Category:Continental philosophy Category:Freudian psychology