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Werner Abraham[edit]

A Linguistic Approach to Metaphor
Peter de Ridder Press, Lisse, Netherlands

Alan Anderson[edit]

Entailment: The Logic of Relevance and Necessity, Vol. I
with Nuel Belnap, Princeton University Press

Jim Anderson[edit]

Neural Models with Cognitive Implications
Technical Report 75-1, The Center for Neural Studies, Brown University, Providence, RI, 1975.
  • Identical with (1977) "Neural Models with Cognitive Implications," (pp. 27–90), in: D. LaBerge and S. J. Samuels, eds., Basic Processes in Reading Perception and Comprehension, Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, 1977.
  • More...: (1977).
  • WordNet - Simpli - Google
Many other Andersons
See also
  • Jay McClleland PDP Handbook [1]
  • Relevant bibliography (1) [2]

David Annis[edit]

Self-consciousness and the Right to Life
Southwestern Journal of Philosophy, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 123-128

Richard Bandler[edit]

The Structure of Magic
Volume I: A Book about Language and Therapy
Volume II: A Book About Communication and Change
with John Grinder, Science & Behavior Books, Palo Alto, CA


Joseph D. Becker

The phrasal lexicon
Proceedings of the 1975 workshop on Theoretical issues in natural language processing (TINLAP '75), pp. 60-63. ACM


Stafford Beer

Platform for Change: A Message from Stafford Beer

Joseph Ben-David[edit]

Sociology of Science
Annual Review of Sociology 1: 203-222 (with Teresa Sullivan)

Jorge Borges[edit]

The Book of Sand
Spanish title: El libro de arena (1975)
English title: The Book of Sand (1977)
  • The titular "Book of Sand" is the Book of all Books, and is a monster. The story tells how this book came into the possession of a fictional version of Borges himself, and of how he ultimately disposed of it.

William Bynum[edit]

The Great Chain of Being after Forty Years: An Appraisal
History of Science, 13: 1-28 [3]

Donald Campbell[edit]

On the Conflicts between Biological and Social Evolution and between Psychology and Moral Tradition
American Psychologist 30: 1103-26.

Fritjof Capra[edit]

The Tao of Physics: An Exploration of the Parallels Between Modern Physics and Eastern Mysticism

John Cocke[edit]

IBM 801

Peter Cole[edit]

Syntax and Semantics Vol. 3: Speech Act
ed. with Jerry L. Morgan, Academic Press, New York
  • Grice, Paul. "Logic and conversation." pp. 41-58
  • Searle, John . "Indirect speech acts." pp. 59-82.
  • Gordon, D. and Lakoff, George. "Conversational postulates." pp. 83-106.
  • Green, Georgia M. "How to get people to do things with words." pp. 107–141.
  • Davison, A. "Indirect speech acts and what to do with them." pp. 143–184.
  • Cole, Peter. "The synchronic and diachronic status of conversational implicature." pp. 257–288.
  • Morgan, J. "Some Interactions of Syntax and Pragmatics," pp. 289-303.

Allan Collins[edit]

A Spreading-Activation Theory of Semantic Processing
Psychological Review, 82 (6): 407–428. (with Elizabeth Loftus)
Intelligent CAI
Final Report (1 March 1971 - 31 August 1975, with M. C. Grignetti) [4]
Representation and Understanding
Daniel G. Bobrow and Allan M. Collins, eds., Academic Press, New York, 1975.

Jonathan Culler[edit]

Structuralist Poetics: Structuralism, Linguistics, and the Study of Literature
Routledge and Kegan Paul, London; Cornell University Press, Ithaca

Edsger Dijkstra[edit]

Guarded Commands, Nondeterminacy and Formal Derivation of Program
Communications of the ACM (August 1975) 18(8): 453–457.
See also
  • (1976). A Discipline of Programming, Prentice-Hall Series in Automatic Computation. A systematic introduction to a version of the guarded command language with many worked examples
  • (1982). Selected Writings on Computing: A Personal Perspective, Texts and Monographs in Computer Science, Springer-Verlag.

