- 1 David Annis
- 2 Chris Argyris
- 3 Isaiah Berlin
- 4 Joan Box
- 5 James Burke
- 6 Susan Carey
- 7 Curtis Carlson
- 8 Stanley Cavell
- 9 Anthony Cawkell
- 10 Vinton Cerf
- 11 University of Chicago
- 12 Peter Cole
- 13 Michael Dummett
- 14 Erving Goffman
- 15 Alvin Goldman
- 16 Charles Hardwick
- 17 Stevan Harnad
- 18 Arthur Koestler
- 19 Alan Mayne
- 20 James Grier Miller
- 21 Josef Moneta
- 22 Guy Murchie
- 23 Arthur Peacocke
- 24 Ithiel Pool
- 25 Eleanor Rosch
- 26 Quentin Skinner
- 27 Susan Sontag
- 28 Edward Thompson
- 29 Victor Turner
- 30 Lev Vygotsky
- 31 Hayden White
- 32 References
- A Contextualist Theory of Epistemic Justification
- American Philosophical Quarterly, 15(3): 213-219
- Organizational Learning: A Theory of Action Perspective
- with Donald Schön, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA
- Organizational learning, learning organization
- Second-order cybernetics
- James March (1976) Ambiguity and Choice in Organizations
- Nancy Schön
- Concepts and Categories: Philosophical Essays
- Hogarth Press
- Russian Thinkers
- ed. with Aileen Kelly, Hogarth Press
- Vico and Herder: Two Studies in the History of Ideas (Chato and Windass, 1976)
- Against the Current: Essays in the History of Ideas (Hogarth Press, 1979)
- Personal Impressions (Hogarth Press, 1980)
- R. A. Fisher: The Life of a Scientist
- Wiley, New York
- Connections: Alternative History of Technology
- Time Warner International
- 10-part documentary series, first aired on the BBC.
- and Elsa Bartlett
- Acquiring a Single New Word
- Papers and Reports on Child Language Development 15: 17–29. pdf ERIC
- Visibility of Displayed Information
- Office of Naval Research
- ASIN: B00071CPXW
- by Curtis R Carlson, Roger W Cohen, RCA Laboratories
- ``Prepared by RCA Laboratories, Princeton, N.J. for the Office of Naval Research under Contract no. N00014-74-C-0184, ONR task 213-137.``
- (2006) Innovation
- The Claim of Reason: Wittgenstein, Skepticism, Morality, and Tragedy
- forms the centerpiece of his work, which has its origins in his doctoral dissertation.
- Analysing Information-Flow in Science and Technology with Citation Networks
- Jerusalem Conference on Information Technology 1978: 427-435
- Issues in Packet-Network Interconnection
- Proceedings of the IEEE (November 1978) pp. 1386-1408 (with Peter T. Kirstein)
- Special Issue: On Metaphor
- Critical Inquiry, vol. 5, no. 1
- Table of Contents
- Ted Cohen: "Metaphor and the Cultivation of Intimacy"
- Paul de Man: "The Epistemology of Metaphor"
- Donald Davidson: "What Metaphors Mean"
- Wayne C. Booth: "Metaphor as Rhetoric: The Problem of Evaluation"
- Karsten Harries: "Metaphor and Transcendence"
- David Tracy: "Metaphor and Religion: The Test Case of Christian Texts"
- Richard Shiff: "Art and Life: A Metaphoric Relationship"
- Howard Gardner and Ellen Winner: "The Development of Metaphoric Competence: Implications for Humanistic Disciplines"
- Paul Ricoeur: "The Metaphorical Process as Cognition, Imagination, and Feeling"
- AFTERTHOUGHTS ON METAPHOR
- I. W. V. Quine: "A Postscript on Metaphor"
- II. Don R. Swanson: "Toward a Psychology of Metaphor"
- III. Karsten Harries: "The Many Uses of Metaphor"
- IV. Wayne C. Booth: "Ten Literal 'Theses'"
- CRITICAL RESPONSE
- I. Margaret Schaefer: "Psychoanalysis and the Marionette Theater: Interpretation Is Not Depreciation"
- II. Heinz Kohut: "A Reply to Maragaret Schaefer"
- Kenneth Burke: "A Critical Load, Beyond That Door..."
