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Hi, I'm LightandDark2000 (or BlueHypercane761 on Wikimedia Commons). I am deeply fascinated with science, and I enjoy editing articles related to tropical cyclones, as well as other articles with topics that interest me. I live in California, and I also have an interest in electronics and computer-related stuff. I am always trying to improve Wikipedia, and I constantly try to keep articles vandalism-free. My featured images also aren't permanent. There will probably be an image that I may keep up for a really long time, but if I feel like it, I may rotate or switch the image. Also, if any of the previous images were really good in my opinion (or depicted major things or events) you can find them in the image gallery below.

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A close-up image of what the future Andromeda–Milky Way collision may look like.
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vn-6 This user page has been vandalized 6 times.
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A Barnstar for you![edit]

Barnstar of Reversion Hires.png The Anti-Vandalism Barnstar
Dear LightandDark2000, you have been editing Wikipedia for several months now, and I noticed that in your contributions, you often revert vandalism, surprisingly without a wiki account! You deserve the Anti-Vandalism Barnstar, for all your efforts. But I noticed that you often attack users who vandalize pages. Please warn them only when they commit more than one acts of vandalism, and be polite and welcoming to the new users. Thank You. I award you this Barnstar, so that you can be a better Wikipedian! Keep up the good work! Earth100 (talk) 12:32, 1 June 2012 (UTC)

Vandals Watched

A beer for you![edit]

Export hell seidel steiner.png So sorry to hear that you've been harassed by User:Mr Wiki Pro's newest sockpuppet. You're not alone. He's been doing the EXACT same things to me! Hang in there; keep reporting him every time he makes his presence known, if he's not blocked by then. Meanwhile, here's a beer to cheer you up!  :) —This lousy T-shirt— (talk) 06:31, 14 April 2014 (UTC)

A cheese wheel for you![edit]

Cheese Wheel illustration.png A hard-earned cheese wheel of the finest quality
Enjoy this cheese wheel for your hard work fighting vandalism.... you've earned it! Dustin (talk) 03:28, 7 June 2014 (UTC)

A cheeseburger for you![edit]

Cheeseburger.png For edits at War on Terror, I hereby present to you this cheeseburger. May it fuel your continued edits on Wikipedia. RightCowLeftCoast (talk) 05:45, 5 February 2015 (UTC)

A barnstar for you![edit]

Original Barnstar Hires.png The Original Barnstar
Good work on the (2015 Egyptian military intervention in Libya) article. Hashima20 (talk) 08:54, 21 February 2015 (UTC)

Some falafel for you![edit]

Falafel award.png Thanks for the fine edits to the Syria map. You corrected several errors that were present. Pbfreespace3 (talk) 00:23, 16 June 2015 (UTC)

Barnstar for being such a tireless map updater[edit]

Original Barnstar.png The Original Barnstar (talk) 16:34, 24 June 2015 (UTC)

A barnstar for you![edit]

Special Barnstar Hires.png The Special Barnstar
I just want to thank you for being civil. I hope I didn't come across as mean, because I didn't mean it that way. I just want to make sure the wiki map stays within encyclopedic standards. Thanks for the compromise. Pbfreespace3 (talk) 21:03, 13 August 2015 (UTC)

Tropical Cyclone/Weather agencies links[edit]

RSMC/TCWC - NHC, CPHC, JMA, JMA Marine Bulletins IMD, MFR, BMG, BOM, FMS, Well
Other links - IRC, Philippines NDRRMC, GMDSS, WX Trop, MT Archive, NRL imagery, Dundee, Temporary TC advisory archive, NOAA Ocean Coverage Satellite Imagery, Eastern Pacific Tropical Weather Discussion, WPC North America Surface Analysis/Satellite Composite maps, Ten Spider Weather - Tropical Cyclone, Typhoon & Hurricane Tracking
Running Best Tracks - JTWC/NHC RBT, NHC RBT.