Mary Douglas[edit]

Implict Meanings: Essays in Anthropology
  • Excerpt from the table of contents and the subject index:
Preface 1999   (Index term) implicit meanings, vii-viii
Preface 1975   (Index term) implicit meanings, xi-xii 
Part 1 Essays on the Implicit 
Introduction   (Index term) explicit/implicit, 3-7  

Paul Feyerabend[edit]

Against Method: Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge
Google Preview

Aaron Finerman[edit]

Professionalism in the computing field
Communications of the ACM, Volume 18, Issue 1 (January 1975), pp. 4-9. ACM
  • Cited by: John Buck, Ben Shneiderman, "An internship in information systems: Combining computer science education with realistic problems," ACM SIGCSE Bulletin, v.8, n.3, pp. 80-83, July 1976.

Jerry Fodor[edit]

The Language of Thought
Harvard University Press

Hans-Georg Gadamer[edit]

Truth and Method
Cited by: Winograd (1985)
Hermeneutics and Social Science
Philosophy Social Criticism / Cultural Hermeneutics 2 (1975) 307-316, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland;; 2 (4): 307–316.

Johan Galtung[edit]

  • Galtung received the first of seven honorary doctorates in 1975.[5]
Essays in Peace Research
  1. Peace: Research, Education, Action. (1975)
  2. Peace, War and Defense. (1976)
  3. Peace and Social Structure. (1978)
  4. Peace and World Structure. (1980)
  5. Peace Research: Some Case Studies. (1980)

Howard Gardner[edit]

The Shattered Mind
New York: Knopf
  • The Quest for Mind: Jean Piaget, Claude Levi-Strauss and the Structuralist Movement (1973)
  • Artful Scribbles: The Significance of Children's Drawings (1980)
  • Art, Mind and Brain: A Cognitive Approach to Creativity (1982)
  • Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligence (1983)
  • The Mind's New Science: A History of the Cognitive Revolution (1985)
  • To Open Minds: Chinese Clues to the Dilemma of Contemporary Education (1989)
  • The Unschooled Mind: How Children Think and How Schools Should Teach (1991)

Eugene Garfield[edit]

The World Brain as seen by an Information Entrepreneur
In: Manfred Kochen (1975): pp. 155-176. pdf
  • Cf. Eugene Garfield (1976) "The World Brain as Seen by an Information Entrepreneur" (Comment on Garfield (1975)) in: Essays of an Information Scientist by Eugene Garfield, vol 2 (1974-1976) (Philadelphia PA: ISI Press, 1977) pp. 638-639 (reprinted from Current Contents no. 48, Nov 29, 1976)
  • Cf. W. Boyd Rayward (1975) The Universe of Information

Paul Grice[edit]

Logic and conversation
In: Peter Cole (1975): pp. 41-58 (Reprinted in Studies in the Way of Words, ed. H. P. Grice, pp. 22–40. Harvard University Press, 1989)

Ian Hacking[edit]

Why Does Language Matter to Philosophy?
Google [5]
The Emergence of Probability: a Philosophical Study of Early Ideas About Probability, Induction and Statistical Inference
Cambridge University Press

Eric Hobsbawm[edit]

The Age of Capital, 1848-1875

John Holland[edit]

Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems

John Hutchins[edit]

Languages of Indexing and Classification: A Linguistic Study of Structures and Functions
(Librarianship and Information Studies 3), Stevenage, Peter Peregrinus
Subjects, Themes and Case Grammars
Lingua 35(2), 1975, pp. 101-133
See also
  • (1976) reviewed Werner Abraham (1975) A Linguistic Approach to Metaphor, in: Lingua 38 (1976) pp. 359-362
  • (1977) "On the Problem of 'Aboutness' in Document Analysis." Journal of Informatics 1(1), 1977, pp. 17-35
    "The Concept of 'Aboutness' in Subject Indexing." Aslib Proceedings 30(5), May 1978, 172-181. Repr. in: Karen Sparck Jones, and Peter Willett (eds.) Readings in Information Retrieval (San Francisco: Morgan Kauffmann, 1997), 93-97
  • (1977) "On the Structure of Scientific Texts." UEA Papers in Linguistics 5, Sept. 1977, 18-39
  • Publications [6]
  • William John Hutchins, paged by User:BirgerH 2008-07-07.