- Syntax and Semantics, vol. 9 (ed., New York: Academic Press)
- Truth and Other Enigmas
- Harvard University Press
- (1963) "Realism," pp. 145-165
- (1967) "Platonism," pp. 202-214
- (1977) Elements of Intuitionism, Oxford
- Realism, intuitionism or Anti-realism, intuitionist logic, significs group, significs, symbol grounding
- Response Cries
- Language, vol. 54, pp. 787-815. Reprinted in: Erving Goffman (1981) Forms of Talk (University of Pennsylvania Press) pp. 78-123
- Utterances are not housed in paragraphs but in turns at talk, occasions implying a temporary taking of the floor as well as an alternation of takers.1 Turns themselves are naturally coupled into two-party interchanges. Interchanges are linked in runs marked off by some sort of topicality. One or more of these topical runs make up the body of a conversation. This interactionist view assumes that every utterance is either a statement establishing the next speaker's words as a reply, or a reply to what the prior speaker has just established, or a mixture of both. Utterances, then, do not stand by themselves, indeed, often make no sense when so heard, but are constructed and timed to support the close social collaboration of speech turn-taking. In nature, the spoken word is only to be found in verbal interplay, being integrally designed for such collective habitats. (p. 78) 
- Symbolic interactionism
- Paul Grice (1975) "Logic and Conversation" (implicature)
- John Searle (1975) "Indirect speech act"
- Epistemics: The Regulative Theory of Cognition
- The Journal of Philosophy, 75: 509-523
- Semiotics and Significs: Correspondence Between Charles S. Peirce and Lady Victoria Welby
- This journal, modeled on Current Anthropology, covers all area of the biobehavioral and cognitive sciences (psychology, neuroscience, behavioral biology, cognitive science, artificial intelligence, linguistics, philosophy) and articles are judged by four or more referees to be of sufficient importance and interdisciplinary scope to merit Open Peer Commentary.
- symbol grounding
- Janus: A Summing Up
- Prospects for a World-Wide Information Network
- SPUR News, No. 10, Supplement, p. 22.
- Alan J. Mayne (1994). "Critical Introduction", pp. 1-70, and an annotated Bibliography pp. 155-180, of H. G. Wells, World Brain: H. G. Wells on the Future of World Education, Adamantine Press, London, U. K.
- Living Systems
- McGraw-Hill, New York
- Information Technology 78
- Proceedings of the 3rd Jerusalem Conference on Information Technology (JCIT3), Jerusalem, August 6-9, 1978
- North-Holland, 1978, ISBN 0-444-85192-5
- The Seven Mysteries of Life
- Creation and the World of Science: The Re-shaping of Belief
- Oxford University Press, 2004
- Bampton Lectures, 1978
- Contacts and Influence
- Social Networks 1(1): 5-51. (With Manfred Kochen).
- Manfred Kochen (Jan. 1, 1989). The Small World: A Volume of Recent Research Advances Commemorating Ithiel de Sola Pool, Stanley Milgram, Theodore Newcomb. (ed. with Brenda Dervin)
- Principles of Categorization
- In: Eleanor Rosch and Barbara Lloyd (ed.) Cognition and Categorization ( Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum) pp. 27-48
- The Foundations of Modern Political Thought
- Volume I: The Renaissance
- Volume II: The Age of Reformation
- Cambridge University Press, 1978
- ``The 'Cambridge School' is best known for its attention to the 'languages' of political thought. Skinner's [...] contribution was [...] a theory of interpretation [for] recovering the author's intentions in writing classic works of political theory (Machiavelli, Thomas More, and Thomas Hobbes have been continuing preoccupations). This theory was [...] speech act theory. One of the consequences [...] is an emphasis on the necessity of studying less well-known political writers as a means of shedding light on the classic authors. A further consequence has been an attack on the uncritical assumption that political classics are monolithic and free-standing. In its earlier versions this added up to an attack [...] particularly on [the approach] of Leo Strauss.``
- ``In [...] his earlier and biting critiques of anachronism in the history of ideas, he now advances the view that one purpose of studying the history of political thought is to excavate past ideas in order to reassert their potential importance in modern political debate. Nevertheless, at one point he wrote that we moderns must "do more thinking on our own."``
- James Tully ed. (1988) Meaning and Context: Quentin Skinner and his Critics, Polity Press and Princeton University Press.