Current Events[edit]

Cold War II (August 2008–Present)[edit]

The Second Cold War (which began on August 7, 2008 at the start of the Russo-Georgian War) escalated during the 2014 conflicts and civil unrest in Ukraine. The Russian actions towards the events escalated tensions between the United States and Russia, which may spark World War III. On March 21, 2014, Russian annexed Crimea, leading to a heightened escalation in tensions between Ukraine and Russia. On May 8, 2014, and later in mid-June 2014, Russia began flying fighter jets off the coast of California and Guam, preparing for a possible military strike.[1] In response, President Obama visited military leaders in California on May 9, to debrief them on the Russian threats. In the first week of June 2014, Russian fighter jets began making passes over U.S. military vehicles, likely in preparation for an attack. On April 23, a Russian fighter jet passed within 100 feet of a U.S. military plane, and tilted itself just enough so that the U.S. crew could see that the plane was armed with missiles.[2] Earlier in April, a Russian fighter plane had made a dozen passes over the USS Donald Cook, [3] in addition to multiple flights over or near the border of many NATO nations. The Government declared that this flight put the lives of the entire U.S. crew in jeopardy. If displays of aggression like these continue, a Russian attack may not be that far off the horizon. On July 17, 2014, the Pro-Russian rebels shot down Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 over Ukraine, using missiles supplied by Russia. This resulted in a heightening of tensions between Russia and NATO, as well as additional measures to circumvent flights passing over Ukraine. On July 27, 2014, Russia began firing missiles over the Ukrainian border into Eastern Ukraine, in support of the Pro-Russian rebels. This may lead to a full-scale war if Ukraine decides to retaliate.

On January 2, 2015, the US began imposing sanctions on North Korea, due to their involvement in the Sony hack involving the movie The Interview.[4]

On January 29, 2015, two Russian bomber jets were intercepted by the British Royal Air Force over the English Channel, forcing civilian flights within the region to be re-routed.[5] This escalated already strained NATO–Russia relations even further, and caused more panic over the fears of possible Russian aircraft collisions with civilian aircraft. This was the latest of Russia's "dark" military flights (as of January 29, 2015), which have jeopardized civilian lives and escalated tensions to Cold War-levels. NATO reported having intercepted over 100 Russian military flights in 2014, over 3 times the amount in 2013.

The scheduled summit at Minsk, attended by both foreign leaders and leaders in the War on Donbass, met on 11 February which resulted in the signing of a new package of peacemaking measures, called Minsk II, on 12 February.[6] The plan, similar in content to the failed Minsk Protocol, called for an unconditional ceasefire, to begin on 15 February, amongst many other measures.[6][7]

Debaltseve, one of the sites where the ceasefire was not implemented (and the site of the heaviest fighting around the time of Minsk II' implementation), was captured by the Donetsk People's Republic of Novorossiya on February 18, 2015. After capturing the city, they announced that they would be withdrawing their heavy artillery as required by Minsk II.[8]

2011–15 California Climate Change Crisis[edit]

Beginning on May 13, 2014, (with one fire igniting earlier on May 5) the worst wildfires to ravage San Diego County since the October 2007 Witch Creek Fire ignited. Over 20 wildfires were ignited and 29,338 acres of land was burned. Thousands were forced to evacuate from the worst of the fires over the course of 4 days, homes and property were destroyed by some of the largest of the wildfires. 6 people, mainly firefighters, were injured, and 1 person was confirmed to be dead. Most of those wildfires were ignited by wind-blown embers from the Bernardo Fire (the first one to ignite), which were all collectively dubbed as the San Diego Complex Fire by CAL FIRE and some other news agencies, beginning on May 15, 2014. The last of the wildfires was finally extinguished on May 21, but cleanup and recovery efforts still continue in the region. The estimated cost for the firefighting efforts and the damage caused by the wildfires is currently at $60 million (2014 USD) dollars.

2013–15 Ebola Virus Outbreak[edit]

From December 2013 through 2015, the deadliest Ebola outbreak infected over 24,900 people in West Africa, Western Europe, and even the United States, with over 10,300 of them dead from the virus. This caused a race for vaccines and a cure, as well as mass hysteria across the US and other countries in the world.