U. Illinois[edit]

Center for the Study of Reading
Techinical Reports ERIC pdf

Leonard Kleinrock[edit]

Queueing Systems
Vol. I – Theory, Wiley Interscience, 1975
Vol. II – Computer Applications, Wiley Interscience, 1976
  • "Hierarchical Routing for Large Networks, Performance Evaluation and Optimization", Computer Networks, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 155–174, January 1977 (with Farok Kamoun)

Manfred Kochen[edit]

Information for Action: from Knowledge to Wisdom
ed., New York: Academic Press
See also: (1972) "WISE: a World Information Synthesis and Encyclopaedia," Journal of Documentation 28: 322-341
See also: (1976) "What makes a citizen information system used and useful". In: Manfred Kochen and Joseph C. Donohue (eds.) Information for the Community, Chicago: American Library Association, 1976. Chapter 10, pp. 149-170.
  • "Evolution of Brainlike Social Organs," pp. 1-
  • "Who Should Control Societies," pp. 21-
  • "What is Information for Policy Making?" pp. 33-
  • Karl W. Deutsch, "On the Learning Capacity of Large Political Systems." pp. 61-83.
  • R. G. Havelock, "Research on the utilization of knowledge," pp. 87-107.
  • A. A. Aines, "Internationalization of scientific and technical information programs: opportunity and challenge," pp. 139-152.
  • Eugene Garfield, "The World Brain as seen by an Information Entrepreneur," pp. 155-160.
  • Harold D. Lasswell, "Constraints on the Use of Knowledge in Decision Making," pp. 161-169.
  • Derek J. de Solla Price, "Some Aspects of 'World Brain' Notions." pp. 177-203.
  • Howard J. Hilton, "An Ideal Information Access System: Some Economic Implications."
Information and the Quality of Life
In: Anthony Debons and William J. Cameron (eds.) Perspectives in Information Science (Leyden: Noordhof) pp. 569-587

David Kolb[edit]

with Ron Fry (both at Weatherhead School of Management, Case Western Reserve University)
Toward an Applied Theory of Experiential Learning
In: C. Cooper (ed.) Theories of Group Process, London: John Wiley.

Harold Lasswell[edit]

Google Preview

Frank Leavis[edit]

The Living Principle: 'English' as a Discipline of Thought

David Lewis[edit]

Languages and Language
In: K. Gunderson (ed.) Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Language, vol. 7, pp. 3–35. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. (Reprinted in: A. P. Martinich (ed.) The Philosophy of Language 3rd ed., pp. 538–557. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996)

Henry Lucas[edit]

Henry Cameron Lucas Jr.
Why Information Systems Fail
Columbia University Press, New York.

Thomas Luckmann[edit]

The Sociology of Language

Donald MacKay[edit]

The Embodied Mind: A Neurological Perspective
The Fremantel Lectures, Balliol College, Oxford (unpublished)

Robert Merton[edit]

Sociology of Science in Europe
ed. with A. Podgorecki & J. Gaston, Southern Illinois Univ. Press, Carbondale, Ill
Society for Social Studies of Science (4S)
founded with Robert K. Merton being the first president.

Marvin Minsky[edit]

A Framework for Representing Knowledge
In: The Psychology of Computer Vision, P. Winston (ed.), McGraw-Hill, 1975.
Originally, MIT-AI Laboratory Memo 306, June, 1974.
Reprinted in Shorter versions in: J. Haugeland, Ed., Mind Design, MIT Press, 1981, and in: Cognitive Science, Collins, Allan and Edward E. Smith (eds.) Morgan-Kaufmann, 1992.
  • "For there exists a great chasm between those, on the one side, who relate everything to a single central vision, one system more or less coherent or articulate, in terms of which they understand, think and feel–a single, universal, organizing principle in terms of which alone all that they are and say has significance–and, on the other side, those who pursue many ends, often unrelated and even contradictory, connected, if at all, only in some de facto way, for some psychological or physiological cause, related by no moral or esthetic principle." -- Isaiah Berlin (1957). The Hedgehog and the Fox.

    Compare this opening quotation with:

    ``Schumacher argues that there are two types of problems in the world:

    • convergent
    • divergent
    For Schumacher recognising of which type a problem is is one of the arts of living.`` -- Ernst Schumacher (1977). A Guide for the Perplexed#Two types of problem.

