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Michael Arbib[edit]

Michael A. Arbib, Jane Hill & Jeffrey T. Conklin

From Schema Theory to Language
Oxford University Press

Mary Bateson[edit]

Angels Fear: An Investigation Into the Nature and Meaning of the Sacred
London: Rider, New York: Macmillian. ISBN 0-02-507670-1 (with Gregory Bateson) review


Allan Bloom (1987).
The Closing of the American Mind. Simon and Schuster, New York

  • Giants and Dwarfs: Essays, 1960-1990 (Touchstone Books, 1991)
  • Mortimer Adler (1988). Reforming Education: The Opening of the American Mind.
  • Paideia Proposal, Socratic method, Encyclopaedia Britannica
  • Leo Strauss, Saul Bellow, Socratic Irony, Great Books
  • ``Allan Bloom, a classicist and Greek scholar now best known for his controversial The Closing of the American Mind, was harshly critical of Ryle, writing: "In themselves Ryle's opinions are beneath consideration, but they do deserve diagnosis as a symptom of a sickness which is corrupting our understanding of old writers and depriving a generation of their liberating influence . . . Such scholarship should give us pause, for Ryle is held by many to be one of the preeminent professors of philosophy in the Anglo-Saxon world."[1] Bloom's central criticism indicts Ryle for anachronistically "Aristotelianizing" Platonic texts, thereby putting them through an artificial "analytic strainer." According to Bloom, this mediation vitiates the content of Plato's text by "torturing Plato to conform to a dogmatic starting point," rather than entering at the natural beginning.`` -- from Gilbert Ryle

Jay Bolter[edit]

a hypertext authoring system, co-authored with Michael Joyce, presented at the first Association for Computing Machinery hypertext conference; cf. Michael Joyce (1987)

RH Brown[edit]

Society as Text: Essays on Reason, Rhetoric, and Reality
The University of Chicago Press.
  • Richard Harvey Brown, professor of sociology at the University of Maryland, is the author of A Poetic for Sociology, and Social science as civic discourse: essays on the invention, legitimation, and uses of social theory (1989), both published by the University of Chicago Press.

Jeff Conklin[edit]

Jeffrey T. Conklin (1987)

Hypertext: An Introduction and Survey
Computer (September 1987) 20(9): 17-41. ACM
  • Conklin, J. A survey of hypertext. Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation (MCC) Tech. Rep. STP-356-86, Austin, Tex., Oct. 1986.

Jeffrey T. Conklin & Michael L. Begeman, MCC

gIBIS: A hypertext tool for team design deliberation
Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Hypertext, Chapel Hill, NC, 1987. Pages 247-251.
This paper introduces an application-specific hypertext system designed to facilitate the capture of early design deliberations, which implements a specific design method called Issue Based Information Systems (IBIS). The hypertext system described here, gIBIS(for graphical IBIS), makes use of color and a high speed relational database server to facilitate building and browsing typed IBIS networks. Further, gIBIS is designed to support the collaborative construction of these networks by any number of cooperating team members spread across a local area network. Early experiments suggest that the gIBIS tool, while still incomplete, forges a good match between graphical interface and design method even in this experimental version. ACM

Michael A. Arbib, Jane Hill & Jeffrey T. Conklin (1987)

From Schema Theory to Language
Oxford University Press

Ernst von Glasersfeld[edit]

The Construction of Knowledge
Contributions to Conceptual Semantics

Abraham Goodman[edit]

The "world brain/world encyclopaedia" concept: its historical roots and the contributions of H.J.A. Goodman to the ongoing evolution and implementation of the concept.
ASIS'87: Proceedings 50th Annual Meeting American Society Information Science. pp.91-98. Learned Information, Medford, New Jersey,

Ken Ham[edit]

The Lie: Evolution
subtitled "Genesis - the Key to defending your faith"
Master Books (ISBN 0-89051-158-6)

John Hutchins[edit]

Summarization: Some Problems and Methods
From: Meaning: the frontier of informatics. Informatics 9. Proceedings of a conference jointly sponsored by Aslib, the Aslib Informatics Group, and the Information Retrieval Specialist Group of the British Computer Society, King's College Cambridge, 26-27 March 1987; edited by Kevin P. Jones. (London: Aslib, 1987), p. 151-173. PDF

Mark Johnson[edit]

The Body in the Mind: The Bodily Basis of Meaning, Imagination, and Reason
University of Chicago Press

Michael Joyce[edit]

Afternoon: a story
a work of electronic literature written in 1987 as a demonstration of the hypertext authoring system Storyspace; published by Eastgate Systems in 1990; known as the first hypertext fiction; cf. Jay Bolter (1987)

Manfred Kochen[edit]

How Well Do We Acknowledge Intellectual Debts?
Journal of Documentation, 43(1): 54-64. [1]

George Lakoff[edit]

Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things: What Categories Reveal about the Mind
University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Ronald Langacker[edit]

Foundations of Cognitive Grammar, Volume I, Theoretical Prerequisites
Stanford University Press, Stanford, California, 1987. ISBN 0-8047-1261-1.
  • Volume II, Descriptive Application, 1991. ISBN 0-8047-1909-8.
  • Concept, Image, and Symbol: The Cognitive Basis of Grammar, Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin & New York, 1991. ISBN 3-11-012863-2, ISBN 0-89925-820-4.
  • cognitive grammar

Bruno Latour[edit]

Science In Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers Through Society
Harvard University Press, Cambridge Mass.


John Laird

Soar: An Architecture for General Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence, 33: 1-64. (with Allen Newell and Paul Rosenbloom)
See also


H. Christopher Longuet-Higgins (1987)

Mental Processes: Studies in Cognitive Science
The MIT Press


Humberto Maturana & Flores Varela (1987).
The Tree of Knowledge: The Biological Roots of Human Understanding. Boston: Shambhala Publications.


Allen Newell (1987).
Unified Theories of Cognition. (The William James Lectures).

Willard Quine[edit]

Quiddities: An Intermittently Philosophical Dictionary
Harvard University Press

John Rawls[edit]

The Idea of an Overlapping Consensus
Oxford Journal for Legal Studies, 7(1): 1-25

Stephen Schiffer[edit]

Remnants of Meaning
MIT Press

Lucy Suchman[edit]

Plans and Situated Actions: The Problem of Human-Machine Communication
Cambridge University Press, New York
  • Cf. situated cognition.
  • ``Which came first, the action or the plan? The plan, you probably say even without a moments hesitation. This is, however, according to Suchman (1987) a poor way of understanding what really happens when a person sets out to do something. She says that it is only when we have to account for our actions that we fit them into the framework of a plan. Actions are to a great extent linked to the specific situation at hand and are therefore hard to predict by using generic rules. Action, as well as learning, understanding and remembering, is situated.`` [4]


  1. ^ Allan Bloom (April 9, 1970). "Plato". The New York Review of Books, 14(7)
  2. ^ Moravcsik M J & Murugesan P. "Some results on the function and quality of citations." Soc. Stud. Sci. 5:85-92. 1975.