In the United States, 4 people were infected (2 while in West Africa), two of whom died soon after their infection. The other two patients recovered by mid-November 2014. A possible Ebola patient entered San Diego County in early September 2014; however, he was quickly evacuated to a emergency treatment center in Sacramento, California.

The War on ISIL (February 2014–Present)[edit]

On February 3, 2014, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (also known by the acronym ISIS or ISIL), formerly known as al-Qaeda in Iraq, split from al-Qaeda and began a massive military campaign to conquer the entire region of the Levant and Greater Syria, causing thousands of civilians in Iraq and Syria to flee their homes. ISIL's campaigns also brought it into conflict with the al-Nusra Front, or al-Qaeda in Syria, despite several local truces and joint military operations at times.

On June 29, 2014, ISIL renamed itself to simply the Islamic State and declared itself to be a Worldwide Caliphate, with Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi as its Caliph, and claimed the entire world as its territory. ISIL then increased its campaigns in Iraq and Syria, conquering over a third of each country, and force 16 million people to live under its harsh version of Sharia rule. The ensuing conflicts caused over 400,000 Syrian civilians to flee to Turkey, to escape advancing ISIL forces. ISIL also managed to expand into Turkey, Lebanon, Libya, the Gaza Strip, the Sinai Peninsula, Pakistan, and the Philippines, mainly through pledges of allegiance from other terrorist groups already present in those countries (usually al-Qaeda branches). This prompted the United States to lead a Anti-ISIL coalition in an international military campaign against ISIL, in an attempt to destabilize and destroy the terrorist organization before it grew out of control.

In late September 2014, it was revealed that ISIL planned to kill 10 million Americans.[9]

In December 2014, it was revealed that the US planned to retake the city of Mosul in January 2015, 7 months after the Fall of Mosul in June 2014. Also, from December 17–22, the Kurds launched a massive offensive, breaking the Siege of Mount Sinjar and effectively retaking most of the villages in the Sinjar region, as well as pushing into the city of Sinjar itself.

On January 21, 2015, the planned Liberation of Mosul finally began, with the Kurdish Peshmerga retaking some nearby villages, cutting off of key supply route to Mosul, and opening up three fronts to the northwest of the city itself. Over 200 ISIL militants were killed on the first day of the Kurdish offensive. On February 4, 2015, Jordan joined the intervention in Iraq, launching a massive airstrike campaign in Mosul, in retaliation against ISIL's brutal killing of Jordanian pilot Muath al-Kasasbeh. The airstrikes killed 55 ISIL militants, including the chief ISIL senior commander in Mosul, who was known as the "Prince of Nineveh."

On February 1, 2015, Iraq's Prime Minister declared that the War on ISIL was effectively "World War III", due to ISIL's declaration of a Worldwide Caliphate, its aims to conquer the world, and its success in spreading the conflict to multiple countries outside of the Levant region.[10]

On 4 February 2015, Jordan began launching airstrikes on ISIL positions in Iraq, in retaliation for ISIL's brutal killing of Jordanian pilot Muath al-Kasasbeh. The airstrikes killed 55 ISIL militants in Mosul, including a senior ISIL commander known as the "Prince of Nineveh."[11]

On 5 February 2015, Jordan elevated its role in the US-led Coalition in Syria, launching one of the largest airstrike campaigns since early January 2015, targeting ISIL militants near Ar-Raqqah, the de facto ISIL capital, inflicting an unknown number of casualties and damaging ISIL facilities. This was done in retaliation against ISIL's brutal murder of Muath al-Kasasbeh.[12][13]

On 6 February, a continued round of Coalition airstrikes at Ar-Raqqah killed over 30 ISIL militants.[14]

On February 9, 2015, the Libyan town of Nofaliya fell to ISIL forces. Soon afterwards, the Libyan city of Sirte also fell, along with a military base to the south of Nofaliya and Sirte.