Donald Norman[edit]

with David Rumelhart and The LNR Research Group
Explorations in Cognition
San Francisco: W. H. Fremand Co., 1975.
David Rumelhart
  • (1975) "Notes on a Schema for Stories." #Allan Collins
  • (1976) "Understanding and Summarizing Brief Stories," Technical Report No. 58, University of California, San Diego, Center for Human Information Processing, 1976.
  • (1977) Introduction to Human Information Processing.
  • (1987) Parallel Distributed Processing: Psychological and Biological Models, (with James L. McClelland).
  • (1990) Neuroscience and Connectionist Theory (with Mark A. Gluck at Rutgers, cf. Gordon Bower)
  • Rumelhart Prize

Gordon Pask[edit]

Conversation, Cognition and Learning
Elsevier, New York
The Cybernetics of Human Learning and Performance

Walker Percy[edit]

The Message in the Bottle
"The Delta Factor"


J. William Pfeiffer & John E. Jones (1975).
A Handbook of Structured Experiences for Human Relations Training, Vols. 1-5.
La Jolla, CA: University Associates.
  • Moshe Feldenkrais (1975). "Awareness Through Movement." In: John E. Jones and J. William Pfeiffer (eds.) Annual Handbook for Group Facilitators. La Jolla, CA: University Associates, 1975.
  • cf. Leonard David Goodstein, Timothy M. Nolan
  • Experiential learning, 5-stage model of experiential learning cycle, including experiencing, publishing, processing, generalizing, and applying.

Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini[edit]

Language and Learning: The Debate between Jean Piaget and Noam Chomsky

John Pocock[edit]

The Machiavellian Moment
  • ``Pocock is celebrated not merely as an historian, but as a pioneer of a new type of historical methodology: contextualism, i.e., the study of 'texts in context.' In the 1960s and early '70s, he, (introducing languages of political thought) along with Quentin Skinner (focusing on authorial intention), and John Dunn (stressing biography), united informally to undertake this approach as, the 'Cambridge School' of the history of political thought.[12] Hereafter for the Cambridge School and its adherents, the then-reigning method of textual study, that of engaging a vaunted 'canon' of previously pronounced "major" political works in a typically anachronistic and disjointed fashion, simply would not do.`` -- J. G. A. Pocock#The 'Cambridge School'

Michael Polanyi[edit]

Univ. of Chicago Press. (With Harry Prosch)
  • ``It spells out his positions on language and art, religion and society. It integrates these with his previous accounts of personal knowledge so as to achieve something close to a synthesis ...``
  • ``Published very shortly before his death in February 1976, Meaning is the culmination of Michael Polanyi's philosophic endeavors. With the assistance of Harry Prosch, Polanyi goes beyond his earlier critique of scientific "objectivity" to investigate meaning as founded upon the imaginative and creative faculties.

    Establishing that science is an inherently normative form of knowledge and that society gives meaning to science instead of being given the "truth" by science, Polanyi contends here that the foundation of meaning is the creative imagination. Largely through metaphorical expression in poetry, art, myth, and religion, the imagination is used to synthesize the otherwise chaotic and disparate elements of life. To Polanyi these integrations stand with those of science as equally valid modes of knowledge. He hopes this view of the foundation of meaning will restore validity to the traditional ideals that were undercut by modern science. Polanyi also outlines the general conditions of a free society that encourage varied approaches to truth, and includes an illuminating discussion of how to restore, to modern minds, the possibility for the acceptance of religion.`` -- Description on the back cover

  • ``By December of 1973, Polanyi had apparently made up his mind to start fresh with another collaborator. He invited Richard Gelwick [...] Gelwick was in Cambridge at this time on sabbatical studying with Peacocke and dutifully began meeting with Polanyi, providing detailed notes on their conversations, and beginning the process of pulling Polanyi's articles, notes, and oral instructions into a coherent whole.`` -- excerpt from Harry Prosch 1917-2005
  • Personal Knowledge (1958)
  • The Tacit Dimension (1967)
  • tacit knowledge v explicit knowledge
  • Tradition & Discovery: The Polanyi Society Periodical [8]
  • Harry Prosch (1986) Michael Polanyi: A Critical Exposition

