User:KYPark/1966

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Peter Berger[edit]

The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge
Anchor Books, Garden City, NY (with Thomas Luckmann)

Michel Foucault[edit]

The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences
original title: Les Mots et les choses: Une archéologie des sciences humaines (Words and Things: ...) [1]
  • The book opens with an extended discussion of Diego Velázquez's painting Las Meninas and its complex arrangement of sight-lines, hiddenness and appearance. Then it develops its central claim: that all periods of history have possessed certain underlying conditions of truth that constituted what was acceptable as, for example, scientific discourse. Foucault argues that these conditions of discourse have changed over time, in major and relatively sudden shifts, from one period's episteme to another. (Aside: Jean Piaget, in Structuralism (1968/1970, p.132), compares Foucault's épistème to Thomas Kuhn's notion of a paradigm.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Foucault had preferred L'Ordre des Choses (The Order of Things) for the original French title, but changed the title because it had been used by two structuralist works published immediately prior to Foucault's.
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