After ISIL killed 21 Egyptian Coptic Christians in Libya,[15] Egypt began conducting airstrikes on ISIL targets in Libya on 16 February 2015, killing a total of 64 ISIL militants (50 in Derna) by the end of that day.[16] Warplanes acting under orders from the "official" Libyan government also struck targets in Derna, reportedly in coordination with Egypt's airstrikes.[17] A Libyan official stated that more joint airstrikes would follow.[17] The airstrikes ended on February 18, with Egypt seeking more support from the US-led Coalition and the Arab World. The US and Italy also began conducting surveillance flights over Libya, due to concerns of further ISIL expansion.

On March 1, 2015, Iraqi Army forces and Shi'ite militias launched the Salahuddin offensive to liberate the Saladin Governorate from ISIL occupation. On the next day, 30,000 Iraqi Army soldiers, Sunni fighters, ad Shi'ite militiamen launched the Second Battle of Tikrit (March–April 2015), to recapture the city of Tikrit, the provincial capital of Salahuddin that was being held by 13,000 ISIL militants. On April 17, 2015, the battle finally ended in a decisive anti-ISIL victory.

On March 7, 2015, Boko Haram, a Nigeria-bases terrorist group, pledged allegiance to ISIL, giving ISIL an official presence in West Africa.

On March 19, 2015, the 4 concurrent insurgencies in Yemen (the al-Qaeda, Houthi, Southern Movement, and ISIL insurgencies) all merged into a single, full-blown conflict, the Yemeni Civil War. On March 25, 2015, after Houthi and Saleh loyalist forces pushed Hadi's Yemeni forces to the critical city of Aden, Saudi Arabia decided to lead the Gulf Cooperation Council and other Arab states in a military intervention against the Houthi forces. On April 1, 2015, the Southern Movement, whose territory was reduced to merely the Yemeni city of Ataq, decided to join forces with Hadi's internationally-recognized government, against the other warring factions. Ataq was captured by the Houthis on April 9. al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) decided to take advantage of the chaos, launching an offensive in the northern part of Yemen and the southeastern coastal region, initially capturing the city of Al Mukalla on April 2, only to lose half of the city to local Yemeni tribes on April 7, with the battle continuing afterwards. However, al-Qaeda eventually managed to capture the city on April 16. However, al-Qaeda also lost most of the territory it held in Yemen's southwestern region.

On March 30, 2015, Ansar al-Sharia in Libya and its leader, Abdullah Al-Libi, pledged allegiance to ISIL,[18] boosting ISIL's membership in Libya to 8,000 fighters.[19][20]

On April 8, 2015, the Iraqi Army and 10,000 Sunni tribal fighters launched the Anbar offensive (2015) to retake the Anbar Governorate. In response, ISIL executed 300 people and launched its own counter-offensive in kind, resulting in fierce clashes around Ramadi.

Recent Astronomical Events[edit]

The events of the rare 2014–2015 Blood Moon Tetrad are featured below. (See List of 21st-century lunar eclipses and List of solar eclipses in the 21st century for more info). Also included are other spectacular astronomical events that will be taking place in the meantime. Dates:

2014–2015 Lunar Tetrad

Corresponding Solar Eclipses

Supermoon Triad of Summer 2014

  • Supermoon of July 13, 2014 - A Golden Supermoon
  • Supermoon of August 10, 2014 - The largest Supermoon in the unusual triad of Supermoons in 2014
  • Supermoon of September 9, 2014 - The last of the Supermoons in 2014

Jupiter and Venus Conjunction Tetrad (2014–2016)!!!