Hilary Putnam[edit]

Mind, Language and Reality
Philosophical Papers Vol. 2, Cambridge University Press
"The Meaning of 'Meaning'"
  • Cf. The Meaning of Meaning whose first chapter "Thoughts, Words and Things" is analogous to Mind, Language and Reality

Anthony Quinton[edit]

Social Objects
Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 75: 1-27

Boyd Rayward[edit]

The Universe of Information: The Work of Paul Otlet for Documentation and International Organisation
FID520, VINITI, Moscow (txt)
  • In 1937 the Institute for Intellectual Co-operation [13] organised a World Congress for Universal Documentation in Paris. This was an enormous congress attended by representatives of governments as well as by those interested in documentation in a more private capacity. It was, in fact, the first time that such a large, influential congress had been held in the field since the IIB conferences of 1908 and 1910 and those of the UIA in 1910 and 1913. Here Otlet and La Fontaine came into much respectful praise. Their positions as grand old men of European documentation were clearly acknowledged. The idea of a Universal Network or System for Documentation was taken up and the IID once more changed its name and statutes to become the International Federation for Documentation, in order better to promote this. Here there was much talk of H. G. Wells' idea of a World Brain, a new form of the encyclopedia, an idea which, in a different form, Otlet had been writing about for decades. Here Otlet met Wells and made "magnificent improvisations".[14] (p. 356)
  • It is indeed paradoxical that libraries and archival repositories preserve large masses of documents without having the resources to catalog, analyse and circulate them [...]. The Universal Network of Documentation is called on to organise the liason of these reservoirs and repertories, of producers and users. The ultimate goal is to realise the World Encyclopedia according to the needs of the twentieth century.[15] (p. 357) (my emphasis)

Paul Ricoeur[edit]

The Rule of Metaphor: Multi-Disciplinary Studies in the Creation of Meaning in Language
trans. by Robert Czerny, Kathleen McLaughlin and S. J., John Costello (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1978)

Stephen Robertson[edit]

Explicit and Implicit Variables in Information Retrieval Systems
Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 26(4): 214-22

Peter Russell[edit]

Peter Russell & Tony Buzan
Mind map
See also:
See also:


Tefko Saracevic

Relevance: A review of and a framework for thinking on the notion of information science.
Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 26(6): 321-343.

Roger Schank[edit]

The Structure of Episodes in Memory
In: D.G. Bobrow and A.N. Collins (eds.), Representation and Understanding, Academic Press, New York, 237-272.
  • (1977) Scripts, Plans, Goals and Understanding: An Inquiry into Human Knowledge Structures. Hillsdale (with Robert P. Abelson)
  • (1986) Explanation Patterns. Hillsdale, Erlbaum.
  • (1990) Tell Me A Story: A New Look at Real and Artificial Memory. Scribners.
    People learn very easily from stories -- so easily that they can be taught to firmly believe things that aren't true, as Schank notes in passing.
  • case based reasoning
  • Homepage

John Searle[edit]

Indirect Speech Acts
In: Peter Cole (1975): pp. 59-82 (Reprinted in Pragmatics: A Reader, ed. S. Davis, pp. 265–277. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991)

Martin Seligman[edit]

Helplessness: On Depression, Development, and Death
W.H. Freeman, San Francisco.

Steven Shapin[edit]

Phrenological Knowledge and the Social Structure of Early Nineteenth-Century Edinburgh
Annals of Science, 32: 219-243


Vladimir Slamecka (1975).

Pragmatic observations on theoretical research in information science.
Journal of the American Society of Information Science 26:318-320.

Elliott Sober[edit]

Oxford University Press

Dan Sperber[edit]

Rethinking Symbolism
Original © 1974. Alice L. Morton (trans.) 1975.
Cambridge University Press, 1975
Google [9] The back matter includes part of Edmund Leach's review for The Time Literary Supplement. See /Sperber.

