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State v. Tinno was a Idaho Supreme Court case in which...


In 1972, A Lemhi man named Gerald Tinno was caught fishing illegally along the Yankee Fork of the Salmon River in Idaho. His charges were dismissed after the court had found that his fishing and hunting rights were protected under the Fort Bridger treaty of 1868.[1]

The Fort Bridger Treaty of 1868, was originally written so it would reserve a portion of land for the Shoshone-Bannock tribes that were on the Fort Hall Reservation. The location was intended to be in the Great Camas Prairie located in South-Central Idaho. Although the Shoshone-Bannocks have defended their rights covered under the original treaty and continue to use the land, the U.S. still hasn't established the reservation. Through the use of numerous legal cases and cultural claims, the Camas Prairie lands continue to remain one of Idaho's unfinished issues regarding Indian tribes.[2]

This case along with many others, continue to be fundamental tools when dealing with Indian land rights that are covered under the various treaties between the U.S. and Indian tribes.


  1. ^ Orlan, Svingen. "Associate Professor of History". Sacajawea's People: Who Are the Lemhi And Where Is Their Home?. 
  2. ^ Smoak, Gregory L. "Assistant Professor of History Colorado State University". Boise State University Idaho Issues Online. Retrieved Fall 2004.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)