Meteor Showers in 2015–2016

  • Perseids - August 11–13, 2015, peaking around August 11–12, just after midnight
  • Orionids - October 21–22, peaking during the early morning hours of October 22.
  • Leonids - November 17–18, peaking during the early morning hours of November 18.
  • Geminids - December 13–14, the most spectacular meteor shower of the year. It peaks between 2:30–3:30 AM PST, On December 14.
  • Quadrantids - January 2–3, 2016 peaking sharply during the early morning of January 3.
  • Lyrids - April 21–23, peaking from April 21–22. The visibility of this meteor shower was greatly diminished by the light from the moon.
  • Eta Aquariids - May 5–6, peaking just after midnight on May 6.
  • Southern Delta Aquariids - July 28–30, peaking during the early morning of July 30.
  • Perseids - August 11–13, 2014, peaking around August 12–13. This meteor shower's splendor was greatly diminished by the Supermoon of August 10.
  • Orionids - October 21–22, peaking during the early morning hours of October 22.
  • Leonids - November 17–18, peaking during the early morning hours of November 18.
  • Geminids - December 13–14, the most spectacular meteor shower of the year. It peaks between 2:30–3:30 AM PST, On December 14.

Other Events

  • Blood Moon of February 22, 2014 - An extremely rare Lunar Eclipse-like event in Southern California, during a large waning moon.
  • Blood Moon of July 29, 2014 - An extremely rare Lunar Eclipse-like event in Southern California, during a thin waxing moon.

Major Celestial Events

External Links

Fun Facts[edit]

Did you know...