Leo Strauss[edit]

The Argument and the Action of Plato's Laws
University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1975
Political Philosophy: Six Essays by Leo Strauss
Bobbs-Merrill, Indianapolis, 1975 (ed. by Hilail Gilden)

Patrick Suppes[edit]

The School of the Future: Technological Possibilities
In: L. Rubin (ed.), The Future of Education: Perspectives on Tomorrow's Schooling, Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 145-157.
From Behaviorism to Neobehaviorism
Theory and Decision, 6, 269-285.

Peter Unger[edit]

Ignorance: A Case for Skepticism
Oxford University Press

Roberto Unger[edit]

Knowledge and Politics
Free Press

Gerald Weinberg[edit]

An Introduction to General Systems Thinking

George Wells[edit]

Did Jesus Exist?
Prometheus Books
  • Wells "avoids polemic and speculation" and argues there was no historical evidence of Jesus existing.

Edward Wilson[edit]

Sociobiology: The New Synthesis


Marshall C. Yovits (1975)

A theoretical framework for the development of information science.
In: International Federation for Documentation (FID) Study Committee: Research on the Theoretical Basis of Information, 24-26 April 1974, Moscow. FID 530 (pp. 90-114). Moscow: VINITI, 1975.
  • (1969). "Information science: Toward the development of a true scientific discipline." American Documentation Vol. 20, pp. 369-376.
  • A. I. Mikhailov, A. I. Chernyi & R. S. Giliarevskii (1969). "Informatics: Its Scope and Methods." In: On Theoretical Problems of Informatics. FID 435 (pp. 7-24). Moscow: VINITI, 1969.


  1. ^ Center for the Study of Reading
  2. ^ See also 2000#John Brown
  3. ^ Don't be confused with Jaime G. Carbonell, though both appear associated at least by a co-authorship, e.g., References, 14. E.H. Warnock, J.R. Carbonell, J.G. Carbonell, "Discussing Maps with a Computer" (In preparation, c.1973). ACM See also: Allan M. Collins#Confusing co-authors Jaime Carbonell
  4. ^ 1979#Andrew Ortony
  5. ^ Curriculum Vitae
  6. ^ Harold D. Lasswell (1975). "Constraints on the Use of Knowledge in Decision Making." In: Manfred Kochen (ed.) Information for Action: From Knowledge to Wisdom. New York: Academic Press. pp. 161-169.
  7. ^ Harold D. Lasswell (1975). "The Future of Government and Politics in the United States." In: Louis Rubin (ed.), The Future of Education: Perspectives on Tomorrow's Schooling. Boston: Allyn & Bacon. pp. 1-21.
  8. ^ Myres S. McDougal, Harold D. Lasswell, and Lung-chu Chen (1975). "Non-conforming Political Opinion and Human Rights: Transnational Protection against Discrimination." In: Yale Studies in World Public Order 2.1: pp. 1-31.
  9. ^ Myres S. Mcdougal, Harold D. Lasswell, and Lung-chu Chen (1975). "The Protection of Respect and Human right: Freedom of Choice and World Public Order." American University Law Review 24 (1975): 919-1086.
  10. ^ Warren F. Ilchman, Harold D. Lasswell, John D. Montgomery, and Myron Weiner (eds.) Policy Sciences and Population. Lexington, MA: Lexigton Books. 1975.
  11. ^ Harold D. Lasswell (1975). "Population Change and policy Sciences: Proposed Workshops on Reciprocal Impact Analysis." In: Warren F. Ilchman, Harold D. Lasswell, John D. Montgomery, and Myron Weiner (eds.) Policy Sciences and Population. Lexington, MA: Lexigton Books. pp. 117-135.
  12. ^ Pocock details its genesis, credited to Peter Laslett.
  13. ^ Mistaken for International Institute of Intellectual Cooperation, later UNESCO.
  14. ^ 45. For an account of this Congress with its resolutions on the Universal Network for Documentation and incidental references to Otlet and La Fontaine see "Congres Mondial de Documentation, Paris, 16—21 aout, 1937," IIiD Communicationes, IV Fasc. Ill (1937), passim but especially pp. 16—18.
  15. ^ 47. "Le Cangres Mondial de la Documentation". This is a single page of typescript in the Otletaneum dated 1937.09.20 and signed Paul Otlet.
  16. ^ Peter Russell (1982). The Awakening Earth: The Global Brain. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.