From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Superfund site
List of Superfund sites

is a hazardous waste site in [[]]. After assessment by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) it was added to the National Priorities List in for long-term remedial action. The site cleanup is directed by the federal Superfund program.




See also[edit]

External media[edit]

Horizon is an electronic point of sale (EPOS) accounting system developed by ICL/Fujitsu Services for use by the Post Office in the UK.[1] Intended to computerise post office retail operations and integrate with the Department of Social Security to enable benefits to be collected over the counter using smart cards, the project was announced in 1995.[2][3] The consortium awarded the contract to develop and install the system was led by ICL and Fujitsu and included Girobank, De La Rue, Microsoft, BT and An Post, the Irish post office.[4][5] Integration with the benefits system and the computerisation of social security payments (totalling £1 billion annually) to around 20 million claimants was expected to reduce fraud, leading to annual savings of up to £150 million.[4][5][6] The scheme was initially called Pathway, with the name chosen to reflect "opening the way to full-scale automation by creating a new retail system for post offices."[7]

The Horizon project was announced by Peter Lilley, the Secretary of State for Social Security, at the Conservative Party conference in 1995 "with a promise it would be up and running within three years and saving the taxpayer £150 million in fraudulent benefit claims."[8] At the time it was one of the largest and "most ambitious" projects to be awarded under the Private finance initiative (PFI), exceeded only by the Channel Tunnel Rail Link, and was Europe's largest automation scheme.[7][8]

The contract was awarded to ICL in May 1996. Under the terms of the PFI the projected cost of £1 billion was to be met by the private-sector partners and recovered by a contribution from the expected savings from fraud reduction and a small charge applied to each transaction using the system.[8][9]


  1. ^ Flinders, Karl (8 July 2013). "Post Office Horizon system investigation reveals concerns". Computer Weekly. London. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  2. ^ King, Leo (13 July 2009). "Post Office Horizon system criticised by MPs". Computerworld UK. London. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  3. ^ "Case Study: ICL/Fujitsu". Integrity Software Solutions. Croydon. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "GIROS HAVE HAD THEIR CARDS". Daily Record. Glasgow. 16 May 1996. p. 11. 
  5. ^ a b "WHAT'S NEWS INTERNATIONAL". The Globe & Mail. Toronto. 16 May 1996. p. B12. 
  6. ^ Bowen, David (26 May 1996). "PCs go out with the post; David Bowen examines ICL's radical change of strategy". Independent on Sunday. London. p. B7. 
  7. ^ a b Lorenz, Andrew (12 July 1998). "Post offices face the axe". The Sunday Times. London. p. 1. 
  8. ^ a b c Harrison, Michael (11 May 1999). "ICL stumbles on Pathway to hell: The £1.5bn scheme to computerise benefit payments may be IT's most expensive flop". The Independent. London. p. 19. 
  9. ^ Gosling, Paul (5 June 1996). "A path to smart systems; Public sector finance: Paul Gosling on a new scheme to cut benefit fraud". The Independent. London. p. 15. 
Witness Yusef Abdullahi John Actie Ronnie Actie Tony Paris Stephen Miller Tony Miller Rashid Omar Martin Tucker Tony Brace Jack Ellis Unknown
black male
white male
Leanne Vilday Yes No Yes No Yes No No Yes No No Yes No
Angela Psaila Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes No No