  • That the Universe is approximately 94 billion light-years across in diameter?[21]
  • The Universe is currently expanding at a rate about 6.643 times faster than the speed of light? This means that the edge of the Universe itself is expanding at about 3.32 times faster than the speed of light. Also, despite the Universe' accelerating expansion rate, the expansion is actually decreasing in terms of the ratio of volume vs. the amount of expansion.[22]
  • That literal blue moons actually do occur? They are extremely rare, and it only happens during volcanic eruptions or large wildfires.[23]
  • Yellowstone's magma chamber is actually 2.5 times larger than scientists have originally thought? That makes Yellowstone's magma chamber about the same size it was during its last major eruption around 640,000 years ago.[24]
  • Scientists discovered the existence of Quadruple helix DNA on March 20, 2013?[25]
  • Black holes actually have a limit on how large they could become (about 50 billion solar masses at this time)? APM 08279+5255 is currently the most massive black hole known, with a mass of 23 billion Suns.[26]
  • Black holes eventually evaporate into planck-sized objects once they are no longer able to absorb any new material? When this happens, the black hole releases a large amount of energy in an explosion.[27]
  • Continent-size hurricanes, known as Hypercanes used to ravage the Earth (especially during the Holocene Epoch)? Those storms had winds at 500 mph, a low pressure around 700 millibars (21 inHg), and lasted for weeks on average. In fact, many cave systems and canyons exist today because of the erosion caused by these Hypercanes.
  • California is currently overdue for a Megastorm? If such a storm occurs, much of Central Valley will be submerged under 10 feet of water, and the event will result in at least $750 billion (2011 USD).
  • San Diego is actually overdue for a hurricane? Southern California actually has a history of being directly impacted by Tropical cyclones and hurricane-remnants, but it has been over 150 years since Southern California has actually been directly impacted by a hurricane.
  • The United States is currently $17.52 Trillion (2014 USD) in debt, despite what politicians say? About $5.949 trillion dollars of that debt belongs to foreign countries, of which $1.272 trillion belongs to China. This is actually the worst debt America has ever seen in its entire history.
  • Wikipedia is actually more reliable than most people believe? In fact, Wikipedia is one of the fastest-growing encyclopedias, with a higher correction rate than many other online encyclopedias. Despite the large amount of vandalism in many different areas, these are handled through administrative actions involving blocks.
  • The United States has at least 400 Neo-Nazis? (Yes, sadly, there are Nazis in the United States) As a matter of fact, after the failure of disciplinary action for many of the "lesser" Nazis during the Nuremberg trials, most of them went on to found various Neo-Nazi movements. Neo-Nazis in America have also founded their own institute, which exists even today and continues to deny the Holocaust. Additionally, despite the differences between the views of the various Neo-Nazi factions, most of the hardcore groups plan to: 1. Gain power in Germany and acquire Nuclear weapons. 2.) Use their new nuclear weapons to force the world to surrender and create a global Fourth Reich. 3.) Complete the elimination of all "inferior races" (well, you already know who the Nazis are going to target). 4.) Genetically engineer future "Aryan" generations into "perfect Superhumans" capable of unimaginable tasks. And finally, colonizing planets in the entire Milky Way Galaxy with their "Super-Aryans" to create a Galactic Reich.
  • There is actually a herbal treatment that can completely reverse the effects of Alzheimer's Disease (yes, it has been proven to work). Unfortunately, public pharmacies are quite greedy (naturally), and as a result, they try to restrict all information about such products and work to get them banned from the marketplace, because they want people to always come back regularly for useless drugs that only provide temporary relief for the symptoms (if any at all).
  • Genetic engineering can actually cure cancer and other genetic diseases once and for all? The problem is, the treatments haven't been completely perfected for all of the diseases (even though cancer treatments in this field have almost been nailed), and there is still quite a lot of opposition if varying places to this kind of technology.
  • Prions are misfolded proteins that actually cause any proteins they come into contact with to become new prions? Mad Cow Disease is actually caused by a prion. Prions cause the rapid degeneration of nervous tissue due to cellular destruction, until death occurs. Due to their small size, the body has no immune response to it, but scientists are currently working on a treatment to eliminate prions. Since the destruction prions cause start out slow, no symptoms are visible for the first several years, but by the time symptoms can be identified, it is already too late for the patient. For reasons scientists still do not understand, all known prions only target Nervous Cells.
  • HIV started out as SIV, which only infected monkeys, until it jumped over into humans during the early 1900s and mutated into HIV? Today, HIV is causing a global pandemic.
  • Allergies and other autoimmune diseases cannot be transmitted to another person (except through genetic inheritance from parents to their children)? This is because such diseases are genetic diseases meaning that they are not contagious because it is impossible for a person to acquire another person's genetic disease through normal means (unless the affected person somehow inserts their disease-causing gene into the other person's entire genome, which is impossible). Additionally, most people in the United States have some form of allergies. There is no cure at present for allergies or any autoimmune diseases; only drugs (and herbs) are available, which treat the symptoms of the diseases.
  • Many geniuses and inventors had some kind of Autism, or displayed erratic behavior. This includes many famous people that we recognize today, including Albert Einstein.
  • Contrary to popular belief, many kids in the younger generations of Americans are actually becoming shorter?
  • Certain drugs and vaccinations had toxic chemicals that eventually lead to cancer and/or Alzheimers?