- J. G. A. Pocock#The 'Cambridge School' (contextualism)
- Oxford School of ordinary language philosophy
- Stanford School
- Harvard's Center for Cognitive Studies
- Illness As Metaphor
- Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York
- ``Susan Sontag describes the military metaphors applied to disease, the alien invaders that breach bodily defense systems necessitating surgical, chemical, or radiation counterattacks. The frontline in the cultural war against death is the medical establishment.`` -- Excerpt from: Metaphors and Euphemisms
- ``Susan Sontag ... wrote compellingly about the need for "an elucidation of ... metaphors, and a liberation from them", at least particular ones. What was on her mind was the problem of the constraints on the potentially doable which inevitably arise from the words we use to make sense of things, and the associated limited array of possible actions which the words represent and evoke. Sontag understood that there could not be a "war" on cancer, and suggested that then current modes of thinking about cancer (and other illnesses) in turn reflected unproductive and potentially dangerous constraints on one's thinking due to the use of military metaphors.`` -- Excerpt from: War Is a Bad Metaphor
- The Poverty of Theory
- famously describes counterfactualism as "unhistorical shit") which attacked the structuralist Marxism of Louis Althusser and his followers in Britain on New Left Review, and which provoked a book-length response from Perry Anderson, Arguments Within English Marxism.
During the late 1970s he acquired a large public audience as a critic of the then Labour government's disregard of civil liberties; his writings from this time are collected in Writing By Candlelight (1980).
- Image and Pilgrimage in Christian Culture
- with Edith Turner
- "implicational meanings" of pilgrimage behavior
- Mind and Society: The Development of Higher Mental Processes
- Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA
- Tropics of Discourse: Essays in Cultural Criticism
- The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London
- Cf. Hayden White (1973) Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe (The Johns Hopkins UP) (Review below)
White extended the use of tropes from a linguistic usage -- figures of style -- to general styles of discourse, underlying every historian`s writing of history. He believed histories to be determined by tropes, in as much as the historiography of every period is defined by a specific trope. For White, the metaphor may be the most useful trope, and historical explanation "can be judged solely in terms of the richness of the metaphors which govern its sequence of articulation" (Tropics of Discourse 46). White used the work of historians and philosophers of history in the nineteenth century - specifically, that of G. W. F. Hegel, Jules Michelet, Leopold von Ranke, Alexis de Tocqueville, Jacob Burkhardt, Karl Marx, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Benedetto Croce - as embodiments of particular historiographical tropes and political/moral aims.
- 1. Grateful acknowledgment is made to Language, where this paper first appeared (54[ 1978]:787-815). Without specific acknowledgment I have incorporated a very large number of suggestions, both general and specific, provided by John Carey, Lee Ann Draud, John Fought, Rochel Gelman, Allen Grimshaw, Gail Jefferson, William Labov, Gillian Sankoff, Joel Sherzer, W. John Smith, and an anonymous reviewer. I am grateful to this community of help; with it I have been able to progress from theft to pillage. Comments on broadcasters' talk are based on a study reported in this volume.
- Retrieved 8/28/2007 from http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=9490550
- Anthony Pagden, ed., The Languages of Political Theory in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge: 1987); J.G.A. Pocock#The 'Cambridge School'.
- This may suggest that he was not contextualist at first.