  • Many food companies/restaurants use MSG as a flavor enhancer to open up your appetite, without ever telling you that it's there (including ingredient lists on food products)? Studies have shown that continued exposure to MSG leads to cancer and brain damage.
  • String theory has been the only possible candidate so far for a Theory of everything? String Theory, if proven, would effectively unite General relativity and Quantum mechanics, the 2 major fields encompassing all of the laws of physics. String Theory would also bridge the gap between Gravity and the other 3 Fundamental Forces, in addition to explaining its behavior. Although the M-theory (the most likely candidate for String Theory) requires 11 dimensions to work, it is most likely that we don't see the other 8 dimensions (including Time) because we are simply unable to perceive anything beyond three dimensions. Thus, an 11-dimensional object would appear 3D to us.
  • There are many scientific and mathematical anomalies that scientists currently are unable to explain?
  • UY Scuti, the largest known star (at 1,708 Solar Radii), would extent beyond the orbit of Saturn if it was placed in the Sun's position? It is also not the most massive star.
  • R136a1, the most massive star known, is a Wolf–Rayet Blue Hypergiant with an estimated mass of 265 Suns? it is also the most luminous star known, at 8,700,000 times the luminosity of the Sun.
  • Quadruple Rainbows actually form under extremely rare conditions? Rainbow clouds are also a rarity, as are clouds in the shape of Double Helixes (such as the cloud structure in Typhoon Tip's eye while it was at peak intensity).
  • Fire tornadoes (also known as Firenadoes) actually form under extreme conditions present only in powerful wildfires?
  • Contrary to the popular (and stupid) assumption of most people al-Qaeda is actually active and very much alive? Although its leadership has been driven into hiding, the current leader, al Zawahiri, has ordered his subordinates to launch an attack on America. Their possible targets include Los Angeles, among other major U.S. cities. Their attacks were planned to avenge the death of their former leader, Osama bin Laden.
  • We (Americans) actually helped the Taliban rise to power when the U.S. Government send aid to Islamic resistance groups to help topple Afghanistan's Communist regime. As such, the United States does have a responsibility to make sure that the Taliban goes down and stays down.
  • Unlike what most people believe, everyone is constantly being surveyed by the government in public, no matter where they go? Soon, with the new development of drones, this surveillance may eventually intrude into the private lives of citizens without their knowing or consent.
  • Studies have proven that billions of humans could survive a Nuclear war? People will survive, even if some countries do not.
  • Russia has more nuclear missiles (as well as much more powerful ones) than the United States? Even though the United States has more allies (and more nuclear powers on their side), Russia still has the most powerful nukes, as of now.
  • Most people reject things/people that "stand out" by habit, even if they refuse to acknowledge it? They also snub and shun people/groups who do things differently, even to an alarming degree (including abuse of power in the workplace). Additionally, most people give in to social conformity in order to "blend in", and they are also heavily addicted to electronics because they refuse to take their time off such devices and try to spend their time building real social relationships. As a result, modern generations are becoming more ignorant and socially deficient.
  • Yellowstone actually experienced a smaller eruption about 174,000 years ago? That eruption generated the West Thumb portion of Yellowstone Lake.
  • Both Russia and the United States have developed laser defenses against potential nuclear attacks? Conventional laser weapons actually aren't all that far off.
  • In the past, Quasars used to be bunched up close together? A recent discovery in January 2007 found a Quasar Triplet near the visible edge of the Universe.[28]
  • Scientists were recently able to map the Gravitational shockwaves of the universe? This could also be proof of the existence of Gravitons, the yet undiscovered particles responsible for Gravity.[29]
  • On September 5, 2013, scientists discovered that Tamu Massif was actually the single largest volcano on Earth? It is about 14,620 feet high from its base, and 120,000 square miles across (around the size of New Mexico). The volcano is approximately 1,000 miles east of Japan. The volcano is also so large, its size rivals that of Olympus Mons.[30]
  • In late March 2014, scientists discovered 10199 Chariklo, the first known asteroid to have rings?
  • IC 1101 is the largest known galaxy in existence? It is a supergiant Elliptical galaxy at the heart of the Abell 2029 Galaxy cluster. It is about 1.07 billion light-years away, in the constellation of Virgo. IC 1101 is an Elliptical Lenticular Galaxy that measures 2.8 million light-years across. The second-largest galaxy, NGC 262 (an unusually large Spiral Galaxy, measures about 2.6 million light-years across.
  • In April 2014, scientists discovered the largest meteor impact ever known on the Earth, near the Barberton greenstone belt? The asteroid was approximately 5 times larger than the one responsible for the Chicxulub crater, around 23 miles (47 km) wide in diameter. The crater caused by the Barberton asteroid is estimated to be approximately 297 miles (487 km)across in diameter.[31]
  • The Hercules–Corona Borealis Great Wall is the largest observable object in the Universe! It is a galaxy filament that measures approximately 10 billion light-years across!
  • There is currently an effective cure for HIV? It's a drug named Truvada, which prevents the HIV virus from replicating, effectively curbing viral growth and allowing the human immune system to destroy the virus before it is able to reproduce. The only problem is that most people at risk/infected are not taking this drug.
  • That ZMapp is one of the few possible effective treatments for the 2014 Ebola virus? ZMapp successfully saved the lives of 2 missionaries infected with Ebola in West Africa in June 2014, when they decided to try out the drug as an experimental trial; however, the drug is still experiment and has yet to be widely tested by major companies.


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